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Videoestetiche dell'emergenza : L'immagine della crisi nella sperimentazione audiovisiva

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ISBN: 9788899559151 DOI: 10.4000/books.edizionikaplan.620 Language: Italian
Publisher: Edizioni Kaplan
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Crisi, emergenze, catastrofi. I fatti dell’11 settembre 2001 hanno inaugurato un millennio in cui sembrano intensificarsi guerre e conflitti, pandemie, emergenze ecologiche, e il nuovo disordine mondiale genera impoverimento e disuguaglianze, esaspera paure personali e collettive. Con un approccio interdisciplinare che non trascura cenni storici, antropologici e sociologici, il libro propone l’analisi di un ampio ventaglio di opere realizzate da artisti di vari paesi del mondo nell’ultimo quindicennio su emergenze e crisi planetarie. Una produzione “deterritorializzata”, in cui la pratica e l’etica del cinema del reale sono recuperate in modo innovativo, tra le estetiche incerte degli smartphone e l’eredità del cinema sperimentale e della videoarte in dialogo col digitale.

Keywords

cinema --- art --- aesthetics --- crisis

Thaïlande : Aux origines d'une crise

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782355960024 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.776 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La longue crise qui sévit en Thaïlande a touché tous les secteurs d'activités en révélant au monde des dysfonctionnements de la société thaïlandaise qui « posent question » aux acteurs économiques, aux chercheurs et aux journalistes. Ce carnet se justifie pour plusieurs raisons. La première est que de nombreux analystes internationaux nous ont demandé un avis sur la situation. Nous présentons ici une réponse la plus cohérente possible en fonction de nos données. La deuxième est que l'Irasec, de par sa position géographique (situé à Bangkok) est au cœur de l'événement et a pu suivre au quotidien la situation. La troisième est que l'Institut prépare une réédition de sa Monographie nationale sur la Thaïlande contemporaine dans une version remaniée et actualisée qui lui permet d'avoir une réflexion plus profonde sur les origines de la crise. Il s'agit donc de mettre ce matériel à disposition. Pour ce faire, nous avons sélectionné trois contributions de la nouvelle version de Thaïlande contemporaine, absentes de la première édition, qui abordent le problème de front en les condensant pour les besoins du carnet. Nous y avons ajouté les interviews menées dans le cadre de cette réédition, que nous présentons avant leur réécriture (les versions complètes paraîtront dans la monographie). Le chapitre de Jacques Ivanoff (Cnrs - Irasec) « Construction ethnique et ethnorégionalisme en Thaïlande », celui de Narumon Hinshiranan Arunotai (université de Chulalongkorn - Cusri) et Olivier Ferrari (chercheur associé Irasec - Cusri) « La Thainess ou la pratique de l'idéologie culturelle en Thaïlande », et celui de Arnaud Leveau (Irasec) « Une crise multicolore, état des forces en présence » seront publiés dans leur intégralité dans la Monographie nationale Thaïlande contemporaine sous la direction de Stéphane Dovert et Jacques Ivanoff (dernier trimestre 2010, www.indessavantes.com ).

Governar a cidade e servir o rei : A oligarquia concelhia em Évora em tempos medievais (1367-1433)

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ISBN: 9791036512339 DOI: 10.4000/books.cidehus.3288 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Publicações do Cidehus
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Governar a cidade e servir o rei é um estudo sobre o grupo dirigente que controlou o poder municipal, em Évora num período de cerca de 70 anos, correspondente aos reinados de D. Fernando e D. João I, passando pela crise dinástica de 1383-1385. Trata-se de uma análise dinâmica que levou, naturalmente, em consideração um contexto muito especial, vivido de forma intensa numa cidade que teve, como se sabe, um papel fulcral em todo o processo que conduziu o Mestre de Avis à coroa. Esse contexto, que o estudo enfatiza, não foi indiferente para os rumos da governação municipal, nem para os destinos daqueles que dirigiam a cidade, que, na maior parte dos casos, estiveram de forma desassombrada ao lado do mestre, não lhe negando o seu apoio militar e financeiro. Um tal posicionamento não só permitiu a esse grupo de famílias ligadas à governação reforçar a sua capacidade de controlo sobre o poder municipal, como acabou também por se constituir como a pedra de toque da sua ascenção social. O protagonismo assumido, nesses anos de fogo, à frente de uma cidade que conheceu, neste transcurso temporal, uma forte elevação no quadro político do reino, e que fez dela uma das principais cidades cortesãs, constituiu um impulso para esse grupo de famílias, em que se destacam os Lobo, os d'Arca, os Fuseiro, os Oliveira, os Façanha ou os Arnalho, permitindo-lhes iniciar ou acelerar processos de mobilidade social ascendente que, em alguns casos, os colocou no seio dos grupos nobiliárquicos. Neste sentido, o trabalho que agora chega a um público mais alargado é não só um estudo sobre o controlo do poder, mas também uma investigação sobre os mecanismos e as estratégias de ascenção social de homens, com origens sociais mais ou menos obscuras, para quem o domínio da governação municipal constituiu um trampolim de mobilidade que os aproximou dos grupos nobiliárquicos que constituíam o seu horizonte social.

Atlas du Liban : Les nouveaux défis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782351595442 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.10709 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Après une quinzaine d’années de reconstruction dans un climat de paix relative, de 1990 à 2004, le Liban a connu depuis 2005 une succession d’épisodes politiques violents mêlant de manière complexe enjeux internes et tensions régionales. Le déclenchement de la crise syrienne et ses retombées politiques, économiques et démographiques sur le Liban accentue cet état de fait. Cet ouvrage met en lumière ces nouveaux défis et complète en intégrant des volets différents l’analyse des transformations libanaises déjà entreprises dans l’Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société publié en 2007 par la même équipe. Outre la crise internationale et les mouvements de population, il prend en compte les dimensions socio-économiques à l’intérieur du Liban, les problématiques environnementales liées à l’urbanisation incontrôlée et aux risques, ainsi que la gestion territoriale et les conflits locaux qu’elle suscite. Cet atlas est le fruit d’une collaboration entre des chercheurs et universitaires français et libanais. Il utilise une approche géographique, plaçant au premier plan de l’analyse la spatialisation des faits sociaux et naturels. Les sources publiques sont limitées, notamment du point de vue de la finesse géographique, parfois peu fiables et difficiles d’accès. C’est particulièrement vrai pour les données sur la population libanaise, moins bien connue que la population réfugiée. Les données internationales permettent de situer le Liban par rapport à ses voisins. Des données thématiques, issues des ministères, offrent néanmoins une vision détaillée pour certains domaines. L’analyse d’images aériennes et de satellites fournit des données essentielles sur l’urbanisation et l’environnement. Des enquêtes de terrain localisées et thématiques complètent la panoplie des informations utilisées. L’ouvrage comprend six chapitres. Le premier porte sur la géopolitique régionale, les violences politiques internes et leurs effets locaux, à savoir l’installation des réfugiés syriens et la réémergence au grand jour des milices et groupes armés en conflit entre eux et avec l’armée libanaise. Le Liban apparaît de nouveau comme un territoire fragmenté entre de multiples allégeances. Le deuxième chapitre montre la fragilité du modèle économique libanais. Sa dépendance aux investissements extérieurs et aux remises de la diaspora, les blocages de l’industrie et de l’agriculture aggravent les déséquilibres sociaux. Le troisième chapitre est un bilan de l’urbanisation du pays, qui s’est accrue en superficie de 80% en vingt ans, au détriment des espaces naturels et de l’agriculture. Le littoral, objet d’intenses convoitises, est largement artificialisé et dégradé. De multiples signes de mutations et de dégradation de l’environnement sont observables sur le territoire libanais et sont l’objet du quatrième chapitre. Certains semblent annonciateurs du changement climatique global et de ses effets locaux. En outre, il existe un lien direct entre l’urbanisation massive et de nombreux risques mesurés et cartographiés de plus en plus clairement. Le chapitre cinq se concentre sur les dysfonctionnements de quelques services publics en lien avec l’exploitation des ressources naturelles : l’approvisionnement en eau, en énergie, tous deux marqués par la pénurie, et la gestion des déchets solides, qui traverse une crise profonde. Le sixième chapitre étudie les mutations dans la gestion du territoire libanais, marqué par le retrait voire la marginalisation de l’État et l’affirmation d’autres acteurs agissant sur le territoire, notamment les municipalités, les pouvoirs locaux mais aussi des associations de la société civile.

Atlas of Lebanon : New Challenges

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782351595497 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifpo.13178 Language: English
Publisher: Presses de l’Ifpo
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon. Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena. Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees. International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects. In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources: water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society organizations.After fifteen years of reconstruction in a relatively peaceful environment spanning the years 1990 to 2004, Lebanon has experienced successive violent political events resulting from complex entangled internal and external struggles. The Syrian crisis and its political, economic and demographic consequences on Lebanon have increased these tensions. This atlas sheds light on these new challenges and adds new data that complete the analyses already published in the Atlas du Liban. Territoires et société (Atlas of Lebanon. Territories and Society) released in 2007 by the same research team. Some of its components are included in this edition. Beyond the international regional crisis and the population movements, it takes into account Lebanon’s socio-economic dimensions, the environmental issues linked to uncontrolled urbanization and to natural risks, as well as conflicts due to local territorial management. This atlas is the result of a collaborative endeavor between French and Lebanese researchers. It uses a geographical approach that puts in the foreground a spatial analysis of social and natural phenomena. Public sources are scarce in Lebanon, especially at the local scale. They are sometimes less reliable and difficult to access. It is particularly the case for the Lebanese census data, conversely data are abundantly available on the refugees population, which is less known than the population of refugees. International data help compare Lebanon to its neighbors. Thematic data produced by some ministries are helpful to provide a detailed view regarding specific domains. Analyses processed on aerial and satellite images have produced essential data on urbanization and environment. Local thematic fieldwork surveys have provided additional data. The book consists of seven chapters. The first one deals with the territorial state-building seen in the light of regional geopolitics, and emphasizes internal violence and the reemergence of militias and armed groups that fight each other and the state army. Lebanon is once again perceived as a territory divided between multiple allegiances. The second chapter is devoted to the analysis of population dynamics, despite the lack of reliable data whose sources are subject to discussion. It includes analyses of internal population flows, the Lebanese diaspora, and the assessment of Syrian refugees’ influx. The third chapter shows the fragility of the Lebanese economic model. Its dependency on foreign investments and on the remittances of the diaspora, as well as the deadlocks of industry and agriculture, which aggravate social imbalances. The fourth chapter is an assessment of urbanization in the country, which has increased by 80% in surface in twenty years at the expense of natural spaces and agriculture. The shore is highly coveted and widely artificialized and damaged. Multiple signs of environmental degradation are examined in chapter five. They seem to announce the global climate change and its local effects. In addition to that, there is a direct link between massive urbanization and many risks, measured and mapped in an increasingly detailed way. Chapter six tackles the dysfunctional public services that exploit natural resources: water and energy supply, both marked by massive shortages, and the management of solid waste hit by a serious crisis. The seventh and last chapter studies the mutations of the local territorial management, which is marked by the retreat of the state, if not its marginalization, and the rise of other actors, notably municipalities, local powers and also civil society organizations.

Buddhism and Politics in Thailand

Author:
ISBN: 9782355960468 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.2951 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Despite the often-repeated assertion that Buddhism and politics are, or at least must be, separate matters, Buddhism has been closely intertwined with politics one way or another since the Buddha’s time. In Thailand, Buddhism has been used since the end of the 19th century as a tool to legitimate state power. In the following decades, it has been progressively centralized under a national hierarchy, which is still existing today. This scheme was not altered after the change of the country’s political framework in 1932 and political tensions with the sangha came to the fore during the political troubles of the 1970s. The emergence of an increasing political divide in Thailand since the mid-2000s, around two broad groups which have been dubbed the Yellow Shirts and the Red Shirts, has engulfed the monastic community, leading to a growing activism by some Buddhist groups, some temples and some monks. Numerous monks mingled with Red Shirts demonstrators in April-May 2010, and some were on the front-line when the military gave the assault on the Red Shirts’ camp in downtown Bangkok. In the most recent years, these tensions have coalesced around the controversial Dhammakaya temple and have impacted the choice of the leader of the Thai monastic community. Although, tensions within the sangha are nothing new, they have weakened the ability of Buddhism – one of the national pillars of the Thai national ideology – to be a focal point as the country is going through a difficult transition with the end of seven-decades prestigious reign and political uncertainties clouding the horizon.

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