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Children and Peace

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Book Series: Peace Psychology Book Series ISBN: 9783030221768 Year: Pages: 381 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22176-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access book brings together discourse on children and peace from the 15th International Symposium on the Contributions of Psychology to Peace, covering issues pertinent to children and peace and approaches to making their world safer, fairer and more sustainable. The book is divided into nine sections that examine traditional themes (social construction and deconstruction of diversity, intergenerational transitions and memories of war, and multiculturalism), as well as contemporary issues such as Europe’s “migration crisis”, radicalization and violent extremism, and violence in families, schools and communities. Chapters contextualize each issue within specific social ecological frameworks in order to reflect on the multiplicity of influences that affect different outcomes and to discuss how the findings can be applied in different contexts. The volume also provides solutions and hope through its focus on youth empowerment and peacebuilding programs for children and families. This forward-thinking volume offers a multitude of views, approaches, and strategies for research and activism drawn from peace psychology scholars and United Nations researchers and practitioners. This book's multi-layered emphasis on context, structural determinants of peace and conflict, and use of research for action towards social cohesion for children and youth has not been brought together in other peace psychology literature to the same extent. Children and Peace: From Research to Action will be a useful resource for peace psychology academics and students, as well as social and developmental psychology academics and students, peace and development practitioners and activists, policy makers who need to make decisions about the matters covered in the book, child rights advocates and members of multilateral organizations such as the UN.

Rethinking Health Care Ethics

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ISBN: 9789811308307 Year: Pages: 169 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-0830-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- Education --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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​The goal of this open access book is to develop an approach to clinical health care ethics that is more accessible to, and usable by, health professionals than the now-dominant approaches that focus, for example, on the application of ethical principles. The book elaborates the view that health professionals have the emotional and intellectual resources to discuss and address ethical issues in clinical health care without needing to rely on the expertise of bioethicists. The early chapters review the history of bioethics and explain how academics from outside health care came to dominate the field of health care ethics, both in professional schools and in clinical health care. The middle chapters elaborate a series of concepts, drawn from philosophy and the social sciences, that set the stage for developing a framework that builds upon the individual moral experience of health professionals, that explains the discontinuities between the demands of bioethics and the experience and perceptions of health professionals, and that enables the articulation of a full theory of clinical ethics with clinicians themselves as the foundation. Against that background, the first of three chapters on professional education presents a general framework for teaching clinical ethics; the second discusses how to integrate ethics into formal health care curricula; and the third addresses the opportunities for teaching available in clinical settings. The final chapter, "Empowering Clinicians", brings together the various dimensions of the argument and anticipates potential questions about the framework developed in earlier chapters.

Die Finanzkrise 2008 im Unbewussten

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ISBN: 9783658284756 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-28475-6 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Psychology --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:19
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Helga Klug eröffnet in diesem Open-Access-Buch neue ungewohnte Sichtweisen auf die psychische Verarbeitung der Finanzkrise 2008. Dabei rückt die Autorin unbewusste Prozesse in den Fokus, wie sie in Krisenmodellen, Abwehrmechanismen, Zukunftserwartungen, sozialen Beziehungen und Affekten, die das Krisenerleben begleiten, zum Ausdruck kommen. Die Krise, die bisher nicht hinreichend erfasst und beschrieben wurde, wird so als mehrdimensionales Geschehen begreifbar.

The Psychology of Silicon Valley

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ISBN: 9783030273644 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27364-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Psychology --- Business and Management --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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Misinformation. Job displacement. Information overload. Economic inequality. Digital addiction. The breakdown of democracy, civility, and truth itself. This open access book explores the conscious and unconscious norms, values, and characteristics that drive behaviors within the high-tech capital of the world, Silicon Valley, and the sector it represents. In an era where the reach and influence of a single industry has the potential to define the future of our world, it has become apparent just how little we know about the organizations driving these changes. The Psychology of Silicon Valley offers a revealing look inside the mind of world’s most influential industry and how the identity, culture, myths, and motivations of Big Tech are harming society. The book argues that the bad values and lack of emotional intelligence borne in the vacuum of Silicon Valley will have lasting consequences on everything from social equality to the future of work to our collective mental health. Katy Cook expertly walks us through the psychological landscape of Silicon Valley, including its leadership, ethical, and cultural problems, and artfully explains why we cannot afford to ignore the psychology and values that are behind our technology any longer.

Why Knowing What To Do Is Not Enough

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Book Series: Research for Policy ISBN: 9789402417258 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-024-1725-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Psychology --- Political Science --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08
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This open access book sets out to explain the reasons for the gap between “knowing” and “doing” in view of self-reliance, which is more and more often expected of citizens. In today’s society, people are expected to take responsibility for their own lives and be self-reliant. This is no easy feat. They must be on constant high alert in areas of life such as health, work and personal finances and, if things threaten to go awry, take appropriate action without further ado. What does this mean for public policy? Policymakers tend to assume that the government only needs to provide people with clear information and that, once properly informed, they will automatically do the right thing. However, it is becoming increasingly obvious that things do not work like that. Even though people know perfectly well what they ought to do, they often behave differently. Why is this? This book sets out to explain the reasons for the gap between ‘knowing’ and ‘doing’. It focuses on the role of non-cognitive capacities, such as setting goals, taking action, persevering and coping with setbacks, and shows how these capacities are undermined by adverse circumstances. By taking the latest psychological insights fully into account, this book presents a more realist perspective on self-reliance, and shows government officials how to design rules and institutions that allow for the natural limitations in people’s ‘capacity to act’.

Understanding Willing Participants, Volume 2

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ISBN: 9783319979991 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-97999-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Psychology --- Science (General)
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Horrified by the Holocaust, social psychologist Stanley Milgram wondered if he could recreate the Holocaust in the laboratory setting. Unabated for more than half a century, his (in)famous results have continued to intrigue scholars. Based on unpublished archival data from Milgram’s personal collection, volume one of this two-volume set introduces readers to a behind the scenes account showing how during Milgram’s unpublished pilot studies he step-by-step invented his official experimental procedure—how he gradually learnt to transform most ordinary people into willing inflictors of harm. The open access volume two then illustrates how certain innovators within the Nazi regime used the very same Milgram-like learning techniques that with increasing effectiveness gradually enabled them to also transform most ordinary people into increasingly capable executioners of other men, women, and children. Volume two effectively attempts to capture how step-by-step these Nazi innovators attempted to transform the Führer’s wish of a Jewish-free Europe into a frightening reality. By the books’ end the reader will gain an insight into how the seemingly undoable can become increasingly doable.

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