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Imperial Technology and 'Native' Agency

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ISBN: 9781138226685 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100812
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-30 11:01:03
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This book explores the impact of railways on colonial Indian society from the commencement of railway operations in the mid-nineteenth to the early decades of the twentieth century.The book represents a historiographical departure. Using new archival evidence as well as travelogues written by Indian railway travellers in Bengali and Hindi, this book suggests that the impact of railways on colonial Indian society were more heterogeneous and complex than anticipated either by India’s colonial railway builders or currently assumed by post-colonial scholars.

Keywords

History

Greek Medical Literature and its Readers

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781351205276 9781472487919 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 11:01:48
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Medicine; Greek; Roman; History

Keywords

history --- greek --- roman --- medicine

Visual Representations in Science

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Book Series: History and Philosophy of Technoscience ISBN: 9781138089938 Year: Pages: 372 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-21 11:01:03

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Visual representations (photographs, diagrams, etc.) play crucial roles in scientific processes. They help, for example, to communicate research results and hypotheses to scientific peers as well as to the lay audience. In genuine research activities they are used as evidence or as surrogates for research objects which are otherwise cognitively inaccessible. Despite their important functional roles in scientific practices, philosophers of science have more or less neglected visual representations in their analyses of epistemic methods and tools of reasoning in science. This book is meant to fill this gap. It presents a detailed investigation into central conceptual issues and into the epistemology of visual representations in science.

Stalin’s Constitution

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ISBN: 9781138721845 9781315194004 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102671
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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Upon its adoption in December 1936, Soviet leaders hailed the new so-called Stalin Constitution as the most democratic in the world. Scholars have long scoffed at this claim, noting that the mass repression of 1937-1938 that followed rendered it a hollow document. This book focuses on the six-month long popular discussion of the draft Constitution, which preceded its formal adoption in December 1936. Drawing on rich archival sources, this book uses the discussion of the draft 1936 Constitution to examine discourse between the central state leadership and citizens about the new Soviet social contract, which delineated the roles the state and citizens should play in developing socialism.

Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830

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Book Series: Studies in Historical Geography ISBN: 9781409456025 9781315579078 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1005034 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:02
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Social and economic histories of the long eighteenth century have largely ignored women as a class of landowners and improvers. 1700 to 1830 was a period in which the landscape of large swathes of the English Midlands was reshaped – both materially and imaginatively – by parliamentary enclosure and a bundle of other new practices. Outside the Midlands too, local landscapes were remodelled in line with the improving ideals of the era. Yet while we know a great deal about the men who pushed forward schemes for enclosure and sponsored agricultural improvement, far less is known about the role played by female landowners and farmers and their contributions to landscape change.

Drawing on examples from across Georgian England, Elite Women and the Agricultural Landscape, 1700–1830 offers a detailed study of elite women’s relationships with landed property, specifically as they were mediated through the lens of their estate management and improvement. This highly original book provides an explicitly feminist historical geography of the eighteenth-century English rural landscape. It addresses important questions about propertied women’s role in English rural communities and in Georgian society more generally, whilst contributing to wider cultural debates about women’s place in the environmental, social and economic history of Britain. It will be of interest to those working in Historical and Cultural Geography, Social, Economic and Cultural History, Women’s Studies, Gender Studies and Landscape Studies.

Keywords

History --- eighteenth century --- women --- landscape --- estates --- property

9 Medicine and Improvement in the Scots Magazine; and Edinburgh Literary Miscellany (1804–17) (Book chapter)

Book title: Cultures of Improvement in Scottish Romanticism, 1707–1840

Author:
ISBN: 9781138482937 9781351056427 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-04 11:01:47
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In this chapter I examine how Archibald Constable’s Scots Magazine; and Edinburgh Literary Miscellany (1804–17) became a medium for the
promotion of key medical initiatives in early nineteenth-century Edinburgh,
including the campaign for the Edinburgh Lunatic Asylum, but also other medico-
philanthropic endeavours directed towards improving health in Scotland.

4 Kruder and Dorfmeister (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138713918 9781315230627 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:14
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When Cruise , the film whose dialogue I used as an epigraph for this chapter, was
released in 1970, these words were seen as capturing Polish inability to move
beyond the safe zone of a well-known repertoire of images, melodies and symbols.
Austrians allegedly are also stuck in the past (see Chapter 1 ). This would
explain Kruder and Dorfmeister’s penchant for making capital from our pleasure
of listening to melodies we already know, if not for the fact that they gained fame
not from capitalising on Vienna’s music history but remixing songs coming from
the Anglo-American centre of popular music, such as those by Depeche Mode,
Madonna and David Holmes. Theirs is thus an interesting case of colonisation,
which includes self-colonisation and reverse colonisation: taking something from
the centre, reworking it and returning to the centre an improved version. Depending
on the perspective, their productions can be seen as proof of the hegemony of
the centre or a sign that the periphery can not only resist the centre’s power but
also penetrate it on its own terms. Equally, they can be seen as a sign of the end of
authenticity and originality in popular music (and art at large) in the postmodern
era or a need to rework these concepts to fit the art of creative recycling.

8 Peter Rehberg, Christian Fennesz and the Label Mego (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781138713918 9781315230627 Year: Pages: 29 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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A large proportion of artists considered in this study at some stage of their career
veered towards ‘serious’ or experimental music. This also refers to Peter Rehberg
and Christian Fennesz. However, they differ from those considered previously,
because unlike them, they did not cross the boundary between the popular and
academic now and then but made it their personal signature. Their music also
challenges our concept of electronic music, as well as studio and stage and even
music and non-music. To contextualise their work, it is worth locating it first
against the concept of ‘noise music’ or rather ‘noise as music’.

Material Cultures of Childhood in Second World War Britain

Author:
Book Series: Material Culture and Modern Conflict ISBN: 9781138565265 9781351345514 9781351345491 9781351345507 9781315122946 Year: Pages: 198 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:04
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Abstract

Modern warfare is a unique cultural phenomenon. While many conflicts in
history have produced dramatic shifts in human behaviour, the industrialized
nature of modern war possesses a material and psychological intensity that
embodies the extremes of our behaviours, from the total economic mobilization
of a nation state to the unbearable pain of individual loss. Fundamentally,
war is the transformation of matter through the agency of destruction,
and the character of modern technological warfare is such that it simultaneously
creates and destroys more than any previous kind of conflict.

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