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7 Urban ecosystem services and stakeholders (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780815387213 9780815387213 9780815387220 9781351173643 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:26
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Abstract

This chapter argues that the discussion of urban sustainability is in urgent need of
new understanding of how ecosystem services are generated in places where human
and non-human stakeholders interact within the urban landscape. More than half of
the world’s population currently lives in urban areas, and the rate of urbanisation is
estimated to increase rapidly in the next three decades ( United Nations, 2014 ). This
scale of urbanisation strains both urban and rural ecosystems, which are required
to provide nutrition, clean water, fresh air, recreational opportunities, wellbeing and
other life-supporting and life-enhancing opportunities to urban dwellers ( Chiesura
and de Groot, 2003 ; Fischer and Eastwood, 2016 ; Standish, Hobbs, and Miller, 2013 ).
Amidst such challenges as rapid urbanisation and abrupt climatic changes, ecosystem
services are needed to provide the material and non-material benefi ts required
to keep ever-growing cities liveable ( Alberti, 2016 ; Andersson et al., 2014 ; Finco and
Nijkamp, 2001 ; Rees and Wackernagel, 1996 ). However, the current understanding
of ecosystem services is inadequate, and the extant research has been criticised for
both its anthropocentric bias and its focus on instrumental and monetary valuations
of ecosystem services ( Pelenc and Ballet, 2015 ; Schröter et al., 2014 ). Moreover, the
lack of a detailed elaboration of the socio-ecological interface of ecosystem services
has resulted in the continued segregation of human and non-human processes in
ecosystem service generation ( Andersson, Barthel, and Ahrné, 2007 ; Fischer and
Eastwood, 2016 ; Maes et al., 2012 )

Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780415523592 9780203120880 9781138680067 9780415523595 Year: Pages: 360 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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Abstract

The intention of this book is to begin to shed light on these issues, by exploring
the interplay between governance, justice and sustainability in a range of natural
resource sectors. The book comprises 16 chapters, 12 of them case studies recounting
experiences in the forest, wildlife, fisheries, conservation, mining and water
sectors of diverse countries: Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South
Africa, Zambia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and Cameroon.

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