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Regesten Kaiser Sigismunds (1410-1437), Band 2

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ISBN: 9783205202042 Year: Pages: 326 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_611246 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 339
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:50
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The volume contains the edition of 180 abstracts of the charters and letters from the archives and libraries in West, North and East Bohemia, issued by Emperor Sigismund (1410-1437). It is the second volume of the planned complete revision of the edition of abstracts "Urkunden Kaiser Sigmunds" (Innsbruck 1896/1900) published by Wilhelm Altmann within the framework of the Regesta Imperii. The volume includes a large historical introduction, a bibliography and an index and adds primarily to the historical documentation of the major cities of Eger/Cheb, Pilsen/Plzeň and Elbogen/Loket in West Bohemia which remained loyal to the king during the Hussite Revolution, and sheds light on the career, estate property and diplomatic forgeries of Sigismund's influential chancellor Kaspar Schlick, a burgher of Eger.

Regesten Kaiser Sigismunds (1410-1437), Band 3

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ISBN: 9783205204022 Year: Pages: 450 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_620584 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 394
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:36
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The volume contains 253 abstracts of 229 Emperor Sigismund’s charters and letters or deperdita and 21 medieval forgeries or highly suspect documents attributed to this ruler from the archives of southern Bohemia.

Dörfer und Deputierte

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ISBN: 9783205788157 Year: Pages: 946 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_453613 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4312
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:41
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The manuscript deals with the elections to the Austrian Constituent Diet in June 1848, compared with those to the French National Assembly in April of the same year, with a focus on the dissemination of new concepts and practices of politics – particularly electoral and representative politics – in rural areas. The approach is based on concepts from the debate on the “politicisation” of rural populations which has been conducted in France during the past decades. To facilitate a detailed analysis closely based on primary sources, the study is limited to the province of Lower Austria (excluding Vienna) and the former department of Seine-et-Oise, surrounding Paris. The manuscript is based on a dissertation accepted in 2010, which has been revised in both content and form. Additional archival research in France in January and February 2011 has allowed an augmentation of the primary source basis. After a summary of theoretical and methodical positions regarding the use of international comparison, a brief presentation of the debates on “politicisation” is intended to familiarize the reader both with the concept and with recent criticisms of it (Chapter 2). The resulting approach is based on the idea not of “politicization” versus a prior “apolitical” condition of rural populations, but rather of a complex of interconnected but not identical shifts in rural concepts and practices of politics. In a first section, demographic, economic and social conditions of the two regions are presented and compared (Chapter 3), as are intellectual preconditions regarding mobility, literacy, religious behavior, and prior experiences with political participation (Chapter 4). The revolutions of 1848 are described with particular attention devoted to the forms they took in rural areas (Chapter 5). The legal and normative framework of the elections is compared in detail, as are administrative prepa¬rations and the processes of electoral information (Chapter 6). These are viewed as efforts by which models of electoral politics, proposed by new and old political elites in both countries, were put before the populations using the power and communicative resources at the disposal of the elites. The elections themselves are first closely described under their procedural aspect; then an analysis of voting behaviour is attempted (Chapter 7). These multiple perspectives demonstrate that divergent notions of the meaning and function of elections competed, but also intermixed. This concerns not only rivalry between the elite-proposed models described in Chapter 6, but also their meeting with concepts held by members of the wider population. In Lower Austria, large numbers of rural voters either rejected or, more frequently, reinterpreted and subverted the proposed electoral model on the basis older practices of political articu¬lation predicated on a corporate subdivision of society. In Seine-et-Oise, behaviors pointing to divergent notions of election are comparatively marginal next to a widespread acceptance of the proposed model. Although the two cases studied differ considerably from one another, and both have only quite limited resemblance to late 20th-century ideals of democratic elections, both can be situated within a complex history of the gradual displacement of older concepts of elections specifically and of politics in general by elements of those familiar in the present.

Das Charisma der Weltrevolution

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ISBN: 9783412507541 9783412508579 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104861
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-08 11:21:10
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Was bedeutete ‚Weltrevolution’ und ‚internationale Solidarität’ für einfache Parteiaktivisten und die sowjetische Bevölkerung? Das Buch präsentiert erstmals eine Gesellschaftsgeschichte des frühsowjetischen revolutionären Internationalismus. Auf Basis neuerschlossener Quellen untersucht es die Vermittlung internationalistischer Ideen sowie die Bedeutungen, die frühsowjetische Aktivisten und Bürger in sie hineininterpretierten. Auch das sich wandelnde Repertoire an Praktiken, die der Parteibasis zur Verfügung standen, um an revolutionären Ereignissen im Ausland teilzuhaben, wird einer Detailanalyse unterzogen. Die Studie eröffnet einen neuen Blick auf die Gesellschaft im ersten sowjetischen Jahrzehnt, ihre transnationalen Verflechtungen, und ihre Transformation hin zum Frühstalinismus.

Viktor Franz Freiherr von Andrian-Werburg

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ISBN: 9783205786122 Year: Pages: 474 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4217
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:38
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Viktor Franz Freiherr von Andrian-Werburg (1813-1858) was and still is primarily known as the author of Österreich und dessen Zukunft, the most important programmatic brochure of the estatist opposition in the late Vormärz. But it is almost unknown, that he kept a diary for most of his adult life. These diaries are now presented in a scholarly edition. Between the first entry of 20 October 1839 and the last surviving entry of 10 March 1858 lie 19 years which transformed Andrian from a young subordinate public servant in Northern Italy, Istria and Vienna to the idol of the Vormärz opposition, from a respected member and vice-president of the National Assembly in Frankfurt and German envoy in London to the proscribed demolisher of the pre-revolutionary paradise, from the advisor of the Austrian politicians in the years past 1849 to the member of the boards of capitalist railway companies in the 1850s. Throughout this whole time, Andrian saw himself as an unrecognized genius who could have rescued society from the oppression and stagnancy of the Vormärz and from the chaos of the revolution and lead it towards a better future. During all these years, the diaries show a mixture of private and public events. Reflections on family, friends, and personal developments are blended with statements and reflections on politics and policy and Andrian's own role in public life. While focus and denseness of the entries change along with Andrian's private and political situation, at center stage is always the interest in the developments in Austria and her future constitution in close connection with his personal conditions. It is this interaction between public interest and private experience that make the Andrian diaries one of the most impressive private sources on Austrian history from the Vormärz through the revolutionary years of 1848/49 well into the last years of the Neoabsolutism. Narratives about financial problems and strategies for a solution, for example through a rich marriage, alternate with analyses of internal and foreign politics and plans on the re-creation of Austria. Phases of active political involvement change with periods of voluntary and enforced retreat. Therefore, there are entries on discussions with leading politicians and court dignitaries and on audiences with Emperor Francis Joseph as well as accounts of journeys from Helgoland to Rome, from the French Atlantic coast to the South of Egypt. But the central aspect is always the interplay between private experience and public influence. Viktor Andrian felt to be a born leader, not a subordinate, and believed that he could wait for the moment when he was called to lead. Therefore he remained, with the exception of the revolutionary period of 1848/49 when he got actively involved in politics, an observer, adviser and critic at the fringes, waiting for the moment when the reins of power would fall to him. Although he realized in his later years that this was an illusion, Andrian was complacent with his personal development: "Thank God, I never had to blame myself for wicked, vicious things." This edition in three volumes contains the annotated diary entries, an introduction on Viktor Andrian's life and works, an account of the history of the diaries, and, for the first time, a complete listing of Andrian's publications. Numerous excerpts from Andrian's preserved correspondence in the commentary complement and broaden the diaries. An annotated index refers to more than 2.800 persons mentioned in the entries.

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