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Die U.S.-amerikanische Deregulation Policy im Luftverkehrs- und Bankenbereich

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783820415070 Year: Pages: 285 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:23
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Luftverkehr und Banken gehören in den USA zu jenen Bereichen, die vor der Weltwirtschaftskrise durch intensiven Wettbewerb gekennzeichnet waren. Sie wurden in den 30er Jahren in ein engmaschiges Regulierungsnetz eingebunden, das als Substitut für den wettbewerblichen Koordinierungsmechanismus dienen sollte. Seit den 60er Jahren wurden die Schwächen staatlicher Eingriffe in die Wirtschaft immer deutlicher, was in den USA Mitte der 70er Jahre zu einer von Ökonomen, Politikern, Juristen und Verbraucherschützern getragenen Gegenbewegung (Deregulation Policy) führte, die im Luftverkehrs- und Bankensektor durch Intensivierung des Wettbewerbs sehr erfolgreich war und daher ein Beispiel für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland und Europa sein sollte.

Exchange Rate Policy for MERCOSUR:- Lessons from the European Union

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Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631327913 Year: Pages: 246 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:36
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In January 1995, four Latin American countries, Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay and Paraguay joined their destinies within a common and ambitious enterprise called MERCOSUR. MERCOSUR, the Common Market of the South, represents an important economic integration area that generates a GDP of $US 600 billion, providing a market of 200 million people spread over an area of 12 million square km. Initially, MERCOSUR performance has been more than successful, as intra-MERCOSUR trade has increased significantly. However, the elimination of intra-MERCOSUR tariffs will not be efficient if at the same time the sharp variability of nominal exchange rates artificially affects the relative prices of different products. The question as to the choice of the optimal exchange rate system to be adopted among MERCOSUR countries becomes critical if MERCOSUR states attempt to go further along the path of increasing their trade flows of goods and services. The study contributes to filling this gap by providing some alternative answers to this issue. The analysis has been based on three pillars: a theoretical review of exchange rate systems; a review of the European experience; and an analysis of the Latin American experience.

Keywords

European --- Exchange --- from --- Lessons --- Marengo --- MERCOSUR --- Policy --- Rate --- Union

Media and Education in the Digital Age

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ISBN: 9783653044379 9783631651544 9783653044379 9783653986426 Year: DOI: 10.3726/9783653044379 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103054
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-06 11:21:03
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This book is an invitation to informed and critical participation in the current debate on the role of digital technology in education and a comprehensive introduction to the most relevant issues in this debate. After an early wave of enthusiasm about the emancipative opportunities of the digital «revolution» in education, recent contributions invite caution, if not scepticism. This collection rejects extreme interpretations and establishes a conceptual framework for the critical questioning of this role in terms of concepts, assessments and subversions. This book offers conceptual tools, ideas and insights for further research. It also provides motivation and information to foster active participation in debates and politics and encourages teachers, parents and learners to take part in the making of the future of our societies.

Supply-Side Policy in den USA

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631318416 Year: Pages: 154 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:31
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Ronald Reagan hat zu Beginn der 80er Jahre in den Vereinigten Staaten eine Wende zur angebotsorientierten Wirtschaftspolitik (Supply-Side Policy) eingeleitet. Im Rahmen dieser «neuen» Wirtschaftspolitik wurden insbesondere die Spitzensteuersätze massiv gesenkt. Auf der konzeptionellen Grundlage der Laffer-Kurve sollten Anreizwirkungen für verstärkte Investitionen, höheres Sparen und ein größeres Arbeitsangebot ausgehen. Die Untersuchung zeigt, daß die Supply-Side Policy in den USA ihre makroökonomischen Ziele nicht erreicht hat. Die empirische Analyse der Grenzsteuersätze belegt, daß die untergeordneten Gebietskörperschaften in den USA auf die Steuersenkungen des Bundes mit Steuererhöhungen reagierten. Diese entgegengesetzte Steuerpolitik führte dazu, daß die Steuerbelastung insgesamt nicht gesenkt werden konnte. Ein weiteres Ergebnis ist, daß die Höhe der marginalen Steuersätze Zweifel aufkommen läßt, ob im Sinn der Laffer-Argumentation die Voraussetzungen für eine erfolgreiche Verwirklichung der Supply-Side Policy vorlagen.

Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Grundschule in den Bundesländern Deutschlands

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783631744024 9783631748459 9783631748466 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b13457 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103689
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:02
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Die Studie zum Fremdsprachenunterricht in deutschen Grundschulen bietet einen Überblick über Bundesländergrenzen hinweg in eine heterogene Bildungslandschaft, die von erheblichen curricularen Unterschieden und Widersprüchen geprägt ist. Neben dieser Bestandsaufnahme zeigen die Autoren auf, welche bildungspolitischen und fachdidaktischen Ausgestaltungen Fachleute aus Hochschulen, Landesinstituten und Schulen als sinnvoll und wünschenswert erachten. Ihr Meinungsbild erlaubt es, bundesländerübergreifende Konzepte für die qualitative Weiterentwicklung des frühen Fremdsprachenunterrichts zu entwickeln, daraus resultierende Implikationen für Lehreraus- und Fortbildung zu beleuchten und so letztlich eine Basis für nationale Mindeststandards für den Fremdsprachenunterricht in der Grundschule zu bieten.

The External Relations of the European Union

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783035264975 9782875742308 9783035264975 9783035299144 Year: DOI: 10.3726/9783035264975 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103675
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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The book analyses the attitudes of non-EU countries towards European integration in historical and contemporary perspectives. The authors study a range of actors in Europe and beyond to explain the impact of the creation of the European Communities on the international system and how the EU is perceived in the world. The book further shows the significance of the institutional interplay within the EU, and between EU institutions, member states and external actors led by their own internal dynamics to explain policy outcomes. It investigates to what extent the perceptions of the international community towards the European Communities and the EU have been influenced by the complexity of their decision-making and the difficulty of reconciling the views of member states on key external relations issues. The authors also study the interplay of non-EU countries and the EU within the broader context of international and regional institutions and forums for international cooperation.

Interest-Rate Rules in a New Keynesian Framework with Investment

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Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631611289 Year: Pages: 162 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:00
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The last decades have witnessed major progress in both monetary policy theory and practice, with broad academic consensus on the desirability of monetary policy rules and ongoing research on their exact specification. Typically, the analysis is carried out in a New Keynesian framework with nominal rigidities and constant capital stock. The latter represents a constraint that this study seeks to overcome by introducing a model with investment and capital adjustment costs. The work assesses different interest-rate rule specifications with respect to the target variables included, based on two criteria: determinacy of rational-expectations equilibrium and convergence to steady state after a shock. The study concludes that rules with both an inflation and an output gap target ensure a unique rational-expectations equilibrium and a less distressful adjustment of the economy after the occurrence of shocks.

Politikberatung fuer Marktwirtschaft in Transformationsstaaten: Grundlagen, Visionen und Anwendungen- Policy Advice on the Social Market Economy for Transformation Economies: Principles, Vision, and Applications

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631604953 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English|German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:00
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Dieser Sammelband spannt einen Bogen von den ordnungstheoretischen und sozialphilosophischen Grundlagen wissenschaftlicher Politikberatung bis zur Anwendung ausgewählter Methoden. Die Autoren setzen sich mit unterschiedlichen Theorieangeboten für Politikberatung, Anforderungen an Politikberatung und Formen von Politikberatung auseinander. Thematisch bildet die Leitidee der Sozialen Marktwirtschaft, räumlich deren Nutzung bei der Politikberatung in den Transformationsländern Südosteuropas eine Klammer. Als Beispiele solcher Länder dienen Ungarn – bereits ein EU-Mitglied – und Albanien.
This book runs the gamut of political economy from theoretical and philosophical principles to the application of selected methods in giving policy advice. Its authors compare the offerings of various disciplines, in particular economics and sociology, for policy advice. The demand and supply side of this activity are discussed. The leitmotif for the articles in this book is the Social Market Economy, and a further unifying theme is the application to transformation economies in South East Europe, both within the EU and beyond.

A Corpus-Based Analysis of the Terminology of the European Union’s Development Cooperation Policy

Author:
Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631599839 Year: Pages: 310 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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The objective of this study is to provide an account of the terminology the European Union has created and used with regard to its development cooperation policy since the Treaty of Rome was signed in 1957. For this purpose, a terminological analysis has been conducted, based on a corpus of texts produced by the EU in this domain. A corpus-based approach to terminology has been chosen as it opens up the possibility to gather both conceptual and linguistic as well as usage information about the terminological units. Moreover, it allows the study of terms in the context of communicative situations and enables the analysis of concordances that can be used to reveal possible ideological aspects of the terminology involved. The book not only provides a detailed and comprehensive report on the status quo of the EU’s terminology in this field. It also reflects the evolution of its terminology since the establishment of a common European development cooperation policy and thus against the background of an ever-changing socio-economic and political situation. The findings are meant to contribute to a better knowledge and understanding of European development cooperation policy as well as to help improve communication between professionals in European and national bodies.

Poverty and Distributional Impact of Economic Policies and External Shocks

Author:
Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631565599 Year: Pages: 154 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:27
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Economists have had much to say about the impact of economic policies on growth, but little on their distributional consequences and poverty impact. The reorientation of development policy from structural adjustment to poverty reduction as the central objective thus called for new tools to examine distributional change. This book analyzes the poverty and distributional impact of policy changes and external shocks in three case studies from Latin America: Trade liberalization in Colombia and Brazil, and the gas boom in Bolivia. It uses an innovative approach that combines computable general equilibrium and microsimulation models. The country applications illustrate that distributional consequences depend very much on the nature of the shock or policy change as well as the characteristics of the country in question. The book issues a warning against policy prescriptions being based on oversimplifying assumptions and models.

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