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Connecting Grammaticalisation

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Book Series: Studies in Functional and Structural Linguistics ISBN: 9789027215758 9789027284136 Year: Pages: 361 DOI: 10.1075/sfsl.65 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100366
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:51
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This monograph presents a view on grammaticalisation radically different from standard views centering around the cline of grammaticality. Grammar is seen as a complex sign system, and, as a consequence, grammatical change always comprises semantic change. What unites morphology, word order, constructional syntax and other grammatical subsystems is their paradigmatic organisation. The traditional concept of an inflexional paradigm is generalised as the structuring principle of grammar. Grammatical change involves paradigmatic restructuring, and in the process of grammatical change morphological, topological and constructional paradigms often connect to form complex paradigms. The book introduces the concept of connecting grammaticalisation to describe the formation, restructuring and dismantling of such complex paradigms. Drawing primarily on data from Germanic, Romance and Slavic languages, the book offers both a broad general discussion of theoretical issues and three case studies.

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Linguistics

Integrating Gestures

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Book Series: Gesture Studies ISBN: 9789027228451 9789027287205 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.1075/gs.4 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100367
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:07
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Gestures convey information about culture, discourse, thought, intentionality, emotion, intersubjectivity, cognition, and first and second language acquisition. Additionally, they are used by non-human primates to communicate with their peers and with humans. Consequently, the modern field of gesture studies has attracted researchers from a number of different disciplines such as anthropology, cognitive science, communication, neuroscience, psycholinguistics, primatology, psychology, robotics, sociology and semiotics. This volume presents an overview of the depth and breadth of current research in gesture. Its focus is on the interdisciplinary nature of gesture. The chapters included in the volume are divided into six themes: the nature and functions of gesture, first language development and gesture, second language effects on gesture, gesture in the classroom and in problem solving, gesture aspects of discourse and interaction, and gestural analysis of music and dance.

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Linguistics

Stylistic Use of Phraseological Units in Discourse

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ISBN: 9789027211767 9789027287694 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.1075/z.159 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100364
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:02:29
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This interdisciplinary study presents the cutting-edge state of theoretical and applied research in phraseology. The author elaborates key terminology and theoretical concepts of phraseology, while challenging some prevailing assumptions. Exploration of phraseological meaning across sentence boundaries is supported by ample textual illustrations of stylistic use ranging from Old English to Modern English. The book contains innovative research in the discourse-level features of phraseological units from a cognitive perspective, along with creative use of phraseological metaphor, metonymy and allusion, including multimodal discourse. The author argues for the need to raise stylistic awareness among teachers and learners, translators, lexicographers and advertisers. This is the revised and extensively expanded new edition of 'Phraseological Units in Discourse: Towards Applied Stylistics' (2001). It received honourable mention at the ESSE Book Award 2012.

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Linguistics

Elements of Structural Syntax

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ISBN: 9789027212122 Year: Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101204
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-04 11:02:16
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This volume is now finally available in English, sixty years after the death of its author, Lucien Tesnière. It has been translated from the French original into German, Spanish, Italian, and Russian, and now at long last into English as well. The volume contains a comprehensive approach to the syntax of natural languages, an approach that is foundational for an entire stream in the modern study of syntax and grammar. This stream is known today as dependency grammar (DG). Drawing examples from dozens of languages, many of which he was proficient in, Tesnière presents insightful analyses of numerous phenomena of syntax. Among the highlights are the concepts of valency and head-initial vs. head-final languages. These concepts are now taken for granted by most modern theories of syntax, even by phrase structure grammars, which represent, in a sense, the opposite sort of approach to syntax from what Tesnière was advocating.

"And he knew our language"

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ISBN: 9789027246073 9789027286833 Year: DOI: 10.1075/sihols.116 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102126
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-31 14:05:42
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This ambitious and ground-breaking book examines the linguistic studies produced by missionaries based on the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America (and particularly Haida Gwaii) during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Making extensive use of unpublished archival materials, the author demonstrates that the missionaries were responsible for introducing many innovative and insightful grammatical analyses. Rather than merely adopting Graeco-Roman models, they drew extensively upon studies of non-European languages, and a careful exploration of their scripture translations reveal the origins of the Haida sociolect that emerged as a result of the missionary activity. The complex interactions between the missionaries and anthropologists are also discussed, and it is shown that the former sometimes anticipated linguistic analyses that are now incorrectly attributed to the latter.

Patterns of Change in 18th-century English. A sociolinguistic approach

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027201034 9789027263834 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.8 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 14:35:22
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Eighteenth-century English is often associated with normative grammar. But to what extent did prescriptivism impact ongoing processes of linguistic change? The authors of this volume examine a variety of linguistic changes in a corpus of personal correspondence, including the auxiliary do, verbal -sand the progressive aspect, and they conclude that direct normative influence on them must have been minimal. The studies are contextualized by discussions of the normative tradition and the correspondence corpus, and of eighteenth-century English society and culture. Basing their work on a variationist sociolinguistic approach, the authors introduce the models and methods they have used to trace the progress of linguistic changes in the “long” eighteenth century, 1680–1800. Aggregate findings are balanced by analysing individuals and their varying participation in these processes. The final chapter places these results in a wider context and considers them in relation to past sociolinguistic work.One of the major findings of the studies is that in most cases the overall pace of change was slow. Factors retarding change include speaker evaluation and repurposing outgoing features, in particular, for certain styles and registers.

Adjective Adverb Interfaces in Romance

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Book Series: Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today ISSN: 0166-0829 ISBN: 9789027264879 Year: Pages: 375 DOI: 10.1075/la.242 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 09:47:53
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Within the current discussion on grammatical interfaces, the word-classes of adjective and adverb are of particular interest because they appear to be separated or joined in manifold ways at the level of word-class or syntax, with morphology playing a prominent role, especially in Romance. The volume provides typological and theoretical insights into the common or different usage of adjectives and adverbs in Romance. Diachronic change is discussed alongside with synchronic variation and the representation in grammar. The discussion turns out to be controversial, calling into question traditional assumptions such as the dogma of the invariability and the categorial status of the adverb.

The Tuma Underworld of Love. Erotic and other narrative songs of the Trobriand Islanders and their spirits of the dead

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Book Series: Culture and Language Use ISSN: 18795838 ISBN: 9789027284693 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: xvii, 138 DOI: 10.1075/clu.5 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-28 13:11:25
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The Trobriand Islanders' eschatological belief system explains what happens when someone dies. Bronislaw Malinowski described essentials of this eschatology in his articles "Baloma: the Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands" and "Myth in Primitive Psychology". There he also presented the Trobrianders' belief that a "baloma" can be reborn; he claimed that Trobrianders are unaware of the father's role as genitor. This volume presents a critical review of Malinowski's ethnography of Trobriand eschatology – finally settling the "virgin birth" controversy. It also documents the ritualized and highly poetic "wosi milamala" – the harvest festival songs. They are sung in an archaic variety of Kilivila called "biga baloma" – the baloma language. Malinowski briefly refers to these songs but does not mention that they codify many aspects of Trobriand eschatology. The songs are still sung at specific occasions; however, they are now moribund. With these songs Trobriand eschatology will vanish.

Tales from the Trobriand Islands of Papua New Guinea. Psycholinguistic and anthropological linguistic analyses of tales told by Trobriand children and adults

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Book Series: Culture and Language Use ISSN: 18795838 ISBN: 9789027268266 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: xviii, 299 DOI: 10.1075/clu.16 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-28 13:14:51
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This volume presents 22 tales from the Trobriand Islands told by children (boys between the age of 5 and 9 years) and adults. The monograph is motivated not only by the anthropological linguistic aim to present a broad and quite unique collection of tales with the thematic approach to illustrate which topics and themes constitute the content of the stories, but also by the psycholinguistic and textlinguistic questions of how children acquire linearization and other narrative strategies, how they develop them and how they use them to structure these texts in an adult-like way. The tales are presented in morpheme-interlinear transcriptions with first textlinguistic analyses and cultural background information necessary to fully understand them. A summarizing comparative analysis of the texts from a psycholinguistic, anthropological linguistic and philological point of view discusses the underlying schemata of the stories, the means narrators use to structure them, their structural complexity and their cultural specificity.

English Language Learning and Technology: Lectures on applied linguistics in the age of information and communication technology

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Book Series: Language Learning & Language Teaching ISSN: 1569-9471 ISBN: 9789027295958 9789027217035 9789027217042 Year: Pages: xvi, 213 DOI: 10.1075/lllt.7 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 10:49:38
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This book explores implications for applied linguistics of recent developments in technologies used in second language teaching and assessment, language analysis, and language use. Focusing primarily on English language learning, the book identifies significant areas of interplay between technology and applied linguistics, and it explores current perspectives on perennial questions such as how theory and research on second language acquisition can help to inform technology-based language learning practices, how the multifaceted learning accomplished through technology can be evaluated, and how theoretical perspectives can offer insight on data obtained from research on interaction with and through technology. The book illustrates how the interplay between technology and applied linguistics can amplify and expand applied linguists’ understanding of fundamental issues in the field. Through discussion of computer-assisted approaches for investigating second language learning tasks and assessment, it illustrates how technology can be used as a tool for applied linguistics research.

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