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Indigenous Networks and Evangelical Frontiers: Problems with Governance and Ethics in Cases of ‘Voluntary Isolation’ in Contemporary Amazonia (Book chapter)

Book title: Hunter-gatherers in a Changing World

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319422695 9783319422718 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-42271-8_10 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:21
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The periodic emergence of indigenous peoples living in voluntary isolation in Amazonia have given rise to sensational media reports and heated academic&#xD;debate. In this chapter we describe briefly the historical and contemporary relations&#xD;between indigenous peoples in and out of isolation in the Guiana Shield region of&#xD;North-eastern South America and discuss the role of indigenous missionaries in&#xD;histories of contact. After considering these facts in relation to some of the general&#xD;debates about isolated peoples and policy, we assess the ethical dimensions of the&#xD;question of emergence from isolation.

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anthropology

Hunter-gatherers in a Changing World

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319422718 9783319422695 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:37

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This book compiles a collection of case studies analysing drivers of and responses to change amongst contemporary hunter-gatherers. Contemporary hunter-gatherers’ livelihoods are examined from perspectives ranging from historical legacy to environmental change, and from changes in national economic, political and legal systems to more broad-scale and universal notions of globalization and acculturation. Far from the commonly held romantic view that hunter-gatherers continue to exist as isolated populations living a traditional lifestyle in harmony with the environment, contemporary hunter-gatherers – like many rural communities around the world - face a number of relatively new ecological and social challenges to which they are pressed to adapt. Contemporary hunter-gatherer societies are increasingly and rapidly being affected by Global Changes, related both to biophysical Earth systems (i.e., changes in climate, biodiversity and natural resources, and water availability), and to social systems (i.e. demographic transitions, sedentarisation, integration into the market economy, and all the socio-cultural change that these and other factors trigger).

Keywords

anthropology

Mobilities of Knowledge

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISSN: 1877-9220 ISBN: 9783319446530 9783319446547 Year: Volume: 10 Pages: 303 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44654-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 13:01:12
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This collection of essays examines how spatial mobilities of people and practices, technologies and objects, knowledge and ideas have shaped the production, circulation, and transfer of knowledge in different historical and geographical contexts. Targeting an interdisciplinary audience, Mobilities of Knowledge combines detailed empirical analyses with innovative conceptual approaches. The first part scrutinizes knowledge circulation, transfer, and adaption, focussing on the interpersonal communication process, early techniques of papermaking, a geographical text, indigenous knowledge in exploration, the genealogy of spatial analysis, and different disciplinary knowledges about the formation of cities, states, and agriculture. The second part analyses the interplay of mediators, networks, and learning by studying academic careers, travels, and collaborations within the British Empire, public internationalism in Geneva, the global transfer of corporate knowledge through expatriation, graduate mobility from the global south to the global north, and the international mobility of degree programs in higher education.

River Basin Development and Human Rights in Eastern Africa — A Policy Crossroads

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ISBN: 9783319504681 9783319504698 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-50469-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:38:17
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This book offers a devastating look at deeply flawed development processes driven by international finance, African governments and the global consulting industry. It examines major river basin development underway in the semi-arid borderlands of Ethiopia, Kenya and South Sudan and its disastrous human rights consequences for a half-million indigenous people. The volume traces the historical origins of Gibe III megadam construction along the Omo River in Ethiopia—in turn, enabling irrigation for commercial-scale agricultural development and causing radical reduction of downstream Omo and (Kenya's) Lake Turkana waters. Presenting case studies of indigenous Dasanech and northernmost Turkana livelihood systems and Gibe III linked impacts on them, the author predicts agropastoral and fishing economic collapse, region-wide hunger with exposure to disease epidemics, irreversible natural resource destruction and cross-border interethnic armed conflict spilling into South Sudan. The book identifies fundamental failings of government and development bank impact assessments, including their distortion or omission of mandated transboundary assessment, cumulative effects of the Gibe III dam and its linked Ethiopia-Kenya energy transmission 'highway' project, key hydrologic and human ecological characteristics, major earthquake threat in the dam region and widespread expropriation and political repression. Violations of internationally recognized human rights, especially by the Ethiopian government but also the Kenyan government, are extensive and on the increase—with collaboration by the development banks, in breach of their own internal operational procedures. A policy crossroads has now emerged. The author presents the alternative to the present looming catastrophe—consideration of development suspension in order to undertake genuinely independent transboundary assessment and a plan for continued development action within a human rights framework—forging a sustainable future for the indigenous peoples now directly threatened and for their respective eastern Africa states. Claudia Carr’s book is a treasure of detailed information gathered over many years concerning river basin development of the Omo River in Ethiopia and its impact on the peoples of the lower Omo Basin and the Lake Turkana region in Kenya. It contains numerous maps, charts, and photographs not previously available to the public. The book is highly critical of the environmental and human rights implications of the Omo River hydropower projects on both the local ethnic communities in Ethiopia and on the downstream Turkana in Kenya. David Shinn Former Ambassador to Ethiopia and to Burkina Faso Adjust Professor of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington D.C.

European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783319956602 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95660-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Anthropology --- History --- Migration --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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Based on a qualitative study on migrants of Somali origin who have settled in Europe for at least a decade, this open access book offers a ground-breaking exploration of the idea of mobility, both empirically and theoretically. It draws a comprehensive typology of the varied “post-migration mobility practices” developed by these migrants from their country of residence after having settled there. It argues that cross-border mobility may, under certain conditions, become a form of capital that can be employed to pursue advantages in transnational social fields. Anchored in rich empirical data, the book constitutes an innovative and successful attempt at theoretically linking the emerging field of “mobilities studies” with studies of migration, transnationalism and integration. It emphasises how the ability to be mobile may become a significant marker of social differentiation, alongside other social hierarchies. The “mobility capital” accumulated by some migrants is the cornerstone of strategies intended to negotiate inconsistent social positions in transnational social fields, challenging sedentarist and state-centred visions of social inequality. The migrants in the study are able to diversify the geographic and social fields in which they accumulate and circulate resources, and to benefit from this circulation by reinvesting them where they can best be valorised. The study sheds a different light on migrants who are often considered passive or problematic migrants/refugees in Europe, and demonstrates that mobility capital is not the prerogative of highly qualified elites: less privileged migrants also circulate in a globalised world, benefiting from being embedded in transnational social fields and from mobility practices over which they have gained some control. ; This open access book highlights the relevance of various types of cross-border movements in the post-migration lives of women and men of Somali origin Brings together conceptual insights from the migration studies and the mobilities studies to understand migrants' biographies Contributes to an emerging field that aims to trans-nationalize theories of social inequalities

The Indigenous Identity of the South Saami

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030050290 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05029-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Archaeology --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:11
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This open access book is a novel contribution in two ways: It is a multi-disciplinary examination of the indigenous South Saami people in Fennoscandia, a social and cultural group that often is overlooked as it is a minority within the Saami minority. Based on both historical material such as archaeological evidence, 20th century newspapers, and postcard motives as well as current sources such as ongoing land-right trials and recent works of historiography, the articles highlight the culture and living conditions of this indigenous group, mapping the negotiations of different identities through the interaction of Saami and non-Saami people through the ages. By illuminating this under-researched field, the volume also enriches the more general debate on global indigenous history, and sheds light on the construction of a Scandinavian identity and the limits of the welfare state and the myth of heterogeneity and equality.

Migration, Gender and Social Justice: Perspectives on Human Insecurity

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Hexagon Series on Human and Environmental Security and Peace ISSN: 18655793 ISBN: 9783642280115 9783642280122 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: 408 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-28012-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law --- Anthropology --- Environmental Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-30 12:05:04
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This book is the product of a collaborative effort involving partners from Africa, Asia, Europe and Latin America who were funded by the International Development Research Centre Programme on Women and Migration (2006-2011). The International Institute of Social Studies at Erasmus University Rotterdam spearheaded a project intended to distill and refine the research findings, connecting them to broader literatures and interdisciplinary themes. The book examines commonalities and differences in the operation of various structures of power (gender, class, race/ethnicity, generation) and their interactions within the institutional domains of intra-national and especially inter-national migration that produce context-specific forms of social injustice. Additional contributions have been included so as to cover issues of legal liminality and how the social construction of not only femininity but also masculinity affects all migrants and all women. The resulting set of 19 detailed, interconnected case studies makes a valuable contribution to reorienting our perceptions and values in the discussions and decision-making concerning migration, and to raising awareness of key issues in migrants’ rights. All chapters were anonymously peer-reviewed. This book resulted from a series of projects funded by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada.

The Behavioral Ecology of the Tibetan Macaque

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Fascinating Life Sciences ISBN: 9783030279202 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27920-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Zoology --- Medicine (General) --- Psychology --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access book summarizes the multi-disciplinary results of one of China’s main primatological research projects on the endemic Tibetan macaque (Macaca thibetana), which had continued for over 30 years, but which had never been reported on systematically. Dedicated to this exceptional Old World monkey, this book makes the work of Chinese primatologists on the social behavior, cooperation, culture, cognition, group dynamics, and emerging technologies in primate research accessible to the international scientific community. One of the most impressive Asian monkeys, and the largest member of its genus, the Tibetan macaque deserves to be better known. This volume goes a long way towards bringing this species into the spotlight with many excellent behavioral analyses from the field. - Frans de Waal, Professor of Psychology, Emory University, USA. Macaques matter. To understand primate patterns and trends, and to gain important insight into humanity, we need to augment and expand our engagement with the most successful and widespread primate genus aside from Homo. This volume focuses on the Tibetan macaque, a fascinating species with much to tell us about social behavior, physiology, complexity and the macaque knack for interfacing with humans. This book is doubly important for primatology in that beyond containing core information on this macaque species, it also reflects an effective integrated collaboration between Chinese scholars and a range of international colleagues—exactly the type of collaborative engagement primatology needs. This volume is a critical contribution to a global primatology. - Agustín Fuentes, Professor of Anthropology, University of Notre Dame, USA. I have many fond memories of my association with Mt. Huangshan research beginning in 1983, when together with Professor Qishan Wang we established this site. It is such a beautiful place and I miss it. It is gratifying to see how far research has progressed since we began work there, becoming more internationalized and very much a collaborative endeavor under the long-term direction of Professor Jin-Hua Li and colleagues. This book highlights the increased interest in this species, representing a variety of disciplines ranging from macro aspects of behavior, cognition and sociality, to micro aspects of microbes, parasites and disease, authored by a group of renowned Chinese and international primatologists. I applaud their efforts and expect more interesting work to come from this site in the years ahead. - Kazuo Wada, Professor Emeritus, Kyoto University, Japan.

How Generations Remember

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Book Series: Global Diversities ISBN: 9781137450630 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-45063-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19
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Social sciences; Anthropology; Historiography; Sociology; Peace; International relations; Culture—Study and teaching

Educational Change Amongst English Language College Teachers in China

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ISBN: 9789811530531 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-3053-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Linguistics --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:26
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This open access book provides anthropological insights into the arduous yet rewarding journeys involved in selected TESOL teachers’ pedagogical transition to teaching English for Academic Purposes (EAP) at universities in Shanghai, the largest metropolitan area in China. Applying a unique combination of ethnography and phenomenology, the book offers innovative new perspectives on teacher education research. Drawing on the latest language education theory, it outlines a practitioner-friendly approach to EAP literacy. Teacher readers will especially benefit from the case studies presented here, which provide role models for teacher change in educational reform, as well as advice on their academic careers. In addition to addressing a timely and important research gap on EAP teachers in non-Western countries, the book is the ideal choice for readers interested in an update on English education in China.

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