Search results: Found 3

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Die Modernisierung politischer Systeme

Author:
ISBN: 9783205992028 Year: Pages: 730 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472490 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3152
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-11 23:26:32
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Part one of the book discusses political systems of Developing Countries. It suggests that the concept of neopatrimonialism is becoming more and more important. Neopatrimonial systems are characterized by three components: Personal rule, political clientelism and endemic corruption. The neopatrimonial state is essentially a weak state, where the production of public goods is very low and the road to the failure of the state open. For the transformation or improvement of a neopatrimonial system a developmental state is necessary.Part two tries to give a theory of the state. The state is understood as a set of complex institutions. Historical institutionalism seems therefore to be the correct approach. Four institutional complexes are needed for consolidated modern statehood: The military for the security of the state – the military revolution can be regarded as the most important factor in explaining the origin of the state. Territorial segmentation is at the same time the building principle for the international political system. As the professionalism of the military increases, a new institutional complex becomes necessary for the security of the citizens: the police, and the police is the institution for the monopoly of legitimate violence.The second institutional complex is taxation and the ordering of state finances (the budget). Taxes are historically a consequence of standing armies. Today taxation is an important dimension of state capabilities.The third complex is the bureaucracy – necessary for the production of decisions based on general rules. An effective bureaucracy is a precondition for the development of the welfare state. Corruption its main problem.The forth complex is placed at the top of the state – governing all the other institutions. It is essentially the government in combination with the parliament as a law-making institution.Part three tries to explain the process of democratization. Democracy needs three subsystems: the public sphere as the interaction of mass media and discourses of the citizens. A party system, where the parties are based on political ideologies. And a parliament, as the center of a representative government. Responsiveness can be explained as a consequence of general free elections.

Zwischen Apologie und Ablehnung

Author:
Book Series: Zürcher Beiträge zur Geschichtswissenschaft ISBN: 9783412501334 Year: Pages: 490 DOI: 10.7788/9783412502577 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Media and communication --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-06 11:02:00
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Although the Spanish dictatorship became socially acceptable during the Cold War, it was increasingly questioned in Switzerland. Moisés Prieto examines the perception of the media, the social sensitization and the thematization of this epoch of Spanish history in the eyes of the Swiss public.

„Berufsstand“ oder „Stand“?

Author:
ISBN: 9783205203414 Year: Pages: 680 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_614163 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 340
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-27 11:01:16
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The Constitution of 1 May 1934 saw an attempt made in Austria to create an alternative to parliamentary democracy in the form of an order based on the professional “Stand” (corporation). The failure of this attempt was due to the nature of the “Stand” itself which, as something organically grown, is not accessible to institutionalisation. In reality, the corporation was just a means of enabling conservative thinking, in a much wider sense, to influence politics, a hangover of traditional forms of rule.

Listing 1 - 3 of 3
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Böhlau (3)


License

CC by (1)

CC by-nc (1)

CC by-nc-nd (1)


Language

german (3)


Year
From To Submit

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2000 (1)