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2 'Sex and History' (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781137400338 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-40033-8_2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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The project responds to issues identified by the health&#xD;and education sector in the UK and internationally, particularly relating to&#xD;the widely attested difficulty for teachers of opening up conversations around&#xD;important topics such as consent and pornography.

Keywords

Sex --- History

The Palgrave Handbook of the History of Surgery

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ISBN: 9781349952595 Year: Pages: 578 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:14

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This handbook covers the technical, social and cultural history of surgery. It reflects the state of the art and suggests directions for future research. It discusses what is different and specific about the history of surgery - a manual activity with a direct impact on the patient’s body. The individual entries in the handbook function as starting points for anyone who wants to obtain up-to-date information about an area in the history of surgery for purposes of research or for general orientation. Written by 26 experts from 6 countries, the chapters discuss the essential topics of the field (such as anaesthesia, wound infection, instruments, specialization), specific domains areas (for example, cancer surgery, transplants, animals, war), but also innovative themes (women, popular culture, nursing, clinical trials) and make connections to other areas of historical research (such as the history of emotions, art, architecture, colonial history). &#xD;&#xD;

Chapter 3: 'The Gibbet in the Landscape: Locating the Criminal Corpse in Mid-Eighteenth-Century England' from book: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781137444011 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011_4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:57:22
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This is a chapter from A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse edited by Richard Ward. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. In this chapter, Zoe Dyndor uses data compiled for the Wellcome Trust funded project, Harnessing the Power of the Criminal Corpse, to investigate the logic and rationale behind selecting gibbet locations in eighteenth-century England. She suggests that while gibbets were generally located near to the scene of the crime, there were a number of other factors that led to the selection of particular sites for cases of hanging in chains. Through a case study of smugglers hung in chains in the 1740s, Dyndor demonstrates that, in certain cases, gibbet locations were specifically selected to reflect the nature of the offence, the background of the offender or the circumstances of the crime.

16 Surgery and Emotion (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_16 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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In this chapter I have endeavoured to demonstrate the ways in which an&#xD;approach that takes the emotions seriously might nuance and complicate&#xD;our understandings of the history of pre-anaesthetic surgery. In general,&#xD;historians have tended to focus on the operations of surgical dispassion, or&#xD;what we might now term clinical detachment. What this research suggests,&#xD;however, is that compassion and emotional expression played a surprisingly&#xD;important role in shaping the cultures of early nineteenth-century operative&#xD;surgery as well as the identities of its practitioners. In the decades immediately&#xD;preceding the advent of anaesthesia, pain became a central concern of&#xD;surgical discourse and the response to this concern was shaped by the cultures&#xD;of sentiment and sensibility. However, this culture of compassion was&#xD;no ‘natural’ reaction to a self-evident problem. Rather, it was a culturally&#xD;and historically contingent phenomenon which could be harnessed to the&#xD;ideologies and ambitions of medical reform. In the hands of men like John&#xD;Bell and Thomas Wakley, the image of the surgeon as a man of refined and&#xD;honest sentiment was linked to a critique of the medical and surgical ancien&#xD;regime, providing an idealised representation of a more expert, meritocratic&#xD;and altruistic profession.

Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History ISBN: 9783319643366 9783319643373 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-64337-3 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This book breaks new ground by situating animals and their diseases at the very heart of modern medicine. In demonstrating their historical significance as subjects and shapers of medicine, it offers important insights into past animal lives, and reveals that what we think of as ‘human’ medicine was in fact deeply zoological. Each chapter analyses an important episode in which animals changed and were changed by medicine. Ranging across the animal inhabitants of Britain’s zoos, sick sheep on Scottish farms, unproductive livestock in developing countries, and the tapeworms of California and Beirut, they illuminate the multi-species dimensions of modern medicine and its rich historical connections with biology, zoology, agriculture and veterinary medicine. The modern movement for One Health – whose history is also analyzed – is therefore revealed as just the latest attempt to improve health by working across species and disciplines. This book will appeal to historians of animals, science and medicine, to those involved in the promotion and practice of One Health today.&#xD;&#xD;

Keywords

Animals --- diseases --- medicine --- history

Punishing the Criminal Corpse, 1700-1840: Aggravated Forms of the Death Penalty in England

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137513601 9781137513618 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-51361-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:35:22
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This book analyses the different types of post-execution punishments and other aggravated execution practices, the reasons why they were advocated, and the decision, enshrined in the Murder Act of 1752, to make two post-execution punishments, dissection and gibbeting, an integral part of sentences for murder. It traces the origins of the Act, and then explores the ways in which Act was actually put into practice. After identifying the dominance of penal dissection throughout the period, it looks at the abandonment of burning at the stake in the 1790s, the rapid decline of hanging in chains just after 1800, and the final abandonment of both dissection and gibbeting in 1832 and 1834. It concludes that the Act, by creating differentiation in levels of penalty, played an important role within the broader capital punishment system well into the nineteenth century. While eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century historians have extensively studied the ‘Bloody Code’ and the resulting interactions around the ‘Hanging Tree’, they have largely ignored an important dimension of the capital punishment system – the courts extensive use of aggravated and post-execution punishments. With this book, Peter King aims to rectify this neglected historical phenomenon.

The Golden and Ghoulish Age of the Gibbet in Britain

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137600882 9781137600899 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-60089-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:41:55
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This book is the first academic study of the post-mortem practice of gibbeting (‘hanging in chains’), since the nineteenth century. Gibbeting involved placing the executed body of a malefactor in an iron cage and suspending it from a tall post. A body might remain in the gibbet for many decades, while it gradually fell to pieces. Hanging in chains was a very different sort of post-mortem punishment from anatomical dissection, although the two were equal alternatives in the eyes of the law. Where dissection obliterated and de-individualised the body, hanging in chains made it monumental and rooted it in the landscape, adding to personal notoriety. Focusing particularly on the period 1752-1832, this book provides a summary of the historical evidence, the factual history of gibbetting which explores the locations of gibbets, the material technologies involved in hanging in chains, and the actual process from erection to eventual collapse. It also considers the meanings, effects and legacy of this gruesome practice.

Chapter: '‘Rapt Up with Joy’: Children’s Emotional Responses to Death in Early Modern England' from book: Death, Emotion and Childhood in Premodern Europe (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9781137571984 9781137571991 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-57199-1_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 16:19:58
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Valuable scholarship has been produced on parents’ responses to the deaths of children in early modern England, but the emotional experiences of the young themselves have rarely been explored. This chapter seeks to rectify this deficiency by viewing death through the child’s eyes. Taking advantage of recent insights from the history of emotions, Newton argues that dying children expressed diverse and conflicting passions, from fear to ecstasy. The underlying question is to what extent children’s experiences differed from those of adults. While the range of emotions was similar, the preoccupations of children differed; these included a concern about surviving siblings, and a more vivid imagination of heaven. Through highlighting such distinctions, we come closer to what it was like to be an early modern child.

18 Surgery, Imperial Rule and Colonial Societies (1800–1930) (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781349952601 Year: Pages: 19 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95260-1_18 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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The following chapter is concerned with the ways in which political, social&#xD;and cultural contexts shape the performance and perceptions of surgery, especially&#xD;under nineteenth-century colonial empires.

A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:35:46
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Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

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