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Oceanic Encounters: Exchange, Desire, Violence

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ISBN: 9781921536298 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459397 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Anthropology --- History --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This volume, the result of ongoing collaborations between Australian and French anthropologists, historians and linguists, explores encounters between Pacific peoples and foreigners during the longue durée of European exploration, colonisation and settlement from the sixteenth century to the twentieth century. It deploys the concept of ‘encounter’ rather than the more common idea of ‘first contact’ for several reasons. Encounters with Europeans occurred in the context of extensive prior encounters and exchanges between Pacific peoples, manifest in the distribution of languages and objects and in patterns of human settlement and movement. The concept of encounter highlights the mutuality in such meetings of bodies and minds, whereby preconceptions from both sides were brought into confrontation, dialogue, mutual influence and ultimately mutual transformation. It stresses not so much prior visions of ‘strangers’ or ‘others’ but the contingencies in events of encounter and how senses other than vision were crucial in shaping reciprocal appraisals. But a stress on mutual meanings and interdependent agencies in such cross-cultural encounters should not occlude the tumultuous misunderstandings, political contests and extreme violence which also characterised Indigenous-European interactions over this period.

They Came to Murramarang

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ISBN: 9781925022742 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_588814 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:01:17
License: ANU Press

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Bruce Hamon’s They Came to Murramarang, first published in 1994, provides a unique combination of local history and personal recollections from a writer who witnessed the transformation of the Murramarang region from the timber era to modern times. This new edition retains the original character of Bruce’s engaging prose with additional chapters relating to Bruce’s life, the writing of the book, the Indigenous history of the region and the transformation of the area since the book was written. The book has also been enhanced by the insertion of additional photographs.

Keywords

australia --- history --- new south wales

A Bird that flies with two wings

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ISBN: 9781921536793 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458830 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This book investigates the problems and possibilities of plural legal orders through an in-depth study of the relationship between the state and customary justice systems in Vanuatu. It argues that there is a need to move away from the current state-centric approach to law reform in the South Pacific region, and instead include all state and non-state legal orders in development strategies and dialogue. The book also presents a typology of models of engagement between state and non-state legal systems, and describes a process for analysing which of these models would be most advantageous for any country in the South Pacific region, and beyond.

Forestry and Water Conservation in South Africa

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ISBN: 9781925022834 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_588815 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:01:21
License: ANU Press

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This innovative interdisciplinary study focuses on the history, science, and policy of tree planting and water conservation in South Africa. South Africa’s forestry sector has sat—often controversially—at the crossroads of policy and scientific debates regarding water conservation, economic development, and biodiversity protection. Bennett and Kruger show how debates about the hydrological impact of exotic tree planting in South Africa shaped the development of modern scientific ideas and state policies relating to timber plantations, water conservation, invasive species control, and biodiversity management within South Africa as well as elsewhere in the world. Forestry and Water Conservation in South Africa shows how scientific research on the impact of exotic and native vegetation led to the development of a comprehensive national policy for conserving water, producing timber, and protecting indigenous species from invasive alien plants. Policies and laws relating to forests and water began to change in the late 1980s and early 1990s as a result of political and administrative changes within South Africa. This book suggests that the country’s contemporary policies towards timber plantations, guided by the National Water Act of 1998, need to be reconsidered in light of the authors’ findings. Bennett and Kruger also call for more interdisciplinary research and greater emphasis on integrated policies and management plans for forestry, invasive alien plants, water conservation, and biodiversity preservation.

Changing South-Pacific

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ISBN: 9781921536151 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458843 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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The texts collected in this volume take an anthropological approach to the variety of contemporary societal problems which confront the peoples of the contemporary South Pacific: religious revival, the sociology of relations between local groups, regions and nation-States, the problem of culture areas, the place of democracy in the transition of States founded on sacred chiefdoms, the role of ceremonial exchanges in a market economy, and so forth. Each chapter presents a society seen from a specific point of view, but always with reference to the issue of collective identity and its confrontation with history and change. The collection thus invites the reader to understand how the inhabitants of these societies seek to affirm both an individual identity and a sense of belonging to the contemporary world. In doing so, it informs the reader about the contemporary realities experienced by the inhabitants of the South Pacific, with a view to contributing to an intercultural dialogue between the reader and these inhabitants.

Vietnam’s Post-1975 Agrarian Reforms

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ISBN: 9781760461959 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.22459/VPAR.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Law --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:53
License: ANU Press

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This book investigates why collectivised farming failed in south Vietnam after 1975. Despite the strong will of the new regime to implement collectivisation, the effort was uneven, misapplied and subverted. After only 10 years of trying, the regime annulled the policy. Focusing on two case studies—Quảng Nam province in the Central Coast region and An Giang province in the Mekong Delta—and based on extensive evidence, this study argues that the reasons for variations in implementation and the failure and reversal of the policy were twofold: regional differences and local politics.

Boats to Burn: Bajo Fishing Activity in the Australian Fishing Zone

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Book Series: Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph ISBN: 9781920942953 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458834 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Aquaculture and Fisheries --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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Under a Memorandum of Understanding between Indonesia and Australia, traditional Indonesian fishermen are permitted access to fish in a designated area inside the 200 nautical mile Australian Fishing Zone (AFZ). However, crew and vessels are regularly apprehended for illegal fishing activity outside the permitted areas and, after prosecution in Australian courts, their boats and equipment are destroyed and the fishermen repatriated to Indonesia. This is an ethnographic study of one group of Indonesian maritime people who operate in the AFZ. It concerns Bajo people who originate from villages in the Tukang Besi Islands, Southeast Sulawesi. It explores the social, cultural, economic and historic conditions which underpin Bajo sailing and fishing voyages in the AFZ. It also examines issues concerning Australian maritime expansion and Australian government policies, treatment and understanding of Bajo fishing. The study considers the concept of “traditional” fishing regulating access to the MOU area based on use of unchanging technology, and consequences arising from adherence to such a view of “traditional”; the effect of Australian maritime expansion on Bajo fishing activity; the effectiveness of policy in providing for fishing rights and stopping illegal activity, and why Bajo continue to fish in the AFZ despite a range of ongoing restrictions on their activity.

Dreamtime Superhighway (TA27)

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Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781921536175 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459083 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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Dreamtime Superhighway presents a thorough and original contextualization of the rock art and archaeology of the Sydney Basin. By combining excavation results with rock art analysis it demonstrates that a true archaeology of rock art can provide insights into rock art image-making in people’s social and cultural lives. Based on a PhD dissertation, this monograph is a significantly revised and updated study which draws forcefully on rich and new data from extensive recent research—much of it by McDonald herself. McDonald has developed a model that suggests that visual culture—such as rock artmaking and its images and forms—could be understood as a system of communication, as a way of signaling group identifying behaviour. For the archaeologist of art, the anthropologist of art and those of us who try to think about past worlds… this monograph is a must read.

Origins, Ancestry and Alliance

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ISBN: 9781920942878 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459399 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:27:34
License: ANU Press

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Ethnography; Kinship; Social life; Customs; Islands of the pacific; South east asia

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