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Influence of fully miscible lubrication oil on flow boiling of CO? inside horizontal evaporator tubes

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ISBN: 9783731507277 Year: Pages: XVI, 423 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000074487 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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Flow boiling heat transfer, pressure drop and flow pattern of CO?-POE oil mixtures were experimentally investigated in smooth and micro-fin tubes. The POE oil used features full miscibility in the range of operation investigated. The experimental data was evaluated based on mixture properties, used to evaluate and improve established predictive methods. The knowledge obtained contributes to understanding the influence of oil, which is essential for achieving an efficient evaporator design.

Flow control : theoretical concept of absolute instability

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ISBN: 9783866445314 Year: Pages: 97 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000016554 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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At the 37th Prandtl memorial lecture on Regions of Viccous Flow, H.Oertel 1994 developed for the first time the stability theory of local perturbations in boundary layers and wake flows, as well as their practical application in the flow control of vehicle flows and the boundary layer of civil aircraft wings.This work presents how the stability theory concept of absolute instability has advanced and proven in practice in the last 15 years in terms of the efficient flow control.

Turbulent open channel flow, sediment erosion and sediment transport

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Book Series: Dissertationsreihe am Institut für Hydromechanik des Karlsruher Instituts für Technologie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Institut für Hydromechanik ISSN: 14394111 ISBN: 9783866449008 Year: Volume: 2012,1 Pages: XXXII, 154 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000029253 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
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This thesis aims to contribute to a better understanding of turbulent open channel flow, sediment erosion and sediment transport. The thesis provides an analysis of high-fidelity data from direct numerical simulation of (i) open channel flow over an array of fixed spheres, (ii) open channel flow with mobile eroding spheres, (iii) open channel flow with sediment transport of many mobile spheres. An immersed boundary method is used to resolve the finite-size particles.

Modelling the bird flight : Scientific Report 2007-2010

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ISBN: 9783866447615 Year: Pages: 44 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000020294 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The aerodynamics of flying birds and insects plays a crucial role in the domain of aeronautical engineering. The energy-efficient construction of winglets for airplanes, the formation flight of tactical aircraft or the drone engineering or military applications are inspired by birds. This holds also for flow and structure simulation of flapping wing motion, taking the unsteady aerodynamics and corresponding wing deformations into account at high flow velocities and flapping frequencies.

Hydrodynamic processes at the water-sediment interface of streambeds

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Book Series: Dissertationsreihe am Institut für Hydromechanik der Universität Karlsruhe / Universität Karlsruhe (TH), Institut für Hydromechanik ISSN: 14394111 ISBN: 9783866442443 Year: Volume: 2008/1 Pages: IV, 153 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000008267 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
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Simultaneous 2D pressure and 2D velocity information at the rough water-sediment interface of streambeds were gained by a newly developed measurement setup. In the bed the pressure fluctuations decay exponentially within the first 1-2 equivalent sand roughnesses. Structural findings concerning coherent flow structures are consistent with models originally developed for smooth walls. A significant bed destabilizing flow-pressure pattern was identified for the first time.

Modelling the human cardiac fluid mechanics. 3rd ed

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ISBN: 9783866443570 Year: Pages: 80 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000011015 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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The third edition of this article on the modelling and simulation of the flow in human hearts supplements earlier editions. It discusses the flow-structure coupled heart model KAHMO FSI (Karlsruhe Heart Model) and examines patient-specific clinical application of the heart model for cardiac surgery. The KAHMO heart model can be used to predict flow losses and flow structures due to pathalogical ventricle defects. These are considered before and after surgery.

Beitrag zur Effizienzsteigerung mobiler Arbeitsmaschinen: Entwicklung einer elektrohydraulischen Bedarfsstromsteuerung mit aufgeprägtem Volumenstrom

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731503392 Year: Volume: 32 Pages: 168 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000045508 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
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The drive line of the working equipment of mobile machines is mainly composed of fluid power systems. Electro-hydraulic components facilitate the development of innovative Flow-on-Demand hydraulics. In these systems the oil flow of the pump is derived from the consumer requests and directly set in an open-loop control. Principle related power dissipation is reduced. Additionally, faster system response improves machine operability and ease of use.

Shallow turbulent wake flows: momentum and mass transfer due to large-scale coherent vortical structures

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Book Series: Dissertationsreihe am Institut für Hydromechanik der Universität Karlsruhe (TH) ISSN: 14394111 ISBN: 3937300635 Year: Volume: 2005,2 Pages: XXVI, 398 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000003453 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Shallow turbulent wake flows are generated by large obstacles - like islands or headlands - introduced to shallow turbulent open-channel flows. Large-scale quasi two-dimensional vortices may shed off from an obstacle, and advect downstream in a vertical shear flow with predominantly small-scale turbulence induced by bottom friction. Experimental, analytical, and numerical techniques are employed in the present study to characterize the mean flow and turbulence properties of shallow wakes; mechanisms of generation and decay of large-scale vortical structures are clarified, as is their influence on momentum and mass transport in shallow wakes; the global and local stability of shallow wakes is analyzed and evidenced from experimental data. Part I of this work covers non-intrusive optical measurement techniques especially adapted to investigate shallow shear flows. Flow velocities and mass concentrations are obtained (i) point-wise with high spatiotemporal resolution using a combinded LDV-LIF system, and (ii) field-wise using near-surface PIV and depth-averaged PCA systems with a coupling by phase-resolved averaging. Improved algorithms for the evaluation of mass concentrations are based on hydro-optical models of the underlying fluorescence and light attenuation processes. Part II addresses the time-mean description of shallow wake flows. The stochastic description of the turbulence fields displays a characteristic spectral distribution both of kinetic energy and of mass variance, which is partially consistent with the theory of unbounded 2D turbulence at large scales, and with the theory of homogeneous 3D turbulence at small scales. An integral wake model including the effect of bottom friction is derived analytically, and is validated by experimental data. The time-mean distributions of flow velocities and of mass concentration allow to identify wake near fields and far fields with specific asymptotic wake developments. Wake stability classes are associated with local stability regions suggested by linear stability analyses. Part III elaborates the structure and dynamics of quasi-periodic wake flows and the significance of large-scale eddies. This involves a structure identification scheme to educe individual vortices, and a phase-resolved averaging procedure to decompose the flow fields into large-scale coherent and small-scale turbulent parts. A Numerical Particle Tracking technique is employed to model the mass transport and to elucidate different diffusion and dispersion effects.

Simulation von Fahrspielen und Energieflüssen in Nahverkehrssystemen

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731507406 Year: Volume: 66 Pages: XXX, 323 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000077162 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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For ecological und economic reasons, special attention is paid to the energy balance of rail-bound, local, direct current-based transport systems. With the tram and urban railway network of Karlsruhe being used as an example, 16 simulation scenarios with different measures for energy optimization are analysed in a coupled computation of driving cycles and energy flows.

High accuracy determination of skin friction differences in an air channel flow based on pressure drop measurements

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Strömungsmechanik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21998868 ISBN: 9783731505020 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: VIII, 222 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000053260 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
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The present work delivers a versatile, accurate and reliable wind tunnel facility that is particularly developed to test different flow control techniques for drag reduction in precisely adjustable test conditions. Skin friction changes of 0.4% are resolved, which is comparable to the most accurate reported studies in liquids. this high accuracy is verified through a comprehensive uncertainty analysis. Subsequently, various passive and active flow control strategies are investigated.

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