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Gouverner la vie privée : L’encadrement inégalitaire des séparations conjugales en France et au Québec

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ISBN: 9791036201660 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.13626 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

L’implication de l’État dans la vie privée pose problème : les individus ont davantage de droits que par le passé, mais certains de leurs comportements, jugés problématiques pour la collectivité, justifient un interventionnisme renouvelé, dans lequel acteurs privés et mécanismes de marché occupent une place croissante. En tension entre libéralisme et normalisation, cette action publique participe aux recompositions des rapports sociaux, entre les classes sociales, entre les genres, ainsi qu’entre la population majoritaire et les personnes racisées. Objet de vifs débats et de réformes récurrentes, la régulation par le droit des séparations conjugales est un observatoire précieux de ces recompositions, ici analysées à partir de trois enquêtes collectives, qualitatives et quantitatives, menées des deux côtés de l’Atlantique. En France comme au Québec, l’accès aux procédures, les interactions avec les professionnel.les et l’encadrement des modes de vie sont les trois dimensions constitutives du gouvernement de la vie privée. Cependant, chacun des contextes n’articule pas de la même manière inégalités de classe et inégalités de genre. En scrutant la production institutionnelle des inégalités privées, cet ouvrage invite à imaginer des voies alternatives, dans la sphère privée comme dans la sphère publique, pour que la politique des droits tienne ses promesses émancipatrices.

Keywords

inequality --- public policy --- gender --- family --- law

Health Care and Government Policy

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ISBN: 9791036534553 DOI: 10.4000/books.cidehus.8271 Language: English
Publisher: Publicações do Cidehus
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Government policy refers primarily to the actions planned and implemented by the executive branch of a state to meet its society’s needs. One of the most demanding areas both for policy makers and in terms of people’s expectations is health, which social analysts and historians place among the most dynamic sectors over the last century. This is the focus of this book. It includes examinations of two of the most pressing issues facing national healthcare services today – ‘Health systems at the stage of complexity: the need for collaborative intelligence’ by Constantino Sakellarides et al. and ‘Longer and better lives: the European fountain of youth’ by Patrice Bourdelais – alongside historical analyses covering both earlier periods – ‘Not just one countryside: life chances in pre-industrial Sweden’ by Jan Sundin and ‘Health care and poor relief in Portugal: an historical perspective’ by Laurinda Abreu – and more recent times – ‘The roots of the health reform in Spain’ by Enrique Perdiguero-Gil e Josep M. Comelles. As the authors in this volume show in detail, population growth and increased quality of life have been among the greatest achievements of the second half of the twentieth century, but they should not be taken for granted. The fragility of these gains has been demonstrated statistically. The state has to invest in the public policies that best protect its citizens, particularly at times of low economic growth such as we are now experiencing, and take preventive action to preclude major social and economic costs. Civil society plays no less important a role in protecting the greater good of social cohesion. In short, both state and civil society need to consider future health policy in such a way as to overcome the inefficiencies of the past and make full use of the opportunities offered by science and technology to improve people’s quality of life.

The Transformation of Research in the South : Policies and outcomes

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ISBN: 9782709928014 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.32782 Language: English
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Profound transformations are affecting the research systems around the world. We witness the emergence of new or restructured organizations to steer public research or promote innovation, new programmatic directions within these organizations, increased funding dedicated to research in academic settings, and new domestic and international partnerships and collaborations. A multiplicity of organizations and funding sources have appeared, creating a complex web where resources circulate along with knowledge in ways that are reshaping research systems in the South. This book gathers a large sample of these changes presented during a symposium organized by IDRC, IRD, IFRIS, and OECD, seeking to better understand their institutional, political and economic drivers. These cases document the building of scientific capacity and the broader use of results from scientific research and presents lessons for public policy. A large variety of case studies of specific research organizations and comparative analysis of the wider research system are presented in Asia, Africa, and Latin America.

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english (2)

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