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Elements of Structural Syntax

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ISBN: 9789027212122 Year: Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101204
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-04 11:02:16
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Abstract

This volume is now finally available in English, sixty years after the death of its author, Lucien Tesnière. It has been translated from the French original into German, Spanish, Italian, and Russian, and now at long last into English as well. The volume contains a comprehensive approach to the syntax of natural languages, an approach that is foundational for an entire stream in the modern study of syntax and grammar. This stream is known today as dependency grammar (DG). Drawing examples from dozens of languages, many of which he was proficient in, Tesnière presents insightful analyses of numerous phenomena of syntax. Among the highlights are the concepts of valency and head-initial vs. head-final languages. These concepts are now taken for granted by most modern theories of syntax, even by phrase structure grammars, which represent, in a sense, the opposite sort of approach to syntax from what Tesnière was advocating.

Studies in Övdalian Morphology and Syntax: New research on a lesser-known Scandinavian language

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Book Series: Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today ISSN: 01660829 ISBN: 9789027269133 Year: Pages: v, 232 pp. DOI: 10.1075/la.221 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-13 15:56:39
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Övdalian is spoken in central Sweden by about 2000 speakers. Traditionally categorized as a dialect of Swedish, it has not received much international attention. However, Övdalian is typologically closer to Faroese or Icelandic than it is to Swedish, and since it has been spoken in relative isolation for about 1000 years, a number of interesting linguistic archaisms have been preserved and innovations have developed. This volume provides seven papers about Övdalian morphology and syntax. The papers, all based on extensive fieldwork, cover topics such as verb movement, subject doubling, wh-words and case in Övdalian. Constituting the first comprehensive linguistic description of Övdalian in English, this volume is of interest for linguists in the fields of Scandinavian and Germanic linguistics, and also historical linguists will be thrilled by some of the presented data. The data and the analyses presented here furthermore challenge our view of the morphosyntax of the Scandinavian languages in some cases – as could be expected when a new language enters the linguistic arena.

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