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Alternative Fuels, Technical and Environmental Conditions

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ISBN: 9789535122692 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/60628 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
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The presented book provides an overview of the most widely used alternative fuels in the power supply systems in spark-ignition engines and compression-ignition engines, such as LPG, CNG and RME, including the assessment of their operational usefulness, especially in terms of environmental impact in urban traffic. The possibilities of optimizing the ignition processes in engines fueled by gas are presented. The monograph also contains the results of exploitation tests with an assessment of the environmental impact of fuels containing oxygen additives in diesel engines. The possibilities of producing a wide range of advanced alternative fuels (biofuels) with the use of microorganisms as raw materials are also presented.

Tsunami

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ISBN: 9789535126768 9789535126775 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/61999 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology --- Public Health
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This book is a collection of contribution from experts involved in tsunami study for the purpose of covering its different aspects from generation to warning system to be applied in tsunami risk reduction. The presented chapters have been peer reviewed and accepted for publication. The content of the book consists of information on tsunami propagation from the open sea to the coast and coastal tsunami warning using deployed HF radar systems in different parts of North America and Japan. In this book, tsunami propagation, preliminary methods for evaluating the suitability of radar sites for tsunami detection using simulated tsunami velocities and factors affecting tsunami detectability are discussed and methods for reducing the false alarms are described. It further covers multi-scale meteorological systems resulted in meteo-tsunami and tsunami generation due to a landslide or a submarine volcanic eruption, where few case studies have been presented. The occurrence and characteristics of tsunami in Sweden, using paleo-tsunami events from different parts of the Scandinavia and finally challenges and opportunities for reducing losses to fast-arriving tsunamis in remote villages along Pakistan coast, with few examples are also discussed.

Tropical Forests - The Challenges of Maintaining Ecosystem Services while Managing the Landscape

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789535127581 9789535127598 9789535141570 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/61920 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology
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Large regions of the planet have been transformed from their natural composition into different human-made landscapes (farmlands, forest plantations, pastures, etc.). Such process, called land use change, is one of the major components of the current global change, which has brought the planet into a new geological era: the Anthropocene. Land use change is particularly important in tropical forests, as this ecosystem type is still heavily affected by deforestation for timber extraction, agricultural land creation of urban expansion. Changing land use has important implications for the services that tropical forests provide: production of goods such as timber, food or water; regulation of process such as nutrient cycling, carbon sequestration, local weather or climate extremes; generating the framework for economic and cultural activity, etc. Therefore, keeping ecosystem services when changing the use of the tropical lands is a major challenge in tropical regions. This brief book, by showcasing different research work done in tropical countries, provides a first introduction on this topic, discussing issues such as biodiversity loss, changes in local weather or nutrient cycling patterns, and economic activities around tropical forests, and tools to detect and quantify the importance of land use change.

Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535128151 9789535128168 9789535141310 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.5772/62589 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
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This edited book, Soil Contamination - Current Consequences and Further Solutions, is intended to provide an overview on the different environmental consequences of our anthropogenic activities, which has introduced a large number of xenobiotics that the soil cannot, or can only slower, decompose or degrade. We hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in diverse fields with expertise in soil science, health, toxicology, and other disciplines who contribute and share their findings to take this area forward for future investigations.

Actinobacteria - Basics and Biotechnological Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535122487 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.5772/60457 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Animal Sciences --- Microbiology
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This book presents an introductory overview of Actinobacteria with three main divisions: taxonomic principles, bioprospecting, and agriculture and industrial utility, which covers isolation, cultivation methods, and identification of Actinobacteria and production and biotechnological potential of antibacterial compounds and enzymes from Actinobacteria. Moreover, this book also provides a comprehensive account on plant growth-promoting (PGP) and pollutant degrading ability of Actinobacteria and the exploitation of Actinobacteria as ecofriendly nanofactories for biosynthesis of nanoparticles, such as gold and silver. This book will be beneficial for the graduate students, teachers, researchers, biotechnologists, and other professionals, who are interested to fortify and expand their knowledge about Actinobacteria in the field of Microbiology, Biotechnology, Biomedical Science, Plant Science, Agriculture, Plant pathology, Environmental Science, etc.

Abiotic and Biotic Stress in Plants - Recent Advances and Future Perspectives

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535122500 9789535142096 Year: Pages: 768 DOI: 10.5772/60477 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
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The impact of global climate change on crop production has emerged as a major research priority during the past decade. Understanding abiotic stress factors such as temperature and drought tolerance and biotic stress tolerance traits such as insect pest and pathogen resistance in combination with high yield in plants is of paramount importance to counter climate change related adverse effects on the productivity of crops. In this multi-authored book, we present synthesis of information for developing strategies to combat plant stress. Our effort here is to present a judicious mixture of basic as well as applied research outlooks so as to interest workers in all areas of plant science. We trust that the information covered in this book would bridge the much-researched area of stress in plants with the much-needed information for evolving climate-ready crop cultivars to ensure food security in the future.

Insecticides Resistance

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ISBN: 9789535145912 9789535122586 9789535142089 Year: Pages: 450 DOI: 10.5772/60478 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book contains 20 chapters, which are divided into 5 sections. Section 1 covers different aspects of insecticide resistance of selected economically important plant insect pests, whereas section 2 includes chapters about the importance, development and insecticide resistance management in controlling malaria vectors. Section 3 is dedicated to some general questions in insecticide resistance, while the main topic of section 4 is biochemical approaches of insecticide resistance mechanisms. Section 5 covers ecologically acceptable approaches for overcoming insecticide resistance, such are the use of mycoinsecticides, and understanding the role of some plant chemical compounds, which are important in interactions between plants, their pests and biological control agents.

Significance, Prevention and Control of Food Related Diseases

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ISBN: 9789535146070 9789535122777 9789535142034 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.5772/60612 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
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Food-borne diseases are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the world. It is estimated that about 2.2 million people die yearly due to food and water contamination. Food safety and consequently food security are therefore of immense importance to public health, international trade and world economy. This book, which has 10 chapters, provides information on the incidence, health implications and effective prevention and control strategies of food-related diseases. The book will be useful to undergraduate and postgraduate students, educators and researchers in the fields of life sciences, medicine, agriculture, food science and technology, trade and economics. Policy makers and food regulatory officers will also find it useful in the course of their duties.

Green Nanotechnology - Overview and Further Prospects

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535124092 9789535124108 9789535141990 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.5772/61432 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Organic Chemistry
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This book, Green Nanotechnology - Overview and Further Prospects, is intended to provide an overview and practical examples of the use of nanomaterials in the new scientific challenges of the green nanotechnology world. We aimed to compile information from a diversity of sources into a single volume to give some real examples, extending the concept that green nanotechnology is far from being a scientific conundrum, and instead a real answer to some of the actual problems the whole planet is dealing with.

Tumor Metastasis

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ISBN: 9789535126300 9789535126317 9789535141815 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.5772/61798 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Oncology
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Metastasis is the major cause of cancer-related death. It is a multistep process. The mechanism underlying metastasis is complicated and poorly understood. Recent advances in tumor metastasis research have led to improved diagnosis and clinical management of cancer. However, new strategies on metastasis treatment are urgently needed, especially the novel biomarkers discovery and targeted therapy. This book is designed to present the most recent advances in tumor metastasis.

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