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Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High Growth Industries

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ISBN: 9783038979609 / 9783038979616 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-961-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High-Growth Industries (CoACH) was a European Training Network (ETN) project (http://www.coach-etn.eu/) funded by the Horizon 2020 program. CoACH involved multiple actors in the innovation ecosystem for advanced materials, composed of five universities and ten enterprises in seven different European countries. The project studied the next generation of materials that could bring innovation in the healthcare, construction, and energy sectors, among others, from new bioactive glasses for bone implants to eco-friendly cements and new environmentally friendly thermoelectrics for energy conversion. The novel materials developed in the CoACH project pave the way for innovative products, improved cost competitiveness, and positive environmental impact. The present Special Issue contains 14 papers resulting from the CoACH project, showcasing the breadth of materials and processes developed during the project.

Ultrasound Elastography

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ISBN: 9783038979104 / 9783038979111 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-911-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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The comparison between methods, evaluation of portal hypertension and many other questions are still open issues in liver elastography. New elastographic applications are under evaluation and close to being used in clinical practice. Strain imaging has been incorporated into many disciplines and EFSUMB guidelines are under preparation. More research is necessary for improved evidence for clinical applications in daily practice. The Special Issue published papers on recent advances in development and application of Ultrasound Elastography.

New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete

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ISBN: 9783039211401 / 9783039211418 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-141-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book is the result of a Special Issue published in Applied Sciences, entitled “New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete"". It identifies emerging research areas within the field of recycled aggregate concrete and contributes to the increased use of this eco-efficient material.Its contents are organised in the following sections: Upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete in structural design; Large scale applications of recycled aggregate concrete; Long-term behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete; Performance of recycled aggregate concrete in very aggressive environments; Reliability of recycled aggregate concrete structures; Life cycle assessment of recycled aggregate concrete; New applications of recycled aggregate concrete.

Keywords

reactive power concrete --- shrinkage --- creep --- steel fibre --- model --- compressive strength --- models --- geological nature of aggregates --- quality of aggregates --- concrete --- recycled aggregates --- seismic load --- strain rate --- fiber-reinforced concrete --- dynamic mechanical property --- recycled aggregate quality --- bond strength --- shear behavior --- aggregate interlock mechanism --- size effect --- ready-mixed concrete --- recycled concrete aggregates --- returned concrete --- concrete sludge fines --- soil stabilization --- recycled aggregate --- recycled aggregate concrete --- artificial neural networks --- aggregate characteristic --- input variable --- recycled concrete --- aggregate --- mixture proportioning --- flexural behavior --- recycling --- heavyweight waste glass --- cyclic load --- reinforced concrete member --- recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) --- steel reinforced recycled aggregate concrete (SRRAC) --- elevated temperature --- residual properties --- recycled coarse aggregate concrete --- nylon fiber --- mechanical properties --- permeability --- microstructure --- foam concrete --- cellular concrete --- ceramic foam --- modulus --- crushing --- energy absorbing --- CT --- foam structure --- foam stability --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- life cycle assessment --- environmental impact --- recycled concrete aggregate --- crumb rubber --- crushed glass --- compressive strength --- tensile splitting strength --- water absorption --- concrete --- aggregates --- fly-ash --- silica fume --- blast-furnace slag --- mechanical properties --- water absorption --- reinforced concrete --- recycled aggregate concrete --- columns --- seismic performance --- numerical analysis --- variable sensitivity --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- construction waste --- mechanical characteristics --- durable characteristics --- n/a

Processing-Structure-Property Relationships in Metals

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039217700 / 9783039217717 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-771-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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In the industrial manufacturing of metals, the achievement of products featuring desired characteristics always requires the control of process parameters in order to obtain a suitable microstructure. The strict relationship among process parameters, microstructure, and mechanical properties is a matter of interest in different areas, such as foundry, plastic forming, sintering, welding, etc., and regards both well-established and innovative processes. Nowadays, circular economy and sustainable technological development are dominant paradigms and impose an optimized use of resources, a lower energetic impact of industrial processes and new tasks for materials and products. In this frame, this Special Issue covers a broad range of research works and contains research and review papers.

Keywords

titanium composites --- in situ secondary phases --- microstructure --- inductive hot pressing --- intermetallic --- bainite rail --- tempering --- retained austenite --- tensile property --- impact toughness --- cryorolling --- reduction --- ultrafine grain --- secondary recrystallization --- high strength --- microstructure inhomogeneity --- non-monotonic simple shear strains --- shear strain reversal --- severe plastic deformation --- texture inhomogeneity --- tensile properties --- Mg-10Y-6Gd-1.5Zn-0.5Zr --- ultra-fine grain --- aging treatment --- precipitation behavior --- mechanical property --- multimodal --- AZ91 alloy --- equal channel angular pressing --- aging --- high pressure die casting --- aluminum alloy --- prediction model --- process monitoring --- static mechanical behavior --- fracture surface --- microstructure. --- casting --- Al 6061 alloys --- shrinkage --- porosity --- steering knuckles --- Al alloys --- warm working --- mechanical properties --- dental materials --- metal posts --- computer-aided design (CAD) --- image analysis --- mechanical properties --- finite element analysis --- additive manufacturing --- Al alloys --- wear --- cavitation erosion --- SEM --- microstructure --- high speed steel --- nanostructured coatings --- thin films --- FEGSEM --- tribology --- Nb tube --- caliber-rolling --- grain boundaries --- texture --- electron backscatter diffraction --- damping --- aluminum film --- grain boundary --- anelasticity --- thin aluminum sheet --- alloys --- aeronautic applications --- mechanical properties --- corrosion resistance --- EBM --- SEBM --- macro-instrumented indentation test --- property-microstructure-process relationship --- mechanical properties --- indentation hardness --- indentation modulus --- tensile properties --- Ti-6Al-4V alloy --- ?-platelet thickness --- columnar microstructure --- n/a

Integral Transforms and Operational Calculus

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ISBN: 9783039216185 / 9783039216192 Year: Pages: 510 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-619-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Researches and investigations involving the theory and applications of integral transforms and operational calculus are remarkably wide-spread in many diverse areas of the mathematical, physical, chemical, engineering and statistical sciences.

Keywords

highly oscillatory --- convolution quadrature rule --- volterra integral equation --- Bessel kernel --- convergence --- higher order Schwarzian derivatives --- Janowski star-like function --- Janowski convex function --- bound on derivatives --- tangent numbers --- tangent polynomials --- Carlitz-type q-tangent numbers --- Carlitz-type q-tangent polynomials --- (p,q)-analogue of tangent numbers and polynomials --- (p,q)-analogue of tangent zeta function --- symmetric identities --- zeros --- Lommel functions --- univalent functions --- starlike functions --- convex functions --- inclusion relationships --- analytic function --- Hankel determinant --- exponential function --- upper bound --- nonlinear boundary value problems --- fractional-order differential equations --- Riemann-Stieltjes functional integral --- Liouville-Caputo fractional derivative --- infinite-point boundary conditions --- advanced and deviated arguments --- existence of at least one solution --- Fredholm integral equation --- Schauder fixed point theorem --- Hölder condition --- generalized Kuramoto–Sivashinsky equation --- modified Kudryashov method --- exact solutions --- Maple graphs --- analytic function --- Hadamard product (convolution) --- partial sum --- Srivastava–Tomovski generalization of Mittag–Leffler function --- subordination --- differential equation --- differential inclusion --- Liouville–Caputo-type fractional derivative --- fractional integral --- existence --- fixed point --- Bernoulli spiral --- Grandi curves --- Chebyshev polynomials --- pseudo-Chebyshev polynomials --- orthogonality property --- symmetric --- encryption --- password --- hash --- cryptography --- PBKDF --- q–Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators --- (p,q)-integers --- (p,q)-Bernstein operators --- (p,q)-Bleimann–Butzer–Hahn operators --- modulus of continuity --- rate of approximation --- K-functional --- Hurwitz-Lerch zeta function --- generalized functions --- analytic number theory --- ?-generalized Hurwitz-Lerch zeta functions --- derivative properties --- series representation --- basic hypergeometric functions --- generating functions --- q-polynomials --- analytic functions --- Mittag–Leffler functions --- starlike functions --- convex functions --- Hardy space --- vibrating string equation --- initial conditions --- spectral decomposition --- regular solution --- the uniqueness of the solution --- the existence of a solution --- analytic --- ?-convex function --- starlike function --- strongly-starlike function --- subordination --- q -Sheffer–Appell polynomials --- generating relations --- determinant definition --- recurrence relation --- q -Hermite–Bernoulli polynomials --- q -Hermite–Euler polynomials --- q -Hermite–Genocchi polynomials --- Volterra integral equations --- highly oscillatory Bessel kernel --- Hermite interpolation --- direct Hermite collocation method --- piecewise Hermite collocation method --- differential operator --- q-hypergeometric functions --- meromorphic function --- Mittag–Leffler function --- Hadamard product --- differential subordination --- starlike functions --- Bell numbers --- radius estimate --- (p, q)-integers --- Dunkl analogue --- generating functions --- generalization of exponential function --- Szász operator --- modulus of continuity --- function spaces and their duals --- distributions --- tempered distributions --- Schwartz testing function space --- generalized functions --- distribution space --- wavelet transform of generalized functions --- Fourier transform --- analytic function --- subordination --- Dziok–Srivastava operator --- nonlinear boundary value problem --- nonlocal --- multi-point --- multi-strip --- existence --- Ulam stability --- functions of bounded boundary and bounded radius rotations --- subordination --- functions with positive real part --- uniformly starlike and convex functions --- analytic functions --- univalent functions --- starlike and q-starlike functions --- q-derivative (or q-difference) operator --- sufficient conditions --- distortion theorems --- Janowski functions --- analytic number theory --- ?-generalized Hurwitz–Lerch zeta functions --- derivative properties --- recurrence relations --- integral representations --- Mellin transform --- natural transform --- Adomian decomposition method --- Caputo fractional derivative --- generalized mittag-leffler function --- analytic functions --- Hadamard product --- starlike functions --- q-derivative (or q-difference) operator --- Hankel determinant --- q-starlike functions --- fuzzy volterra integro-differential equations --- fuzzy general linear method --- fuzzy differential equations --- generalized Hukuhara differentiability --- spectrum symmetry --- DCT --- MFCC --- audio features --- anuran calls --- analytic functions --- convex functions --- starlike functions --- strongly convex functions --- strongly starlike functions --- uniformly convex functions --- Struve functions --- truncated-exponential polynomials --- monomiality principle --- generating functions --- Apostol-type polynomials and Apostol-type numbers --- Bernoulli, Euler and Genocchi polynomials --- Bernoulli, Euler, and Genocchi numbers --- operational methods --- summation formulas --- symmetric identities --- Euler numbers and polynomials --- q-Euler numbers and polynomials --- Hurwitz-Euler eta function --- multiple Hurwitz-Euler eta function --- higher order q-Euler numbers and polynomials --- (p, q)-Euler numbers and polynomials of higher order --- symmetric identities --- symmetry of the zero

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210121 / 9783039210138 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-013-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210145 / 9783039210152 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-015-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Environment-Friendly Construction Materials

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039210169 / 9783039210176 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-017-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Construction materials are the most widely used materials for civil infrastructure in our daily lives. However, from an environmental point of view, they consume a huge amount of natural resources and generate the majority of greenhouse gasses. Therefore, many new and novel technologies for designing environmentally friendly construction materials have been developed recently. This Special Issue, “Environment-Friendly Construction Materials”, has been proposed and organized as a means to present recent developments in the field of construction materials. It covers a wide range of selected topics on construction materials.

Keywords

Ca-alginate microcapsules --- microfluidic --- self-healing --- bitumen --- mineral-asphalt mixtures --- aggregate from sanitary ceramic wastes --- environmentally friendly construction materials --- diatomite --- styrene–butadiene–styrene (SBS) modified bitumen --- diatomite-modified asphalt mixture --- road engineering --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- asphalt mixture --- plateau value of permanent deformation ratio --- damage evolution --- fatigue equation --- ultraviolet radiation --- bitumen --- aging depth --- transmittance --- permeation --- expanded graphite --- polyethylene glycol --- phase change materials --- titanate coupling agent --- molecular bridge --- building envelopes --- thermal property --- building energy conservation --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- recycling --- epoxidized soybean oil --- rejuvenator --- diffusing --- asphalt pavement --- fatigue property --- pavement failure --- long-term field service --- asphalt mixture --- microwave heating --- induction heating --- effective heating depth --- induced healing --- initial self-healing temperature --- asphalt mastic --- flow behavior index --- steel slag --- limestone --- aggregate morphology --- aggregate image measurement system --- micro-surfacing --- skid-resistance --- surface texture --- asphalt --- water solute exposure --- aqueous solute compositions --- chemical evolutions --- rheological properties --- polyacrylic acid --- fluidity --- rheology --- adsorption --- combination --- cement emulsified asphalt mixture --- fatigue performance --- thickness combinations --- X-ray computed tomography --- artificial neural network --- crumb rubber --- high-strength concrete --- damping --- dynamic moduli --- railway application --- recycled material --- recycling --- sanitary ceramics --- concrete --- recycling aggregate --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- response surface methodology --- design optimization --- fluorescence spectrum --- bitumen --- ageing --- parametrization --- “blue-shift” --- asphalt --- asphalt mortar --- healing agents --- crack healing --- healing model --- ultra-thin wearing course --- self-healing --- induction heating --- steel fiber --- steel slag --- rankinite --- carbonation --- waste concrete --- CO2 --- aged bitumen --- rejuvenator --- solubilizer --- colloidal structure --- micro-morphology --- granite aggregate --- desulphurization gypsum residues --- rubber modified asphalt --- asphalt mixture --- pavement performance --- limestone aggregates --- emulsified asphalt --- demulsification speed --- surface energy --- specific surface area --- artificially aged asphalt mixture --- rejuvenator --- durability --- dynamic characteristics --- overlay tester --- energy-based approach --- dissipated strain energy --- plateau value of dissipated strain energy ratio --- fatigue life --- three-point bending fatigue test --- amorphous silica --- crystallization sensitivity --- water-leaching pretreatment --- rice husk ash --- cement --- crumb rubber --- anti-rutting agent --- flexibility --- field evaluation --- asphalt mixes --- aggregate characteristics --- simplex lattice design --- viscoelastic properties --- asphalt combustion --- flame retardant --- aluminum hydroxide --- layered double hydroxide --- asphalt mixture --- viscoelastic properties --- creep --- relaxation --- aggregates --- morphology --- crumb rubber powder --- SBS/CRP-modified bitumen --- aging processes --- temperature sensitivity characteristics --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- asphalt mixture --- low-temperature --- damage constitutive model --- graphene --- nitrogen and phosphorus removal --- MDA --- SOD --- sequencing batch Chlorella reactor --- SEM --- thermal–mechanical properties --- bio-oil --- regeneration --- aged asphalt --- molecular dynamic simulation --- viscoelasticity --- nanomaterial --- hydrophobic nanosilica --- hydrophilic nanosilica --- laboratory evaluation --- diatomite --- basalt fiber --- compound modify --- asphalt mixture --- asphalt mixture --- basalt fiber --- freeze-thaw cycle --- damage characteristics --- high-modulus asphalt mixture (HMAM) --- dynamic tests --- viscoelasticity --- dynamic responses --- resistance to deformations --- tensile strains --- tensile stresses --- sensitivity analysis --- hot mix asphalt containing recycled concrete aggregate --- contact angle --- adhesion energy --- water stability --- fatigue performance --- self-compacting concrete (SCC) --- rheology --- workability --- pozzolanic reaction --- microstructure --- Ultra-High Performance Concrete (UHPC) --- long-term drying shrinkage --- hydration characteristic --- porous pumice --- optimization --- engineered cementitious composites (ECC) --- polyvinyl alcohol --- fiber modification --- mechanical behavior --- self-healing --- asphalt --- rejuvenation --- calcium alginate capsules --- asphalt-aggregate adhesion --- plant ash lixivium --- stripping test --- contact angle --- interfacial transition zone --- SBS-modified bitumen --- rejuvenating systems --- physical properties --- viscous-elastic temperature --- rutting factor --- vibration noise consumption --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- reclaimed asphalt pavement --- mastic --- rheological properties --- emulsified asphalt --- cement --- construction materials --- fatigue life --- ageing resistance --- modified asphalt materials --- rejuvenator --- self-healing asphalt --- recycling --- cold recycled asphalt mixture --- ultra-high performance concrete

Fluid Flow in Fractured Porous Media

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039214235 / 9783039214242 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 578 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-424-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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The fluid flow in fracture porous media plays a significant role in the assessment of deep underground reservoirs, such as through CO2 sequestration, enhanced oil recovery, and geothermal energy development. Many methods have been employed—from laboratory experimentation to theoretical analysis and numerical simulations—and allowed for many useful conclusions. This Special Issue aims to report on the current advances related to this topic. This collection of 58 papers represents a wide variety of topics, including on granite permeability investigation, grouting, coal mining, roadway, and concrete, to name but a few. We sincerely hope that the papers published in this Special Issue will be an invaluable resource for our readers.

Keywords

scanning electron microscope (SEM) images --- permeability --- high temperature --- Darcy’s law --- confining pressures --- chemical grouts --- grain size of sand --- initial water contained in sand --- grouted sand --- macroscopic mechanical behaviors --- microstructure characteristics --- ductile failure --- gas concentration --- gob-side entry retaining (GER) --- limestone roof --- roof-cutting resistance --- roadside backfill body (RBB) --- solid backfill coal mining --- goaf --- water soaked height --- loose gangue backfill material --- deformation --- crushing ratio --- fracture grouting --- cement–silicate grout --- geophysical prospecting --- seepage --- Yellow River Embankment --- contiguous seams --- water-dripping roadway --- roadway deformation --- bolt support --- pervious concrete --- permeability coefficient --- porosity --- pore distribution characteristics --- strength --- soil–structure interface --- internal erosion --- critical hydraulic gradient --- orthogonal tests --- Pseudo Steady-State (PPS) constant --- finite-conductivity fracture --- conductivity-influence function --- normalized conductivity-influence function --- circular closed reservoir --- glutenite --- gravel --- hydraulic fracture --- numerical simulation --- propagation --- glauberite cavern for storing oil &amp --- gas --- thermal-hydrological-chemical interactions --- temperature --- brine concentration --- microstructure --- micro-CT --- damage --- cyclic heating and cooling --- physical and mechanical parameters --- failure mode --- acoustic emission --- anisotropy --- bedding plane orientation --- coal --- gas --- adsorption–desorption --- laboratory experiment --- pore pressure --- hydro-mechanical coupling --- fracture closure --- constitutive model --- effective stress --- debris flow --- dynamic characteristics --- numerical analysis --- debris-resisting barriers --- coal measures sandstone --- creep characteristics --- seepage pressure --- seepage-creep --- microscopic morphology --- Darcy flow --- heterogeneity --- numerical manifold method --- high-order --- refraction law --- hydraulic fracture network --- cohesive element method --- coal seams --- fracture propagation --- discontinuous natural fracture --- secondary fracture --- fault water inrush --- coupled THM model --- nonlinear flow in fractured porous media --- numerical model --- warning levels of fault water inrush --- bentonite-sand mixtures --- differential settlement --- deformation --- hydraulic conductivity --- crack --- geogrid --- enhanced permeability --- deviatoric stress --- mechanical behavior transition --- CH4 seepage --- volumetric strain --- strain-based percolation model --- rock-soil mechanics --- soft filling medium --- segmented grouting --- split grouting --- model experiment --- reinforcement mechanism --- longwall mining --- gob behaviors --- stress relief --- permeability --- gas drainage --- hard and thick magmatic rocks --- orthogonal ratio test --- similar simulation --- fracture --- bed separation --- disaster-causing mechanism --- artificial joint rock --- shear-flow coupled test --- hydraulic aperture --- roughness --- seepage pressure --- mixing --- conservative solute --- fractal --- roughness --- fracture --- transversely isotropic rocks --- failure mechanism --- particle flow modeling --- interface --- n/a --- fractured porous rock mass --- grouting experiment --- visualization system --- flow law --- layered progressive grouting --- sandstone and mudstone particles --- rheological deformation --- segmented rheological model --- rheological limit strain --- rheological test --- water-rock interaction --- dry-wet cycles --- slope stability --- laboratory experiment --- mechanical properties --- Xinjiang --- land reclamation --- management period --- soil particle size --- fluid flow in reclaimed soil --- effluents --- soil properties --- cohesive soils --- contamination --- time variation --- stabilization --- mixer --- viscoelastic fluid --- pore structure --- orthogonal test --- fluid–solid coupling theory --- similar-material --- regression equation --- optimum proportioning --- hydraulic fracturing --- gas fracturing --- oriented perforation --- fracture propagation --- damage mechanics --- fluid viscosity --- CO2 flooding --- supercritical CO2 --- CO2 geological storage --- tight sandstone gas reservoirs --- enhanced gas recovery --- flotation --- coal particle --- collision angle --- initial settlement position --- particle velocity --- adhesion efficiency --- green mining --- paste-like slurry --- XRD --- intelligent torque rheometer --- on-site monitoring --- cyclic wetting-drying --- deterioration --- sandstone --- mudstone --- elastic modulus --- uniaxial compressive strength --- permeability characteristics --- grading broken gangue --- compressive stress --- compression deformation --- mine shaft --- alternate strata --- surrounding rock --- shaft lining --- relief excavation --- consolidation process --- unsaturated soil --- semi-analytical solution --- impeded drainage boundary --- excess pore-pressures --- coalbed methane (CBM) --- soft coal masses --- pore structure --- fractal pore characteristics --- hydraulic fractures --- PPCZ --- multitude parameters --- propagation pattern --- stress interference --- naturally fracture --- filtration effects --- grout penetration --- unified pipe-network method --- two-phase flow --- fractured porous medium --- new cementitious material --- cement-based paste discharge --- XRD --- TG/DTG --- SEM --- MIP --- mechanical behaviors --- rock fracture --- shear-flow coupled test --- constant normal stiffness conditions --- transmissivity --- hydraulic aperture --- water inrush prevention --- backfill mining --- strata movement --- ground pressure --- floor failure depth --- water–rock interaction --- degradation mechanism --- mixed mode fracture resistance --- fracture criteria --- T-stress --- hydro-power --- high-steep slope --- fractured rock --- permeability --- seepage control --- gas-bearing coal --- electrical potential --- charge separation --- gas adsorption --- damage evolution --- Unsaturation --- chloride --- concrete --- coupling model --- numerical calculation --- debris flow --- forecasting --- rainfall-unstable soil coupling mechanism(R-USCM) --- scoops3D --- Jiaohe --- non-aqueous phase liquid --- finite element method --- two-phase flow --- mixed-form formulation --- FLAC --- pore structure --- movable fluid --- tight sandstones --- Ordos Basin --- tectonically deformed coal --- coal and gas outburst --- coal-like material --- mechanical properties --- deformation feature --- adsorption/desorption properties --- minerals --- mechanical properties --- uniaxial compressive strength --- crack distribution characteristics --- discrete element method --- lignite --- nitric acid modification --- pore structure --- surface characteristics --- adsorption performance --- n/a

Fluid Flow in Fractured Porous Media

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039214730 / 9783039214747 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 492 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-474-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

The fluid flow in fracture porous media plays a significant role in the assessment of deep underground reservoirs, such as through CO2 sequestration, enhanced oil recovery, and geothermal energy development. Many methods have been employed—from laboratory experimentation to theoretical analysis and numerical simulations—and allowed for many useful conclusions. This Special Issue aims to report on the current advances related to this topic. This collection of 58 papers represents a wide variety of topics, including on granite permeability investigation, grouting, coal mining, roadway, and concrete, to name but a few. We sincerely hope that the papers published in this Special Issue will be an invaluable resource for our readers.

Keywords

scanning electron microscope (SEM) images --- permeability --- high temperature --- Darcy’s law --- confining pressures --- chemical grouts --- grain size of sand --- initial water contained in sand --- grouted sand --- macroscopic mechanical behaviors --- microstructure characteristics --- ductile failure --- gas concentration --- gob-side entry retaining (GER) --- limestone roof --- roof-cutting resistance --- roadside backfill body (RBB) --- solid backfill coal mining --- goaf --- water soaked height --- loose gangue backfill material --- deformation --- crushing ratio --- fracture grouting --- cement–silicate grout --- geophysical prospecting --- seepage --- Yellow River Embankment --- contiguous seams --- water-dripping roadway --- roadway deformation --- bolt support --- pervious concrete --- permeability coefficient --- porosity --- pore distribution characteristics --- strength --- soil–structure interface --- internal erosion --- critical hydraulic gradient --- orthogonal tests --- Pseudo Steady-State (PPS) constant --- finite-conductivity fracture --- conductivity-influence function --- normalized conductivity-influence function --- circular closed reservoir --- glutenite --- gravel --- hydraulic fracture --- numerical simulation --- propagation --- glauberite cavern for storing oil &amp --- gas --- thermal-hydrological-chemical interactions --- temperature --- brine concentration --- microstructure --- micro-CT --- damage --- cyclic heating and cooling --- physical and mechanical parameters --- failure mode --- acoustic emission --- anisotropy --- bedding plane orientation --- coal --- gas --- adsorption–desorption --- laboratory experiment --- pore pressure --- hydro-mechanical coupling --- fracture closure --- constitutive model --- effective stress --- debris flow --- dynamic characteristics --- numerical analysis --- debris-resisting barriers --- coal measures sandstone --- creep characteristics --- seepage pressure --- seepage-creep --- microscopic morphology --- Darcy flow --- heterogeneity --- numerical manifold method --- high-order --- refraction law --- hydraulic fracture network --- cohesive element method --- coal seams --- fracture propagation --- discontinuous natural fracture --- secondary fracture --- fault water inrush --- coupled THM model --- nonlinear flow in fractured porous media --- numerical model --- warning levels of fault water inrush --- bentonite-sand mixtures --- differential settlement --- deformation --- hydraulic conductivity --- crack --- geogrid --- enhanced permeability --- deviatoric stress --- mechanical behavior transition --- CH4 seepage --- volumetric strain --- strain-based percolation model --- rock-soil mechanics --- soft filling medium --- segmented grouting --- split grouting --- model experiment --- reinforcement mechanism --- longwall mining --- gob behaviors --- stress relief --- permeability --- gas drainage --- hard and thick magmatic rocks --- orthogonal ratio test --- similar simulation --- fracture --- bed separation --- disaster-causing mechanism --- artificial joint rock --- shear-flow coupled test --- hydraulic aperture --- roughness --- seepage pressure --- mixing --- conservative solute --- fractal --- roughness --- fracture --- transversely isotropic rocks --- failure mechanism --- particle flow modeling --- interface --- n/a --- fractured porous rock mass --- grouting experiment --- visualization system --- flow law --- layered progressive grouting --- sandstone and mudstone particles --- rheological deformation --- segmented rheological model --- rheological limit strain --- rheological test --- water-rock interaction --- dry-wet cycles --- slope stability --- laboratory experiment --- mechanical properties --- Xinjiang --- land reclamation --- management period --- soil particle size --- fluid flow in reclaimed soil --- effluents --- soil properties --- cohesive soils --- contamination --- time variation --- stabilization --- mixer --- viscoelastic fluid --- pore structure --- orthogonal test --- fluid–solid coupling theory --- similar-material --- regression equation --- optimum proportioning --- hydraulic fracturing --- gas fracturing --- oriented perforation --- fracture propagation --- damage mechanics --- fluid viscosity --- CO2 flooding --- supercritical CO2 --- CO2 geological storage --- tight sandstone gas reservoirs --- enhanced gas recovery --- flotation --- coal particle --- collision angle --- initial settlement position --- particle velocity --- adhesion efficiency --- green mining --- paste-like slurry --- XRD --- intelligent torque rheometer --- on-site monitoring --- cyclic wetting-drying --- deterioration --- sandstone --- mudstone --- elastic modulus --- uniaxial compressive strength --- permeability characteristics --- grading broken gangue --- compressive stress --- compression deformation --- mine shaft --- alternate strata --- surrounding rock --- shaft lining --- relief excavation --- consolidation process --- unsaturated soil --- semi-analytical solution --- impeded drainage boundary --- excess pore-pressures --- coalbed methane (CBM) --- soft coal masses --- pore structure --- fractal pore characteristics --- hydraulic fractures --- PPCZ --- multitude parameters --- propagation pattern --- stress interference --- naturally fracture --- filtration effects --- grout penetration --- unified pipe-network method --- two-phase flow --- fractured porous medium --- new cementitious material --- cement-based paste discharge --- XRD --- TG/DTG --- SEM --- MIP --- mechanical behaviors --- rock fracture --- shear-flow coupled test --- constant normal stiffness conditions --- transmissivity --- hydraulic aperture --- water inrush prevention --- backfill mining --- strata movement --- ground pressure --- floor failure depth --- water–rock interaction --- degradation mechanism --- mixed mode fracture resistance --- fracture criteria --- T-stress --- hydro-power --- high-steep slope --- fractured rock --- permeability --- seepage control --- gas-bearing coal --- electrical potential --- charge separation --- gas adsorption --- damage evolution --- Unsaturation --- chloride --- concrete --- coupling model --- numerical calculation --- debris flow --- forecasting --- rainfall-unstable soil coupling mechanism(R-USCM) --- scoops3D --- Jiaohe --- non-aqueous phase liquid --- finite element method --- two-phase flow --- mixed-form formulation --- FLAC --- pore structure --- movable fluid --- tight sandstones --- Ordos Basin --- tectonically deformed coal --- coal and gas outburst --- coal-like material --- mechanical properties --- deformation feature --- adsorption/desorption properties --- minerals --- mechanical properties --- uniaxial compressive strength --- crack distribution characteristics --- discrete element method --- lignite --- nitric acid modification --- pore structure --- surface characteristics --- adsorption performance --- n/a

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