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Diplomacy’s Value

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Book Series: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs ISBN: 9780801453182 9780801455063 9780801455056 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101540
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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What is the value of diplomacy? How does it affect the course of foreign affairs independent of the distribution of power and foreign policy interests? Theories of international relations too often implicitly reduce the dynamics and outcomes of diplomacy to structural factors rather than the subtle qualities of negotiation. If diplomacy is an independent effect on the conduct of world politics, it has to add value, and we have to be able to show what that value is. In Diplomacy’s Value, Brian C. Rathbun sets forth a comprehensive theory of diplomacy, based on his understanding that political leaders have distinct diplomatic styles—coercive bargaining, reasoned dialogue, and pragmatic statecraft.

Informal Governance in the European Union

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ISBN: 9780801452116 9780801469404 9780801469398 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101534
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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The European Union is the world’s most advanced international organization, presiding over a level of legal and economic integration unmatched in global politics. To explain this achievement, many observers point to its formal rules that entail strong obligations and delegate substantial power to supranational actors such as the European Commission. This legalistic view, Mareike Kleine contends, is misleading. More often than not, governments and bureaucrats informally depart from the formal rules and thereby contradict their very purpose. Behind the EU’s front of formal rules lies a thick network of informal governance practices.If not the EU’s rules, what accounts for the high level of economic integration among its members? How does the EU really work? In answering these questions, Kleine proposes a new way of thinking about international organizations.

Logics of War

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Book Series: Cornell Studies in Security Affairs ISBN: 9780801451867 9780801468179 9780801468162 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101542
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Most wars between countries end quickly and at relatively low cost. The few in which high-intensity fighting continues for years bring about a disproportionate amount of death and suffering. What separates these few unusually long and intense wars from the many conflicts that are far less destructive? In Logics of War, Alex Weisiger tests three explanations for a nation’s decision to go to war and continue fighting regardless of the costs. He combines sharp statistical analysis of interstate wars over the past two centuries with nine narrative case studies. He examines both well-known conflicts like World War II and the Persian Gulf War, as well as unfamiliar ones such as the 1864–1870 Paraguayan War (or the War of the Triple Alliance), which proportionally caused more deaths than any other war in modern history.

When Right Makes Might

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ISBN: 9781501730306 9781501730313 9781501730320 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103125
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-29 11:21:02
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Why do great powers accommodate the rise of some challengers, while others are contained and confronted, even at the risk of war? The book proposes that when faced with a new challenger, great powers will attempt to divine its intentions, to determine whether that rising power poses a revolutionary threat to the system, or whether it can be incorporated into the existing international order. In departing from conventional rationalist and realist theories of international relations, the author argues that established powers come to understand a rising power’s intentions by observing how it justifies its behavior through diplomacy and its claims on the way it exerts its power. Diplomatic rhetoric, therefore, plays a critical role in the formation of grand strategy. Legitimacy is not marginal to international relations; it is essential to the practice of power politics.

Atomic Assurance

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ISBN: 9781501729188 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103126
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-29 11:21:02
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Do alliances curb states from developing nuclear weapons? If so, what kind of alliances work best and how do they function? This book looks at what makes alliances credible enough to prevent nuclear proliferation, how alliances can breakdown and encourage nuclear proliferation, and whether security guarantors like the United States can use their alliance ties to end the nuclear efforts of their allies. The author finds that military alliances are, surprisingly, less useful for preventing allies from acquiring nuclear weapons; that it is easier to prevent an ally from initiating a nuclear program than to stop an ally that has already started one; and that economic or technological reliance works better to reverse or to halt an ally’s nuclear bid than other factors. This book uses intensive case studies on West Germany, Japan, and South Korea, as well as a series of smaller cases on Great Britain, France, Norway, Australia, and Taiwan, to examine this critical issue.

Survival Migration

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ISBN: 9780801451065 9780801468964 9780801468957 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101467
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Such threats as environmental change, food insecurity, and generalized violence force massive numbers of people to flee states that are unable or unwilling to ensure their basic rights, as do conditions in failed and fragile states that make possible human rights deprivations. Because these reasons do not meet the legal understanding of persecution, the victims of these circumstances are not usually recognized as "refugees," preventing current institutions from ensuring their protection. In this book, Alexander Betts develops the concept of "survival migration" to highlight the crisis in which these people find themselves.

Power and Principle

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ISBN: 9781501705526 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627441 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100415
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Human rights advocates have long pressed for international institutions to prosecute crimes against humanity. With its global reach and mandate to investigate and prosecute some of the world's most severe crimes (genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002 was hailed as a landmark event in the evolution of truly global society. Supporters argue that the ICC and other transnational tribunals will deter the commission of atrocities and contribute to global peace and stability, and they laud its independence and its potential to check the arbitrary use of power against the powerless. To better understand how international criminal courts function and determine their broader implications for global society, this book examines the factors that led to the creation and evolution of international criminal courts, the nature of the support for and opposition to such institutions, and how they function.

Corruption as a Last Resort

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ISBN: 9780801453274 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101537
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Why do ordinary people engage in corruption? In Corruption as a Last Resort, Kelly M. McMann contends that bureaucrats, poverty, and culture do not force individuals in Central Asia to pay bribes, use connections, or sell political support. Rather, corruption is a last resort when relatives, groups in society, the market, and formal government programs cannot provide essential goods and services. Using evidence from her long-term research in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, McMann shows that Islamic institutions, secular charities, entrepreneurs, and banks cannot provide the jobs and credit people need. This drives individuals to illicitly seek employment and loans from government officials.

The Pseudo-Democrat's Dilemma

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ISBN: 9780801449666 9780801456763 9780801460777 9780801461255 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100459
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-07 11:01:57
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Cowinner of the International Studies Association’s Chadwick F. Alger Prize, Winner of the American Political Science Association’s Comparative Democratization Section Best Book Award, and Cowinner of the Yale University MacMillan Center’s Gustav Ranis International Book Prize.Why did election monitoring become an international norm? Why do "pseudo-democrats" (undemocratic leaders who present themselves as democratic) invite international observers, even when they are likely to be caught manipulating elections? Is election observation an effective tool of democracy promotion, or is it simply a way to legitimize electoral autocracies? This book uses cross-national data on election observations since 1960 and case studies of Armenia, Indonesia, Haiti, Peru, Togo, and Zimbabwe to explain international election monitoring with a new theory of international norms.

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