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Chapter 1: 'Sensing Absence: How to See What Isn't There in the Study of Science and Security' from book: Absence in Science, Security and Policy: From Research Agendas to Global Strategy

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ISBN: 9781137592613 Year: Pages: 34 DOI: 10.1057/9781137493736_1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:33:10
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This is a chapter from Absence in Science, Security and Policy edited by Brian Rappert and Brian Balmer. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. Part reflection on the forthcoming chapters, part analysis of academic literature, and part programmatic agenda setting, this introduction chapter forwards the importance of questioning taken for granted assumptions in sensing what is absent as a concern. It undertakes this through initially examining what it means to characterize concern as absent or present in the first place. While absence and presence are often treated as binary opposites, it will be argued this distinction is difficult to sustain and unhelpful for analysis. On the back of an appreciation of the inter-relation of absence and presence, this chapter then reviews the literature in sociology, ethics, STS and elsewhere relevant to the themes of the volume. A goal is to outline the methodological and epistemological possibilities and problematics of studying what is missing. By way of then proposing what is required, and to set the stage for the other chapters in Part 1, this chapter ends by asking how autostereograms provide a metaphor for viewing that can guide the study of absence.

Keywords

science --- policy --- philosophy

Saving for Development: How Latin America and the Caribbean Can Save More and Better

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781349949281 9781349949298 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-94929-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:56:51
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Why should people - and economies - save? This book on the savings problem in Latin America and the Caribbean suggests that, while saving to survive the bad times is important, saving to thrive in the good times is what really counts. People must save to invest in health and education, live productive and fulfilling lives, and make the most of their retirement years. Firms must save to grow their enterprises, employ more workers in better jobs, and produce quality goods. Governments must save to build the infrastructure required by a productive economy, provide quality services to their citizens, and assure their senior citizens a dignified, worry-free retirement. In short, countries must save not for the proverbial rainy day, but for a sunny day - a time when everyone can bask in the benefits of growth, prosperity, and well-being.

Humanities World Report 2015

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ISBN: 9781137500274 9781137500281 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1057/9781137500281 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:50:51
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. The first of its kind, this 'Report' gives an overview of the humanities worldwide. Published as an Open Access title and based on an extensive literature review and enlightening interviews conducted with 90 humanities scholars across 40 countries, the book offers a first step in attempting to assess the state of the humanities globally. Its topics include the nature and value of the humanities, the challenge of globalisation, the opportunities offered by the digital humanities, variations in funding patterns around the world, and the interaction between humanities and society. Despite the stereotypical view of humanists as scholars locked away in their ivory towers, the picture that emerges from this report is that they are deeply committed to the social value of their work and appreciate the long-term importance it has for addressing global challenges. The report will be of interest not only to researchers and students in the humanities themselves, but also to administrators and funders.

Digital Kenya: An Entrepreneurial Revolution in the Making

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies of Entrepreneurship in Africa ISBN: 9781137578808 9781137578785 Year: Pages: 509 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-57878-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 17:11:32
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Presenting rigorous and original research, this volume offers key insights into the historical, cultural, social, economic and political forces at play in the creation of world-class ICT innovations in Kenya. Following the arrival of fiber-optic cables in 2009, Digital Kenya examines why the initial entrepreneurial spirit and digital revolution has begun to falter despite support from motivated entrepreneurs, international investors, policy experts and others. Written by engaged scholars and professionals in the field, the book offers 15 eye-opening chapters and 14 one-on-one conversations with entrepreneurs and investors to ask why establishing ICT start-ups on a continental and global scale remains a challenge on the “Silicon Savannah”. The authors present evidence-based recommendations to help Kenya to continue producing globally impactful ICT innovations that improve the lives of those still waiting on the side-lines, and to inspire other nations to do the same.

The Ethics of Educational Healthcare Placements in Low and Middle Income Countries: First Do No Harm?

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ISBN: 9783319483627 9783319483634 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48363-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 13:02:49
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This book examines the current state of elective placements of medical undergraduate students in developing countries and their impact on health care education at home. Drawing from a recent case study of volunteer deployment in Uganda, the authors provide an in-depth evaluation of the impacts on the students themselves and the learning outcomes associated with placements in low resource settings, as well as the impacts that these forms of student mobility have on the host settings. In addition to reviewing the existing literature on elective placements, the authors outline a potential model for the future development of ethical elective placements. As the book concurs with an increasing international demand for elective placements, it will be of immediate interest to universities, intermediary organizations, students as consumers, and hosting organisations in low-resource settings.

Keywords

education --- policy --- poverty --- aid --- development --- Africa

Africa-Europe Research and Innovation Cooperation: Global Challenges, Bi-regional Responses

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319699288 9783319699295 Year: Pages: 147 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69929-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Zentrum für Soziale Innovation GmbH (ZSI)
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:06:03
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This edited volume is concerned with the evolution and achievements of cooperation in research and innovation between Africa and Europe, and points to the need for more diversified funding and finance mechanisms, and for novel models of collaboration to attract new actors and innovative ideas. It reflects on the political, economic, diplomatic and scientific rationale for cooperation, while also examining practical developments, illustrated with examples, in the fields of food security, health, and climate change. The need to mobilise scientific knowledge and to ensure equality and fairness in the cooperation are recurrent themes. Africa-Europe Cooperation in Research and Innovation is essential reading for policy makers and researchers in international relations and science diplomacy.

Media Resistance: Protest, Dislike, Abstention

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ISBN: 9783319464985 9783319464992 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46499-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:58:18
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New media divide opinion; many are fascinated while others are disgusted. This book is about those who dislike, protest, and try to abstain from media, both new and old. It explains why media resistance persists and answers two questions: What is at stake for resisters and how does media resistance inspire organized action? Despite the interest in media scepticism and dislike, there seems to be no book on the market discussing media resistance as a phenomenon in its own right. This book explores resistance across media, historical periods and national borders, from early mass media to current digital media. Drawing on cases and examples from the US, Britain, Scandinavia and other countries, media resistance is discussed as a diverse phenomenon encompassing political, professional, networked and individual arguments and actions.

Collaborating Against Child Abuse: Exploring the Nordic Barnahus Model

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319583877 9783319583884 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58388-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 17:40:40
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This edited collection explores the background and implementation of the Nordic Barnahus (or 'Children's House') model – recognised as one of the most important reforms related to children who are the victims of crime in the Nordic region. This book discusses both its potential to affect change and the challenges facing it. The model was introduced as a response to a growing recognition of the need for more integrated and child-centred services for children exposed to violence and sexual abuse. In the Barnahus structure, different professions work together to ensure that victimized children receive help and treatment and that their legal rights are met. This original study is organised into four broad themes: child-friendliness, support and treatment; the forensic child investigative interview; children’s rights perspectives; and interagency collaboration and professional autonomy. Each themed section includes in-depth chapters from different Nordic countries, outlining and analysing the practice and outcomes of the collaborative work engaged in by Barnahus from different perspectives. The introductory and concluding chapters offer a comparative lens useful for policy and practice implementation within the Nordic welfare state context and beyond, ensuring this book has global academic and practical appeal.

Promoting Active Citizenship: Markets and Choice in Scandinavian Welfare

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ISBN: 9783319553801 9783319553818 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55381-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:35:10
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This book analyses the considerable variation in the shares of private provision for core services in education, health and social services, in the Scandinavian countries.The chapters compare countries, service areas, and the for-profit, non-profit and public sectors. Each focuses on different levels of change: the mix of welfare providers, national laws and regulations, governance in municipalities, nursing homes and schools, and finally, the consequences experienced by the users of the services. The authors ask which combinations of governance structures, service sector providers, and user choice give the best results for active citizenship. Promoting Active Citizenship will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including Public Administration and Management, Non-Profit Management, Social Policy, Innovation in Public Service, Social Care and Education and School Research.

New Frontiers in Social Innovation Research

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137549532 9781137506801 Year: Pages: 267 DOI: 10.1057/9781137506801 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-16 17:55:47
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. Interest in social innovation continues to rise, from governments setting up social innovation 'labs' to large corporations developing social innovation strategies. Yet theory lags behind practice, and this hampers our ability to understand social innovation and make the most of its potential. This collection brings together work by leading social innovation researchers globally, exploring the practice and process of researching social innovation, its nature and effects. Combining theoretical chapters and empirical studies, it shows how social innovation is blurring traditional boundaries between the market, the state and civil society, thereby developing new forms of services, relationships and collaborations. It takes a critical perspective, analyzing potential downsides of social innovation that often remain unexplored or are glossed over, yet concludes with a powerful vision of the potential for social innovation to transform society. It aims to be a valuable resource for students and researchers, as well as policymakers and others supporting and leading social innovation.

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