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The Tools of Policy Formulation: Actors, Capacities, Venues and Effects

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Book Series: New Horizons in Public Policy series ISBN: 9781783477036 9781783477043 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.4337/9781783477043 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-27 15:28:05
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Policy analysts are accustomed to thinking in terms of tools and instruments. Yet an authoritative examination of the tools which have been developed to formulate new policies is missing. This book is the first of its kind to distinguish the defining characteristics of the main policy formulation tools, and offer a fresh way of understanding how, why and by whom they are selected, as well as the effects they produce in practice.CONTENTSPrefaceAcknowledgementsPART I INTRODUCTION1. The Tools of Policy Formulation: An IntroductionJohn R. Turnpenny, Andy J. Jordan, David Benson and Tim RaynerPART II TOOLS OF POLICY FORMULATION2. Participatory Assessment: Tools for Empowering, Learning and Legitimating?Matthijs Hisschemöller and Eefje Cuppen3. Scenarios: Tools for Coping with Complexity and Future UncertaintyMarta Pérez-Soba and Rob Maas4. Indicators: Tools for Informing, Monitoring or Controlling?Markku Lehtonen5. Computerized Models: Tools for Assessing the Future of Complex Systems?Martin K. Van Ittersum and Barbara Sterk6. Multi-Criteria Analysis: A Tool for Going Beyond Monetization?Catherine D. Gamper and Catrinel Turcanu7. Cost-Benefit Analysis: A Tool That is Both Useful and Influential?Giles AtkinsonPART III ACTORS, CAPACITIES, VENUES AND EFFECTS8. Policy Formulation, Policy Advice and Policy Appraisal: The Distribution of Analytical ToolsMichael Howlett, Seck L. Tan, Andrea Migone, Adam Wellstead and Bryan Evans9. The Use of Policy Formulation Tools in the Venue of Policy Appraisal: Patterns and Underlying MotivationsJohn R. Turnpenny, Andrew J. Jordan, Camilla Adelle, Stephan Bartke, Thomas Bournaris, Petrus Kautto, Hanna Kuittinen, Lars Ege Larsen, Christina Moulogianni, Sanna-Riikka Saarela and Sabine Weiland10. Policy Formulation Tool Use in Emerging Policy Spheres: A Developing Country PerspectiveSachin Warghade11. The Effects of Targets and Indicators on Policy Formulation: Narrowing Down, Crowding Out and Locking InChristina Boswell, Steve Yearley, Colin Fleming, Eugénia Rodrigues and Graham Spinardi12. The Use of Computerized Models in Different Policy Formulation Venues: The MARKAL Energy ModelPaul Upham, Peter Taylor, David Christopherson and Will McdowallPART IV CONCLUSIONS AND NEW DIRECTIONS13. The Tools of Policy Formulation: New Perspectives and New ChallengesAndy J. Jordan, John R. Turnpenny and Tim RaynerIndex

The Generational Welfare Contract: Justice, Institutions and Outcomes

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ISBN: 9781783471027 9781783471034 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.4337/9781783471034 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences --- Social and Public Welfare --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-19 11:27:35
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This groundbreaking book brings together perspectives from political philosophy and comparative social policy to discuss generational justice. Contributing new insights about the preconditions for designing sustainable, inclusive policies for all of society, the authors expose the possibilities of supporting egalitarian principles in an ageing society through balanced generational welfare contracts. Welfare states are largely structured around social risks that appear in distinct phases of human life, including childhood, working age and old age. By empirically analysing the causes and consequences of social policy in a large number of countries, the authors show that balanced generational welfare contracts – in which age-related social protection is more evenly distributed across different stages of life – is to the advantage of all age groups, therefore contributing to social justice and welfare state sustainability. The authors offer a combination of descriptive data analysis and statistical regressions to provide robust evidence that countries can avoid generational trade-offs in policymaking and find positive-sum solutions.

The State, Business and Education: Public-Private Partnerships Revisited

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Book Series: NORRAG Series on International Education and Development ISBN: 9781788970327 9781788970334 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.4337/9781788970334
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-18 12:35:21
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Businesses, philanthropies and non-profit entities are increasingly successful in capturing public funds to support private provision of schooling in developed and developing countries. Coupled with market-based reforms that include weak regulation, control over workforces, standardization of processes and economies of scale, private provision of schooling is often seen to be convenient for both public authorities and businesses. This book examines how the public subsidization of these forms of private education affects quality, equality and the realization of human rights.With original research from leading experts, The State, Business and Education sheds light on the privatization of education in fragile circumstances. It illustrates the ways in which private actors have expanded their involvement in education as a business, and shows the influence of policy borrowing on the spread of for-profit education. Case studies from Argentina, Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India and Syrian refugee camps illustrate the ways in which private actors have expanded their involvement in education as a business.This book will be of interest not only to academics and students of international and comparative education, but also to education development professionals in both the private and public sectors, with its empirical assessment of case studies, and careful consideration of the lessons to be learned from each.

Social Services Disrupted: Changes, Challenges and Policy Implications for Europe in Times of Austerity

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Book Series: New Horizons in Social Policy series ISBN: 9781786432100 9781786432117 Year: Pages: 448 DOI: 10.4337/9781786432117
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 13:40:13
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Public social services are a key component of the welfare state in most of Europe, although their development trajectories, coverage and legal status still vary considerably among countries. How such services are provided, and for whom, impacts significantly on social and territorial cohesion, gender balance and, ultimately, on the development of any society. However, while much is discussed and written about social policy and welfare systems, social services remain somewhat neglected. Although they have gained a stronger foothold in national legislations and social policy agendas, their status remains weaker compared to education or health. Moreover, because of the austerity measures following the 2008 financial crisis, they have been subject to cuts and reorganisation, which have brought about significant disruption. This book revives the discussion on public social services and their redesign, with a focus on services relating to care and the social inclusion of vulnerable groups. Conveying the main findings of the EU-funded COST Action IS1102 Social Services, Welfare States and Places, the book provides rich information on the changes that occurred in the organisation and supply of public social services over the last thirty years in different European places and service fields. Despite the persisting variety in social service models, three shared trends emerge: public sector disengagement, ‘vertical re-scaling’ of authority and ‘horizontal re-mix’ in the supply system. The consequences of such changes are evaluated from different perspectives – governance, social and territorial cohesion, labour market, gender – and are eventually deemed ‘disruptive’ in both economic and social terms. The policy implications of the restructuring are also explored.The book will appeal to a broad audience: researchers and students, policy-makers, civil servants, service providers, social workers and users’ organisations.

Youth Unemployment and Job Insecurity in Europe: Problems, Risk Factors and Policies

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ISBN: 9781788118880 9781788118897 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.4337/9781788118897 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-25 11:59:31
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Providing original insights into the factors causing early job insecurity in European countries, this book examines its short- and long-term consequences. It assesses public policies seeking to diminish the risks to young people facing prolonged job insecurity and reduce the severity of these impacts. Based on the findings of a major study across nine European countries, this book examines the diverse strategies that countries across the continent use to help young people overcome employment barriers.

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