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One Health and Zoonoses

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ISBN: 9783039212958 9783039212965 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-296-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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The One Health concept recognizes that the health of humans, animals, and their ecosystems are interconnected, and that a coordinated, collaborative, multidisciplinary, and cross-sectoral approach is necessary to fully understand and respond to potential or existing risks that originate at the animal–human–ecosystems interfaces. Thus, the One Health concept represents a holistic vision for addressing some of the complex challenges that threaten human and animal health, food safety, and the environments in which diseases flourish. There are many examples showing how the health of humans is related to the health of animals and the environment. Diseases shared between humans and animals are zoonoses. Some zoonoses have been known for many years, whereas others have emerged suddenly and unexpectedly. Over 70% of all new emerging diseases over the past few decades have been zoonoses that have emerged from wildlife, most often from bats, rodents, or birds. Examples of zoonoses are many and varied, ranging from rabies to bovine tuberculosis, and from Japanese encephalitis to SARS. Clearly, a One Health approach is essential for understanding their ecology, and for outbreak response and the development of control strategies. However, the One Health concept and approach is much broader than zoonoses; it extends to including antimicrobial resistance, food safety, and environmental health and, consequently, impacts on global health security, economic wellbeing, and international trade. It is this breadth of One Health that connects the papers in this Special Issue.

Travel Medicine - Series 1

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ISBN: 9783038979043 9783038979050 Year: Pages: 68 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-953-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This collection of papers describes the recent development of travel health and vaccination services delivered by pharmacists. It is the first dedicated collection of its type and provides a template for the continued growth of pharmacy practice in this area. The articles examine and report on aspects of such services in the UK, US, Canada, Australia, Switzerland, and South Africa, which will provide useful insight for those in other countries developing such pharmacy-based services.

Neglected and Emerging Tropical Diseases in South and Southeast Asia and Northern Australia

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038970897 9783038970903 Year: Pages: VIII, 154 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-15 11:15:00
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This Special Issue focuses on recent research on the important emerging and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) in South and South East Asia and Northern Australia. This region stretches from Afghanistan in the west to Papua New Guinea in the east, and includes the Indian subcontinent, mainland South-East Asia (Indo China), maritime South East Asia, and the tropical regions of Australia. Many of these areas are highly endemic for important NTDs and emerging infectious diseases including lymphatic filariasis, leprosy, soil-transmitted helminthiases (hookworm, Trichuris, Ascaris, and Strongyloides), food-borne trematodiases, schistosomiasis, dengue/chikungunya/zika, leptospirosis, meloidosis, scabies, trachoma, and yaws. Several of these diseases are targeted for elimination or enhanced control by the World Health Organization in the next 5 to 10 years, although some have chronic lasting sequelae needing lifelong management. Control methods used include preventive chemotherapy, enhanced screening and treatment, intensified disease management, vector control, interruption of human to animal transmission, environmental/sanitation improvements and disability prevention/mitigation.

Earth Observation Data Cubes

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039280926 9783039280933 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-093-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Satellite Earth observation (EO) data have already exceeded the petabyte scale and are increasingly freely and openly available from different data providers. This poses a number of issues in terms of volume (e.g., data volumes have increased 10

Keywords

topology based map algebra --- data cubes --- big data --- map algebra --- earth oberservation --- GRASS GIS --- earth observations --- satellite imagery --- R --- data cubes --- Sentinel-2 --- Sentinel-1 --- SAR --- analysis ready data --- ARD --- interoperability --- data cube --- Earth observation --- pyroSAR --- data cube --- image cube --- image data cube --- imagery --- Landsat --- Sentinel --- earth observation --- GIS --- web services --- web application --- analysis --- GIS --- Open Data Cube --- Earth Observations --- interoperability --- visualization --- Sentinel --- Analysis Ready Data --- Sentinel-1 --- Synthetic Aperture Radar --- Data Cube --- dual-polarimetric decomposition --- interferometric coherence --- Digital Earth Australia --- remote sensing --- big Earth data --- big EO data --- information extraction --- semantic enrichment --- time-series --- Open Data Cube --- remote sensing --- geospatial standards --- landsat --- sentinel --- analysis ready data --- dynamic data citation --- subset --- data curation --- persistent identifier --- data provenance --- metadata --- versioning --- query store --- data sharing --- FAIR principles --- big earth data --- sustainable development goals --- swiss DC --- Armenian DC --- Landsat --- sentinel --- analysis ready data --- data discovery --- metadata --- knowledge base --- graph data --- intelligent semantic agents --- data cube --- optical remote sensing --- snow cover --- Gran Paradiso National Park --- climate change --- land cover classification --- change --- Digital Earth Australia --- open data cube --- Landsat --- Australia --- Open Data Cube --- UN 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development --- UN System of Environmental Economic Accounting --- Earth observation data --- open science --- reproducibility --- earth observations --- data cube --- analysis ready data --- remote sensing --- satellite imagery

Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976561 9783038976578 Year: Pages: 474 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-657-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue on the Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils presents 31 new research papers on one of the most diverse and successful groups of animals on Earth, the beetle superfamily Curculionoidea. It was in part inspired to commemorate the extraordinary life and scientific achievements of Guillermo (&ldquo;Willy&rdquo;) Kuschel (1918&ndash;2017), who shaped this field of science over the last century like no other weevil systematist. The papers in this memorial issue span weevil faunas from all over the globe, including South and Central America, Africa, Europe and the Near East, South-East Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. They include major advances on the phylogeny and classification of the &ldquo;broad-nosed&rdquo; weevils (Entiminae), on the weevils associated with American cycads and on the unique extinct weevil fauna preserved in the 100-million-year-old Burmese amber, when weevils started to diversify alongside the oldest angiosperm plants. They comprise a tribute to Willy Kuschel, the proceedings of a weevil symposium held in his honor in 2016 in Orlando, Florida, 24 systematic studies (including seven phylogenetic analyses) and five other contributions on the diversity, biology, distribution, evolution and fossil history of weevils. In the papers collated in this volume, 30 new genera and 92 new species of weevils are described and a new family of extinct weevils is recognized.

Keywords

constraint analysis --- AU test --- SH test --- KH test --- mitochondrial genomes --- Curculionoidea --- Curculionidae --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- mature larva --- morphology --- host plant --- Cape Verde --- biogeography --- microclimate --- species competition --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- spermatheca --- Mimaulus --- Spartecerus --- spatio-temporal diffusion --- specialist weevils --- parasitic plants --- co-dispersal through space and time --- stable populations --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Curculioninae --- Acentrusini --- phylogeny --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Belidae --- Oxycoryninae --- Erotylidae --- Pharaxonothinae --- cycad pollination --- Alien --- invasive --- exotic --- biodiversity --- Patagonia --- Pinus radiata --- Eucalyptus --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Araucariaceae --- Hoop Pine --- Klinki Pine --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Neotropical region --- broad-nosed weevils --- Naupactini --- Pantomorus-Naupactus complex --- phylogeny --- COI --- combined evidence --- 1K Weevils Project --- biogeography --- classification --- Curculionidae --- Curculionoidea --- fossils --- Guillermo Kuschel --- morphology --- molecular phylogenetics --- DNA barcoding --- phylogeny --- phytophagy --- weevils --- Dichotrachelini --- systematics --- morphology --- evolution --- mt-Cox1 --- Cryptoplini --- taxonomy --- weevils --- tectal aedeagus --- Kuschelorhynchus --- Macadamia --- Syzygium --- Australia --- New Guinea --- Curculionidae --- biological control --- target host --- non-target host --- taxonomy --- phylogeny --- Sclerocardius --- Sclerocardiini --- taxonomy --- systematics --- elytro-tergal stridulation --- taxonomy --- identification --- diagnostics --- pollination --- flightlessness --- Curculionoidea --- weevil --- hygrophilous --- aquatic --- semi-aquatic --- riparian --- key --- Israel --- Curculionidae --- Anchonini --- Molytinae --- Aethiopacorep africanus --- neotype --- Titilayo --- Titilayo barclayi --- Titilayo garnerae --- Titilayo geiseri --- Titilayo takanoi --- Titilayo perrinae --- Titilayo saotomense --- Titilayo turneri --- taxonomy --- distribution --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Araceae --- biodiversity --- ecology --- faunal inventories --- mimicry --- phenology --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- Aciphylla --- Chatham Islands --- integrative taxonomy --- Poor Knights Islands --- weevils --- Urodontinae --- Urodontidius --- genitalia --- larva --- life history --- galling habit --- silk production --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- Broad-nosed weevils --- Entiminae --- tribal relationships --- combined evidence --- ribosomal markers --- structural alignment --- mitochondrial COI --- adults --- larvae --- biography --- obituary --- weevils --- systematics --- publications --- Borneo --- tropical forest canopies --- fogging --- diversity --- forest disturbance --- weevil fauna --- longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) --- new species --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous --- taxonomy --- morphology --- CT scanning --- amber preparation --- angiosperm associations --- weevil larvae --- palm weevils --- invasive species --- comparative morphology --- homonym --- taxonomy --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous

Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038976684 9783038976691 Year: Pages: 458 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-669-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Abstract

This Special Issue on the Systematics and Phylogeny of Weevils presents 31 new research papers on one of the most diverse and successful groups of animals on Earth, the beetle superfamily Curculionoidea. It was in part inspired to commemorate the extraordinary life and scientific achievements of Guillermo (&ldquo;Willy&rdquo;) Kuschel (1918&ndash;2017), who shaped this field of science over the last century like no other weevil systematist. The papers in this memorial issue span weevil faunas from all over the globe, including South and Central America, Africa, Europe and the Near East, South-East Asia, New Guinea, Australia and New Zealand. They include major advances on the phylogeny and classification of the &ldquo;broad-nosed&rdquo; weevils (Entiminae), on the weevils associated with American cycads and on the unique extinct weevil fauna preserved in the 100-million-year-old Burmese amber, when weevils started to diversify alongside the oldest angiosperm plants. They comprise a tribute to Willy Kuschel, the proceedings of a weevil symposium held in his honor in 2016 in Orlando, Florida, 24 systematic studies (including seven phylogenetic analyses) and five other contributions on the diversity, biology, distribution, evolution and fossil history of weevils. In the papers collated in this volume, 30 new genera and 92 new species of weevils are described and a new family of extinct weevils is recognized.

Keywords

constraint analysis --- AU test --- SH test --- KH test --- mitochondrial genomes --- Curculionoidea --- Curculionidae --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- mature larva --- morphology --- host plant --- Cape Verde --- biogeography --- microclimate --- species competition --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- spermatheca --- Mimaulus --- Spartecerus --- spatio-temporal diffusion --- specialist weevils --- parasitic plants --- co-dispersal through space and time --- stable populations --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Curculioninae --- Acentrusini --- phylogeny --- Coleoptera --- Curculionidae --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Belidae --- Oxycoryninae --- Erotylidae --- Pharaxonothinae --- cycad pollination --- Alien --- invasive --- exotic --- biodiversity --- Patagonia --- Pinus radiata --- Eucalyptus --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Araucariaceae --- Hoop Pine --- Klinki Pine --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Neotropical region --- broad-nosed weevils --- Naupactini --- Pantomorus-Naupactus complex --- phylogeny --- COI --- combined evidence --- 1K Weevils Project --- biogeography --- classification --- Curculionidae --- Curculionoidea --- fossils --- Guillermo Kuschel --- morphology --- molecular phylogenetics --- DNA barcoding --- phylogeny --- phytophagy --- weevils --- Dichotrachelini --- systematics --- morphology --- evolution --- mt-Cox1 --- Cryptoplini --- taxonomy --- weevils --- tectal aedeagus --- Kuschelorhynchus --- Macadamia --- Syzygium --- Australia --- New Guinea --- Curculionidae --- biological control --- target host --- non-target host --- taxonomy --- phylogeny --- Sclerocardius --- Sclerocardiini --- taxonomy --- systematics --- elytro-tergal stridulation --- taxonomy --- identification --- diagnostics --- pollination --- flightlessness --- Curculionoidea --- weevil --- hygrophilous --- aquatic --- semi-aquatic --- riparian --- key --- Israel --- Curculionidae --- Anchonini --- Molytinae --- Aethiopacorep africanus --- neotype --- Titilayo --- Titilayo barclayi --- Titilayo garnerae --- Titilayo geiseri --- Titilayo takanoi --- Titilayo perrinae --- Titilayo saotomense --- Titilayo turneri --- taxonomy --- distribution --- taxonomy --- weevil --- new species --- Australia --- Papuan region --- Araceae --- biodiversity --- ecology --- faunal inventories --- mimicry --- phenology --- Brachycerinae --- Tanysphyrini --- Afroryzophilus --- new species --- Afrotropical region --- Cossoninae --- Rhyncolini --- Rhyncolina --- taxonomy --- new species --- Aciphylla --- Chatham Islands --- integrative taxonomy --- Poor Knights Islands --- weevils --- Urodontinae --- Urodontidius --- genitalia --- larva --- life history --- galling habit --- silk production --- taxonomy --- South Africa --- Namibia --- weevils --- new taxa --- Broad-nosed weevils --- Entiminae --- tribal relationships --- combined evidence --- ribosomal markers --- structural alignment --- mitochondrial COI --- adults --- larvae --- biography --- obituary --- weevils --- systematics --- publications --- Borneo --- tropical forest canopies --- fogging --- diversity --- forest disturbance --- weevil fauna --- longhorned beetle (Cerambycidae) --- new species --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous --- taxonomy --- morphology --- CT scanning --- amber preparation --- angiosperm associations --- weevil larvae --- palm weevils --- invasive species --- comparative morphology --- homonym --- taxonomy --- Curculionoidea --- Mesophyletidae --- Cretaceous

Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity—Description of Concepts and Validation of Instruments

Author:
ISBN: 9783038977582 9783038977599 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-759-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Abstract

Why do we need more questionnaires to measure aspects of spirituality/religiosity when we already have so many well-tried instruments in use? One answer is that research in this field is growing and that new research questions continuously do arise. Several of these new questions cannot be easily answered with the instruments designed for previous questions. The field is expanding and, consequently, the research topics. Meanwhile several multidimensional instruments were developed which cover existential, prosocial, religious and non-religious forms of spirituality, hope, peace and trust&mdash;and several more. The &lsquo;disadvantage&rsquo; of these instruments is the fact that some are conceptually broad and often rather unspecific, but they might be suited quite well for culturally and spiritually diverse populations when the intention is to compare such diverse groups. This is the reason why more research on new instruments is needed as can be found in this Special Issue, and to stimulate a critical debate about their pros and cons.

Special External Effects on Fluvial System Evolution

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215447 9783039215454 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-545-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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Rivers are an excellent witness of the dynamics affecting Earth’s surface due to their sedimentary products and morphological expression, which may be considered as fluvial archives. Until now, the focus has been on evaluating the general impact of individual external factors. However, the importance of the specific environmental characteristics of these factors has become increasingly recognized, as highlighted in recent case studies. For example, the effects of regional climate, differentiated topography and vegetation, and frozen ground appear to play an essential role in the evolution of the fluvial system. Integration of such environmental conditions in the processes that were active within the complex fluvial system will open new perspectives in our progressive understanding of the evolution of landscape form, ecology, sediment fluxes, and hydrology of the system within the framework of the external drivers such as tectonics, general climate, and human activity. This is an appealing challenge that we wish to address in the present Special Issue under the aegis of the Fluvial Archives Group (FLAG).

Global Burden and Challenges of Melioidosis

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977421 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-743-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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This book is the definitive reference regarding the global status of melioidosis in 2018. Melioidosis is one of the most neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), so much so that it is not even included in the WHO list of NTDs. Yet modeling suggests that it kills more people worldwide every year than diseases that are much better known, such as leptospirosis and dengue. The reasons for this under-recognition are numerous, including the fact that it mainly affects the disadvantaged rural poor in areas that are poorly supplied with the diagnostic capability to make the diagnosis. In 22 separate articles, expert authors from around the world have summarized what is known about the burden of the disease in humans and animals and the presence of the causative bacterium in the environment in their countries or regions. They have also identified the main obstacles and challenges to establishing the true burden, and to ensure that patients receive accurate diagnosis and optimal care for this all too frequently fatal disease. Rather than focusing on the theoretical risk of the use of Burkholderia pseudomallei as a biological weapon, this book highlights its importance as a clear and present danger to global public health.

Keywords

melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- epidemiology --- diagnosis --- treatment --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Laos --- Lao PDR --- melioidosis --- Sri Lanka --- epidemiology --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Cambodia --- epidemiology --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Mexico --- Central America --- Caribbean --- epidemiology --- awareness --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Malaysia --- epidemiology --- bacteriology --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- transmission modes --- melioidosis --- Australia --- tropical medicine --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Myanmar --- Melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- western Indian Ocean --- diagnosis --- MLST --- Madagascar --- Mauritius --- Réunion --- Seychelles --- melioidosis --- B. pseudomallei --- Singapore --- clinical --- veterinary --- environmental --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Indonesia --- Papua New Guinea --- Oceania --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Thailand --- mortality --- diagnosis --- surveillance --- awareness --- treatment --- prevention --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Vietnam --- public awareness --- animal --- environment --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia --- Bangladesh --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- India --- melioidosis --- South Asia --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- South America --- melioidosis --- Africa --- Middle East --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- genomics --- public awareness --- environment --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- Hong Kong --- melioidosis --- Philippines --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- melioidosis --- Burkholderia pseudomallei --- epidemiology --- China

The Impact of Beverages on Ingestive Behavior

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ISBN: 9783038978121 9783038978138 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-813-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-13 09:19:27
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Abstract

Nutrients is planning a Special Issue focusing on beverages and ingestive behavior. This Special Issue will focus on research related to all aspects of beverage consumption and post-ingestive consequences. There continues to be much controversy surrounding the influence of beverage choice on health outcomes. Research investigating the impact of beverage choice has on human health and post-ingestive consequences continue to grow. We know from the growing body of literature that beverage choice has a substantial impact on metabolism, food reinforcement and eating behaviors.

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