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A Certain Age

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ISBN: 9780822346852 9780822392682 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625230 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100333
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:29
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'A Certain Age' is an unconventional, evocative work of history and a moving reflection on memory, modernity, space, time, and the limitations of traditional historical narratives. Rudolf Mrázek visited Indonesia throughout the 1990s, recording lengthy interviews with elderly intellectuals in and around Jakarta. With few exceptions, they were part of an urban elite born under colonial rule and educated at Dutch schools. From the early twentieth century, through the late colonial era, the national revolution, and well into independence after 1945, these intellectuals injected their ideas of modernity, progress, and freedom into local and national discussion.When Mrázek began his interviews, he expected to discuss phenomena such as the transition from colonialism to postcolonialism. His interviewees, however, wanted to share more personal recollections. Mrázek illuminates their stories of the past with evocative depictions of their late-twentieth-century surroundings.

Keywords

History

Art from a Fractured Past

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ISBN: 9780822355151 9780822377467 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625236 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100331
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:41
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Peru's Truth and Reconciliation Commission not only documented the political violence of the 1980s and 1990s but also gave Peruvians a unique opportunity to examine the causes and nature of that violence. In Art from a Fractured Past, scholars and artists expand on the commission's work, arguing for broadening the definition of the testimonial to include various forms of artistic production as documentary evidence. Their innovative focus on representation offers new and compelling perspectives on how Peruvians experienced those years and how they have attempted to come to terms with the memories and legacies of violence. Their findings about Peru offer insight into questions of art, memory, and truth that resonate throughout Latin America in the wake of "dirty wars" of the last half century. Exploring diverse works of art, the contributors show that art, not constrained by literal truth, can generate new opportunities for empathetic understanding and solidarity.

Keywords

History

Borderland Lives in Northern South Asia

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ISBN: 9780822355427 9780822377306 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625238 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100325
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:45
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This book provides valuable new ethnographic insights into life along some of the most contentious borders in the world. The collected essays portray existence at different points across India's northern frontiers and, in one instance, along borders within India. Whether discussing Shi'i Muslims striving to be patriotic Indians in the Kashmiri district of Kargil or Bangladeshis living uneasily in an enclave surrounded by Indian territory, the contributors show that state borders in Northern South Asia are complex sites of contestation. India's borders with Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma/Myanmar, China, and Nepal encompass radically different ways of life, a whole spectrum of relationships to the state, and many struggles with urgent identity issues. Taken together, the essays show how, by looking at state-making in diverse, border-related contexts, it is possible to comprehend Northern South Asia's various nation-state projects without relapsing into conventional nationalist accounts.

Keywords

History

Portrait of a Young Painter

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ISBN: 9780822357650 9780822376125 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625256 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100326
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:17
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This book adopts a biographical approach to understanding the culture surrounding the Mexico City youth rebellion of the 1960s. Mary Kay Vaughan's chronicle of the life of painter Pepe Zúñiga counters a literature that portrays post-1940 Mexican history as a series of uprisings against state repression, injustice, and social neglect that culminated in the student protests of 1968. Rendering Zúñiga's coming of age on the margins of formal politics, Vaughan depicts midcentury Mexico City as a culture of growing prosperity, state largesse, and a vibrant, transnationally-informed public life that produced a multifaceted youth movement brimming with creativity and criticism of convention. By discussing the influences that shaped Zuniga's worldview, she historicizes the process of subject formation and shows how doing so offers new perspectives on the events of 1968.

Keywords

History

State of Ambiguity

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780822356301 9780822376842 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625261 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100320
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:27
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Cuba's first republican era (1902–1959) is principally understood in terms of its failures and discontinuities, its first three decades and the overthrow of Machado seen at best as a prologue to the "real" revolution of 1959. This book brings together scholars from North America, Cuba, and Spain to challenge this narrative, presenting republican Cuba instead as a time of meaningful engagement—socially, politically, and symbolically. Addressing a wide range of topics—civic clubs and folkloric societies, science, public health and agrarian policies, popular culture, national memory, and the intersection of race and labor—the contributors explore how a broad spectrum of Cubans embraced a political and civic culture of national self-realization. These essays recast the first republic as a time of deep continuity in processes of liberal state- and nation-building that were periodically disrupted—but also reinvigorated—by foreign intervention and profound uncertainty.

Keywords

History

The Pariahs of Yesterday

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ISBN: 9780822351696 9780822395034 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625264 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100324
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:33
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Beginning in the 1870s, a great many Bretons began arriving in Paris. Every age has its pariahs, and in 1900, the “pariahs of Paris” were the Bretons, the last distinct group of provincials to come en masse to the capital city. The pariah designation took hold in Paris, in Brittany, and among historians. Yet the derision of recent migrants can be temporary. Tracing the changing status of Bretons in Paris since 1870, Leslie Page Moch demonstrates that state policy, economic trends, and the attitudes of established Parisians and Breton newcomers evolved as the fortunes of Bretons in the capital improved. Drawing on demographic records and the writings of physicians, journalists, novelists, lawyers, and social scientists, Moch connects internal migration with national integration. As the pariahs of yesterday, Bretons are an example of successful integration into Parisian life. At the same time, their experiences show integration to be a complicated and lengthy process.

Keywords

History

An Aqueous Territory

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ISBN: 9780822362203 9780822373735 Year: Pages: 352 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100279
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:43
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In 'An Aqueous Territory' Ernesto Bassi traces the configuration of a geographic space he calls the transimperial Greater Caribbean between 1760 and 1860. Focusing on the Caribbean coast of New Granada (present-day Colombia), Bassi shows that the region's residents did not live their lives bounded by geopolitical borders. Rather, the cross-border activities of sailors, traders, revolutionaries, indigenous peoples, and others reflected their perceptions of the Caribbean as a transimperial space where trade, information, and people circulated, both conforming to and in defiance of imperial regulations. Bassi demonstrates that the islands, continental coasts, and open waters of the transimperial Greater Caribbean constituted a space that was simultaneously Spanish, British, French, Dutch, Danish, Anglo-American, African, and indigenous.

Keywords

History

Citizenship in Question

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780822362807 9780822373483 Year: Pages: 304 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100687
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:47
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Citizenship is often assumed to be a clear-cut issue - either one has it or one does not. However, as the contributors to Citizenship in Question demonstrate, citizenship is not self-evident; it emerges from often obscure written records and is interpreted through ambiguous and dynamic laws. In case studies that analyze the legal barriers to citizenship rights in over twenty countries, the contributors explore how states use evidentiary requirements to create and police citizenship, often based on fictions of racial, ethnic, class, and religious differences. Whether examining the United States’ deportation of its own citizens, the selective use of DNA tests and secret results in Thailand, or laws that have stripped entire populations of citizenship, the contributors emphasize the political, psychological, and personal impact of citizenship policies.

Keywords

History

Energy without Conscience

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ISBN: 9780822363064 9780822373360 Year: Pages: 216 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100689
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:55
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'In Energy without Conscience' David McDermott Hughes investigates why climate change has yet to be seen as a moral issue. He examines the forces that render the use of fossil fuels ordinary and therefore exempt from ethical evaluation. Hughes centers his analysis on Trinidad and Tobago, which is the world's oldest petro-state, having drilled the first continuously producing oil well in 1866. Marrying historical research with interviews with Trinidadian petroleum scientists, policymakers, technicians, and managers, he draws parallels between Trinidad's eighteenth- and nineteenth-century slave labor energy economy and its contemporary oil industry. Hughes shows how both forms of energy rely upon a complicity that absolves producers and consumers from acknowledging the immoral nature of each. He passionately argues that like slavery, producing oil is a moral choice and that oil is at its most dangerous when it is accepted as an ordinary part of everyday life.

Keywords

History

New Countries

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ISBN: 9780822361145 9780822374305 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625281 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100277
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:05
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Between 1750 and 1870 the world faced transformations marked by the rise of industrial capitalism, the fall of European empires in the Americas, and the rise of nations there. 'New Countries' explores how these events transformed the Americas in diverging ways. Up to 1790, Saint Domingue’s sugar and slave economy drove Atlantic trades; then revolutionary slaves made Haiti, freeing themselves and ending export production. New Spain’s silver fueled global trades until Bajío insurgents collapsed silver capitalism and undermined Spanish rule after 1810. The fall of silver left regions from Mexico through Guatemala and the Andes in search of new polities and economies. After 1870 the United States became an agro-industrial hegemon, most American nations turned to commodity exports, and Haitians and diverse indigenous peoples struggled to keep independent lives beyond the reach of industrial powers seeking supplies and markets.

Keywords

History

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