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Gift Exchange

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Book Series: Law and Society Series ISBN: 9781108570497 Year: DOI: 10.1017/9781108570497 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung - 10BP12_183395
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:08:12
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Since Marcel Mauss published his foundational essay The Gift in 1925, many anthropologists and specialists of international relations have seen in the exchange of gifts, debts, loans, concessions or reparations the sources of international solidarity and international law. Still, Mauss’s reflections were deeply tied to the context of interwar Europe and the French colonial expansion. Their normative dimension has been profoundly questioned after the age of decolonization. A century after Mauss, we may ask: what is the relevance of his ideas on gift exchanges and international solidarity? By tracing how Mauss’s theoretical and normative ideas inspired prominent thinkers and government officials in France and Algeria, from Pierre Bourdieu to Mohammed Bedjaoui, Gregoire Mallard adds a building block to our comprehension of the role that anthropology, international law, and economics have played in shaping international economic governance from the age of European colonization to the latest European debt crisis.

The power of standards

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ISBN: 9781108759038 Year: DOI: 10.1017/9781108759038 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung - 10BP12_185566
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:07:56
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Standards often remain unseen, yet they play a fundamental part in the organisation of contemporary capitalism and society at large. What form of power do they epitomise? Why have they become so prominent? Are they set to be as important for the globalisation of services as for manufactured goods? Graz draws on international political economy and cognate fields to present strong theoretical arguments, compelling research and surprising evidence on the role of standards in the global expansion of services, with in-depth studies of their institutional environment and cases including the insurance industry and business process outsourcing in India. The power of standards resembles a form of transnational hybrid authority, in which ambiguity should be seen as a generic attribute, defining not only the status of public and private actors involved in standardisation and regulation, but also the scope of issues concerned and the space in which such authority is recognised when complying to standards.

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2019 (2)