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Enological Repercussions of Non-Saccharomyces Species

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ISBN: 9783039215584 / 9783039215591 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-559-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Abstract

From the beginning of this century, non-Saccharomyces yeasts have taken increased relevance in wine processing. Several biotechnological companies now produce non-Saccharomyces yeasts at an industrial level to improve aroma or flavor, stabilize wine, produce biological acidification, or conversely metabolize malic acid. Species like Torulaspora delbrueckii, Metschnikowia pulcherrima, Kloeckera apiculata, Lachancea thermotolerans, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and several others are common due to the technological applications they have in sensory quality but also in wine ageing and stabilization. Moreover, spoilage non-Saccharomyces yeasts like Brettanomyces bruxellensis, Saccharomycodes ludwigii, and Zygosacharomyces bailii are becoming important because of the alterations they are able to produce in high-quality wines. New strategies to control these defective yeasts have been developed to control them without affecting sensory quality. The knowledge of the physiology, ecology, biochemistry, and metabolomics of these yeasts can help to better use them in controlling traditional problems such as low fermentative power, excessive volatile acidity, low implantation under enological conditions, and sensibility to antimicrobial compounds like sulfites traditionally used in wine processing. This Special Issue intends to compile current research and revised information on non-Saccharomyces yeasts with enological applications to facilitate the use and the understanding of this biotechnological tool. In 1 year this SI has globally more than 15kdownloads and produced more than 30 citations.

Keywords

Lachancea thermotolerans --- Kluyveromyces thermotolerans --- acidification --- wines --- sequential fermentations --- non-Saccharomyces --- non-Saccharomyces yeasts --- Wickerhamomyces anomalus --- Pichia anomala --- enzymes --- glycosidases --- acetate esters --- biocontrol --- mixed starters --- wine --- wine --- Zygosaccharomyces rouxii --- re-fermentation --- spoilage-control --- non-Saccharomyces --- high-ethanol --- Schizosaccharomyces pombe --- oenological uses --- maloalcoholic fermentation --- stable pigments --- wine safety --- non-Saccharomyces yeast --- Saccharomycodes ludwigii --- S. ludwigii --- spoilage yeasts’ control --- ageing-on-lees --- non-Saccharomyces --- yeast --- sparkling wine --- nitrogen --- aroma --- Candida stellata --- ecology --- taxonomy --- metabolism --- processing foods --- co-fermentation --- non-Saccharomyces --- genome --- aroma compounds --- anthocyanin --- mixed cultures fermentation --- flavor complexity --- Aureobasidium pullulans --- biotechnological applications --- viticulture --- enzymes --- non-Saccharomyces yeasts --- Torulaspora delbrueckii --- winemaking --- yeast inoculation --- yeast dominance --- wine quality --- genetic improvement --- antimicrobial peptides --- biocontrol --- Brettanomyces bruxellensis --- Candida intermedia --- wine --- off-flavors --- wine acidity --- volatile acidity --- malolactic bacteria --- Lactobacillus plantarum --- Lachancea thermotolerans --- Schizosaccharomyces pombe --- Candida stellate --- Torulaspora delbrueckii --- Zygotorulaspora florentina --- Pichia kudriavzevii --- Stermerella bacillaris --- Metschnikowia pulcherrima --- oenological uses --- enzymes --- stable pigments --- pulcherrimin --- n/a --- n/a

Plant Development and Organogenesis: From Basic Principles to Applied Research

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ISBN: 9783039281268 / 9783039281275 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-127-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Plant Sciences --- Biology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Abstract

The way plants grow and develop organs significantly impacts the overall performance and yield of crop plants. The basic knowledge now available in plant development has the potential to help breeders in generating plants with defined architectural features to improve productivity. Plant translational research effort has steadily increased over the last decade due to the huge increase in the availability of crop genomic resources and Arabidopsis-based sequence annotation systems. However, a consistent gap between fundamental and applied science has yet to be filled. One critical point often brought up is the unreadiness of developmental biologists on one side to foresee agricultural applications for their discoveries, and of the breeders to exploit gene function studies to apply to candidate gene approaches when advantageous on the other. In this book, both developmental biologists and breeders make a special effort to reconcile research on the basic principles of plant development and organogenesis with its applications to crop production and genetic improvement. Fundamental and applied science contributions intertwine and chase each other, giving the reader different but complementary perspectives from only apparently distant corners of the same world.

Keywords

wheat-rye hybrids --- genes of reproductive isolation --- stem apical meristem --- molecular marker --- Rht18 --- reduced height --- wheat --- semi-dwarf --- linkage map --- CLE --- CLV --- WUS --- stem cells --- meristem --- SAM --- signaling --- locule --- Arabidopsis --- auxin --- HD-Zip transcription factors --- light environment --- photoreceptors --- wounding --- root plasticity --- hydrogen peroxide --- protoxylem --- plant development and organogenesis --- proline biosynthesis --- RolD --- rol genes --- Vasculature --- Organogenesis --- Development --- Brassicaceae --- Asteraceae --- flowering time --- photoperiod --- vernalization --- ambient temperature --- gibberellins --- age --- plant breeding --- grass --- ligule --- organogenesis --- boundaries --- shoot meristem --- morphogenesis --- molecular regulation --- cell wall --- cytoskeleton --- Arabidopsis --- root --- stem cells --- root development --- differentiation --- ground tissue --- radial patterning --- proximodistal patterning --- Plant in vitro cultures --- somatic cell selection --- hairy roots --- rol genes --- Agrobacterium rhizogenes --- genetic transformation --- recalcitrant species --- KNOX transcription factors --- plant development --- tree phase change --- transformation --- morphogenic --- embryogenesis --- meristem formation --- organogenesis --- GRETCHEN HAGEN 3 (GH3) IAA-amido synthase group II --- root apical meristem --- auxin --- cytokinin --- lateral root cap --- auxin minimum --- auxin conjugation --- plant development and organogenesis --- translational research --- crop productivity --- genetic improvement --- Arabidopsis thaliana --- regulatory networks --- phytohormones --- rol genes --- plant cell and tissue culture

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