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Skilled Labor Mobility and Migration

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ISBN: 9781788116169 9781788116176 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.4337/9781788116176 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-22 13:32:28
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One of the primary objectives of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), established in 2015, was to boost skilled labor mobility within the region. This insightful book takes stock of the existing trends and patterns of skilled labor migration in the ASEAN. It endeavors to identify the likely winners and losers from the free movement of natural persons within the region through counterfactual policy simulations. Finally, it discusses existing issues and obstacles through case studies, as well as other sectoral examples.

Innovation Networks and the New Asian Regionalism

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ISBN: 9781785364488 9781785364495 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.4337/9781785364495 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-12 14:46:17
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The rise of Asia, as well as the future of regional cooperation and integration (RCI) the world over, will be profoundly influenced by the challenges of slowing productivity growth, increasing economic inequalities and systemic vulnerabilities. Such structural reform issues will require RCI policies that complement domestic policy reform. This unique book explains what drives the regional economic integration of nations and their contribution to national knowledge capital. It also lays out how such beneficial integration can generate broad-based, equitable wealth in Europe and Asia.

Living Wages Around the World

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ISBN: 9781786431455 9781786431479 9781786431462 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.4337/9781786431462 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-22 10:52:40
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This manual describes a new methodology to measure a decent but basic standard of living in different countries and how much workers need to earn to afford this, making it possible for researchers to estimate comparable living wages around the world and determine gaps between living wages and prevailing wages, even in countries with limited secondary data.

The rise of multi-bi aid and the proliferation of trust funds (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781783474578 9781783474592 Year: Pages: 28 DOI: 10.4337/9781783474592.00041 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 17:09:16
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Since the end of the Cold War, development assistance has been transformed in various ways. The aid allocation and the aid effectiveness literature intensively discuss the qualitative reorientation from geopolitical towards actual poverty reduction objectives and the donors’ related geographical and sector choices. The introduction of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), the World Bank’s poverty reduction strategies (PRS), and the new principles for aid developed in the context of the Paris Declaration have all triggered important dynamics that also found a corresponding reflection in the literature. In parallel, there has been a much more silent revolution of funding mechanisms, widely discussed within aid agencies, but so far without any significant analysis in the academic literature. While donor countries traditionally face a binary choice between two channels for official development assistance (ODA), namely, the bilateral and the multilateral channel, they now increasingly opt for a combination of the two, generally called ‘multi-bi’ aid. In this context, they channel funds to an international development organization (IDO), a multilateral agency that implements development activities, but without providing the IDO with the authority to spend these funds at its own discretion. Owing to this earmarking to specific areas in which the funds may be used, multi-bi aid differs substantially from traditional core funding to multilaterals. A further difference consists in the voluntary nature of multi-bi contributions that provide much more flexibility to the donor government.

Torn by (un)certainty – can there be peace between rule of law and other Sustainable Development Goals? (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781786438751 9781786438768 Year: Pages: 21 DOI: 10.4337/9781786438768 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 15:14:37
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Rule of law is a Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) seeking to promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels (SDG 16). It enjoys wide global support, and within the United Nations system the rule of law is considered paramount for achieving other sustainable development goals, such as the rights to water, food, and energy. While there is much merit to this view, this chapter argues that the rule of law may at times be the single biggest obstacle for achieving the other SDGs. The chapter starts by highlighting the main rule of law theories from which SDG 16 draws, namely formal, procedural and substantive. All three theories require different kinds of certainty that is at odds with the uncertainty of the socio-ecological ‘real’ world. This uncertainty is caused mainly by the lack of scientific data and understanding of biological systems, economic and social risks, and the dynamic and complex nature of socio-ecological systems. If science cannot be certain of how the socio-ecological world operates or will operate, neither can the (rule of) law that seeks to regulate the human–environment interface. The chapter concludes by discussing two categories of legal mechanisms that may be used to reconcile the (rule of law’s) need for certainty, and the uncertainty of the socio-ecological world. In the first line of inquiry it suggests that environmental regulations should be designed to alleviate scientific uncertainty by being adaptive. In the second line of inquiry it suggests courts are required to exercise their discretion in evaluating evidence and interpreting the law. These two mechanisms to tackle scientific uncertainty require major concessions from the rule of law but they need not be its demise. The rule of law trickles down to questions like how well and openly the decisions are reasoned.

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