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Entre démocratisation et professionnalisation: le Parlement suisse et ses membres de 1910 à 2016

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ISBN: 9782883510777 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620931 Language: French
Publisher: Seismo Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170330
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-27 11:01:24
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Abstract

This book provides a detailed historical analysis of the Swiss Parliament. It sheds light on how the profiles of parliamentarians have evolved over a century, and recounts the various legislative reforms affecting their status. The author analyses the impact of these reforms on the collective biography of the members of Parliament. The rich data allow for an empirically grounded reflection on how well the parliamentary composition represents the population, for instance in terms of their gender or level of education, and an understanding of the processes of democratization and professionalization of the institution. This research has received a prize from the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences at the University of Lausanne and an incentive award from the Swiss Society for Parliamentary Questions. Andrea Pilotti has a PhD in Political Sciences from the University of Lausanne. He is Research Manager at the Research Observatory for Regional Politics and member of the Swiss Elite Observatory at the University of Lausanne’s Faculty of Social and Political sciences.

Croire ensemble. Analyse institutionnelle du paysage religieux en Suisse

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ISBN: 9782883510609 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578290 Language: French
Publisher: Seismo Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163525
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-27 11:01:12
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The study presented in this book for the first time in Switzerland offers a broad empirical and sociological perspective on local religious organizations. From this perspective, religion appears first, as already observed by Weber and Durkheim, through communities regardless of their various profiles. In Switzerland, 5,734 parishes and religious groups have been identified by a national census in 2008. The book underlines the institutional salience of historical churches (Reformed and Roman Catholic) but also the emerging religious plurality, particularly in urban areas. This study sheds a new light upon the effects of secularization (lower limbs and practice) and pluralisation (diversification of religious denominations and traditions) in the organizational field. The analysis of differences and similarities between religious traditions shows a social positioning of the local groups according to the statutes acquired in history. The classical theories − e.g. about the relationship between social status of members and membership groups, types of religious authorities or differences between Church and Sect − are revisited, clarified or reformulated based on an original and representative quantitative data of the Swiss religious field.

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