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Kulturraum Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205777205 Year: Pages: 632 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437146 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3945
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:44
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While the first volume of the overalll work, which was published as "The historical Area of Austria" ("Geschichtsraum Österreich") in 2006, focused on the Hapsburgian "whole state" from the perspective of the most important phenomena and protagonists of the "Hapsburgian iconography", this second and concluding volume examines multifarious visualisations of the regional and supraregional historical myths of the 19th century in Vienna, the "centre", and in the regions, i.e. the Austrian Crownlands (part of which are identical with today´s federal provinces of the Republic of Austria). The difficult relationship between the "whole state" and the Crownlands constitutes the entire, extremely complex spectrum of reflections on Austrian 19th century history. Here, the kinds of methods and concrete goals with which regional memorial foundations interact or compete with dynastic strategies is a pivotal issue - on that has been examined only far too rarely in the past. Hence the present work intends to discuss both art-historical and historical phenomena with explore various historical reflections at the - frequently neglected - "periphery" and investigate visual approaches to one´s "own" history from the "present" of the 19th century (using prominent events such as the second Ottoman siege of 1683 and the "wars of liberation" against Napoleon as an example). The degrees of complexity, quantitative permeation and significant contrasts between Vienna - the "centre" - and the "provinces" in their different reflections on Austrian history clearly begin to emerge when we examine an extensive range of topics against the background of competing national, regional and communal strategies. Compared to the first volume "The historical Area of Austria", the perspective of the multifarious "historical area of Austria" shifts from the "whole state" to an analysis of a highly distinct "plurality of areas" (Karl Schlögel) with its own intrinsic laws. Such diversity is also an essential factor when we come to investigate the prolific amount of Austrian landscape art in the 19th century and the role it played in forging identity. It graphically demonstrates that a deeper understanding of Austria´s federal structures is not possible without gaining a comprehensive insight into 19th century history.

Porträtgalerien auf Papier

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen der Kommission für Neuere Geschichte Österreichs ISBN: 9783205208556 Year: DOI: 10.7767/9783205208556 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103513
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-23 11:01:02
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Das Sammeln druckgrafischer Bildnisse erfreute sich im 18. Jahrhundert der zunehmenden Wertschätzung einer gebildeten bürgerlichen Sammlerschicht. Auch aristokratische Sammler legten Porträtsammlungen ihrer Ahnen und Zeitgenossen in Klebebänden oder Kassetten an, die mitunter an die 100.000 Einzelbildnisse umfassen konnten.Während sich etwa Prinz Eugen von Savoyen seine Sammlung von Kunsthändlern arrangieren ließ, verbrachten Kaiser Franz I. von Österreich oder Louis-Philippe I. von Frankreich viel Zeit damit, ihre Porträts selbst in eine ideale Ordnung zu überführen.Man begegnet Gliederungen nach Staaten, nach Berufsstand oder nach historischen Epochen – je nach dem Anspruch, den der Sammler an seine Kollektion stellte. Die Ordnungssystematik wurde so zum Medium fürstlicher Repräsentation.

Die Modernisierung politischer Systeme

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ISBN: 9783205992028 Year: Pages: 730 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472490 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3152
Added to DOAB on : 2014-04-11 23:26:32
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Part one of the book discusses political systems of Developing Countries. It suggests that the concept of neopatrimonialism is becoming more and more important. Neopatrimonial systems are characterized by three components: Personal rule, political clientelism and endemic corruption. The neopatrimonial state is essentially a weak state, where the production of public goods is very low and the road to the failure of the state open. For the transformation or improvement of a neopatrimonial system a developmental state is necessary.Part two tries to give a theory of the state. The state is understood as a set of complex institutions. Historical institutionalism seems therefore to be the correct approach. Four institutional complexes are needed for consolidated modern statehood: The military for the security of the state – the military revolution can be regarded as the most important factor in explaining the origin of the state. Territorial segmentation is at the same time the building principle for the international political system. As the professionalism of the military increases, a new institutional complex becomes necessary for the security of the citizens: the police, and the police is the institution for the monopoly of legitimate violence.The second institutional complex is taxation and the ordering of state finances (the budget). Taxes are historically a consequence of standing armies. Today taxation is an important dimension of state capabilities.The third complex is the bureaucracy – necessary for the production of decisions based on general rules. An effective bureaucracy is a precondition for the development of the welfare state. Corruption its main problem.The forth complex is placed at the top of the state – governing all the other institutions. It is essentially the government in combination with the parliament as a law-making institution.Part three tries to explain the process of democratization. Democracy needs three subsystems: the public sphere as the interaction of mass media and discourses of the citizens. A party system, where the parties are based on political ideologies. And a parliament, as the center of a representative government. Responsiveness can be explained as a consequence of general free elections.

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