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Early Childhood Policies and Systems in Eight Countries

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ISBN: 9783319398471 9783319398464 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39847-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:28:11
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This report provides an overview of policy strategies on early childhood education settings (from birth to primary schooling) in eight countries. Data were collected using a policy questionnaire addressed to and completed by the National Research Coordinator(s) (NRC) of Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Poland, the Russian Federation and the United States. The countries that participated provide interesting illustrations of early childhood education policy in action in a range of diverse contexts. Analysis of the systemic and structural results of ECE policy at national and, where necessary, subnational levels, enables transnational comparisons in policy and systems. Key policy changes, both underway and planned, are documented. These data reveal key findings in each of the five policy areas as covered in the questionnaire and this report: public policy; delivery models and providers; participation and enrollment; quality assurance systems; and expectations for child outcomes. In particular, the study aims to provide meaningful information for countries, states and jurisdictions across the world in relation to early childhood education, mapping the systems, structures and user pathways in place, along with the perceptions of stakeholders about the system, its functioning and impact. This comprehensive assessment of the wider policy contexts and settings for early childhood education includes teacher/practitioner qualifications, pedagogy approaches, and opportunities for professional development. Such information will enable countries to review their early childhood education systems in an international context.

Semiotics in Mathematics Education

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319313696 9783319313702 Year: Pages: 40 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31370-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:31:20
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This volume discusses semiotics in mathematics education as an activity with a formal sign system, in which each sign represents something else. Theories presented by Saussure, Peirce, Vygotsky and other writers on semiotics are summarized in their relevance to the teaching and learning of mathematics. The significance of signs for mathematics education lies in their ubiquitous use in every branch of mathematics. Such use involves seeing the general in the particular, a process that is not always clear to learners. Therefore, in several traditional frameworks, semiotics has the potential to serve as a powerful conceptual lens in investigating diverse topics in mathematics education research. Topics that are implicated include (but are not limited to): the birth of signs; embodiment, gestures and artifacts; segmentation and communicative fields; cultural mediation; social semiotics; linguistic theories; chains of signification; semiotic bundles; relationships among various sign systems; intersubjectivity; diagrammatic and inferential reasoning; and semiotics as the focus of innovative learning and teaching materials.

The Philosophy of Mathematics Education

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319405681 9783319405698 Year: Pages: 26 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-40569-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-20 12:25:58
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This survey provides a brief and selective overview of research in the philosophy of mathematics education. It asks what makes up the philosophy of mathematics education, what it means, what questions it asks and answers, and what is its overall importance and use? It provides overviews of critical mathematics education, and the most relevant modern movements in the philosophy of mathematics. A case study is provided of an emerging research tradition in one country. This is the Hermeneutic strand of research in the philosophy of mathematics education in Brazil. This illustrates one orientation towards research inquiry in the philosophy of mathematics education. It is part of a broader practice of ‘philosophical archaeology’: the uncovering of hidden assumptions and buried ideologies within the concepts and methods of research and practice in mathematics education. An extensive bibliography is also included.

Research On and Activities For Mathematically Gifted Students

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319394497 9783319394503 Year: Pages: 41 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39450-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 17:41:59
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This Topical Survey offers a brief overview of the current state of research on and activities for mathematically gifted students around the world. This is of interest to a broad readership, including educational researchers, research mathematicians, mathematics teachers, teacher educators, curriculum designers, doctoral students, and other stakeholders. It first discusses research concerning the nature of mathematical giftedness, including theoretical frameworks and methodologies that are helpful in identifying and/or creating mathematically gifted students, which is described in this section. It also focuses on research on and the development of mathematical talent and innovation in students, including connections between cognitive, social and affective aspects of mathematically gifted students. Exemplary teaching and learning practices, curricula and a variety of programs that contribute to the development of mathematical talent, gifts, and passion are described as well as the pedagogy and mathematics content suitable for educating pre-service and in-service teachers of mathematically gifted students. The final section provides a brief summary of the paper along with suggestions for the research, activities, and resources that should be available to support mathematically gifted students and their teachers, parents, and other stakeholders.

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Education --- Teaching --- Learning

Attitudes, Beliefs, Motivation and Identity in Mathematics Education: An Overview of the Field and Future Directions

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319328102 9783319328119 Year: Pages: 35 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32811-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 17:45:37
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This book records the state of the art in research on mathematics-related affect. It discusses the concepts and theories of mathematics-related affect along the lines of three dimensions. The first dimension identifies three broad categories of affect: motivation, emotions, and beliefs. The book contains one chapter on motivation, including discussions on how emotions and beliefs relate to motivation. There are two chapters that focus on beliefs and a chapter on attitude which cross-cuts through all these categories. The second dimension covers a rapidly fluctuating state to a more stable trait. All chapters in the book focus on trait-type affect and the chapter on motivation discusses both these dimensions. The third dimension regards the three main levels of theorizing: physiological (embodied), psychological (individual) and social. All chapters reflect that mathematics-related affect has mainly been studied using psychological theories.

Teaching and Learning of Calculus

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319329741 9783319329758 Year: Pages: 37 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32975-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 17:52:35
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This survey focuses on the main trends in the field of calculus education. Despite their variety, the findings reveal a cornerstone issue that is strongly linked to the formalism of calculus concepts and to the difficulties it generates in the learning and teaching process. As a complement to the main text, an extended bibliography with some of the most important references on this topic is included. Since the diversity of the research in the field makes it difficult to produce an exhaustive state-of-the-art summary, the authors discuss recent developments that go beyond this survey and put forward new research questions.

Uses of Technology in Lower Secondary Mathematics Education: A Concise Topical Survey

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319336657 9783319336664 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33666-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 17:55:15
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This topical survey provides an overview of the current state of the art in technology use in mathematics education, including both practice-oriented experiences and research-based evidence, as seen from an international perspective. Three core themes are discussed: Evidence of effectiveness; Digital assessment; and Communication and collaboration.The survey’s final section offers suggestions for future trends in technology-rich mathematics education and provides a research agenda reflecting those trends. Predicting what lower secondary mathematics education might look like in 2025 with respect to the role of digital tools in curricula, teaching and learning, it examines the question of how teachers can integrate physical and virtual experiences to promote a deeper understanding of mathematics.The issues and findings presented here provide an overview of current research and offer a glimpse into a potential future characterized by the effective integration of technology to support mathematics teaching and learning at the lower secondary level.

Empirical Research in Statistics Education

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319389677 9783319389684 Year: Pages: 37 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-38968-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Statistics --- Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 18:03:53
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This ICME-13 Topical Survey provides a review of recent research into statistics education, with a focus on empirical research published in established educational journals and on the proceedings of important conferences on statistics education. It identifies and addresses six key research topics, namely: teachers’ knowledge; teachers’ role in statistics education; teacher preparation; students’ knowledge; students’ role in statistics education; and how students learn statistics with the help of technology. For each topic, the survey builds upon existing reviews, complementing them with the latest research.

Transitions in Mathematics Education

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319316215 9783319316222 Year: Pages: 34 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31622-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-30 17:46:53
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This book examines the kinds of transitions that have been studied in mathematics education research. It defines transition as a process of change, and describes learning in an educational context as a transition process. The book focuses on research in the area of mathematics education, and starts out with a literature review, describing the epistemological, cognitive, institutional and sociocultural perspectives on transition. It then looks at the research questions posed in the studies and their link with transition, and examines the theoretical approaches and methods used. It explores whether the research conducted has led to the identification of continuous processes, successive steps, or discontinuities. It answers the question of whether there are difficulties attached to the discontinuities identified, and if so, whether the research proposes means to reduce the gap – to create a transition. The book concludes with directions for future research on transitions in mathematics education.

Assessment in Mathematics Education: Large-Scale Assessment and Classroom Assessment

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Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319323930 9783319323947 Year: Pages: 38 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32394-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-30 17:50:18
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This book provides an overview of current research on a variety of topics related to both large-scale and classroom assessment. First, the purposes, traditions and principles of assessment are considered, with particular attention to those common to all levels of assessment and those more connected with either classroom or large-scale assessment. Assessment design based on sound assessment principles is discussed, differentiating between large-scale and classroom assessment, but also examining how the design principles overlap. The focus then shifts to classroom assessment and provides specific examples of assessment strategies, before examining the impact of large-scale assessment on curriculum, policy, instruction, and classroom assessment. The book concludes by discussing the challenges that teachers currently face, as well as ways to support them.The book offers a common language for researchers in assessment, as well as a primer for those interested in understanding current work in the area of assessment. In summary, it provides the opportunity to discuss large-scale and classroom assessment by addressing the following main themes:·Purposes, Traditions and Principles of Assessment·Design of Assessment Tasks·Classroom Assessment in Action·Interactions of Large-Scale and Classroom Assessment·Enhancing Sound Assessment Knowledge and PracticesIt also suggests areas for future research in assessment in mathematics education.

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