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Chapter 9: 'Crowd Spatial Patterns at Bus Stops: Security Implications and Effects of Warning Messages' from book: Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach

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ISBN: 9781137556363 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137457653_9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:42:04
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This is a chapter from Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach edited by Vania Ceccato and Andrew Newton. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. As other chapters in Safety and Security in Transit Environments assert, crimes such as pickpocketing can concentrate near bus stops, and crowding and congestion is a factor that heightens this risk. But to target interventions effectively, it is useful to determine what local-level interactions characterise this crowding behaviour. This paper aims to provide a first step to using data collected from laboratory experiments to address questions from crime and transport research. The experiment considered differences in interpersonal distances to further analyse crowding behaviour to attain further insight that could narrow the focus of possible interventions. Audio warnings are examined as a possible solution, and findings show that crowding peaks when passengers board the bus, and audio messages may be one approach for addressing this. To conclude, implications of identifying boarding as a problem area, and the effectiveness of warning messages as a situational crime prevention tool are discussed.

Feeling Gender: A Generational and Psychosocial Approach

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Book Series: Palgrave Macmillan Studies in Family and Intimate Life ISBN: 9781349950812 9781349950829 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-95082-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 17:51:18
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This book explores how feelings about gender have changed over three interrelated generations of women and men of different social classes during the twentieth century. The author explores the ways in which generational experiences are connected, what is continued, what triggers gradual or abrupt changes between generations - and between women and men within these generations. The book explores how new feelings of gender gradually change gender norms from within, and how they contribute to the incremental creation of new social practices.​​​Nielsen suggests a new way of conducting psychosocial research that focuses on generational psychological patterns of gender identities and gendered subjectivities in times of change from a psychoanalytic perspective. Combining generational and longitudinal research, the book works with temporality as a theoretical as well as a methodological dimension. Theoretically it combines Raymond Williams' idea of "a structure of feeling" with the work of Eric Fromm, Hans Loewald, Nancy Chodorow and Jessica Benjamin.

Seeing Ourselves Through Technology: How We Use Selfies, Blogs and Wearable Devices to See and Shape Ourselves

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ISBN: 9781137476661 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.1057/9781137476661 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:53:32
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. Selfies, blogs and lifelogging devices have become important ways in which we understand ourselves. Jill Walker Rettberg analyses these and related genres as three intertwined modes of self-representation: visual, written and quantitative. Rettberg explores topics like the meaning of Instagram filters, smartphone apps that write your diary for you, and the ways in which governments and commercial entities create their own representations of us from the digital traces we leave behind as we go through our lives.

Multiculturalism and Conflict Reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific

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ISBN: 9781137464620 9781137403605 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.1057/9781137403605 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:57:01
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This book is open access under a CC BY license. Japan has recently promoted a number of initiatives that can be termed an opening to the world and the Asia-Pacific in particular. These have origins in Japan's globalization generally and multicultural policies more specifically. The chapters in this book are grouped in three parts—theories, language, and migration—and they explicate details of multiculturalism in the Asia-Pacific, largely focused on Japan, but including cases that extend beyond Japan as well. Alternative understandings based on analyzing conflicts and moving towards reconciliation underscore the urgency of viewing multiculturalism in Japan and the Asia-Pacific from perspectives that are firmly based in the region. Themes such as immigration, identity, foreign language education, politics and language, English language policies, dual citizenship, foreign labor policies and movements, and higher education are all addressed in the individual chapters. This book will be of interest to scholars of multiculturalism in a wide variety of fields.

History Education and Conflict Transformation: Social Psychological Theories, History Teaching and Reconciliation

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ISBN: 9783319546803 9783319546810 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-54681-0 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:26:25
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This volume discusses the effects, models and implications of history teaching in relation to conflict transformation and reconciliation from a social-psychological perspective. Bringing together a mix of established and young researchers and academics, from the fields of psychology, education, and history, the book provides an in-depth exploration of the role of historical narratives, history teaching, history textbooks and the work of civil society organizations in post-conflict societies undergoing reconciliation processes, and reflects on the state of the art at both the international and regional level. As well as dealing with the question of the ‘perpetrator-victim’ dynamic, the book also focuses on the particular context of transition in and out of cold war in Eastern Europe and the post-conflict settings of Northern Ireland, Israel and Palestine and Cyprus. It is also exploring the pedagogical classroom practices of history teaching and a critical comparison of various possible approaches taken in educational praxis. The book will make compelling reading for students and researchers of education, history, sociology, peace and conflict studies and psychology.

Making Medicines in Africa: The Political Economy of Industrializing for Local Health

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ISBN: 9781137571335 9781137546470 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.1057/9781137546470 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-16 18:20:38
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This book is open access under a CC-BY license. The importance of the pharmaceutical industry in Sub-Saharan Africa, its claim to policy priority, is rooted in the vast unmet health needs of the sub-continent. Making Medicines in Africa is a collective endeavour, by a group of contributors with a strong African and more broadly Southern presence, to find ways to link technological development, investment and industrial growth in pharmaceuticals to improve access to essential good quality medicines, as part of moving towards universal access to competent health care in Africa. The authors aim to shift the emphasis in international debate and initiatives towards sustained Africa-based and African-led initiatives to tackle this huge challenge. Without the technological, industrial, intellectual, organisational and research-related capabilities associated with competent pharmaceutical production, and without policies that pull the industrial sectors towards serving local health needs, the African sub-continent cannot generate the resources to tackle its populations' needs and demands.

Outsourcing Legal Aid in the Nordic Welfare States

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ISBN: 9783319466835 9783319466842 Year: Pages: 341 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46684-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universitetet i Oslo
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:33:54
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This edited collection provides a comprehensive analysis of the differences and similarities between civil legal aid schemes in the Nordic countries whilst outlining recent legal aid transformations in their respective welfare states. Based on in-depth studies of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland, the authors compare these cases with legal aid in Europe and the US to examine whether a single, unique Nordic model exists. Contextualizing Nordic legal aid in relation to welfare ideology and human rights, Hammerslev and Halvorsen Rønning consider whether flaws in the welfare state exist, and how legal aid affects disadvantaged citizens.Concluding that the five countries all have very different legal aid schemes, the authors explore an important general trend: welfare states increasingly outsourcing legal aid to the market and the third sector through both membership organizations and smaller voluntary organizations. A methodical and compassionate text, this book will be of special interest to scholars and students of the criminal justice, the welfare state, and the legal aid system.

Russia's Turn to the East: Domestic Policymaking and Regional Cooperation

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Book Series: Global Reordering ISBN: 9783319697895 9783319697901 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-69790-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI)
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 19:02:07
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This book explores if and how Russian policies towards the Far East region of the country – and East Asia more broadly – have changed since the onset of the Ukraine crisis and Russia’s annexation of Crimea. Following the 2014 annexation and the subsequent enactment of a sanctions regime against the country, the Kremlin has emphasized the eastern vector in its external relations. But to what extent has Russia’s 'pivot to the East' intensified or changed in nature – domestically and internationally – since the onset of the current crisis in relations with the West? Rather than taking the declared 'pivot' as a fact and exploring the consequences of it, the contributors to this volume explore whether a pivot has indeed happened or if what we see today is the continuation of longer-duration trends, concerns and ambitions.

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