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21 Legalities and materialities (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Routledge Handbooks ISBN: 9781138956469 9781317353003 9781317352990 9781317352983 9781315665733 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This chapter reflects on what materiality-inflected methodologies1 can bring to
an anthropology of law, and to legal studies more generally. Its starting point is an
increasing attention across the social sciences and humanities for objects, and thinking
beyond the human. These have often, but not only, emerged from science and
technology studies (STS), to which we pay particular attention. However, approaches
to materiality have themselves become diversified, and their implications for law can
similarly be read in multiple ways. At the same time, legal anthropology has helped to
re-characterise the complexity of law as a field of social activity by paying attention
to its meanings, for actors within as well as outside its own institutions; to its modes of
action in practice, again within its explicitly designated spaces as well as its everyday;
to its unexpected forms, patterns and directions; to its multiplicity and uncertainty.
Approaches within a broadly defined ‘legal anthropology’ agenda have provided tools
to move away from grand and removed theorisation of the law, or an exclusive attention
to its own claims, and towards a subtler understanding of law as a relatively fluid,
changing and uncertain set of practices. While doing so, legal anthropology has also
reminded us of the significance of empirical research to identify and theorise the
complex existences of law, a contribution which echoes some of the implications of
materiality-oriented theories.

Keywords

law --- philosophy --- anthropology

Understanding Perspectivism

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Philosophy of Science ISBN: 9781138503069 9781315145198 Year: Pages: 210 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 647272
Subject: Education --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-05 11:21:02
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This edited collection is the first of its kind to explore the view called
perspectivism in the philosophy of science. The book brings together an
array of essays that reflect on the methodological promises and scientific
challenges of perspectivism in a variety of fields such as physics, biology,
cognitive neuroscience, and cancer research, just for a few examples. What
are the advantages of using a plurality of perspectives in a given scientific field
and for interdisciplinary research? Can different perspectives be integrated?
What is the relation between perspectivism, pluralism, and pragmatism?
These ten new essays by top scholars in the field offer a kaleidoscopic
journey toward understanding the view called “perspectivism” and its
relevance to science.

Keywords

science --- philosophy --- opinion

Visual Representations in Science

Author:
Book Series: History and Philosophy of Technoscience ISBN: 9781138089938 Year: Pages: 372 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-21 11:01:03

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Visual representations (photographs, diagrams, etc.) play crucial roles in scientific processes. They help, for example, to communicate research results and hypotheses to scientific peers as well as to the lay audience. In genuine research activities they are used as evidence or as surrogates for research objects which are otherwise cognitively inaccessible. Despite their important functional roles in scientific practices, philosophers of science have more or less neglected visual representations in their analyses of epistemic methods and tools of reasoning in science. This book is meant to fill this gap. It presents a detailed investigation into central conceptual issues and into the epistemology of visual representations in science.

Hate Speech Law

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ISBN: 9780415885478 9781315714899 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102657
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-12 10:19:51
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Hate speech law can be found throughout the world. But it is also the subject of numerous principled arguments, both for and against. These principles invoke a host of morally relevant features (e.g., liberty, health, autonomy, security, non-subordination, the absence of oppression, human dignity, the discovery of truth, the acquisition of knowledge, self-realization, human excellence, civic dignity, cultural diversity and choice, recognition of cultural identity, intercultural dialogue, participation in democratic self-government, being subject only to legitimate rule) and practical considerations (e.g., efficacy, the least restrictive alternative, chilling effects). The book develops and then critically examines these various principled arguments. It also attempts to de-homogenize hate speech law into different clusters of laws/regulations/codes that constrain uses of hate speech, so as to facilitate a more nuanced examination of the principled arguments.

Refugees and the Ethics of Forced Displacement

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ISBN: 9780415712613 9781315883854 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102662
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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This book is a philosophical analysis of the ethical treatment of refugees and stateless people, a group of people who, though extremely important politically, have been greatly under theorized philosophically. The limited philosophical discussion of refugees by philosophers focuses narrowly on the question of whether or not we, as members of Western states, have moral obligations to admit refugees into our countries. This book reframes this debate and shows why it is important to think ethically about people who will never be resettled and who live for prolonged periods outside of all political communities. Parekh shows why philosophers ought to be concerned with ethical norms that will help stateless people mitigate the harms of statelessness even while they remain formally excluded from states.

The Voices and Rooms of European Bioethics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781315814469 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_575252 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097725
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-15 11:01:13
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This book reflects on the many contributions made in and to European bioethics to date, in various locations, and from various disciplinary perspectives. In so doing, the book advances understanding of the academic and social status of European bioethics as it is being supported and practiced by various disciplines such as philosophy, law, medicine, and the social sciences, applied to a wide range of areas. The European focus offers a valuable counter-balance to an often prominent US understanding of bioethics. The volume is split into four parts. The first contains reflection on bioethics in the past, present and future, and also considers how comparison between countries and disciplines can enrich bioethical discourse. The second looks at bioethics in particular locations and contexts, including: policy, boardrooms and courtrooms; studios and virtual rooms; and society, while the third part explores the translation of theories and concepts of bioethics into the clinical setting. The fourth and final section focuses on academic expressions of bioethics, as it is theorised in various disciplines and also as it is taught, whether in classrooms or at the patient’s bedside. The book features unique contributions from a range of experts including: Alastair V Campbell; Ruth Chadwick; Angus Dawson; Raymond G. De Vries; Suzanne Ost; Renzo Pegoraro; Rouven Porz; Paul Schotsmans;Jochen Vollmann; Guy Widdershoven and Hub Zwart.

‘You don’t Need Proof When You’ve Got Instinct!’: Gut Feelings and Some Limits to Parental Authority (Book chapter)

Book title: The Voices and Rooms of European Bioethics

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780415737197 9781315814469 Year: Pages: 210 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097725
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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This book reflects on the many contributions made in and to European bioethics to date, in various locations, and from various disciplinary perspectives. In so doing, the book advances understanding of the academic and social status of European bioethics as it is being supported and practiced by various disciplines such as philosophy, law, medicine, and the social sciences, applied to a wide range of areas. The European focus offers a valuable counter-balance to an often prominent US understanding of bioethics. The volume is split into four parts. The first contains reflection on bioethics in the past, present and future, and also considers how comparison between countries and disciplines can enrich bioethical discourse. The second looks at bioethics in particular locations and contexts, including: policy, boardrooms and courtrooms; studios and virtual rooms; and society, while the third part explores the translation of theories and concepts of bioethics into the clinical setting. The fourth and final section focuses on academic expressions of bioethics, as it is theorised in various disciplines and also as it is taught, whether in classrooms or at the patient’s bedside. The book features unique contributions from a range of experts including: Alastair V Campbell; Ruth Chadwick; Angus Dawson; Raymond G. De Vries; Suzanne Ost; Renzo Pegoraro; Rouven Porz; Paul Schotsmans;Jochen Vollmann; Guy Widdershoven and Hub Zwart.

The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138819634 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090207
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-22 11:01:16
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Whenever the legitimacy of a new or ethically contentious medical intervention is considered, a range of influences will determine whether the treatment becomes accepted as lawful medical treatment. The development and introduction of abortion, organ donation, gender reassignment, and non-therapeutic cosmetic surgery have, for example, all raised ethical, legal, and clinical issues. This book examines the various factors that legitimatise a medical procedure. Bringing together a range of internationally and nationally recognised academics from law, philosophy, medicine, health, economics, and sociology, the book explores the notion of a treatment, practice, or procedure being proper medical treatment, and considers the range of diverse factors which might influence the acceptance of a particular procedure as appropriate in the medical context. Contributors address such issues as clinical judgement and professional autonomy, the role of public interest, and the influence of resource allocation in decision-making. In doing so, the book explores how the law, the medical profession, and the public interact in determining whether a new or ethically contentious procedure should be regarded as legitimate.

This book will be of interest and use to researchers and students of bioethics, medical law, criminal law, and the sociology of medicine.

Family perspectives on a proper medical treatment for people in prolonged vegetative and minimally conscious states (Book chapter)

Book title: The Legitimacy of Medical Treatment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138819634 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 090207
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:03
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Whenever the legitimacy of a new or ethically contentious medical intervention is considered, a range of influences will determine whether the treatment becomes accepted as lawful medical treatment. The development and introduction of abortion, organ donation, gender reassignment, and non-therapeutic cosmetic surgery have, for example, all raised ethical, legal, and clinical issues. This book examines the various factors that legitimatise a medical procedure. Bringing together a range of internationally and nationally recognised academics from law, philosophy, medicine, health, economics, and sociology, the book explores the notion of a treatment, practice, or procedure being proper medical treatment, and considers the range of diverse factors which might influence the acceptance of a particular procedure as appropriate in the medical context. Contributors address such issues as clinical judgement and professional autonomy, the role of public interest, and the influence of resource allocation in decision-making. In doing so, the book explores how the law, the medical profession, and the public interact in determining whether a new or ethically contentious procedure should be regarded as legitimate.

This book will be of interest and use to researchers and students of bioethics, medical law, criminal law, and the sociology of medicine.

Fallgirls

Author:
ISBN: 9781409429692 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102651
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:04
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Fallgirls provides an analysis of the abuses that took place at Abu Ghraib in terms of social theory, gender and power, based on first-hand participant-observations of the courts-martials of Lynndie England and Sabrina Harman. This book examines the trials themselves, including interactions with soldiers and defense teams, documents pertaining to the courts-martials, US government reports and photographs from Abu Ghraib, in order to challenge the view that the abuses were carried out at the hands of a few rogue soldiers. With a keen focus on gender and sexuality as prominent aspects of the abuses themselves, as well as the ways in which they were portrayed and tried, Fallgirls engages with modern feminist thought and contemporary social theory in order to analyse the manner in which the abuses were framed, whilst also exploring the various lived realities of Abu Ghraib by both prisoners and soldiers alike.

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