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Addressing Food and Nutrition Security in Developed Countries

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ISBN: 9783039212811 9783039212828 Year: Pages: 427 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-282-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

The Addressing Food and Nutrition Security in Developed Countries Special Issue is a collection of papers from researchers in counties with developed economies who are responding to increasing prevalence of food insecurity. Food insecurity is relatively hidden, and the real extent of the problem is likely to be underestimated in many of these countries. Novel methods to estimate the prevalence of food insecurity in the face of no routine measurement are presented. Population surveys highlight adverse mental health outcomes and new and emerging subgroups that are experiencing food insecurity. Understanding the factors associated with food insecurity and how people cope is extremely important when considering how best to address the problem. Readers can become familiar with the lived experience of food insecurity in some countries—essential intelligence for effective policy and interventions. The extent of food banking operations and the nature of the charitable response in some countries is also described. Country-specific research highlights the importance of understanding the cultural and external environmental context. The influence the cost of food and budgetary tools on diet and food insecurity suggests opportunities for intervention. Researchers calls for social protection and high-quality dignified responses to address this complex public health problem.

Keywords

food insecurity --- charitable food services --- food charity --- food system --- nutrition --- voluntary failure --- INFORMAS --- diet prices --- food affordability --- Pacific diets --- M?ori diets --- food security --- food insecurity --- mental health --- depression --- women --- scoping review --- food bank --- food insecurity --- welfare recipients --- poverty --- food supply --- food aid --- food insecurity --- disaster --- family health --- Hurricane Katrina --- mental health --- physical health --- social support --- Asian Americans --- California Health Interview Survey --- food security --- Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) --- acculturation --- English language use --- food insecurity --- food security --- Indigenous population --- ageing --- Indigenous --- food assistance --- food insecurity --- food charity --- food service --- social enterprise models --- food insecurity --- low-to-middle income --- experience --- mixed methodology research --- rural --- food supply --- food security --- obesity --- food insecurity --- stressors --- stressful life events --- access to food --- food equality --- Healthy Diets ASAP tool --- food security --- food prices --- diet affordability --- rural communities --- INFORMAS --- food insecurity --- monitoring --- surveillance --- determinants --- path diagram --- food security --- food insecurity --- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander population --- children --- urban --- experiences --- coping strategies --- household food insecurity --- food poverty --- Scotland --- low income --- families --- children --- women --- older people --- qualitative --- food aid --- charity --- Finland --- welfare state --- food aid recipient --- deservingness --- disadvantages --- inequality --- food security --- diet-related chronic disease --- policy --- food pricing --- food security --- diet price --- food price --- affordability --- food policy --- nutrition policy --- fiscal policy --- obesity prevention --- non-communicable disease --- monitoring and surveillance --- INFORMAS --- reference budgets --- food insecurity --- cost of a healthy diet --- Food-based dietary guidelines --- food insecurity --- food stress --- food affordability --- food insecurity --- food poverty --- prevalence --- household --- food surveys --- secondary data --- Scotland --- Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander --- remote --- community store --- fruit and vegetables --- incentive --- subsidy --- food security --- nutrition --- diet --- household food insecurity --- mental health --- sex --- Canadian adults --- food insecurity --- access to food --- social assistance payments --- social security --- Newstart allowance --- food and nutrition security --- research --- values --- co-creation --- trauma-informed --- food insecurity --- hunger --- developed countries --- Sustainable Development Goals --- social determinants --- inequality --- food banks --- food security --- food insecurity --- social assistance --- poverty --- homeless --- nutrition environment --- food stress --- food affordability --- policy --- intervention --- determinants --- food banks --- developed countries

Breastfeeding: Short and Long-Term Benefits to Baby and Mother

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039289219 / 9783039289226 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-922-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Breastfeeding is the preferred method of feeding in early life. It is also one of the most cost-effective childhood survival interventions. Breastfeeding practices are important for preventing child mortality and morbidity, as well as ensuring the optimal growth, health, and development of infants. The public health benefits of breastfeeding have been well documented in the medical literature, and include the following: associations with decreased risk for early-life diseases such as otitis media, respiratory tract infection, diarrhoea, and early childhood obesity (to name but a few). This Special Issue book includes a collection of studies on the use of novel methods to improve breastfeeding rates, and research exploring the short- and long-term benefits of breastfeeding for both the infant and mother, including technology-based approaches.

Keywords

breast milk metabolome --- glycome --- lipidome --- free amino acid --- preterm infant --- growth trajectory --- galactagogues --- low milk supply --- lactation --- breast milk --- breast feeding --- human milk carbohydrates --- lactose --- oligosaccharides --- infant --- body composition --- lactation --- daily intake --- breastfeeding frequency --- milk intake --- breastfeeding --- infections --- birth cohort --- hospitalizations --- antibiotic use --- exclusive breastfeeding --- Australia --- skin-to-skin --- culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) --- breastfeeding --- multiple pregnancy --- neonate --- premature birth --- milk bank --- pregnancy outcomes --- breastfeeding --- lactoferrin --- prolonged lactation --- child nutrition --- cortisol --- cortisone --- growth --- circadian rhythm --- human milk --- fenugreek --- milk flow --- milk composition --- litter size --- maternal protein restriction --- plasma metabolic parameters --- caesarean section --- initiation of breastfeeding --- maternal age --- gestational age --- United Arab Emirates --- breastfeeding --- infants --- ECOWAS --- antenatal care --- pregnancy --- infant mortality --- breastfeeding --- EWAS --- DNA methylation --- twins --- EPIC --- NTR --- ALSPAC --- breastfeeding --- caries --- childhood --- Aboriginal --- breastfeeding --- infant --- parity --- maternal behavior --- educational status --- self-efficacy --- risk factors --- prognosis --- sensitivity and specificity --- practice --- breastfeeding --- breast milk --- temperament --- fatty acids --- LC-PUFA --- omega-3 --- omega-6 --- DHA --- AA --- children --- early life nutrition --- perinatal --- maternal stress --- maternal anxiety --- infant crying --- breastfeeding --- breastfeeding --- Africa --- antenatal care --- infants --- ECOWAS --- mortality --- vitamin A --- retinoic acid --- vitamin A deficiency --- lactating mammary gland --- weaning --- involution

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