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Akten zur Auswärtigen Politik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland 1984

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ISSN: 2192-2454 ISBN: 9783110345766 Year: Pages: 1839 DOI: 10.1515/9783110345766 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49

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1984 marked a low point in East-West relations. NATO`s deployment of medium-range nuclear missiles in Western Europe as well as the announcement of the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) led to a ratcheting up of tensions. The CDE, a conference that sought to build confidence and promote disarmament, first convened in Stockholm in 1984, yet it was not possible to break the deadlock in negotiations over nuclear weapons until after the death of Andropov and Reagan`s election victory. West Germany and France expanded their cooperation during this period as they sought greater European integration as well as the strengthening of the Western European Union (WEU). The West German government in Bonn came under pressure following reports that German firms had assisted Iraq with chemical weapons production. It was also criticized for considering the delivery of tanks to Saudi Arabia. Meanwhile, a growing number of East Germans were taking refuge in Western embassies, seeking to escape the Eastern bloc. This fanned tensions between East and West bowing to Soviet pressure, the East German head of state, Erich Honecker, cancelled a trip to West Germany. The difficult historical burden borne by West Germany was evident during the D-Day memorial ceremony in Normandy as well as during the memorial service attended by Helmut Kohl and François Mitterrand in Verdun. West Germany was exhorted by many nations to shun revanchism and Pangermanism. The 357 documents made available for the first time in this collection address a range of other topics, including the assassination of Indira Gandhi, the wars in Lebanon and the Pesian Gulf, the conflicts in Central America, and the Polish Crisis.

Diplomatie mit Gefühl. Vertrauen, Misstrauen und die Außenpolitik der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

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Book Series: Zeitgeschichte im Gespräch ISSN: 2190-2054 ISBN: 9783486859089 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: 110 DOI: 10.1515/9783486859089 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-12-19 16:52:49

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Following the Second World War, Germany no longer enjoyed the trust of other nations. What did West Germany do to rebuild confidence? What was the role of trust, mistrust, and supervision during the East-West conflict as West Germany was integrated into the Western alliance, and how did they affect international relations between the two blocs? This study examines personal ties, rhetorical strategies, and institutional connections.

Die Bundesrepublik im KSZE-Prozess 1975-1983. Die Umkehrung der Diplomatie

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 0481-3545 ISBN: 9783110345476 Year: Volume: 105 Pages: 603 DOI: 10.1515/9783110345476 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 15:10:51

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West Germany`s policy toward the CSCE following the Helsinki conference was shaped by the subsequent meetings in Belgrade (1977) and Madrid (1980) as well as further Expert Meetings. The study shows how important the CSCE process was for Bonn as an instrument for crisis management against the backdrop of deteriorating international relations, to preserve East-West dètente, and to make the Iron Curtain more permeable.

Frieden durch Kommunikation. Das System Genscher und die Entspannungspolitik im Zweiten Kalten Krieg 1979–1982/83

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Book Series: Studien zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2192-0761 ISBN: 9783110404692 Year: Volume: 88 Pages: 393,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110404692 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38

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At the end of the 1970s West Germany`s foreign minister Genscher faced the challenge of defending the Social-Liberal coalition`s policy of dètente against the approaching Second Cold War.‎ The unique features of his communication policy were demonstrated in his responses to the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan and the Polish crisis. The author sees the basis for his long-term success as stemming from a specific Genscher system.

An Analysis of Contemporary Social Welfare Issues

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ISBN: 9789535127185 9789535127192 9789535141617 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.5772/62677 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book offers a sharp critique and a detailed analysis of some pernicious social welfare problems and the wide-ranging causes and consequences of those complex social issues on individuals, families, and communities. Unemployment, health-care disparities, teenage pregnancy, and intimate partner violence constitute the focus of this work. Based on empirical and historical analyses of primary and secondary data, the book provides a conceptual framework that facilitates the reader's understanding of how those social issues are interrelated. Each chapter offers some clear policy recommendations directed to address those social problems. Written by well-published scholars, this work will be of great interest not only to students majoring in the social and political sciences but also to academics and practitioners active in the field of social welfare, social policy, and social work.

Elections - A Global Perspective

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ISBN: 9781789850253 9781789850260 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73469 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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Among the most prized and revered democratic institutions are elections. Few other actions typify what it means to participate in the democratic process in the same way that turning up, casting a ballot, and then having that ballot be part of determining who will control power has. Indeed, elections are at the center of what we view as democracy and much ink has been spilled in attempting to explain just how essential the electoral action is to democracy. In this volume our authors explore elections both from an understanding of the systems that govern elections across both the developed and developing world, and from the perspective of the individual voter who participates in that system. Taken together these analyses provide an intriguing look into this core aspect of democracy.

The Relevance of Hygiene to Health in Developing Countries

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789858037 9781789858044 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72024 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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There are 17 comprehensive and detailed Sustainable Development Goals, which are all interlinked. Although access to water, sanitation, and hygiene is a human right, billions of people in developing countries are still faced with daily challenges accessing even the most basic of services, specifically the poor and vulnerable in communities. Hygiene is an important aspect for women/girls to access the economic, educational, and social opportunities they deserve. Proper hygiene removes disease as a barrier for equality, economic growth, and more. The role of hygiene in water, sanitation, and infections must be addressed from both scientific and social perspectives. This book provides the reader with an analysis of hygiene behaviors and practices and provides evidence-based examples in a number of developing countries.

Auf der Suche nach einem anderen Deutschland. Das Verhältnis Frankreichs zur DDR im Spannungsfeld von Perzeption und Diplomatie

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Book Series: Studien zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 2192-0761 ISBN: 9783486719314 Year: Volume: 86 Pages: 573 DOI: 10.1524/9783486719314 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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In France, the notion of the other Germany was at once myth and model. How else do we explain France's intensive contact with East Germany? Using a broad range of sources, Christian Wenkel examines the basic specifics of France-East German relations and analyzes the genesis and evolution of ties at the economic, cultural, parliamentary, and political levels.

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