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Financial Econometrics

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ISBN: 9783039216260 9783039216277 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-627-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Financial econometrics has developed into a very fruitful and vibrant research area in the last two decades. The availability of good data promotes research in this area, specially aided by online data and high-frequency data. These two characteristics of financial data also create challenges for researchers that are different from classical macro-econometric and micro-econometric problems. This Special Issue is dedicated to research topics that are relevant for analyzing financial data. We have gathered six articles under this theme.

Geomechanics for Energy and a Sustainable Environment

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ISBN: 9783039281503 9783039281510 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-151-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This book describes recent advances in geomechanics for energy and the sustainable environment. Four research articles, related to high-level radioactive nuclear waste disposal stability, geological effect and wellbore stability considerations for methane gas hydrate production, and artificial soil freezing, are presented in this book. In addition, a comprehensive state-of-the-art review verifies the strong correlation between global climate change and the occurrence of geotechnical engineering hazards. The review also summarizes recent attempts to reduce CO2 emissions from civil and geotechnical engineering practices. Readers will gain ideas as to how we can deal with conventional and renewable energy sources and environment-related geotechnical engineering issues.

Selected Papers from the 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP)

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ISBN: 9783039210404 9783039210411 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-041-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This Special Issue contains a series of excellent research works on telecommunications and signal processing, selected from the 2018 41st International Conference on Telecommunications and Signal Processing (TSP) which was held on July 4–6, 2018, in Athens, Greece. The conference was organized in cooperation with the IEEE Region 8 (Europe, Middle East, and Africa), IEEE Greece Section, IEEE Czechoslovakia Section, and IEEE Czechoslovakia Section SP/CAS/COM Joint Chapter by seventeen universities from the Czech Republic, Hungary, Turkey, Taiwan, Japan, Slovak Republic, Spain, Bulgaria, France, Slovenia, Croatia, and Poland, for academics, researchers, and developers, and serves as a premier international forum for the annual exchange and promotion of the latest advances in telecommunication technology and signal processing. The aim of the conference is to bring together both novice and experienced scientists, developers, and specialists, to meet new colleagues, collect new ideas, and establish new cooperation between research groups from universities, research centers, and private sectors worldwide. This collection of 10 papers is highly recommended for researchers, and believed to be interesting, inspiring, and motivating for readers in their further research.

Siloxane-Based Polymers

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ISBN: 9783038971252 9783038971269 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-126-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book, a collection of 12 original contributions and 4 reviews, provides a selection of the most recent advances in the preparation, characterization, and applications of polymeric nanocomposites comprising nanoparticles. The concept of nanoparticle-reinforced polymers came about three decades ago, following the outstanding discovery of fullerenes and carbon nanotubes. One of the main ideas behind this approach is to improve the matrix mechanical performance. The nanoparticles exhibit higher specific surface area, surface energy, and density compared to microparticles and, hence, lower nanofiller concentrations are needed to attain properties comparable to, or even better than, those obtained by conventional microfiller loadings, which facilitates processing and minimizes the increase in composite weight. The addition of nanoparticles into different polymer matrices opens up an important research area in the field of composite materials. Moreover, many different types of inorganic nanoparticles, such as quantum dots, metal oxides, and ceramic and metallic nanoparticles, have been incorporated into polymers for their application in a wide range of fields, ranging from medicine to photovoltaics, packaging, and structural applications.

Keywords

fabrication --- multielectrode array (MEA) --- PDMS --- PDMS etching --- plateau-shaped electrode --- recessed electrode --- spinal cord signal recording --- underexposure --- organosilane --- quartz microcrystal --- encapsulant --- refractive index --- thermal conductivity --- poly(dimethylsiloxanes) --- surface modification --- nanosilica --- diethyl carbonate --- carbon content --- morphology --- coatings --- fillers --- hybrid hydrogel --- MAPOSS --- mechanical properties --- swelling --- drug release --- dental resin --- methacryl POSS --- shrinkage --- hardness --- scratch resistance --- ceramizable silicone rubber --- borate --- halloysite --- composite --- ceramizable mechanism --- polysiloxanes --- mortar --- basalt fibre --- roughness --- surface free energy --- poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) --- hydrophilic --- non-releasable --- polydimethylsiloxane --- coatings --- cross-linking --- surface --- amphiphilic --- anti-bioadhesion --- hyperbranched poly(methylhydrosiloxanes) --- hydrolytic polycondensation --- 29Si-NMR --- topology of polysiloxane chains --- polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxanes --- high molecular weight --- nanoparticles --- PDMS --- sugar templating process --- 3D porous network --- thermal stability --- TG-FTIR --- X-ray (Micro-CT) microtomography --- sol-gel --- hybrids --- chlorogenic acid --- bioactivity --- FTIR --- TG --- polysiloxanes --- theranostics --- drug delivery --- nanomedicine --- PDMS --- silicon --- ultraviolet (UV) curable coatings --- low surface energy materials --- fluorinated siloxane resin

Bioactive and Therapeutic Dental Materials

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ISBN: 9783039214198 9783039214204 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-420-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book focus principally on ions-releasing and other smart dental materials for application in preventive and restorative dentistry, as well as in endodontics in the form of adhesives, resin-based composites, pastes, varnishes, liners and dental cements. Special attention has been given to bioactive materials developed to induce cells differentiation/stimulation, hard tissue formation and exert antimicrobial actions. New innovations are necessary to continue to help reinforcing existing technologies and to introduce new paradigms for treating dental disease and restoring teeth seriously compromised by caries lesions via biomimetic and more biological operative approaches. Dental bioactive materials is arguably the latest research area in dentistry and thus the amount of new research is overwhelming. However, in this day and age of evidence based practice it important for this new information to be distilled into a practical and understandable format.

Keywords

orthodontic resin --- photocatalyst TiO2 --- antibacterial --- cariogenic --- early colonizer --- hydrophilic properties --- irradiation --- calcium silicate cements --- pulpal response --- mineralization --- calcific barrier --- inflammation --- odontoblastic layer --- resin cements --- shrinkage stress --- water sorption --- hydroscopic expansion --- photoelastic investigation --- antibacterial --- calcium --- doxycycline --- nanoparticles --- zinc --- dental composites --- antibacterial properties --- silver --- mechanical properties --- degree of conversion --- sorption --- solubility --- color stability --- mechanical properties --- nanotubes --- resin composite --- Streptococcus mutans --- triclosan --- bleaching products --- diffusion --- cytotoxicity --- dental pulp --- stem cells --- nanoporous silica --- glass-ionomer cement --- calcium --- preclinical biosafety --- bone substitute --- mesenchymal stem cells --- ?-tricalcium phosphate --- tissue engineering --- dental sealant --- resin sealant --- calcium phosphate nanoparticles --- long-term ion release --- remineralization --- ion recharge --- dentin --- desmineralization --- microtensile bond strength --- adhesion --- bioactive --- cycling mechanical stress --- dentine --- longevity --- resin-modified glass ionomer cements --- polyacrylic acid treatment --- bone regeneration --- ?-tricalcium phosphate --- calcium sulfate --- bone substitutes --- animal study --- n/a --- adhesion --- cycling mechanical stress --- dentine --- longevity --- glass-ionomer cements --- universal adhesives

Intrinsically Biocompatible Polymer Systems

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ISBN: 9783039284207 9783039284214 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-421-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Biocompatibility refers to the ability of a biomaterial to perform its desired function with respect to a medical therapy, without eliciting any undesirable local or systemic effects in the recipient or beneficiary of that therapy, but generating the most appropriate beneficial cellular or tissue response in that specific situation, and optimizing the clinically relevant performance of that therapy, which reflects current developments in the area of intrinsically biocompatible polymer systems. Polymeric biomaterials are presently used as, for example, long-term implantable medical devices, degradable implantable systems, transient invasive intravascular devices, and, recently, as tissue engineering scaffolds. This Special Issue welcomes full papers and short communications highlighting the aspects of the current trends in the area of intrinsically biocompatible polymer systems.

Keywords

antimicrobial peptides --- biodegradable polymers --- biocompatible polymers --- drug delivery systems --- controlled release --- citropin --- temporin --- ionic liquids --- chitooligosaccharide --- polyurethane --- biodegradability --- physicochemical properties --- hemocompatibility --- biological activity --- crosslinking --- drug delivery --- cosmetic --- food-supplement --- functionalization --- hyaluronan applications --- hyaluronan derivatives --- hyaluronan synthases --- hyaluronic acid --- hyaluronidases --- physico-chemical properties --- cyclohexanone --- ?-butyrolactone --- chloroform --- extraction --- polyhydroxyalkanoates --- PHB --- electrospraying --- biodegradable nano/microparticles --- drug delivery --- septic arthritis --- release characteristics --- biopolymers --- silk fibroin --- konjac glucomannan --- porous beads --- scaffolds --- tissue engineering --- microcarriers --- Poly (l-lactic) acid --- Chitosan --- nanohydroxyapatite --- osteoblasts --- ion-releasing materials --- shrinkage stress --- water sorption --- hydroscopic expansion --- photoelastic investigation --- enzymatic polymerization --- chemical polymerization --- poly(benzyl malate) --- biocompatible nanoparticles --- cell uptake --- cytotoxicity --- HepaRG cells --- human macrophages --- star polymers --- solution behavior --- ATRP --- SPION --- contrast agent --- MRI --- cancer diagnosis --- folate receptor --- pluronic F127 --- polylactide --- hydrolytic degradation --- mechanical properties --- PEEK copolymer synthesis --- PEEK composite --- Spine cage application --- In vitro biosafety --- degradation --- saliva --- mechanical properties --- molecular weight --- thermal properties --- activation energy of thermal decomposition --- anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction --- bone tunnel enlargement --- X-ray microtomography --- polylactide --- n/a

New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211401 9783039211418 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-141-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book is the result of a Special Issue published in Applied Sciences, entitled “New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete"". It identifies emerging research areas within the field of recycled aggregate concrete and contributes to the increased use of this eco-efficient material.Its contents are organised in the following sections: Upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete in structural design; Large scale applications of recycled aggregate concrete; Long-term behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete; Performance of recycled aggregate concrete in very aggressive environments; Reliability of recycled aggregate concrete structures; Life cycle assessment of recycled aggregate concrete; New applications of recycled aggregate concrete.

Keywords

reactive power concrete --- shrinkage --- creep --- steel fibre --- model --- compressive strength --- models --- geological nature of aggregates --- quality of aggregates --- concrete --- recycled aggregates --- seismic load --- strain rate --- fiber-reinforced concrete --- dynamic mechanical property --- recycled aggregate quality --- bond strength --- shear behavior --- aggregate interlock mechanism --- size effect --- ready-mixed concrete --- recycled concrete aggregates --- returned concrete --- concrete sludge fines --- soil stabilization --- recycled aggregate --- recycled aggregate concrete --- artificial neural networks --- aggregate characteristic --- input variable --- recycled concrete --- aggregate --- mixture proportioning --- flexural behavior --- recycling --- heavyweight waste glass --- cyclic load --- reinforced concrete member --- recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) --- steel reinforced recycled aggregate concrete (SRRAC) --- elevated temperature --- residual properties --- recycled coarse aggregate concrete --- nylon fiber --- mechanical properties --- permeability --- microstructure --- foam concrete --- cellular concrete --- ceramic foam --- modulus --- crushing --- energy absorbing --- CT --- foam structure --- foam stability --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- life cycle assessment --- environmental impact --- recycled concrete aggregate --- crumb rubber --- crushed glass --- compressive strength --- tensile splitting strength --- water absorption --- concrete --- aggregates --- fly-ash --- silica fume --- blast-furnace slag --- mechanical properties --- water absorption --- reinforced concrete --- recycled aggregate concrete --- columns --- seismic performance --- numerical analysis --- variable sensitivity --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- construction waste --- mechanical characteristics --- durable characteristics --- n/a

Processing-Structure-Property Relationships in Metals

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ISBN: 9783039217700 9783039217717 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-771-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:39:37
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In the industrial manufacturing of metals, the achievement of products featuring desired characteristics always requires the control of process parameters in order to obtain a suitable microstructure. The strict relationship among process parameters, microstructure, and mechanical properties is a matter of interest in different areas, such as foundry, plastic forming, sintering, welding, etc., and regards both well-established and innovative processes. Nowadays, circular economy and sustainable technological development are dominant paradigms and impose an optimized use of resources, a lower energetic impact of industrial processes and new tasks for materials and products. In this frame, this Special Issue covers a broad range of research works and contains research and review papers.

Keywords

titanium composites --- in situ secondary phases --- microstructure --- inductive hot pressing --- intermetallic --- bainite rail --- tempering --- retained austenite --- tensile property --- impact toughness --- cryorolling --- reduction --- ultrafine grain --- secondary recrystallization --- high strength --- microstructure inhomogeneity --- non-monotonic simple shear strains --- shear strain reversal --- severe plastic deformation --- texture inhomogeneity --- tensile properties --- Mg-10Y-6Gd-1.5Zn-0.5Zr --- ultra-fine grain --- aging treatment --- precipitation behavior --- mechanical property --- multimodal --- AZ91 alloy --- equal channel angular pressing --- aging --- high pressure die casting --- aluminum alloy --- prediction model --- process monitoring --- static mechanical behavior --- fracture surface --- microstructure. --- casting --- Al 6061 alloys --- shrinkage --- porosity --- steering knuckles --- Al alloys --- warm working --- mechanical properties --- dental materials --- metal posts --- computer-aided design (CAD) --- image analysis --- mechanical properties --- finite element analysis --- additive manufacturing --- Al alloys --- wear --- cavitation erosion --- SEM --- microstructure --- high speed steel --- nanostructured coatings --- thin films --- FEGSEM --- tribology --- Nb tube --- caliber-rolling --- grain boundaries --- texture --- electron backscatter diffraction --- damping --- aluminum film --- grain boundary --- anelasticity --- thin aluminum sheet --- alloys --- aeronautic applications --- mechanical properties --- corrosion resistance --- EBM --- SEBM --- macro-instrumented indentation test --- property-microstructure-process relationship --- mechanical properties --- indentation hardness --- indentation modulus --- tensile properties --- Ti-6Al-4V alloy --- ?-platelet thickness --- columnar microstructure --- n/a

Ironmaking and Steelmaking

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ISBN: 9783039213290 9783039213306 Year: Pages: 464 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-330-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Steel is a critical material in our societies and will remain an important one for a long time into the future. In the last two decades, the world steel industry has gone through drastic changes and this is predicted to continue in the future. The Asian countries (e.g. China, India) have been dominant in the production of steel creating global over-capacity, while the steel industry in the developed countries have made tremendous efforts to reinforce its global leadership in process technology and product development, and remain sustainable and competitive. The global steel industry is also facing various grand challenges in strict environmental regulation, new energy and materials sources, and ever-increasing customer requirements for high quality steel products, which has been addressed accordingly by the global iron and steel community. This Special Issue, “Ironmaking and Steelmaking”, released by the journal Metals, published 33 high quality articles from the international iron and steel community, covering the state-of-the-art of the ironmaking and steelmaking processes. This includes fundamental understanding, experimental investigation, pilot plant trials, industrial applications and big data utilization in the improvement and optimization of existing processes, and research and development in transformative technologies. It is hoped that the creation of this special issue as a scientific platform will help drive the iron and steel community to build a sustainable steel industry.

Keywords

ironmaking --- microwaves --- carbothermal reduction --- iron oxides --- emission spectrum --- ore-carbon briquette --- CO–CO2 atmosphere --- simulation --- re-oxidation --- reduction --- electroslag cladding --- high speed steel --- ductile cast iron --- composite roll --- bonding interface --- high-phosphorus iron ore --- fluorapatite --- carbothermal reduction --- vaporization dephosphorization --- iron ore pellets --- compressive strength (CS) --- prediction model --- artificial neural network --- principal component analysis --- crystallization behaviors --- crystallization rate --- anosovite crystals --- silicate crystals --- titanium slag --- blast furnace --- copper stave --- hydrogen attack --- slag crust --- heat-affected zone --- high heat input welding --- Ca deoxidation --- inclusion control --- intragranular acicular ferrite --- concentrate --- iron ore --- agglomerate --- structure --- phase analysis --- Mg deoxidation --- inclusions --- Al addition --- high-heat-input welding --- heat-affected zone --- toughness --- shot peening --- Barkhausen noise --- crystallite size --- carbon composite pellet --- direct reduction --- shrinkage --- kinetics --- rotary hearth furnace --- hydrogen plasma --- smelting reduction --- HPSR --- iron oxide --- plasma arc --- ionization degree --- sulfur distribution ratio --- liquid area --- carbon-saturated iron --- phosphate capacity --- sulfide capacity --- phosphorus distribution ratio --- sulfur distribution ratio --- evaluation of coupling relationship --- secondary refining process, CaO–based slags --- iron sulfate --- TG analysis --- thermal treatment --- iron oxide --- kinetics --- activation energy --- high-aluminum iron ore --- synergistic reduction --- high-manganese iron ore --- hercynite --- fayalite --- flow velocity --- casting speed --- gas flow rate --- flow pattern --- continuous casting --- Cr recovery --- self-reduction briquette --- reaction mechanism --- mold flux --- low fluorine --- internal crack --- surface roughness --- slag film --- vanadium titano-magnetite --- gas-based reduction --- carbon monoxide --- hydrogen --- and nitrogen --- kinetics --- pellet size --- liquid steel --- non-contact measurement --- oxides --- steel-making --- blast furnace --- solid flow --- cold experiment --- direct element method --- Wilcox–Swailes coefficient --- viscosity --- BaO --- CaO/Al2O3 ratio --- modified NPL model --- ultrafine particles exposure --- steelmaking factory --- chemical composition --- devolatilization --- torrefied biomass --- bio-coal --- volatile matter --- iso-conversional method --- Al-TRIP steel --- surface depression --- cracks --- non-metallic inclusion --- mold flux --- reactivity --- hot metal pre-treatment --- desiliconisation --- dephosphorisation --- solid and gaseous oxygen --- fork --- flat steel --- inclusions --- 33MnCrTiB --- slag --- carbon dioxide --- injection --- blast furnace --- converter --- combustion --- oxygen steelmaking --- refining kinetics --- slag formation --- penetration theory --- oxygen blast furnace --- COREX --- static process model --- integrated steel plant --- material flow --- energy consumption --- CO2 emissions --- oil-pipeline steel --- Ca-treatment --- non-metallic inclusions --- electrolytic extraction --- corrosion --- n/a

Advances in Near Infrared Spectroscopy and Related Computational Methods

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039280520 9783039280537 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-053-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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In the last few decades, near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy has distinguished itself as one of the most rapidly advancing spectroscopic techniques. Mainly known as an analytical tool useful for sample characterization and content quantification, NIR spectroscopy is essential in various other fields, e.g. NIR imaging techniques in biophotonics, medical applications or used for characterization of food products. Its contribution in basic science and physical chemistry should be noted as well, e.g. in exploration of the nature of molecular vibrations or intermolecular interactions. One of the current development trends involves the miniaturization and simplification of instrumentation, creating prospects for the spread of NIR spectrometers at a consumer level in the form of smartphone attachments—a breakthrough not yet accomplished by any other analytical technique. A growing diversity in the related methods and applications has led to a dispersion of these contributions among disparate scientific communities. The aim of this Special Issue was to bring together the communities that may perceive NIR spectroscopy from different perspectives. It resulted in 30 contributions presenting the latest advances in the methodologies essential in near-infrared spectroscopy in a variety of applications.

Keywords

hyperspectral imaging --- variety discrimination --- Chrysanthemum --- deep convolutional neural network --- DNA --- FTIR spectroscopy --- rapid identification --- PLS-DA --- animal origin --- near-infrared hyperspectral imaging --- raisins --- support vector machine --- pixel-wise --- object-wise --- maize kernel --- hyperspectral imaging technology --- accelerated aging --- principal component analysis --- support vector machine model --- standard germination tests --- blackberries --- Rubus fructicosus --- phenolics --- carotenoids --- bioanalytical applications --- near infrared --- chemometrics --- VIS/NIR hyperspectral imaging --- corn seed --- classification --- freeze-damaged --- image processing --- imaging visualization --- wavelength selection --- NIR spectroscopy --- binary dragonfly algorithm --- ensemble learning --- quantitative analysis modeling --- NIR --- SCiO --- pocket-sized spectrometer --- cheese --- fat --- moisture --- multivariate data analysis --- Fourier-transform near-infrared spectroscopy --- glucose --- fructose --- dry matter --- partial least square regression --- Ewing sarcoma --- Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy --- FTIR --- chemotherapy --- bone cancer --- calibration transfer --- NIR spectroscopy --- PLS --- quantitative analysis model --- melamine --- FT-IR --- NIR spectroscopy --- quantum chemical calculation --- anharmonic calculation --- overtones --- combination bands --- near infrared spectroscopy --- Trichosanthis Fructus --- geographical origin --- chemometric techniques --- crude drugs --- prepared slices --- support vector machine-discriminant analysis --- near-infrared fluorescence --- fluorescent probes --- Zn(II) --- di-(2-picolyl)amine --- living cells --- cellular imaging --- near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy --- calibration transfer --- affine invariance --- multivariate calibration --- partial least squares (PLS) --- NIR --- direct model transferability --- MicroNIR™ --- SVM --- hier-SVM --- SIMCA --- PLS-DA --- TreeBagger --- PLS --- calibration transfer --- agriculture --- photonics --- imaging --- spectral imaging --- spectroscopy --- handheld near-infrared spectroscopy --- pasta/sauce blends --- partial least squares calibration --- nutritional parameters --- bootstrapping soft shrinkage --- partial least squares --- extra virgin olive oil --- adulteration --- FT-NIR spectroscopy --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- ethanol --- anharmonic quantum mechanical calculations --- isotopic substitution --- overtones --- combinations bands --- seeds vitality --- rice seeds --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- hyperspectral image --- discriminant analysis --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- counter propagation artificial neural network --- detection --- auxiliary diagnosis --- BRAF V600E mutation --- colorectal cancer --- tissue --- paraffin-embedded --- deparaffinized --- stained --- ultra-high performance liquid chromatography --- Folin–Ciocalteu --- total hydroxycinnamic derivatives --- phytoextraction --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- origin traceability --- data fusion --- Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis --- Fourier transform mid-infrared spectroscopy --- near-infrared spectroscopy --- aquaphotomics --- water --- light --- near infrared spectroscopy --- water-mirror approach --- perturbation --- biomeasurements --- biodiagnosis --- biomonitoring --- Vitis vinifera L. --- proximal sensing --- precision viticulture --- near infrared --- chemometrics --- non-destructive sensor --- NIRS --- osteopathy --- late preterm --- brain --- splanchnic --- Raman spectroscopy --- hyperspectral imaging --- analytical spectroscopy --- counterfeit and substandard pharmaceuticals --- DFT calculations --- chemometrics --- PLSR --- API --- lumefantrine --- artemether --- antimalarial tablets --- FT-NIR spectroscopy --- PLS-R --- water --- glucose --- test set validation --- RMSEP --- hyperspectral image processing --- perfusion measurements --- clinical classifications --- n/a

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