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Infrastructure and Economic Growth in Asia

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Book Series: Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being ISSN: 2364107X ISBN: 9783319031361 9783319031378 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03137-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Manufactures --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 16:18:02
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Public spending on infrastructure plays an important role in promoting economic growth and poverty alleviation. Empirical studies unequivocally show that under-investment in infrastructure limit economic growth. At the same time, numerous other studies have shown that investment in infrastructure can be a highly effective tool in fighting poverty reduction1. In that context, the financing of infrastructure has been a critical element of most economic growth and poverty reduction strategies in developing countries, since the start of this millennium. This book provides a comparative analysis of the aggregate and sectoral implications of higher spending on infrastructure in three very different Asian countries: China, Pakistan, and the Philippines. Particular attention is paid to the role of alternative financing mechanisms for increasing public infrastructure investment, namely distortionary and non-distortionary means of financing. The book will be of interest to scholars and policy-makers concerned with economic growth in developing countries.

Education and Skills for Inclusive Growth, Green Jobs and the Greening of Economies in Asia: Case Study Summaries of India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Technical and Vocational Education and Training: Issues, Concerns and Prospects ISSN: 1871-3041 ISBN: 9789811065583 9789811065590 Year: Volume: 27 Pages: 198 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-6559-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Subject: Education --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 12:53:33
License: CC BY IGO 3.0

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This book presents an overview of the main research findings and case studies concerning education and skills for inclusive growth, green jobs and the greening of economies. Focusing on India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam, it discusses government and business sector responses to these issues and how Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) systems and institutions are addressing both the renewal of curricula in the context of green growth dynamics, and patterns of training and skills development to meet demands. In addition, the book examines cross-country issues, concerns and prospects regarding education and skills for inclusive growth and green jobs for the four countries. These include critical themes and issues in the selected industry sectors triggering a demand for green jobs in the region; how industry is responding to those demands; areas impeding the transition from traditional to green practices; the importance of skills development; the role of TVET in addressing industry needs; and reasons for the slow response of TVET to green skills.While other studies conducted in Asia – and internationally - on the same topic have largely relied on secondary sources, this study conducted by the Asian Development Bank and the Education University of Hong Kong (ADB-EdUHK) is unique in that the findings, conclusions and recommendations reported on are based on primary data. As part of the study, TVET providers, business enterprises, policy makers and practitioners were surveyed using questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. In addition, workshops were held in each of the four countries to ascertain the views of key stakeholders in government, nongovernment organisations, members of the international development community, TVET providers and members of the business sector.The book also provides summaries of the case studies undertaken for India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam.

Formalizing the Shadow Economy in Serbia: Policy Measures and Growth Effects

Authors: ---
Book Series: Contributions to Economics ISBN: 9783319134369 9783319134376 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13437-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Manufactures --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 15:41:47
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The main objective of this book is to develop a strategy and policy measures to enhance the formalization of the shadow economy in order to improve the competitiveness of the economy and contribute to economic growth; it explores these issues with special reference to Serbia. The size and development of the shadow economy in Serbia and other Central and Eastern European countries are estimated using two different methods (the MIMIC method and household-tax-compliance method). Micro-estimates are based on a special survey of business entities in Serbia, which for the first time allows us to explore the shadow economy from the perspective of enterprises and entrepreneurs. The authors identify the types of shadow economy at work in business entities, the determinants of shadow economy participation, and the impact of competition from the informal sector on businesses. Readers will learn both about the potential fiscal effects of reducing the shadow economy to the levels observed in more developed countries and the effects that formalization of the shadow economy can have on economic growth.

Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?: Looking Over the Long Run

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ISBN: 9783319446202 9783319446219 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44621-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:17:48
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This book brings together a range of ideas and theories to arrive at a deeper understanding of inequality in Latin America and its complex realities. To so, it addresses questions such as: What are the origins of inequality in Latin America? How can we create societies that are more equal in terms of income distribution, gender equality and opportunities? How can we remedy the social divide that is making Latin America one of the most unequal regions on earth? What are the roles played by market forces, institutions and ideology in terms of inequality?In this book, a group of global experts gathered by the Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL), part of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), show readers how various types of inequality, such as economical, educational, racial and gender inequality have been practiced in countries like Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico and many others through the centuries.Presenting new ideas, new evidence, and new methods, the book subsequently analyzes how to move forward with second-generation reforms that lay the foundations for more egalitarian societies. As such, it offers a valuable and insightful guide for development economists, historians and Latin American specialists alike, as well as students, educators, policymakers and all citizens with an interest in development, inequality and the Latin American region.

Wellbeing Economics

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Wellbeing in Politics and Policy ISBN: 9783319931944 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93194-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06
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Economists have long sought to maximise economic growth, believing this to be their best contribution to improving human welfare. That approach is not sustainable in the face of ongoing issues such as global climate change, environmental damage, rising inequality and enduring poverty. Alternatives must be found. This open access book addresses that challenge. It sets out a wellbeing economics framework that directly addresses fundamental issues affecting wellbeing outcomes. Drawing inspiration from the capabilities approach of Nobel Prize winner Amartya Sen, the book demonstrates how persons can enhance prosperity through their own actions and through collaboration with others. The book examines national public policy, but its analysis also focuses on choices made by individuals, households, families, civil society, local government and the global community. It therefore offers important insights for anyone concerned with improving personal wellbeing and community prosperity.

Economic Evaluation of Sustainable Development

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811363894 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6389-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book presents methods to evaluate sustainable development using economic tools. The focus on sustainable development takes the reader beyond economic growth to encompass inclusion, environmental stewardship and good governance. Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) provide a framework for outcomes. In illustrating the SDGs, the book employs three evaluation approaches: impact evaluation, cost-benefit analysis and objectives-based evaluation. The innovation lies in connecting evaluation tools with economics. Inclusion, environmental care and good governance, thought of as “wicked problems”, are given centre stage. The book uses case studies to show the application of evaluation tools. It offers guidance to evaluation practitioners, students of development and policymakers. The basic message is that evaluation comes to life when its links with socio-economic, environmental, and governance policies are capitalized on.

Re-Inventing Africa's Development

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ISBN: 9783030039462 Year: Pages: 449 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03946-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This open access book analyses the development problems of sub-Sahara Africa (SSA) from the eyes of a Korean diplomat with knowledge of the economic growth Korea has experienced in recent decades. The author argues that Africa's development challenges are not due to a lack of resources but a lack of management, presenting an alternative to the traditional view that Africa's problems are caused by a lack of leadership. In exploring an approach based on mind-set and nation-building, rather than unity – which tends to promote individual or party interests rather than the broader country or national interests – the author suggests new solutions for SSA's economic growth, inspired by Korea's successful economic growth model much of which is focused on industrialisation. This book will be of interest to researchers, policymakers, NGOs and governmental bodies in economics, development and politics studying Africa's economic development, and Korea's economic growth model.

Microfinance 3.0: Reconciling Sustainability with Social Outreach and Responsible Delivery

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ISBN: 9783642417030 9783642417047 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-41704-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-28 09:49:18
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This book focuses on the achievements, current trends and further potential of microfinance to scale-up and serve many more clients with financial services that enable them to improve their living conditions. The book asks what it takes to achieve sustainable impact: to know your clients and to understand their needs, to treat them in a fair and transparent way, and to safeguard the synthesis between the financial and social dimension of sustainable microfinance. The book also sheds light on the future funding landscape and what is necessary to bring more commercial funders on board while ensuring that these new funders will continue the commitment to responsible finance. While being forward looking, the book reflects the debate on core values of microfinance, triggered by recent criticisms of an approach that was hailed as a panacea in the beginning and which had proved over time as one of the most effective models of development finance. These criticisms emerged over signs of overheating in some markets, particularly the 2010 events in Andhra Pradesh, and turned into an assumption of a worldwide microfinance crisis, putting seriously at stake the good reputation microfinance had enjoyed so far.

Finance for Food

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ISBN: 9783642540332 9783642540349 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54034-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 12:56:57
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This book reflects the current state of discussion about agricultural and rural finance in developing and transition countries. It provides insight into specific themes, such as commodity value chains, farm banking and risk management in agricultural banking, structured finance, crop insurance, mobile banking and how to increase effectiveness in rural finance. Case studies illustrate various aspects of agricultural and rural finance in developing economies. The book is based on one of the yearly financial Sector Development Symposia held by the KfW Development Bank.

Dynamics of Japan’s Trade and Industrial Policy in the Post Rapid Growth Era (1980–2000)

Book Series: Economics, Law, and Institutions in Asia Pacific ISBN: 9789811519871 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-1987-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:40
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This open access book provides an in-depth examination of Japan's policy responses to the economic challenges of the 1980s and '90s. While MITI's earlier role in promoting rapid growth has been addressed in other studies, this volume, based on official records and exhaustive interviews, is the first to examine the aftermath of rapid growth and the evolution of MITI's interpretation of the economy's changing needs. Covering such topics as the oil shocks, trade conflict with the United States, and the rise and collapse of the so-called bubble economy, it presents a detailed analysis and evaluation of how these challenges were interpreted by government officials, the kinds of policies that were enacted, the extent to which policy aims were realized, and lessons for the longer term. This book is recommended especially to officials of countries concerned about the challenges that follow on high economic growth and to readers interested in Japan’s contemporary economic history.

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