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Culture and Money in the Nineteenth Century

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ISBN: 9780821421963 9780821445471 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102793
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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Since the 1980s, scholars have made the case for examining 19th-century culture, particularly literary output, through the lens of economics. Bivona and Tromp have collected contributions that push New Economic Criticism in new directions.Spanning the Americas, India, England, and Scotland, this volume adopts a global view of the cultural effects of economics and exchange. Contributors use the concept of abstraction to show how economic thought and concerns around money permeated all aspects of 19th-century culture, from the language of wills to arguments around the social purpose of art.The characteristics of investment and speculation; the symbolic and practical meanings of paper money to the Victorians; the shifting value of goods, services, and ideas; the evolving legal conceptualizations of artistic ownership are all essential to understanding nineteenth-century culture in Britain and beyond.

Drawing on the Victorians

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ISBN: 9780821422472 9780821445877 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102795
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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Late 19th-century Britain experienced an explosion of visual print culture and a simultaneous rise in literacy across social classes. New printing technologies facilitated quick and cheap dissemination of images—illustrated books, periodicals, cartoons, comics, and ephemera—to a mass readership. This Victorian visual turn prefigured the present-day impact of the Internet on how images are produced and shared, both driving and reflecting the visual culture of its time. From this starting point, Drawing on the Victorians explores the relationship between Victorian graphic texts and today’s steampunk, manga, and other neo-Victorian genres that emulate and reinterpret their predecessors. Neo-Victorianism is a flourishing worldwide phenomenon, but one whose relationship with the texts from which it takes its inspiration remains underexplored.

Cast Out

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ISBN: 9780896802629 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102808
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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Throughout history, those arrested for vagrancy have generally been poor men and women, often young, able-bodied, unemployed, and homeless. Most histories of vagrancy have focused on the European and American experiences. This is the first book to consider global laws, homelessness, and the historical processes they accompanied. Vagrancy and homelessness are used to examine the migration of labor, social and governmental responses, poverty through charity, welfare, and prosecution. Cast Out includes discussions of the lives of the underclass, strategies for surviving and escaping poverty, the criminalization of poverty by the state, the rise of welfare and development programs, the relationship between imperial powers and colonized peoples, and the struggle to achieve independence after colonial rule.

African Asylum at a Crossroads

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ISBN: 9780821421383 9780821445181 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102812
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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This book examines the emerging trend of requests for expert opinions in asylum hearings or refugee status determinations. It is the first to explore the role of court-based expertise in relation to African asylum cases and the first to establish a rigorous analytical framework for interpreting the effects of this new reliance on expert testimony. Courts in Western countries and beyond have begun demanding expert reports tailored to the experience of the individual claimant. As courts increasingly draw upon such testimony in their deliberations, expertise in matters of asylum and refugee status is emerging as an academic area with its own standards, protocols, and guidelines.

Slavery, Agriculture, and Malaria in the Arabian Peninsula

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ISBN: 9780821421819 9780821421826 9780821445402 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102810
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:07
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This book illuminates a previously unstudied phenomenon: the large-scale employment of people of African ancestry as slaves in agricultural oases within the Arabian Peninsula. The key to understanding this unusual system is the prevalence of malaria within Arabian Peninsula oases and drainage basins, which rendered agricultural lands in Arabia extremely unhealthy for people without genetic or acquired resistance to malarial fevers. In this way, Arabian slave agriculture had unexpected similarities to slavery as practiced in the Caribbean and Brazil. This book synthesizes a body of historical and ethnographic data about slave-based agriculture in the Arabian Peninsula. Reilly uses an innovative methodology to analyze the limited historical record and a multidisciplinary approach to complicate our understandings of the nature of work in an area that is popularly thought of solely as desert.

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