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Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Engine of Economic Development

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ISBN: 9781349581504 9781349581511 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-58151-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:53:00
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This volume uses the study of firm dynamics to investigate the factors preventing faster productivity growth in Latin America and the Caribbean, pushing past the limits of traditional macroeconomic analyses. Each chapter is dedicated to an examination of a different factor affecting firm productivity - innovation, ICT usage, on-the-job-training, firm age, access to credit, and international linkages - highlighting the differences in firm characteristics, behaviors, and strategies. By showcasing this remarkable heterogeneity, this collection challenges regional policymakers to look beyond one-size-fits-all solutions and create balanced policy mixes tailored to distinct firm needs.

Keywords

development --- economics

Digital Kenya: An Entrepreneurial Revolution in the Making

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies of Entrepreneurship in Africa ISBN: 9781137578808 9781137578785 Year: Pages: 509 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-57878-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 17:11:32
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Presenting rigorous and original research, this volume offers key insights into the historical, cultural, social, economic and political forces at play in the creation of world-class ICT innovations in Kenya. Following the arrival of fiber-optic cables in 2009, Digital Kenya examines why the initial entrepreneurial spirit and digital revolution has begun to falter despite support from motivated entrepreneurs, international investors, policy experts and others. Written by engaged scholars and professionals in the field, the book offers 15 eye-opening chapters and 14 one-on-one conversations with entrepreneurs and investors to ask why establishing ICT start-ups on a continental and global scale remains a challenge on the “Silicon Savannah”. The authors present evidence-based recommendations to help Kenya to continue producing globally impactful ICT innovations that improve the lives of those still waiting on the side-lines, and to inspire other nations to do the same.

Saving for Development: How Latin America and the Caribbean Can Save More and Better

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ISBN: 9781349949281 9781349949298 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-94929-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:56:51
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Why should people - and economies - save? This book on the savings problem in Latin America and the Caribbean suggests that, while saving to survive the bad times is important, saving to thrive in the good times is what really counts. People must save to invest in health and education, live productive and fulfilling lives, and make the most of their retirement years. Firms must save to grow their enterprises, employ more workers in better jobs, and produce quality goods. Governments must save to build the infrastructure required by a productive economy, provide quality services to their citizens, and assure their senior citizens a dignified, worry-free retirement. In short, countries must save not for the proverbial rainy day, but for a sunny day - a time when everyone can bask in the benefits of growth, prosperity, and well-being.

Healthcare, Frugal Innovation, and Professional Voluntarism: A Cost-Benefit Analysis

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483658 9783319483665 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48366-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:50:28
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This book investigates what international placements of healthcare employees in low resource settings add to the UK workforce and the efficacy of its national health system. The authors present empirical data collected from a volunteer deployment project in Uganda focused on reducing maternal and new-born mortality and discuss the learning and experiential outcomes for UK health care professionals acting as long term volunteers in low resource settings. They also develop a model for structured placement that offers optimal learning and experiential outcomes and minimizes risk, while shedding new light on the role that international placements play as part of continuing professional development both in the UK and in other sending countries.

Keywords

healthcare --- politics --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

The Ethics of Educational Healthcare Placements in Low and Middle Income Countries: First Do No Harm?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319483627 9783319483634 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48363-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 13:02:49
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This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it will be of immediate interest to universities, intermediary organizations, students as consumers, and hosting organisations in low-resource settings.

Keywords

education --- policy --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

Mobile Professional Voluntarism and International Development: Killing Me Softly?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137558329 9781137558336 Year: Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-55833-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 17:00:47
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This book explores the impact that professional volunteers have on the low resource countries they choose to spend time in. Whilst individual volunteering may be of immediate benefit to individual patients, this intervention may have detrimental effects on local health systems; distorting labour markets, accentuating dependencies and creating opportunities for corruption. Improved volunteer deployment may avoid these risks and present opportunities for sustainable systems change. The empirical research presented in this book stems from a specific volunteering intervention funded by the Tropical Health Education Trust and focused on improving maternal and newborn health in Uganda. However, important opportunities exist for policy transfer to other contexts.

Disability, Health and Human Development

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Disability and International Development ISBN: 9781137536372 9781137536389 Year: Pages: 177 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-53638-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 17:45:20
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This open access book introduces the human development model to define disability and map its links with health and wellbeing, based on Sen’s capability approach. The author uses panel survey data with internationally comparable questions on disability for Ethiopia, Malawi, Tanzania and Uganda. It presents evidence on the prevalence of disability and its strong and consistent association with multidimensional poverty, mortality, economic insecurity and deprivations in education, morbidity and employment. It shows that disability needs to be considered from multiple angles including aging, gender, health and poverty. Ultimately, this study makes a call for inclusion and prevention interventions as solutions to the deprivations associated with impairments and health conditions.

The Early Years: Child Well-Being and the Role of Public Policy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137536495 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1057/9781137536495 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:20:00
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO license. The Early Years analyzes the development of Latin American and Caribbean children and makes a compelling case for government intervention in what is instinctively a family affair. Spending on effective programs for young children is an investment that, if done well, will have very high returns, while failure to implement such programs will lower the returns on the hefty investments being made in primary, secondary, and higher education. Policies for young children belong at the core of a country's development agenda, alongside policies to develop infrastructure and strengthen institutions. However, if the services provided (or funded) by governments are to benefit children, they must be substantially better than what is currently being delivered in the region. This book offers suggestions for improving public policy in this critical area.

Determinants of Financial Development

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ISBN: 9780230273672 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_392749 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Business and Management --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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"As the world has witnessed the worst financial crisis and climate crisis of our age, during the period of 2007-2009, the issues surrounding the emergence and development of financial markets and carbon markets is becoming an increasingly significant area of research and debate worldwide. By engaging with recently developed methods of research and new areas of practice, this book investigates the political, economic, policy and geographic determinants of the development of financial markets. The volume examines the causality between financial development and aggregate private investment from an economic perspective. It also explores the consequences of political liberalization, focusing on the impact of institutional improvement on financial development. It studies what stimulates governments to initiate reforms aimed at boosting financial development, and analyses the determinants of carbon markets in developing countries from a geographic point of view. &#xD;&#xD;This book is essential reading for all interested in economic and financial development, climate change, environmental economics, and applied econometrics. &#xD;"

Multiculturalism and Conflict Reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific

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ISBN: 9781137464620 9781137403605 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1057/9781137403605 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:57:01
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. Japan has recently promoted a number of initiatives that can be termed an opening to the world and the Asia-Pacific in particular. These have origins in Japan's globalization generally and multicultural policies more specifically. The chapters in this book are grouped in three parts—theories, language, and migration—and they explicate details of multiculturalism in the Asia-Pacific, largely focused on Japan, but including cases that extend beyond Japan as well. Alternative understandings based on analyzing conflicts and moving towards reconciliation underscore the urgency of viewing multiculturalism in Japan and the Asia-Pacific from perspectives that are firmly based in the region. Themes such as immigration, identity, foreign language education, politics and language, English language policies, dual citizenship, foreign labor policies and movements, and higher education are all addressed in the individual chapters. This book will be of interest to scholars of multiculturalism in a wide variety of fields.

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