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The Kachin Conflict : Testing the Limits of the Political Transition in Myanmar

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ISBN: 9782355960154 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.241 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Fighting in Kachin state flared back up just months after President Thien Sein came to power in March 2011. The new government almost immediately began negotiating a series of peace agreements with ethnic armed groups declaring that the signature of a nationwide ceasefire with all ethnic armed groups would be a priority for this first civilian administration. By convincing the majority of groups involved in armed struggle against the Tatmadaw to sign ceasefire agreements, the predominantly civilian government succeeded in winning some credibility, both nationally and internationally. At the same time, several old fault lines have re-emerged, among them the conflict in Kachin and Northern Shan States. The roots of the conflict in Kachin State between the KIO and government troops go back to grievances over control of the territory (and its lucrative natural resources) and the preservation of ethnic identity after the end of British colonial rule in 1948. The rekindling of this old conflict, after seventeen years of ceasefire, serves as a powerful reminder of the fragility of certain aspects of the transition process. The setback to conflict and blockage of peace process with the Kachin Independence Organisation (KIO) and its Army (KIA) show that some structural political issues remain, such as the recognition of local power structures and decentralization. While much has been written in the media about the legal, economic, and political reforms in Myanmar; academic research about the Kachin Conflict, as well as firsthand information remains scarce. Analyzing the causes of the conflict and current impediments to peace in Kachin territories provides an illustration of the limits of the transition process. This research examines the personal experiences of a strong sample of influential Kachin people, shows the complexity of notions of war and peace in the collective Kachin memory, as well as the reinterpretation of these by local leadership for political ends.

Armée du Peuple, Armée du Roi : Les militaires face à la société en Indonésie et en Thaïlande

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ISBN: 9782355960291 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1306 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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À quoi doit servir l’armée dans les grands pays d’Asie du Sud-Est ? Pendant de longues années, la réponse donnée par l'Indonésie comme par la Thaïlande a été claire. Les militaires contrôlaient la vie politique, l'activité économique, et s’efforçaient d'assurer leur emprise à tous les niveaux de la société. Depuis 1992 à Bangkok et 1998 à Jakarta, les uniformes semblent de nouveau cantonnés à leur tâche traditionnelle de défense nationale. Mais ce mouvement est-il définitif et est-il même “naturel” dans des sociétés en pleine mutation ? Ce livre, qui ouvre la collection analyses en regard s’efforce d’apporter des réponses à ces questions, dessinant ainsi ce que pourrait être l’avenir des relations entre civils et militaires dans la région.

State and Media in Thailand During Political Transition : Proceedings of the Symposium organized by the French Embassy, the German Embassy, the National Press Council of Thailand and Irasec at the Thai Journalist Association Building on May 2007, 23rd

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782956447016 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.354 Language: English
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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The emergence of public opinion in Thailand through media was a sign of the development of modernity in the Kingdom. Growing influence of the public opinion raised a double question to local authorities: Media tended to spread western concepts, such as “democracy” or “freedom”; which could be integrated to the local traditions; they could also set the bases of a modern state. By law or ownership concentration authorities have regularly attempted to grip on independent media. Nowadays debates on press freedom in Thailand are a new development of this long lasting antagonism. On the initiative of the French and German Embassies in Thailand, Irasec with the National Press Council of Thailand organized on May 23rd, 2007 a seminar on the relationship between State and Media in Thailand at the Thai Journalist Association. This seminar occurred at a very specific time in Thai modern politics. Since the beginning of the political crisis late 2005 and especially after the Coup d'Etat on September 2006, Thailand has committed to a long process of reforms and political reconstruction which is supposed to be followed by the approval of a new constitution by referendum. This should be the 18th Constitution since the founding of the modern State in 1932. However interrogations and worries remain over the whole process. During this political transition the role of media is particularly sensitive. The current situation in Thailand emphasizes concerns for press freedom. State censorship, self-censorship, media ownerships and ethics are of highest interest and worriment, and widely discussed in the frame of the Constitution drafting. Despite a high degree of freedom, notably in print media - a more worrisome situation is looming regarding radios, TV and especially internet, uncertainty and retrograde reforms could further damage the reliability of Thai media.

Les Chemises Rouges de Thaïlande

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ISBN: 9782355960116 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.999 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cette étude retrace les différents événements fondateurs du mouvement dit des Chemises rouges, depuis leur création embryonnaire à la veille du coup d'État du 19 septembre 2006 jusqu'à leur écrasante victoire électorale du 3 juillet 2011. Offrant un examen détaillé des actions et des motivations des différentes organisations et groupuscules qui composent les Chemises rouges, l'auteur s'attache à décrypter leur rapport au monde, les relations qui les lient à la personne de Thaksin Shinawatra et à son parti, l'ancien Thai Rak Thai, mais aussi à la monarchie et à l'histoire officielle de leur propre pays. C'est par l'invocation de personnalités, de discours et de symboles que transparaissent alors les forces et les faiblesses de ce mouvement hétérogène, diffus et pourtant décisif dans l'histoire politique contemporaine de la Thaïlande.

Des montagnards aux minorités ethniques : Quelle intégration nationale pour les habitants des hautes terres du Viêt Nam et du Cambodge ?

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782355960338 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1420 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Comment peut-on être vietnamien sans être việt ; être cambodgien sans être khmer ? C'est la question qui se pose aux Jaraï, Brou, Mnong et autres Stieng, populations autochtones des hauts plateaux, à la frontière entre les deux pays. Ces peuples, longtemps indépendants sur les hautes terres de la chaîne Anamitique, doivent aujourd'hui faire face à des mouvements migratoires sans précédent. Les nouveaux venus, colons des plaines, fonctionnaires, forestiers, commerçants, planteurs de café, gagnent peu à peu sur leurs terres, bouleversant fondamentalement leur mode de vie. Contraints à l'intégration, les habitants des hauts plateaux se battent pour éviter une assimilation pure et simple ; pour que leurs cultures ne soient pas sacrifiées sur l'autel du développement national. Ce livre fait émerger les enjeux de leurs revendications et des réponses qui leur sont apportées par les gouvernements du Cambodge et du Viêt Nam.

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