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In Search of Effective Disability Policy

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053566442 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.5117/9789053566442 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In Search of Effective Disability Policy examines the potentials of two very different strategies of integrating disabled people into the working life. In the Netherlands employers have great responsi-bility for the integration. In contrast employers have limited responsibility in the Danish strategy, where public authorities are crucial. This book finds that there are virtues and drawbacks of both strategies. While the Dutch policy promotes work-retention of sick-listed workers, it hampers the labour market entry of non-employed disabled people. This is so because employers avoid hiring disabled people as future work-disability inflicts costs upon employers. This is not the case in Denmark. But here too many workers with health problems lose their labour market attachment because employers are allowed to dismiss them and as public reintegration measures do not work as intended. Consequently, an effective disability policy should demand neither too little nor too much of employers. By combing macro-level analyses with empirical analyses at the micro-level this book distinguishes itself from most other studies in the field.

The Politics of Justification

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053565902 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5117/9789053565902 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
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The Politics of Justification is an investigation of welfare retrenchment in Denmark and the Netherlands, 1982-1998. Welfare retrenchment is politically highly controversial, but still governments do retrench. This book argues that governments can implement retrenchment if they can achieve a party political consensus allowing them to frame retrenchment in a way that makes it seems justified to the electorate. In the Netherlands, such a consensus emerged in the mid 1980s due to the power of the CDA. It has allowed Dutch government to implement a number of welfare retrenchments. In Denmark, a consensus did not emerge until the Social Democratic Party re-entered government in 1993 explaining why the Danish welfare state has seen less retrenchment than the Dutch one. With its focus on the strategies of the political parties, the book differs from many other studies of the subject focusing on the role of political institutions.

Uncertain Safety

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Book Series: WRR ISBN: 9789089641816 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641816 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-11-03 13:09:54
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Flood prevention, food safety, transport of hazardous materials, infectious diseases, the risks posed by new technologies, and many other threats to public health and the environment call for ongoing public alertness. However, the ways in which these safety risks are currently assessed and managed fall short of addressing the uncertainties of future threats. The contributors to this essential volume argue that in order to ensure future-proof safety policies, we should be adopting a new paradigm, one based on the precautionary principle: i.e. the notion that the vulnerability of humans, society and the natural environment requires a proactive approach to uncertainties. In this vital report, the Netherlands Scientific Council for Government Policy outlines ways to embody this principle in both private and public law and in various institutional arrangements.

The New Presence of China in Africa

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Book Series: EADI ISBN: 9789089641366 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641366 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
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This book describes China's growing range of activities in Africa, especially in the sub-Saharan region. The three most important instruments China has at its disposal in Africa are development aid, investments and trade policy. The Chinese government, which believes the Western development aid model has failed, is looking for new forms of aid and development in Africa. China's economic success can partly be ascribed to the huge availability of cheap labour, which is primarily employed in export-oriented industries. China is looking for the required raw materials in Africa, and for new marketplaces. Investments are being made on a large scale in Africa by Chinese state-controlled firms and private companies, particularly in the oil-producing countries (Angola, Nigeria and Sudan) and countries rich in minerals (Zambia). Third, the trade policy China is conducting is analysed in China and compared with that of Europe and the United States. In case studies the specific situation in several African countries is examined. In Zambia the mining industry, construction and agriculture are described. One case study of Sudan deals with the political presence of China in Sudan and the extent to which Chinese arms suppliers contributed to the current crisis in Darfur. The possibility of Chinese diplomacy offering a solution in that conflict is discussed. The conclusion considers whether social responsibility can be expected of the Chinese government and companies and if this is desirable, and to what extent the Chinese model in Africa can act as an example - or not - for the West.

De menselijke beslisser

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: WRR Verkenningen ISBN: 9789089642028 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.5117/9789089642028 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
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Public administration; Political science

The Viability of Human Security

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ISBN: 9789053567968 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567968 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
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This volume elaborates on the EU report A Human Security Doctrine for Europe, adding an engaging discussion of international legal consequences and operational demands in the European Union's quest for domestic security. Introducing the concept of "Human Security from Below," the editors highlight how people in war-torn countries have no choice but to create their own security arrangements. But such structures, surprisingly, are not unique to war zones, the contributors reveal-human security initiatives from below occur in even the most stable Western countries. Arguing that human security as a concept only makes sense if it covers both foreign and domestic policy concerns, The Viability of Human Security offers concise insights on this largely neglected topic.

Democratie door interventie

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Book Series: Studies over politieke vernieuwing ISBN: 9789053569580 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569580 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Public administration; Political science

Vitale democratie

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Book Series: Studies over politieke vernieuwing ISBN: 9789053569573 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569573 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
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Democracy is one of the most used and misinterpreted terms of our time. In public discussions concerning the subject it is tacitly assumed that everyone is aware of the meaning of democracy and the implications it carries. In reality democratic ideals and practices take on various forms in various countries. Frank Hendriks sheds light on this subject matter in a comprehensible manner. He distinguishes four ground forms of democracy, which are inherent to democratic forms everywhere. Along with "consensus democracy", Hendriks compares "pendulum democracy", "voter democracy" and "participatory democracy", at national as well as subnational levels of governance. Hendriks concludes in his studies that contrary to popular belief, not one model is superior to the others and calls for a realistic approach to a democracy that is sensitive to the context in which democracy must prove and sustain itself.

De staat van informatie

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: WRR Verkenningen ISBN: 9789089643100 Year: Pages: ca.448 DOI: 10.5117/9789089643100 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
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Public administration; Political science

iOverheid

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Book Series: WRR Rapporten ISBN: 9789089643094 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5117/9789089643094 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science
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How does the use of ict affect the relationship between government and its citizens? This book analyses the developments of networking information and concludes that in everyday practice an iGovernment has gradually come into existence, overtaking the old paradigm of the eGoverment. The iGoverment, effectively running at full speed on information flows and networks, is however seriously out of step with the self-image of the digital government, and the existing structure and division of responsibilities. This book is based on the report on iGovernment that the Scientific Council for Government Policy (WRR) presented to the Dutch Government in March 2011. "This book contributes powerfully to the understanding and evaluation of the development - beyond 'eGovernment' - of 'information Government', centred on highly complex flows and uses of information for public services, care and control, rather than technology itself. Sound empirical research and a concern to create better governance of iGovernment enable the authors to bring a sharply critical eye to their call for greater awareness by policy-makers, and for a strategic, reasoned and institutionalised relationship among the principles involved. These include ones that are often neglected: privacy, freedom of choice, accountability and transparency. Their recommendations are important, not only for the Netherlands". Charles D. Raab, Professor Emeritus and Honorary Professorial Fellow, University of Edinburgh "This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and scholars seeking to understand the possibilities, dilemmas and challenges of bringing the Internet and related technologies to centre stage in government and public services. It offers a fascinating case study of electronic government and 'information government' in the Netherlands, with examples from local, national and eu government, a wide-ranging literature review and a number of recommendations as to how iGovernment should develop". Helen Margetts, Professor of Society and the Internet and director of the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford "Not only does this book offer an insightful analysis of the problems that ongoing digitization poses for citizens and the goverrnment itself (such as creeping loss of data quality), it also places highly valuable markers for the decisions that must be taken on the challenging path that lies ahead for iGovernment, in providing a new model for weighing up the various fundamental interests at stake". Alex Brenninkmeijer, National Ombudsman, The Netherlands

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