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The Sons of Scripture. The Karaites in Poland and Lithuania in the Twentieth Century

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ISBN: 9783110425260 9783110487305 Year: Pages: 546 DOI: 10.1515/9783110425260 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 12:01:09
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Drawing on the variety of archival sources in the host of European and Oriental languages, the book focuses on the history, ethnography, and convoluted ethnic identity of the Polish-Lithuanian Karaites. The vanishing community of the Karaites, a non-Talmudic Turkic-speaking Jewish minority that had been living in Eastern Europe since the late Middle Ages, developed a unique ethnographic culture and religious tradition. The book offers the first comprehensive study of the dramatic history of the Polish-Lithuanian Karaite community in the twentieth century. Especially important is the analysis of the dejudaization (or Turkicization) of the community that saved the Karaites from horrors of the Holocaust.

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Holocaust

German Rabbis in British Exile. From ‘Heimat’ into the Unknown

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ISBN: 9783110471717 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1515/9783110471717 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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The rich history of the German rabbinate came to an abrupt halt with the November Pogrom of 1938. The need to leave Germany became clear and many rabbis made use of the visas they had been offered. Their resettlement in Britain was hampered by additional obstacles such as internment, deportation, enlistment in the Pioneer Corps. But rabbis still attempted to support their fellow refugees with spiritual and pastoral care. The refugee rabbis replanted the seed of the once proud German Judaism into British soil. New synagogues were founded and institutions of Jewish learning sprung up, like rabbinic training and the continuation of Wissenschaft des Judentums. The arrival of Leo Baeck professionalized these efforts and resulted in the foundation of the Leo Baeck College in London. Refugee rabbis now settled and obtained pulpits in the many newly founded synagogues. Their arrival in Britain was the catalyst for much change in British Judaism, an influence that can still be felt today.

Tracing and Documenting Nazi Victims Past and Present

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Book Series: Arolsen Research Series ISSN: 26997312 ISBN: 9783110665376 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 350 DOI: 10.1515/9783110665376 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-17 18:36:55
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After World War II, tracing and documenting Nazi victims emerged against the background of millions of missing persons and early compensation proceedings. This was a process in which the Allies, international aid organizations, and survivors themselves took part. New archives, documentation centers and tracing bureaus were founded amid the increasing Cold War divide. They gathered documents on Nazi persecution and structured them in specialized collections to provide information on individual fates and their grave repercussions: the loss of relatives, the search for a new home, physical or mental injuries, existential problems, social support and recognition, but also continued exclusion or discrimination. By doing so, institutions involved in this work were inevitably confronted with contentious issues—such as varying political mandates, neutrality vs. solidarity with those formerly persecuted, data protection vs. public interest, and many more. Over time, tracing bureaus and archives changed methods and policies and even expanded their activities, using historical documents for both research and public remembrance. This is the first publication to explore this multifaceted history of tracing and documenting past and present.

Arbeit als Hoffnung. Jüdische Ghettos in Litauen 1941-1944

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 04813545 ISBN: 9783110415551 Year: Volume: 108 Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1515/9783110415551 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17

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In the ghettos of Lithuania an urban infrastructure developed based on the needs of Jewish conscription and forced labor for German occupation forces and the Lithuanian administration. Using the example of the ghettos in Vilnius, Kaunas, and Siauliai, the author reveals for the first time the ways to which Jewish labor conscription was organized inside and outside the ghettos and the patterns of daily ghetto life as seen by the inhabitants.

The World Jewish Congress During The Holocaust - Between Activism and Restraint

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Book Series: New Perspectives on Modern Jewish History ISBN: 9783110320268 9783110320022 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 251 DOI: 10.1515/9783110320268 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-15 11:01:08
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Drawing on hitherto neglected archival materials, Zohar Segev sheds new light on the policy of the World Jewish Congress (WJC) during the Holocaust. Contrary to popular belief, he can show that there was an impressive system of previously unknown rescue efforts. Even more so, there is evidence for an alternative pattern for modern Jewish existence in the thinking and policy of the World Jewish Congress. WJC leaders supported the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine but did not see it as an end in itself. They strove to establish a Jewish state and to rehabilitate Diaspora Jewish life, two goals they saw as mutually complementary. The efforts of the WJC are put into the context of the serious difficulties facing the American Jewish community and its representative institutions during and after the war, as they tried to act as an ethnic minority within American society. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.--Provided by publisher.

The Second World War in the Twenty-First-Century Museum. From Narrative, Memory, and Experience to Experientiality

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Book Series: Media and Cultural Memory / Medien und kulturelle Erinnerung ISSN: 1613-8961 ISBN: 9783110664416 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: 368 DOI: 10.1515/9783110664416 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:51
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The Second World War is omnipresent in contemporary memory debates. As the war fades from living memory, this study is the first to systematically analyze how Second World War museums allow prototypical visitors to comprehend and experience the past. It analyzes twelve permanent exhibitions in Europe and North America – including the Bundeswehr Military History Museum in Dresden, the Museum of the Second World War in Gdańsk, the House of European History in Brussels, the Imperial War Museums in London and Manchester, and the National WWII Museum in New Orleans – in order to show how museums reflect and shape cultural memory, as well as their cognitive, ethical, emotional, and aesthetic potential and effects. This includes a discussion of representations of events such as the Holocaust and air warfare. In relation to narrative, memory, and experience, the study develops the concept of experientiality (on a sliding scale between mimetic and structural forms), which provides a new textual-spatial method for reading exhibitions and understanding the experiences of historical individuals and collectives. It is supplemented by concepts like transnational memory, empathy, and encouraging critical thinking through difficult knowledge.

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