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Investigating the Body in the Victorian Asylum: Doctors, Patients, and Practices

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Book Series: Mental Health in Historical Perspective ISBN: 9783319567136 9783319567143 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56714-3 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:58:06
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This book explores how the body was investigated in the late nineteenth-century asylum in Britain. As more and more Victorian asylum doctors looked to the bodily fabric to reveal the ‘truth’ of mental disease, a whole host of techniques and technologies were brought to bear upon the patient's body. These practices encompassed the clinical and the pathological, from testing the patient's reflexes to dissecting the brain.Investigating the Body in the Victorian Asylum takes a unique approach to the topic, conducting a chapter-by-chapter dissection of the body. It considers how asylum doctors viewed and investigated the skin, muscles, bones, brain, and bodily fluids. The book demonstrates the importance of the body in nineteenth-century psychiatry as well as how the asylum functioned as a site of research, and will be of value to historians of psychiatry, the body, and scientific practice.

Psychiatry and Decolonisation in Uganda

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ISBN: 9781137600943 Year: DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-60095-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates psychiatry in Uganda during the years of decolonisation. It examines the challenges facing a new generation of psychiatrists as they took over responsibility for psychiatry at the end of empire, and explores the ways psychiatric practices were tied to shifting political and development priorities, periods of instability, and a broader context of transnational and international exchange. At its heart is a question that has concerned psychiatrists globally since the mid-twentieth century: how to bridge the social and cultural gap between psychiatry and its patients? Bringing together archival research with oral histories, Yolana Pringle traces how this question came to dominate both national and international discussions on mental health care reform, including at the World Health Organization, and helped spur a culture of experimentation and creativity globally. As Pringle shows, however, the history of psychiatry during the years of decolonisation remained one of marginality, and ultimately, in the context of war and violence, the decolonisation of psychiatry was incomplete.

The Pathologisation of Homosexuality in Fascist Italy

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ISBN: 9783030009939 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00994-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Psychology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book investigates the pathologisation of homosexuality during the fascist regime in Italy through an analysis of the case of G., a man with "homosexual tendencies" interned in the Collegno mental health hospital in 1928. No systematic study exists on the possibility that Fascism used internment in an asylum as a tool of repression for LGBT people, as an alternative to confinement on an island, prison or home arrests. This research offers evidence that in some cases it did. The book highlights how the dictatorship operated in a low-key, shadowy and undetectable manner, bending pre-existing legislation. Its brutality was - and still is - difficult to prove. It also emphasises the ways in which existing stereotypes on homosexuality were reinforced by the regime propaganda in support of its so-called moralising campaign and how families, the police and the medical professionals joined forces in implementing this form of repression.

The Cost of Insanity in Nineteenth-Century Ireland

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Book Series: Mental Health in Historical Perspective ISBN: 9783319652436 9783319652443 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-65244-3 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Psychiatry --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This open access book is the first comparative study of public, voluntary and private asylums in nineteenth-century Ireland. Examining nine institutions, it explores whether concepts of social class and status and the emergence of a strong middle class informed interactions between gender, religion, identity and insanity. It questions whether medical and lay explanations of mental illness and its causes, and patient experiences, were influenced by these concepts. The strong emphasis on land and its interconnectedness with notions of class identity and respectability in Ireland lends a particularly interesting dimension. The book interrogates the popular notion that relatives were routinely locked away to be deprived of land or inheritance, querying how often “land grabbing” Irish families really abused the asylum system for their personal economic gain. The book will be of interest to scholars of nineteenth-century Ireland and the history of psychiatry and medicine in Britain and Ireland.


The Ethics of Vaccination

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ISBN: 9783030020675 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02068-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Philosophy --- Medicine (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-19 11:21:22
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This open access book discusses individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to vaccination from the perspective of philosophy and public health ethics. It addresses the issue of what it means for a collective to be morally responsible for the realisation of herd immunity and what the implications of collective responsibility are for individual and institutional responsibilities. The first chapter introduces some key concepts in the vaccination debate, such as ‘herd immunity’, ‘public goods’, and ‘vaccine refusal’; and explains why failure to vaccinate raises certain ethical issues. The second chapter analyses, from a philosophical perspective, the relationship between individual, collective, and institutional responsibilities with regard to the realisation of herd immunity. The third chapter is about the principle of least restrictive alternative in public health ethics and its implications for vaccination policies. Finally, the fourth chapter presents an ethical argument for unqualified compulsory vaccination, i.e. for compulsory vaccination that does not allow for any conscientious objection. The book would appeal both philosophers interested in public health ethics and the general public interested in the philosophical underpinning of different arguments about our moral obligations with regard to vaccination.

Tobacco Control Policy in the Netherlands: Between Economy, Public Health, and Ideology

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Public Health Policy Research ISBN: 9783319723679 9783319723686 Year: Pages: 373 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72368-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universiteit Maastricht
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 16:15:14
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Governments have known since the 1960s that smoking results in irreversible health damage. This open access book examines why governments have done so little to combat this when they have been aware of the problem and its solutions for decades. What are the strategies and decisions that make a difference, given that policy environments are often not conducive to change? Taking the Netherlands as an example, this book helps to understand the complex policy process at the national level and why it so often appears irrational to us. It is the most sophisticated analysis of tobacco control policy to date, applying insights from political sciences to the field of tobacco control.

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