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Die Baukunst des 13. Jahrhunderts in Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205788669 Year: Pages: 498 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_467999 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4327
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:15
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This book is the first complete description of 13th century architecture in Austria. This period was significant for ist political and historical events and upheavels in the provinces of Austria, but at the same time for the transition from romanic to gothic style. The book is the result of the author's continuous studies in this field of architectural history for more than 35 years. Basing on his doctoral thesis of 1975 the author is outlining a completely new panorama of the development in 13th century architecture by using the results of recent investigations, reconstructions and newly interpreted historical sources. Some important results were achieved on behalf of FWF-projects under the author's direction (reconstruction of the Capella Speciosa at Klosterneuburg, research on the history of the Imperial Palace di Vienna). The results are corresponding in perfect way with the scientifical researches in neighbouring countries as Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovenia and Germany, in regard of the long range cultural communications during the Middle Ages, which in former theories were denied by presupposing a distinct stylistic retard in Austrian architecture. Highly important was the author's proof that in the 13th century in Austria existed a contemporaneity between advanced and retarded stylistic forms. The choice of the stylistic attitude mainly depended on the client. The introduction of the book gives a survey of the actual state of research, followed by three chapters, which explicate the conditions in the 12th century, differentiated geographically (alpine regions, Danube valley) and concerning the clientage (dukes, archbishops and bishops of Salzburg and Passau) as well. By this way the general tendencies and motives (Cistercian architecture of Heiligenkreuz and Zwettl; Patavian architecture at Göttweig, Kremsmünster, Vienna, St.Pölten, Tulln; architecture at Salzburg - cathedral of archbisphop Konrad III - Gurk, Seckau, Hartberg) are outlined, which dominated the further development. In the following first main part, which is describing the first half of 13th century, the important role of the Austrian sovereigns (duke Leopold VI and duke Friedrich II) as founders and benefactors of eminent church architecture is emphasized. With these works of art most actual influences of french gothic architecture came to Austria (Capella Speciosa at Klosterneuburg, cloisters at Lilienfeld and Heiligenkreuz). The quarrel in ecclesiastical policy between the Babenberg dukes of Austria and the bishops of Passau, concerning the plan to establich a further diocesy in Austria, caused a competition in the field of architecture between the two powers. Thus the bishops of Passau reconstructed their patronage churches (St.Pölten, Kremsmünster, Ardagger) in Austria in a sumptuous way. Besides this stylistically advanced architecture there existed also a building acitivity not to be neglected, which was supported by the lower aristocracy and the duke's officials, who also founded some monasteries and churches. These buildings were constructed by local workmen, who were following the traditional patterns of late romanic style (Baumgartenberg, Wilhering, Bad Deutsch Altenburg, Petronell). At the dawn of the Babenberg dynasty an important political intervention of emperor Friedrich II. von Hohenstaufen took place. Recent researches indicate that the reconstruction of St.Stephen's church in Vienna with the famous "Riesentor" with sculptural decorations in Norman Style was initiated by the emperor, even as the foundation of the castle at the place of the later Imperial Palace, which obviously followed the type of the emperor's fortresses in Sicily. In spite of the political agitations and upheavals in the middle of the century some remarkable works of architecture were created, as the castle of Starhemberg, the fortresses at the border to Hungary (Wienertor at Hainburg), St.Virgil's chapel at Vienna and the charnel house at Tulln), where different in

Der Arkadenhof der Universität Wien und die Tradition der Gelehrtenmemoria in Europa

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783205205999 Year: DOI: 10.7767/9783205205999 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103503
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:01
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Originating from the monumental ensemble of the arcade court of Vienna University, this thematic issue is dedicated to the traditon of academic memorials in a european-wide comparison. The first part of the volume focusses on the monuments of the Vienna University in context of development history and changing cultural and political framework conditions. The second part shows the european perspektive and focusses on the ancient and early modern era origins of the hall of honour, and the the different manifestation in chosen european countries until today. The issue contributes with its diverse methodical articles in a significant way to a discursive discussion on traditon and currency of academic memorials.

Die Südbahn

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ISBN: 9783205774044 Year: Pages: 413 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437160 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3680
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:58
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The present manuscript is intended to be part I of a publication in two volumes, which deals with the historic architecture in the region of "Semmering" in southern Lower Austria from the point of view of art history, cultural history and history of architecture. The study was attempted in continuation of the FWF-project P 13959 under scientifical direction and supervision of the applicant (Prof.Dr. Mario Schwarz). Main topic of this study is the role and importance of the "Suedbahngesellschaft" (Southern Railway Company) in the process of the formation of the Semmering-region as a first-rate holiday resort of the Viennese society during the late 19th century up to the beginning of World War I. The study shows that the forming of this region mainly depended on the initiative of Friedrich Schueler, the Southern Railways Company's director, and Franz Schoenthaler, sculptor in duty of the Imperial Court. The materialization of the planning in the field of hotel-architecture in the first phase was due to architect Franz Wilhelm - collaborator of Wilhelm Flattich, who designed the railway-station of the Southern Railway Company at Vienna, in the second phase due to the architects Alfred Wildhack and Robert v. Morpurgo. The author's research brought a lot of new insight in work and biographies of these architects, who have been neglected so far by the art history. New, important results were achieved by this study concerning the links between the Semmering hotel-architecture and the grand hotel-resorts at Dobiacco (Toblach; architect: Wilhelm Flattich) and Opatija (Abbazia; architect: Alfred Wildhack e.a.), built by the Southern Railway Company as well, which have to be seen as activities in sense of the company's "corporate identity". Thus the company appears among the leading entrepreneurs in the world as founder of railway-hotels. The author presents several famous examples of this kind of hotels from Great Britain to the USA. Here the study is entering a field of architectural research, which still stands at the beginning. There are also important relations between the Semmering hotel-architecture and the historical hotels of Switzerland. In a large panorama the author includes the Semmering hotels in the general regional development of the "Wiener Hausberge" (hills and mountains near Vienna) during the second half of 19th century, especially in the time after the construction of the Semmering railway. The study comprehensively is illustrated with photographs of the object's exteriors and the interiors, historic views, plans and comparative illustrations.&#xD;&#xD;At the beginning of this volume, an introductory chapter, written by the applicant (Prof.Dr.Mario Schwarz), refers on new studies to the phenomenon of landscape aesthetification in view of the construction of the Semmering railway. The main topic is the factor of sensual apperception of the landscape during the continuous movement of a railway-ride and its genial exploitation by the railway's architects. This motivation has to be seen as climax and terminus of a development, which derived from the ideology of English landscape gardening in the age of romanticism. On the other hand the phenomenon is compared with the theories of aestheticism, as they were discussed at the Vienna university in the middle of l9th century.

Kreuzenstein

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ISBN: 9783205795575 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_508003 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 129
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:11
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Kreuzenstein Castle was built between 1874 and 1906 on the&#xD;ruins of a medieval fortress. It was conceived as a family&#xD;mausoleum and venue for preserving and displaying the owner’s&#xD;collection of medieval art, but it can also be interpreted as the&#xD;idealized vision of a medieval castle from the perspective of the&#xD;19th century. This study clarifies to what extent our view of the&#xD;medieval castle is contingent on the faults, fractures and&#xD;“constructs” of modernity.

On the Jewish Legacy in Viennese Architecture

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ISBN: 9783205202653 Year: Pages: 256 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_612510 Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 269
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-22 11:01:14
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A survey of the role played by jewish architects working in Vienna in the period between 1868-1938.

Villenarchitektur am Semmering

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ISBN: 9783205774310 Year: Pages: 264 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437153 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3679
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:51
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The present manuscript is intended to be part II of a publication in two volumes, but at the same time it can be seen as an independent, complete study. It deals with the different aspects of the historic architecture in the region of "Semmering" in southern Lower Austria. The book is the result of the FWF-project P 13959, in which one year of research under scientifically direction and supervision of the applicant (Prof. Dr. Mario Schwarz) was dedicated to intensive studies in art history, cultural history and history of architecture of this region. The author Dr. Guenther Buchinger - responsible collaborator of the project - attempted a large-scale research of the historical villas and county-houses at Semmering. The study contains a full, detailed documentation of the history and construction of the buildings and much information about the employers and the building contractors and architects as well. Consequently the author elaborated a comprehensive stylistic analyse. By the way of elucidating the circumstances of the construction of the buildings, it was possible to reconsider the background of the creating of this artificial settlement at Semmering. A certain social group of great influence among the Viennese bourgeoisie appears in this study, which created this recreation resort as a "vacation-paradise", at that time a complete new, futuristic project, motivated by personal and commercial interests likewise. The result, a colony of villas, was used not only for private purpose, but at the same time for tourism, partially in connection with the hotel buildings.&#xD;&#xD;In his stylistic analyse Guenther Buchinger gives a convincing proof that the phenomenon, which in general is subsumed as "homeland-style", "vernacular architecture" or "Swiss-cottage-style", in fact is a particular form of historicism between "severe historicism" and "late historicism". In the sense of "severe historicism" patterns of genuine architecture - by preference from publications on historical Swiss architecture - were used and extensively quoted. Consequently the forms and details developed in the style of "late historicism" in free evolution and eventually took into the formal repertory also elements of "Jugendstil". The scientific results of this study are important especially concerning the architects Franz von Neumann and Josef Buendsdorf, whose work has not yet been object of detailed research, but likewise for the general oeuvre of the prominent contractor's bureau Fellner & Helmer, whose theatre-architecture is already well documented in art history, but whose country houses and hotel-buildings are largely unknown. &#xD;&#xD;The study partially is designed as a catalogue, which presents each object in detail, and a comprehensive report of the scientific results in a distinct summary and contains numerous photos, plans and comparative illustrations.&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;

Rudolf Perco 1884-1942

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ISBN: 9783205993049 Year: Pages: 470 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_471653 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3175
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-05 16:25:47
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Rudolf Perco, one of the most promising pupils in Otto Wagner’s late period as teacher received numerous honourable mentionings and awards while still a student (1906 – 10) and so may well have expected a brilliant career. However, after World War I, he could realize only very few projects and his name became forgotten. It was only in the scope of the large scale public housing plan of Red Vienna in the 1920es, that he was given opportunities to materialize his Wagner based ideas, and to build several communal housings, of which the Engels Platz – Hof is the largest and most important. Besides, he submitted entries to a vast number of competitions, for which he designed projects, whose very personal features bring him close to Josef Plečnik.

Die virtuelle Dimension

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ISBN: 9783205993483 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574819 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3240
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:30
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Large parts of our culture are characterised by a blurring of corporeal and virtual realities.&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;Computer industry has opened up all sorts of hybrid spaces and has itself, in turn, become a space for uncountable fantasies and expectations. Which are the principles of cultural order depicted by this desire commonly termed cyberspace?&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;In offering novel narratives of modern architecture the author explains how the digital age couples notions of knowledge, life and future with long-known dimensions of architectonic space.&#xD;&#xD;&#xD;Amongst the issues being discussed the reader will find Boullee's visionary designs, classical modern architecture, museums, shopping malls, science fiction, advertising, CAD, biotechnology and the construction of a utopian cyberspace at the turn of the millennium. &#xD;&#xD;

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ISBN: 9783205788409 Year: Pages: 466 Seiten Language: English|German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 29
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

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This volume presents the results of a scholarly meeting which focused on the patronage of women in the Byzantine Empire. In their scope, the articles address broadly not only the founding or re-founding of churches and monasteries, but also their rich decoration, as well as numerous smaller donations. In spite of increased attention to gender research in recent years, a comparative treatment of the legal and economic potentiel that women in Byzantium could exercise in order to exert independent influence has been lacking; thus a gender-specific viewpoint for the volume was intentionally chosen.

Rolf Geyling (1884-1952)

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ISBN: 9783205795858 Year: Pages: 290 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_507999 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 143
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:05
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This publication documents the life and work of the architect Rolf Geyling (1884-1952), who was a former student of Otto Wagner and started his career in Vienna and Bucharest before the First World War broke out. During the war Geyling documented his experiences as an officer of the Habsburger Monarchy with photographs and a detailed diary, which he continued during his imprisonment in Siberia. After five years in several camps - most recently in Vladivostok - Geyling fled to Tianjin in China, where he successfully established himself as an architect until the period of Mao Tse-tung and was particularly involved in the development of modern architecture in northern China.

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