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Chapter: 'How to Attract Students’ Visual Attention' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 11 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 16:51:33
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Attracting students’ visual attention is critical in order for teachers to teach classes, communicate core concepts and emotionally connect with their students. In this paper we analyze two months of video recordings taken from a fourth grade class in a vulnerable school, where, every day, a sample of 3 students wore a mini video camera mounted on eyeglasses. We looked for scenes from the recordings where the teacher appears in the students’ visual field, and computed the average duration of each event. We found that the student’s gaze on the teacher lasted 44.9 % longer when the teacher gestured than when he did not, with an effect size (Cohen’s d) of 0.69. The data also reveals different effects for gender, subject matter, and student Grade Point Average (GPA). The effect of teacher gesturing on students with a low GPA is higher than on students’ with a high GPA. These findings may have broad significance for improving teaching practices.

Networks in the Russian Market Economy

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ISBN: 9780230252394 9780230294936 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_392746 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Computer Science --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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If Russia has become a market economy, how does it function on a grassroots level? In addition to market mechanisms, what kinds of social and moral principles are at work in the new Russian economy? Is the 'Soviet legacy' still present in post-Soviet business practices? This book searches for answers to these questions, by investigating the networking practices of the Russian software industry. It examines what kinds of resources are transmitted through the personal networks of Russian IT directors and managers, and which mechanisms govern this transmission. The volume opens a rarely available grassroots-level view into the business practices of the new Russian knowledge-based economy. 

This book is essential reading for all interested in Russian society, culture and economy.

Prozessintelligenz: Business-Process-Management-Studie – Status quo und Erfolgsmuster

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ISBN: 9783662557044 9783662557051 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-55705-1 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Zurich University of Applied Sciences
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 15:38:37
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Unternehmen im deutschsprachigen Raum verankern Prozessmanagement zunehmend in ihrer Organisation und richten es strategisch aus. Der Fokus liegt initial häufig auf der Schaffung von Transparenz. Doch unternehmensweite Prozesslandkarten und Prozessmodelle sind nur ein Abbild der Realität. Um die Wirksamkeit des Prozessmanagements zu erhöhen, braucht es eine Brücke zum operativen Geschäft. Prozessintelligenz bietet hierfür hilfreiche Ansatzpunkte. Die Process-Management-Studie 2015 des Instituts für Wirtschaftsinformatik an der Zürcher Hochschule für Angewandte Wissenschaften ZHAW School of Management and Law widmet sich diesem Thema und beleuchtet Status quo und Erfolgsmuster. In Fallstudien mit fünf Unternehmen werden Herausforderungen, Lösungsansätze und Nutzen von Prozessintelligenz aufgezeigt. Die Ergebnisse einer Online-Befragung zur Ausrichtung des Prozessmanagements und zum Methoden- und Werkzeugeinsatz bei Unternehmen komplettieren das Bild.

Inside Asylum Bureaucracy: Organizing Refugee Status Determination in Austria

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319633053 9783319633060 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63306-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF)
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 10:47:48
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This open access monograph provides sociological insight into governmental action on the administration of asylum in the European context. It offers an in-depth understanding of how decision-making officials encounter and respond to structural contradictions in the asylum procedure produced by diverging legal, political, and administrative objectives.The study focuses on structural aspects on the one hand, such as legal and organisational elements, and aspects of agency on the other hand, examining the social practices and processes going on at the frontside and the backside of the administrative asylum system.Coverage is based on a case study using ethnographic methods, including qualitative interviews, participant observation, as well as artefact analysis. This case study is positioned within a broader context and allows for comparison within and beyond the European system, building a bridge to the international scientific community.In addition, the author links the empirical findings to sociological theory. She explains the identified patterns of social practice in asylum administration along the theories of social practices, social construction and structuration. This helps to contribute to the often missing theoretical development in this particular field of research.Overall, this book provides a sociological contribution to a key issue in today's debate on immigration in Europe and beyond. It will appeal to researchers, policy makers, administrators, and practitioners as well as students and readers interested in immigration and asylum.

Evidence Use in Health Policy Making

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ISBN: 9783319934679 9783319934662 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93467-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 282118
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:27:13
License: Springer

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This open access book provides a set of conceptual, empirical, and comparative chapters that apply a public policy perspective to investigate the political and institutional factors driving the use of evidence to inform health policy in low, middle, and high income settings. The work presents key findings from the Getting Research Into Policy (GRIP-Health) project: a five year, six country, programme of work supported by the European Research Council. The chapters further our understanding of evidence utilisation in health policymaking through the application of theories and methods from the policy sciences. They present new insights into the roles and importance of factors such as issue contestation, institutional arrangements, logics of appropriateness, and donor influence to explore individual cases and comparative experiences in the use of evidence to inform health policy.

Radical Solutions and Open Science

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Educational Technology ISBN: 9789811542763 Year: Pages: 187 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-4276-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:11
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This open access book presents how Open Science is a powerful tool to boost Higher Education. The book introduces the reader into Open Access, Open Technology, Open Data, Open Research results, Open Licensing, Open Accreditation, Open Certification, Open Policy and, of course, Open Educational Resources. It brings all these key topics from major players in the field; experts that present the current state of the art and the forthcoming steps towards a useful and effective implementation. This book presents radical, transgenic solutions for recurrent and long-standing problems in Higher Education. Every chapter presents a clear view and a related solution to make Higher Education progress and implement tools and strategies to improve the user’s performance and learning experience. This book is part of a trilogy with companion volumes on Radical Solutions & Learning Analytics and Radical Solutions & eLearning.

From Melancholia to Depression

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Book Series: Mental Health in Historical Perspective ISBN: 9783030548025 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-54802-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:05:38
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This open access book maps a crucial but neglected chapter in the history of psychiatry: how was melancholia transformed in the nineteenth century from traditional melancholy madness into a modern biomedical mood disorder, paving the way for the emergence of clinical depression as a psychiatric illness in the twentieth century? At a time when the prevalence of mood disorders and antidepressant consumption are at an all-time high, the need for a comprehensive historical understanding of how modern depressive illness came into being has never been more urgent. This book addresses a significant gap in existing scholarly literature on melancholia, depression, and mood disorders by offering a contextualised and critical perspective on the history of melancholia in the first decades of psychiatry, from the 1830s until the turn of the twentieth century.

Cultural Competence and the Higher Education Sector

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ISBN: 9789811553622 Year: Pages: 363 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5362-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-17 00:00:32
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This open access book explores cultural competence in the higher education sector from multi-disciplinary and inter-disciplinary perspectives. It addresses cultural competence in terms of leadership and the role of the higher education sector in cultural competence policy and practice. Drawing on lessons learned, current research and emerging evidence, the book examines various innovative approaches and strategies that incorporate Indigenous knowledge and practices into the development and implementation of cultural competence, and considers the most effective approaches for supporting cultural competence in the higher education sector. This book will appeal to researchers, scholars, policy-makers, practitioners and general readers interested in cultural competence policy and practice.

Transforming Lives and Systems

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Education ISBN: 9789811553516 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5351-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:56
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This open access book explores the transformative experiences of participants in the University of Sydney’s National Centre for Cultural Competence (NCCC) programs. The establishment of the NCCC was viewed as a critical point of departure for developing an institution-wide agenda of cultural competence. The NCCC’s work since its inception reflects efforts to lay important foundations for cultural change at the University. With the ultimate aim of establishing cultural competence as an agent for transformational change and social justice education, the NCCC has steadily expanded its research and teaching work both within and beyond the University of Sydney. Further, it has developed foundational resources to support and encourage University staff to integrate cultural competence philosophy and pedagogy in their curricula, teaching and research. This includes the ability to engage meaningfully with the cultures, histories and contemporary issues in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities. The NCCC programs have been designed to encourage participants to learn about who they are and how they can positively impact the transformational change the University has begun. The book presents participants’ reflections on their experiences at the organisational and personal level. Readers will gain insights into a range of topics including cultural competence, communities of practice, policy implementation, and transformative leadership at the interface between higher education and professional lives.

Data Journeys in the Sciences

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ISBN: 9783030371777 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37177-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:32
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This groundbreaking, open access volume analyses and compares data practices across several fields through the analysis of specific cases of data journeys. It brings together leading scholars in the philosophy, history and social studies of science to achieve two goals: tracking the travel of data across different spaces, times and domains of research practice; and documenting how such journeys affect the use of data as evidence and the knowledge being produced. The volume captures the opportunities, challenges and concerns involved in making data move from the sites in which they are originally produced to sites where they can be integrated with other data, analysed and re-used for a variety of purposes. The in-depth study of data journeys provides the necessary ground to examine disciplinary, geographical and historical differences and similarities in data management, processing and interpretation, thus identifying the key conditions of possibility for the widespread data sharing associated with Big and Open Data. The chapters are ordered in sections that broadly correspond to different stages of the journeys of data, from their generation to the legitimisation of their use for specific purposes. Additionally, the preface to the volume provides a variety of alternative “roadmaps” aimed to serve the different interests and entry points of readers; and the introduction provides a substantive overview of what data journeys can teach about the methods and epistemology of research.

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