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Biografien bedeutender österreichischer Wissenschafterinnen

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ISBN: 9783205205883 Year: DOI: 10.7767/9783205205883 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103507
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:02
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This volume follows the results of the dictionary  "Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich. Leben – Werk – Wirken" from 2002, in which the field of activities of the first generation of female scientists at austrian universities and in non-university workplaces were researched among other things. The present collection is now mostly focused on woman-specific acting of female scientists after 1945 (years of birth between 1930 and 1950, including an addition of earlier years). The emphasis in terms of time furthermore includes theoretical and personnel effects of the second feminist movement, developed in universities in the 1970s out of woman-specific problems in the fields of science.

Keywords

History --- History of Science --- PDX

Wien - Geschichte einer Stadt

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ISBN: 9783205992677 Year: Pages: 651 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437134 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3561
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:33
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This volume is the second part of a trilogy on a detailed history of Vienna. It covers the period from the First Turkish Siege (1529) to the death of the Emperor Joseph II (1790). During these centuries the Habsburg dynasty and the court had been shaping predominantly the development of the city and the cultural townscape. In a detailed description fifteen authors give an overall view of the history of the constitution and administration, of the environmental, social, economic, and cultural development. Attention has been mainly focused on an analysis of the structural changes of the city's economy in the early modern period and the structure of the society, especially stressing its consequences in daily life. This historical description is based in many respects on the latest results of recent research. This volume provides the first concise history of Vienna between the 16th and 18th centuries in the last fifty years. It imparts the latest state of research to a wide public, supported by many illustrations and a large bibliography.

Kulturraum Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205777205 Year: Pages: 632 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437146 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3945
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:44
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While the first volume of the overalll work, which was published as "The historical Area of Austria" ("Geschichtsraum Österreich") in 2006, focused on the Hapsburgian "whole state" from the perspective of the most important phenomena and protagonists of the "Hapsburgian iconography", this second and concluding volume examines multifarious visualisations of the regional and supraregional historical myths of the 19th century in Vienna, the "centre", and in the regions, i.e. the Austrian Crownlands (part of which are identical with today´s federal provinces of the Republic of Austria). The difficult relationship between the "whole state" and the Crownlands constitutes the entire, extremely complex spectrum of reflections on Austrian 19th century history. Here, the kinds of methods and concrete goals with which regional memorial foundations interact or compete with dynastic strategies is a pivotal issue - on that has been examined only far too rarely in the past. Hence the present work intends to discuss both art-historical and historical phenomena with explore various historical reflections at the - frequently neglected - "periphery" and investigate visual approaches to one´s "own" history from the "present" of the 19th century (using prominent events such as the second Ottoman siege of 1683 and the "wars of liberation" against Napoleon as an example). The degrees of complexity, quantitative permeation and significant contrasts between Vienna - the "centre" - and the "provinces" in their different reflections on Austrian history clearly begin to emerge when we examine an extensive range of topics against the background of competing national, regional and communal strategies. Compared to the first volume "The historical Area of Austria", the perspective of the multifarious "historical area of Austria" shifts from the "whole state" to an analysis of a highly distinct "plurality of areas" (Karl Schlögel) with its own intrinsic laws. Such diversity is also an essential factor when we come to investigate the prolific amount of Austrian landscape art in the 19th century and the role it played in forging identity. It graphically demonstrates that a deeper understanding of Austria´s federal structures is not possible without gaining a comprehensive insight into 19th century history.

Wien - Geschichte einer Stadt

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ISBN: 9783205992684 Year: Pages: 912 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437210 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3791
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:44
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This volume is the last and final part of a trilogy on a detailed history of Vienna. It covers the period from 1790 until the present times. For the decisive forces as well as the inhabitants of the city this era of the urban development of Vienna has to be counted among the most dramatic periods characterised by a great number of real breaks in history. Napoleonic occupation, the revolution of 1848, the constitutional as well as the economic and social changes from the middle of the 19th century onwards, the final end of the position as "Reichshaupt- und Residenzstadt" (capital and residential city of the Austro-Hungarian empire) at the end of World War I, the challenging and complicated inter-war-period, Vienna's fate under Nazi-domination, the air raid of World War II and its end as well as the years after 1945 so far never described in such a comprehensive manner - all these events establish the chronological screen for the description and mark decisive incidents being treated here. In a chronological framework six authors arrange a pattern of Vienna's political, social, economic and cultural history. An innovative step is marked by the attempt to give a description of the ever so decisive periods like the "Fin-de-Siècle" and the complicated years after 1918 considering the intellectual mainstream and including men of letters and their works as contemporary witnesses and references. Vienna's development after 1945 - regarding the political history until the elections of 2001, the social and economic history in some aspects even furthermore - has not been treated in such a profound manner so far.This volume - as its predecessors - imparts the latest state of research to a wide public, supported by many illustrations and a large bibliography as well as a useful register of place names and persons.

Das Jahr 1813, Ostmitteleuropa und Leipzig

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783412503994 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101751
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 11:01:02
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In Anknüpfung an die vielfältige historische Erforschung der Kommemorierung von Kriegen sowie der damit einhergehenden Formen von Erinnerungspolitik widmet sich dieser Sammelband einer Thematisierung des Völkerschlachtereignisses in den Gedächtniskulturen Ost(mittel)europas. Konkreten Anlass dazu bot das Leipziger Doppeljubiläum: jenes der Schlacht im Jahre 1813 sowie das der Einweihung des Völkerschlachtdenkmals im Jahre 1913. Im Zentrum stehen dabei kultur- und erinnerungsgeschichtliche Perspektiven – mit einem Schwerpunkt auf jeweiligen nationalen Narrativen und daran hängenden Mythenbildungen. Auch finden mediale Aufbereitungen des Ereignisses in Literatur, bildender Kunst und Film besondere Berücksichtigung.

Keywords

History --- Ostmitteleuropa --- Leipzig

Die Regesten des Kaiserreiches unter Friedrich I. 1152 (1122)-1190

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ISBN: 9783205232452 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103611
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:53
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1975 begannen die Arbeiten an den Regesta Imperii für die Zeit Kaiser Friedrich Barbarossas, im März 2018 sind sie nun, stets getragen vom selben Bearbeiter, zu Ende gegangen. Mit diesem letzten Band werden – sieben Jahre nach Vorlage der kompletten chronologischen Regestenreihe – nochmals Nachträge, das Register der Orts- und Personennamen und die Bibliographie publiziert. Das Register erschließt mit seiner ungeheuren Spannweite – von der Iberischen Halbinsel und den modernen Benelux-Staaten im Westen, im Osten im Kontext des Kreuzzuges bis in die Türkei und Teile des Nahen Ostens reichend – weit mehr, als es das ohnehin schon große Gebiet des Heiligen Römischen Reiches vermuten lässt. Die Einleitung ist – nach 43 Jahren – zugleich ein Nachwort, bietet daher Nachbetrachtungen, Reflexionen und Erläuterungen zu einem Lebenswerk.

Alpenverein

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ISBN: 9783205776680 Year: Pages: 445 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437147 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3917
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:45
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The Deutsche und Österreichische Alpenverein resulted from a merger of the Österreichischer Alpenverein founded in 1862 with the Deutsche Alpenverein in 1873. Both clubs had been initiated by urban circles in Vienna, Munich and other major cities in Germany and Austria. The Alpenverei soon became very popular and on the eve of World War I had more than 100.000 members. In the beginning, the Alpenverein concentrated its activities on the scientific exploration of the Alps, which was regularly reported upon in its periodicals. Subsequently, the Alpenverein established a regular service of well educated mountain guides as well as a net of thousands of kilometres of mountain routes and mountain huts to serve the needs of the growing number of Alpine tourists. Routes and huts were established by the numerous sections founded over the decades between the North Sea in the north and the Adriatic Sea in the south, between Strassbourg in the west and Königsberg in the east. Besides such practical goals, the Alpenverein also cherished ideal motives such as the intention of providing city dwellers by way of compensation with the chance of enjoying nature and finding physical recreation, which at the same were to foster qualities of character such as determination, daring and presence of mind. The sections - besides giving information on the Alps - also cherished the social life among their members, especially during the annual general meetings, which were organized alternately by various sections and which were to rank among the highlights of urban social life. The exploration and visits of the Alps were often related with a kind of colonial though well intended attempts to influence the alpine population, since the Alpenverein also considered itself a "provider of culture". The alpine population, however, had - at least in the beginning and with but few exceptions - only little understanding for the activities of the alpine tourists, although in the end and as a consequence of the emerging alpine tourism, which was strongly promoted by the Alpenverein, the benefits prevailed. After many years of peaceful development characterized by cooperation not only between the German and the Austrian sections of the club, but also between the Alpenverein and similar clubs in the neighbouring alpine countries, the political conflicts before and during World War I resulted in more radical attitudes within the Alpenverein, especially vis-a-vis the Italian side. Thanks to its knowledge and infrastructure in the Alps, the Alpenverein was able to support the Austrian army in its war in the mountains. All in all, however, it may be said without exaggeration that the Deutsche und Österreichische Alpenverein contributed a great deal and substantially to the exploration, the knowledge and - by making them more easily accessible - the popularity of the Alps, to the expansion of the members horizons and perceptions as well as, finally, to the material and in many cases spiritual improvement of the alpine regions themselves.

Tyrolis Latina

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783205788683 Year: Pages: 1331 Seite DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574820 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4335D 4336
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:32
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In the territory of historical Tyrol (i.e., the present Austrian province of Tyrol, South Tyrol, and Trentino), a huge number of Latin texts has been written from the Early Middle Ages to the 21th century. A good part of this literature has been preserved as manuscripts or printed books in the libraries and archives of monasteries, schools, universities, cities and other institutions. The present history of literature for the first time gives a systematic overview of these writings and describes them according to historical eras and literary genres. The single eras are separated from each other by events that had a massive impact on the conditions of production and reception of Latin literature in Tyrol. Each era is first generally characterised in historical and cultural terms; after that, its Latin poetry, rhetoric and eloquence, historiography, biography, epistolography, theology and other ecclesiastic writings, philosophy, medicine, natural sciences, law and jurisprudence are treated in single chapters.The literary history consists of two volumes. The first one includes the eras „From the beginnings to the unification of Tyrol under Count Meinhard II. (1285)“, „From the unification of Tyrol to the death of Emperor Maximilian I. (1519)“, „The 16th century until the death of Ferdinand II., Archduke of Further Austria (1595)“, and „The 17th century until the extinction of the Tyrolian line of the Habsburgs (1665) and the foundation of the University of Innsbruck (1669)“.The second volume comprises the eras „From the foundation of the University of Innsbruck to the abolition of the Jesuit order (1773)“, „From the expulsion of the Jesuits to the revolution of the year 1848“, and „From the revolution of 1848 until the present day“ as well as the bibliography and the indexes.

Inklusion–Exklusion

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ISBN: 9783412511654 9783412504397 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104816
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:10
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Das Gerichtswesen der spätmittelalterlichen Stadt erscheint in vieler Hinsicht rätselhaft: Trotz reger Bautätigkeit tagten die Gerichte zumeist im Freien; wenngleich die Kommunen schon früh eine elaborierte Schriftlichkeit nutzten, fand das Prozessgeschehen meist mündlich statt, und obwohl der Rat nicht selten promovierte Juristen als Schreiber in Dienst nahm, urteilten an seinen Gerichten ausschließlich Laien. Das Buch unternimmt den Versuch, diese und andere Phänomene zu plausibilisieren, indem es sie auf die Leitunterscheidung von Zugehörigkeit und Nicht-Zugehörigkeit zurückführt. Als empirische Grundlage dient das umfangreiche Quellenmaterial der Stadt Köln, dass zur Zeit der Abfassung der Studie noch verfügbar war.

Keywords

History --- POL000000 --- HIS037010 --- LAZ --- HBJD

Geschichtsraum Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205775225 Year: Pages: 576 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437150 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3827
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:48
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The history is intended as the first comprehensive examination of the role of Austrian history in the visual arts of the Habsburg monarchy between 1804 and 1918. At its centre are the following three key questions: What status did the general preoccupation with history acquire? What where the favorite historical subjects for artistic representation? What significance did the Habsburgs´own history (almost endlessly "extendible" all the way back to its fictitious mythical beginnings) hold for the issues of the day? Works of art contribute to the creation of traditions in a double sense: a given work simultaneously contains and creates history. A work of art is also a medium for social identification, facilitating communication between the monarch and the people. Investigating the characteristics of the different "reflections on history" in the visual arts in Austria in the 19th century led to the practical necessity of significantly widening the known material basis. It became apparent that previous research was based on a relatively limited range of works (primarily "high art") and failed to relate these works to literary documents from the fiields of historiography or belles-lettres. I believe it is only by expanding the basis in terms of both word and picture documentation that a reliable overview of the different strategies pursued by Habsburg iconography can be gained. Not only did my chosen methodology seem expedient, and indeed almost indispensable for an examination of concrete historical cases, it also reveals that this interlocking approach (furthermore justified by the nature of the material) based on interrelating picture and text media contains the very key to a proper investigation of the historical art of the 19th century. In approaching the central questions, this study begins with an introduction that looks at concepts and methodology and charts the difficult formation of the "Austrian nation" from "Casa d´Austria" to the Habsburg "nation state". The second chapter examines the relevance of the Austrian 18th century in the consciousness of the following century based on the examples of rulers Maria Theresia and Joseph II. This is folloewd almost of necessity by a long section on the ruler iconography of the period Emperor Franz II (I) to Emperor Franz Joseph I. The visual strategies of the Habsburg rulers in the 19th century and the inseparable question of the legitimation of the Austrian Empire in the years after 1848 steer attention back to the quest for "origins" and to the Habsburg "insurance policy" of evoking the figure of founding father Rudolf I. This forms the main focus of the fourth chapter. In this context, the various appeals to the famous progenitor assume the character of an "underpinning" myth (Jan Assmann). The final chapter attempts to provide answers to questions relating to the "flowering" of Austrian historiography in the 19th century relative to historical interpretations in painting. The complex genesis of the celebration of glorious Austrian deeds ist examined on the basis of the concrete example of "military iconography" and the decoration of the "hall of fame" in the "Arsenal" in Vienna.

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