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Homelessness & Health in Canada

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780776626130 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Homelessness & Health in Canada explores, for the first time, the social, structural, and environmental factors that shape the health of homeless persons in Canada. Covering a wide range of topics from youth homelessness to end-of-life care, the authors strive to outline policy and practice recommendations to respond to the ongoing public health crisis. This book is divided into three distinct but complimentary sections. In the first section, contributors explore how homelessness affects the health of particular homeless populations, focusing on the experiences of homeless youth, immigrants, refugees and people of Aboriginal ancestry. In the second section, contributors investigate how housing and public health policy as well as programmatic responses can address various health challenges, including severe mental illness and HIV/AIDS. In the final section, contributors highlight innovative Canadian interventions that have shown great promise in the field. Together, they form a comprehensive survey of an all too important topic and serve as a blueprint for action.

Keywords

Canada --- homelessness --- health --- refugee

New Cannibal Markets : Globalization and Commodification of the Human Body

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782735122851 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.10732 Language: English
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Thanks to recent progress in biotechnology, surrogacy, transplantation of organs and tissues, blood products or stem-cell and gamete banks are now widely used throughout the world. These techniques improve the health and well-being of some human beings using products or functions that come from the body of others. Growth in demand and absence of an appropriate international legal framework have led to the development of a lucrative global trade in which victims are often people living in insecure conditions who have no other ways to survive than to rent or sell part of their body. This growing market, in which parts of the human body are bought and sold with little respect for the human person, displays a kind of dehumanization that looks like a new form of slavery. This book is the result of a collective and multidisciplinary reflection organized by a group of international researchers working in the field of medicine and social sciences. It helps better understand how the emergence of new health industries may contribute to the development of a global medical tourism. It opens new avenues for reflection on technologies that are based on appropriation of parts of the body of others for health purposes, a type of practice that can be metaphorically compared to cannibalism. Are these the fi rst steps towards a proletariat of men- and women-objects considered as a reservoir of products of human origin needed to improve the health or well-being of the better-off? The book raises the issue of the uncontrolled use of medical advances that can sometimes reach the anticipations of dystopian literature and science fiction.

Nutrition and Performance in Sport : Science at the Tip of the Fork

Author:
ISBN: 9782865802562 DOI: 10.4000/books.insep.1754 Language: English
Publisher: INSEP-Éditions
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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How to recover properly with food? How to eat during a trip abroad or during a training course in altitude? What to do to preserve your bone health? How to conciliate the ramadan and the training? How to lose weight cleverly? What sugars? What proteins?... As regards nutrition, athletes and their coaches ask themselves a lot of questions, and each of them deserves a clear answer! This is the main objective of this book, which gathered the world's greatest specialists of sports nutrition in order to bring the eagerly expected answers... Indeed, when the competition is tighter than ever, empiricism is no longer enough: the victory, which always depends on minute subtleties, requires rational choices, especially regarding food. And if sports victory is a legitimate aim, it should not be pursued at the expense of health: even today, athletes still put it at stake. Thereby, this is the second objective of this book: learning how to conciliate performance and body respect...

Keywords

balance --- performance --- research --- sport --- health --- nutrition

Feminist Success Stories - Célébrons nos réussites féministes

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780776627113 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abuses by international corporations, withdrawal of social services and implementation of regressive legislation continue to impoverish women and reduce the quality of their everyday lives: women have reason to be demoralized. Recognizing this challenging and difficult situation, this volume reviews women's successes at feminizing Canadian institutions. It is intended to hearten the women's movement, and show the potential for feminist change and suggest ways to realize this potential.

Keywords

education --- feminism --- women --- health --- work --- voluntary work

Caring and Curing : Historical Perspectives on Women and Healing in Canada

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780776627021 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:45
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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This collection of essays takes the reader from the early 19th century struggle between female midwives and male physicians right up to the late 20th century emergence of professionally trained women physicians vying for a place in the medical hierarchy. The bitter conflict for control of birthing and other aspects of domestic health care between female lay healers, particularly midwives, and the emerging male-dominated medical profession is examined from new perspectives.

Keywords

women --- gender --- birth --- public policies --- health --- midwife

Health Care and Government Policy

Author:
ISBN: 9791036534553 DOI: 10.4000/books.cidehus.8271 Language: English
Publisher: Publicações do Cidehus
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:27
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Government policy refers primarily to the actions planned and implemented by the executive branch of a state to meet its society’s needs. One of the most demanding areas both for policy makers and in terms of people’s expectations is health, which social analysts and historians place among the most dynamic sectors over the last century. This is the focus of this book. It includes examinations of two of the most pressing issues facing national healthcare services today – ‘Health systems at the stage of complexity: the need for collaborative intelligence’ by Constantino Sakellarides et al. and ‘Longer and better lives: the European fountain of youth’ by Patrice Bourdelais – alongside historical analyses covering both earlier periods – ‘Not just one countryside: life chances in pre-industrial Sweden’ by Jan Sundin and ‘Health care and poor relief in Portugal: an historical perspective’ by Laurinda Abreu – and more recent times – ‘The roots of the health reform in Spain’ by Enrique Perdiguero-Gil e Josep M. Comelles. As the authors in this volume show in detail, population growth and increased quality of life have been among the greatest achievements of the second half of the twentieth century, but they should not be taken for granted. The fragility of these gains has been demonstrated statistically. The state has to invest in the public policies that best protect its citizens, particularly at times of low economic growth such as we are now experiencing, and take preventive action to preclude major social and economic costs. Civil society plays no less important a role in protecting the greater good of social cohesion. In short, both state and civil society need to consider future health policy in such a way as to overcome the inefficiencies of the past and make full use of the opportunities offered by science and technology to improve people’s quality of life.

Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand

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ISBN: 9782956447030 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.420 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 12:25:10
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Human trafficking has been one of the most challenging problems of nation states across the globe since the 20th century. Thailand has lately turned into a country of origin, destination, and transit for human trafficking. So far, the degree of human trafficking into Thailand is still unknown. Studies on human trafficking into Thailand have been mostly carried out in the Mekong Sub-region. The south of Thailand is an under-researched area, particularly when dealing with trafficking for sexual exploitation. This manuscript provides key findings of the research project entitled Trafficking for Sexual Exploitation into Southern Thailand, under the joint support of the Alliance Française Bangkok and the IRASEC. Carried out during December 2006 - December 2007, the study was expected to fill the gap of research in the problem of trafficking for sexual exploitation in Thailand along a qualitative approach. It was designed towards fact-findings for a better understanding with the most updated information on the problem there. In all, the highlight of the contribution of this study is two folds. First, it enriches literatures on human security from the perspective of people on the move through a qualitative study of human trafficking for sexual exploitation into areas of marginal investigation - southern Thailand. Second, it contributes in terms of policy impact for further strengthening of the collaborative efforts at the national and district levels within Thailand as well as at the regional level.

Keywords

gender --- health --- Women --- China --- sex trade --- Thailand --- human trafficking --- HIV

Femmes prostituées dans la région du sud de la Thaïlande

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ISBN: 9782956447054 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.488 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 12:25:10
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cette région du Sud a une personnalité à part en Thaïlande faite de nombreuses contradictions. Toute en longueur, il est clair qu’il y a peu de points en commun entre les provinces de Chumphon et de Yala, séparées par plus de 900 kilomètres. C’est une région parmi les plus dotées en richesses naturelles du pays (car on dit plus bas que c’est la région la plus pauvre) avec ses mines d’étain, ses plantations d’hévéa, sa pêche et sa crevetticulture, mais elle compte également des provinces parmi les plus pauvres. Elle est devenue la plus touristique de Thaïlande (avec le Sud-Est de Bangkok de Chonburi à Trat, mais ce n’est officiellement qu’une partie de la région Centre) mais elle est aujourd’hui la plus dangereuse avec la véritable guerre civile qui touche quatre provinces de l’extrême sud. Elle est depuis longtemps considérée comme une longue séquence de lieux paradisiaques, mais c’est la région la plus arrosée du pays et la plus menacée par les tempêtes, les inondations voire les Tsunami. Elle a, en politique notamment, une image de pureté et de sérieux que l’on oppose volontiers aux provinces du Centre et du Nord-Est, mais c’est une région de tous les trafics et de toutes les violences. Enfin, ses femmes sont tenues pour les plus réservées et les plus sages de Thaïlande, pourtant c’est la région du pays qui compte le plus grand nombre de prostituées, il est vrai importées des autres régions et même de l’étranger. Dans cette étude j’essaie de mettre le phénomène de la prostitution en perspective, de le contextualiser, d’adopter une approche globalisante. Ayant une connaissance directe d’à peine la moitié des quatorze provinces de la région, j’ai essayé de retrouver des recherches - publiées en langue thaï principalement - peu connues et peu utilisées par les chercheurs. Inutile d’insister sur le fait qu’une petite partie de ces études a été ici mise à profit. Un ouvrage de plusieurs centaines de pages serait nécessaire pour révéler davantage la complexité de cette région et de ses prostitutions.

Keywords

gender --- health --- Women --- sex trade --- Thailand --- HIV --- sexual tourism

Vulnérables ou dangereux ? : Une anthropologie du souci des adolescents difficiles

Author:
ISBN: 9791036201639 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.13284 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Au cours des années 2000, une série de transformations institutionnelles traversent le champ de l’adolescence : reconnaissance de la notion de handicap psychique, accumulation de réformes dans le cadre de la justice des mineurs, développement de dispositifs d’écoute de la souffrance. C’est dans ce contexte social que se problématise la catégorie d’« adolescents difficiles ». Il s’agit d’une population de jeunes qui, ne rentrant pas de façon suffisamment satisfaisante dans les cases des savoirs et des pratiques du médicosocial, de la protection de l’enfance, de la justice ou du sanitaire, « se font rejeter de partout ». Cette population interstitielle devient alors l’objet spécifique d’un souci collectif, de savoirs cliniques et d’actions publiques. Dans quelles conditions historiques et sociales l’expertise clinique a-t-elle identifié ce problème ? Comment les acteurs de terrain éprouvent ce souci ? Quelles pratiques développent-ils pour le traiter ? À partir d’une recherche documentaire et d’une enquête ethnographique de longue durée, cet ouvrage apporte une contribution à l’anthropologie de la santé mentale en France. Il explore concrètement ce que la psychiatrisation signifie, dans le champ des adolescents difficiles, aux confins de la dangerosité et de la vulnérabilité, des pratiques de sollicitude et de contrainte.

L’Asie du Sud-Est, un foyer pandémique ? : Le médicament vétérinaire en question

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ISBN: 9782355960253 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1142 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’objectif général de cette étude est de présenter la gestion des produits vétérinaires et ses carences au Cambodge, au Laos et au Viêt Nam. Plus spécifiquement, pour chacun de ces trois pays, sera précisé le cadre institutionnel et législatif relatif à l’enregistrement (ou à l’autorisation de mise sur le marché), à la production, à l’importation, au commerce, à l’utilisation, au contrôle et à la surveillance (résidus notamment) des médicaments pharmaceutiques et biologiques à usage vétérinaire. Les limites des dispositifs juridiques mis en place et leur degré d’application seront analysés. On expliquera l’organisation générale des filières du médicament vétérinaire, en désignant les principaux acteurs, publics et privés, impliqués dans l’approvisionnement et le commerce de ces produits, et en mettant en évidence les possibilités d’activités illicites ou illégales. Nous nous attacherons enfin à décrire plus particulièrement les aspects liés à la qualité et à l’utilisation sur le terrain du médicament ainsi que les ressources en personnel vétérinaire et en laboratoires d’analyse et de contrôle.

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