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Dietary Pattern and Health

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ISBN: 9783038425953 9783038425960 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: X, 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-596-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-27 09:33:34
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Topics have a clear focus on overall dietary patterns and health outcomes. Potential topics may include, but are not limited to:* Dietary patterns and chronic diseases including obesity, diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, and mental health problems.* Dietary patterns and mortality* Dietary patterns and pregnancy outcomes* Association between dietary patterns and cognition* The mechanisms linking dietary patterns and chronic diseases.

Dietary Pattern and Health

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ISBN: 9783038425878 9783038425885 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: XII, 274 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-02 15:53:45
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Topics have a clear focus on overall dietary patterns and health outcomes. Potential topics may include, but are not limited to:* Dietary patterns and chronic diseases including obesity, diabetes, asthma, cardiovascular diseases, and mental health problems.* Dietary patterns and mortality* Dietary patterns and pregnancy outcomes* Association between dietary patterns and cognition* The mechanisms linking dietary patterns and chronic diseases.

Antioxidants in Health and Disease Volume 1

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ISBN: 9783038428855 9783038428862 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: X, 436 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 14:34:25
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Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated that oxidative stress is associated with a number of health disorders, including cardiovascular malfunction, certain types of cancer, diabetes mellitus, many other auto-immune diseases, and even ageing. The body possesses multiple mechanisms to counteract oxidative stress, which employ antioxidant compounds that are either naturally generated in situ (endogenous antioxidants) or externally supplied through food (exogenous antioxidants). These antioxidants are able to counteract oxidative stress, thanks to their ability to neutralize excess free radicals and protect the cellular lipids, proteins, and DNA from molecular damage. Exogenous antioxidants from the diet are of increasing interest because of their beneficial role in maintaining good health and in preventing chronic diseases. Indeed, a diet rich in dietary antioxidants, especially from fruits and vegetables, has been correlated with a successful prevention and lower incidence of several degenerative pathologies, including obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer.This Special Issue of Nutrients welcomes the submission of manuscripts, either describing original research or reviewing scientific literature, examining the role of diets rich in antioxidant compounds in the prevention of chronic diseases and the characteristics of the antioxidants included in such diets.

Antioxidants in Health and Disease Volume 2

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ISBN: 9783038429395 9783038429401 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: VIII, 264 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 15:15:28
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Several epidemiological studies have demonstrated that oxidative stress is associated with a number of health disorders, including cardiovascular malfunction, certain types of cancer, diabetes mellitus, many other auto-immune diseases, and even ageing. The body possesses multiple mechanisms to counteract oxidative stress, which employ antioxidant compounds that are either naturally generated in situ (endogenous antioxidants) or externally supplied through food (exogenous antioxidants). These antioxidants are able to counteract oxidative stress, thanks to their ability to neutralize excess free radicals and protect the cellular lipids, proteins, and DNA from molecular damage. Exogenous antioxidants from the diet are of increasing interest because of their beneficial role in maintaining good health and in preventing chronic diseases. Indeed, a diet rich in dietary antioxidants, especially from fruits and vegetables, has been correlated with a successful prevention and lower incidence of several degenerative pathologies, including obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer.This Special Issue of Nutrients welcomes the submission of manuscripts, either describing original research or reviewing scientific literature, examining the role of diets rich in antioxidant compounds in the prevention of chronic diseases and the characteristics of the antioxidants included in such diets.

Anthocyanins

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ISBN: 9783038422280 9783038422297 Year: Pages: XVI, 376 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-229-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-31 16:55:34
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This book contains 20 articles published in Molecules that concern the color quality of food and wine, anthocyanin biosynthesis and regulation, anthocyanin composition and the biological properties of anthocyanin pigments.

Advances in Anthocyanin Research 2018

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ISBN: 9783038975236 9783038975243 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-524-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Biochemistry --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-21 11:00:27
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Anthocyanins are natural plant pigments, responsible for many of the orange/red/purple/blue colors of many flowers, fruits, and vegetables. These colorants play important roles in plants, such as conferring UV protection and antimicrobial properties, and they are also implicated to have many potential human health-promoting properties. Research works and epidemiological studies have indicated these plant pigments to be beneficial in the reduction of chronic inflammatory diseases, such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. For these reasons, there is increasing interest in their incorporation in foods, drugs, cosmetics, and dietary supplements as naturally derived colorants and health-promoting compounds. There is a large natural diversity in the chemical composition of anthocyanin pigments. More than 700 unique anthocyanin structures have been identified, and each has unique colorimetric, reactivity, and health-promoting properties. With such a great number of unique anthocyanins and increasing interest in their use, there is a considerable need to better understand the factors affecting their production and accumulation in plants, the factors affecting their stability and colorimetric properties, and their metabolism and mechanisms for disease alleviation. This Special Issue includes several new research works dedicated to these topics and a review of the current knowledge of anthocyanin chemistry affecting their application in food and nutrition.

Impact of Bioactive Peptides on Human Health

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ISBN: 9783038976202 9783038976219 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-621-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-19 09:06:48
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Food-derived bioactive peptides or dietary peptides are increasingly becoming recognized as major food compounds for human health promotion, which prevent the occurrence of chronic diseases through their impacts on the gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, immune, and nervous systems. Further bioactive peptide discoveries are essential for maintaining human health and commercial development in the area of functional foods and nutraceuticals. This Special Issue covers a wide range of research topics specifically on food-derived bioactive proteins and peptides including the in-vitro and in-vivo evaluation of biological activities, bio-accessibility, intestinal absorption, bioavailability, the effect on chronic diseases, and the modulation of human nutrition.

Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice

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ISBN: 9783038429302 9783038429296 Year: Pages: X, 224 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-18 07:58:29
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The present Special Issue Book is a collection of scientific articles from the European Conferences of Religion, Spirituality and Health in 2014 (Malta) and 2016 (Gdansk). The overall theme is “Integrating Religion and Spirituality into Clinical Practice”. Studies are grouped under four main topics: Religion and Spirituality in Patient Care, Spirituality in Physical and Mental Disease, Health Care Professionals and Spirituality, and Faith-Based Services and Programs in Health Care. The chapters illustrate the broad range of topics presented.

Walkable Neighborhoods: The Link between Public Health, Urban Design, and Transportation

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ISBN: 9783039219308 9783039219315 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-931-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Transportation --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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It is now widely recognized that individual-based motivational interventions alone are not sufficient to address the global pandemic of physical inactivity (lack of exercise and too much sitting time). There has been a growing interest in the effect the physically built environment can have on people’s active behaviors. The fundamental assumption is that surrounding physical environments can support active behaviors among a large number of people with long-term effects. This topic has received much attention over the last decade, mainly in the three fields of urban design, public health, and transportation. This Special Issue aims to provide multidisciplinary and evidence-based state-of-the-art research on how the locations where people live impact their active behaviors and health outcomes.

Keywords

urban design --- active living --- aging --- physical activity --- sedentary behavior --- age-friendly environments --- older adult --- physical activity --- social connectedness --- physical environment --- citizen science --- Discovery Tool --- built environment --- urban health --- urban form --- walking --- physical activity --- health promotion --- walkability --- neighborhood --- older adult --- chronic diseases --- body mass --- disease mapping --- geographic variation --- obese --- overweight --- spatial analysis --- walkability --- traffic safety --- walking --- cycling --- infrastructure --- active travel --- active transport --- neighbourhood --- scale --- built environment --- physical activity --- walking --- soft mobility --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- health outcomes --- active living --- street network configuration --- peripheral neighbourhoods --- pedestrian flow --- streetscape features --- Istanbul --- walkable neighborhood --- sitting --- elderly --- built environment --- non-communicable diseases --- Africa --- walkable environment --- physical activity --- sedentary behaviour --- neighbourhood --- walkability --- active living --- survey --- questionnaire --- mobility management --- public transport --- step counts --- city planning --- compact city --- neighborhood --- natural experiment --- built environment --- urban design --- policy evaluation --- active living --- liveability --- Australia --- walkability --- environment --- overweight --- obesity --- review

Lignans

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ISBN: 9783038979081 9783038979098 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-909-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Organic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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Lignans are a class of natural products found mainly in plants. They have a wide variety of structures and exhibit a range of potent biological activities. Lignans are also well-known components of a number of widely eaten foods and are frequently studied for their dietary impact. Owing to these factors, lignans have been extensively studied by scientists from a large number of disciplines. This collection of research and review articles describes topics ranging in scope from the recent isolation and structural elucidation of new lignans, strategies towards the chemical synthesis of lignans, assessment of their biological activities and potential for further therapeutic development. Research showing the impact of lignans in the food and agricultural industries is also presented.

Keywords

lignans --- chemometrics --- neolignans --- flavonolignans --- chemical space --- drug-like --- Lespedeza cuneata --- lignan glycoside --- flavonoid glycoside --- cytotoxicity --- adipocyte and osteoblast differentiation --- Bursera --- Burseraceae --- lignans --- lignan --- molecular dynamics --- intermolecular interactions --- graph theory --- lignans --- heilaohu --- tujia ethnomedicine --- chemical characterization --- cytotoxicity --- antioxidant --- cultivar --- environment --- flax --- flavonol --- genetic --- hydroxycinnamic acid --- lignan --- seed --- aryldihydronaphthalene lignan --- arylnaphthalene lignan --- oxidation --- synthesis --- lignans --- dibenzyl butyrolactones --- anti-proliferative --- acyl-Claisen --- stereoselective synthesis --- Schisandra rubriflora --- Schisandra chinensis --- red-flowered Chinese magnolia vine --- Chinese magnolia vine --- lignans --- phytochemical analysis --- UHPLC-MS/MS --- anti-inflammatory activity --- LOX --- COX --- sPLA2 --- lignans --- neolignans --- Lauraceae --- chemical components --- chemical structures --- dietary lignans --- national databases --- food groups --- dietary intake --- harmonized databases --- lignans --- in silico studies --- podophyllotoxin --- antibacterial activity --- acetylcholinesterase inhibitors --- antioxidant activity --- cytotoxicity --- natural products --- total synthesis --- lignan --- Bursera fagaroides --- podophyllotoxin-type lignans --- cell cycle --- cell migration --- epiboly --- microtubules --- F-actin --- cancer --- lignans --- animal health --- cattle --- enterolignan --- human health --- pharmacokinetic --- ruminant --- secoisolariciresinol diglucoside --- Lignan --- bitterness --- taste-active compound --- quantification --- oak ageing --- lignans --- norlignans --- 9-norlignans --- semisynthesis --- hydroxymatairesinol --- bioactivity --- lignans --- oxidation --- lignans --- diet --- antioxidants --- health promotion --- chronic diseases --- Schisandrae Chinensis Fructus --- wild --- cultivated --- multiple bioactive components --- simultaneous quantitation

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