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Pursuing Livelihoods, Imagining Development Smallholders in Highland Lampung, Indonesia

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ISBN: 9781925021479 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469192 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:30
License: ANU Press

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This monograph explores the ways in which people experience ‘development’ and how development shapes and maintains their lives. The discussion begins with Lampung Province, moves to one of the province’s highland regions, and ends in a village in this highland region. Colonial and post-colonial initiatives drove the transformation of Lampung in the twentieth century bringing mixed results and effects including rapid growth in agricultural production, the formation of ‘wealthy zones’ in some areas, and the creation of pockets of poverty in other areas. In Sumber Jaya and the highlands of Way Tenong, migrants have transformed one of Lampung’s last frontier regions into one of its ‘wealthy zones’. Although the bulk of these migrants migrated spontaneously, they were integrated within the framework of planned development. The level of progress that the region has achieved is largely the result of villagers’ efforts to bring state resources to the village. In conflict with forestry authorities for decades, farmers in some villages have agreed to establish a new relationship with authorities, but the struggle for control over land resources continues.

Keywords

indonesia --- development

China: The Next Twenty Years of Reform and Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781921666292 Year: Pages: 399 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458874 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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China has made some remarkable achievements during the first three decades of economic reform and opening up, rising to become one of the world’s most dynamic and globally-integrated market economies. Yet there remains much unfinished business on the reform and development agenda, coupled with newly emerging challenges. China: The Next Twenty Years of Reform and Development highlights how the deepening of reforms in critical areas such as domestic factor markets, the exchange rate regime and the health system, combined with the strengthening of channels for effective policy implementation, will enable China to cope with the challenges that lie ahead. These include responding to the pending exhaustion of the unlimited supply of labour; playing a constructive role in reducing global trade imbalances; enhancing firms’ ability to innovate; coping with migration, urbanisation and rising inequalities on scales unknown in world history; and dealing with rising energy and metal demand in an era in which low-carbon growth has become a necessity rather than a choice.

Keywords

economy --- reform --- development --- china

Politics, Development and Security in Oceania

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781922144867 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459936 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:09
License: ANU Press

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The chapters in this volume canvass political change and development across the Pacific Islands from a variety of perspectives, each contributing to the analysis of a region growing in complexity and in confidence. They fall neatly into three sections: Oceania and its Inheritance; Oceania – Current Needs and Challenges; and Oceania and its Wider Setting. The new states of the Pacific have demonstrated considerable resilience, and in many cases, an extraordinary capacity to bounce back from difficulty and to maintain optimism for the future. The continuing professionalisation of public management across the region is building on that tradition. The growth of civil society organisations is also beginning to play a positive role in policy and implementation. Donors are becoming more coherent in their strategies, more attuned to the realities of generating development outcomes in small island states, and are beginning to acknowledge and map progress.&#xD;&#xD;This book explores these themes of governance, development and security that signal both continuity and change in the Pacific’s pattern of islands.

Global Water Issues and Insights

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781925021660 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_496490 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 11:01:09
License: ANU Press

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This book brings together some of the world’s leading water researchers with an especially written collection of chapters on: water economics; transboundary water; water and development; water and energy; and water concepts.

Keywords

economics --- development --- transboundary --- water

Hybridity on the Ground in Peacebuilding and Development

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781760461836 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.22459/HGPD.03.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-05 11:02:34
License: ANU Press

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"Hybridity on the Ground in Peacebuilding and Development engages with the possibilities and pitfalls of the increasingly popular notion of hybridity. The hybridity concept has been embraced by scholars and practitioners in response to the social and institutional complexities of peacebuilding and development practice. In particular, the concept appears well-suited to making sense of the mutually constitutive outcomes of processes of interaction between diverse norms, institutions, actors and discourses in the context of contemporary peacebuilding and development engagements. At the same time, it has been criticised from a variety of perspectives for overlooking critical questions of history, power and scale. The authors in this interdisciplinary collection draw on their in‑depth knowledge of peacebuilding and development contexts in different parts of Asia, the Pacific and Africa to examine the messy and dynamic realities of hybridity ‘on the ground’. By critically exploring the power dynamics, and the diverse actors, ideas, practices and sites that shape hybrid peacebuilding and development across time and space, this book offers fresh insights to hybridity debates that will be of interest to both scholars and practitioners. ‘Hybridity has become an influential idea in peacebuilding and this volume will undoubtedly become the most influential collection on the idea. Nuance and sophistication characterises this engagement with hybridity.’&#xD;— Professor John Braithwaite"

China’s 40 Years of Reform and Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760462246 Year: DOI: 10.22459/CYRD.07.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
License: ANU Press

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The year 2018 marks 40 years of reform and development in China (1978–2018). This commemorative book assembles some of the world’s most prominent scholars on the Chinese economy to reflect on what has been achieved as a result of the economic reform programs, and to draw out the key lessons that have been learned by the model of growth and development in China over the preceding four decades. This book explores what has happened in the transformation of the Chinese economy in the past 40 years for China itself, as well as for the rest of the world, and discusses the implications of what will happen next in the context of China’s new reform agenda. Focusing on the long-term development strategy amid various old and new challenges that face the economy, this book sets the scene for what the world can expect in China’s fifth decade of reform and development. A key feature of this book is its comprehensive coverage of the key issues involved in China’s economic reform and development. Included are discussions of China’s 40 years of reform and development in a global perspective; the political economy of economic transformation; the progress of marketisation and changes in market-compatible institutions; the reform program for state-owned enterprises; the financial sector and fiscal system reform, and its foreign exchange system reform; the progress and challenges in economic rebalancing; and the continuing process of China’s global integration. This book further documents and analyses the development experiences including China’s large scale of migration and urbanisation, the demographic structural changes, the private sector development, income distribution, land reform and regional development, agricultural development, and energy and climate change policies.

Keywords

China --- Economic --- Macroeconomics --- Development

The Governance of Common Property in the Pacific Region

Author:
ISBN: 9781922144744 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459932 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:01
License: ANU Press

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In a region where mining, forestry, fish and other primary resources are so basic to income, employment and national prosperity, an understanding of rights to

Securing Village Life: Development in Late Colonial Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 9781922144843 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459940 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:29
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Securing Village Life: Development in Late Colonial Papua New Guinea examines the significance for post-World War II Australian colonial policy of the modern

Talking it Through: Responses to Sorcery and Witchcraft Beliefs and Practices in Melanesia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925021561 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_569113 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-14 11:01:28
License: ANU Press

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Sorcery and witchcraft practices and beliefs are pervasive across Melanesia. They are in part created by, and give rise to, a wide variety of poor social and developmental outcomes. These include uneven economic development, low public health, lack of social cohesion, crime, fear and insecurity. A further very visible problem is the attacks on men and women who are accused of being practitioners of witchcraft or sorcery, which can lead to serious bodily harm, banishment and sometimes death. Today, many communities, individuals, church organisations and policymakers in Melanesia and internationally are exploring ways to overcome the negative social outcomes associated with witchcraft and sorcery practices and beliefs. This book brings together a collection of chapters written by a diverse range of authors, both Melanesian and non-Melanesian, providing crucial insights both into how these practices and beliefs are playing out in contemporary Melanesia, and also the types of interventions that are being trialled or debated to address the problems associated with them.

A New Era? Timor-Leste after the UN

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925022506 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578881 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 11:01:27
License: ANU Press

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Timor-Leste has made impressive progress since its historic achievement of independence in 2002. From the instability that blighted its early years, the fledgling democratic country has achieved strong economic growth and a gradual reinstatement of essential social services. A decade on in 2012, Presidential and Parliamentary elections produced smooth political transitions and the extended UN peacekeeping presence in the country came to an end. But significant challenges remain. This book, a product of the inaugural Timor-Leste Update held at The Australian National University in 2013 to mark the end of Timor-Leste’s first decade as a new nation, brings together a vibrant collection of papers from leading and emerging scholars and policy analysts. Collectively, the chapters provide a set of critical reflections on recent political, economic and social developments in Timor-Leste. The volume also looks to the future, highlighting a range of transitions, prospects and undoubted challenges facing the nation over the next 5–10 years. Key themes that inform the collection include nation-building in the shadow of history, trends in economic development, stability and social cohesion, and citizenship, democracy and social inclusion. The book is an indispensable guide to contemporary Timor-Leste.

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