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Medical Imaging Systems

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783319965208 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96520-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
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This open access book gives a complete and comprehensive introduction to the fields of medical imaging systems, as designed for a broad range of applications. The authors of the book first explain the foundations of system theory and image processing, before highlighting several modalities in a dedicated chapter. The initial focus is on modalities that are closely related to traditional camera systems such as endoscopy and microscopy. This is followed by more complex image formation processes: magnetic resonance imaging, X-ray projection imaging, computed tomography, X-ray phase-contrast imaging, nuclear imaging, ultrasound, and optical coherence tomography.

Ambisonics

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Book Series: Springer Topics in Signal Processing ISBN: 9783030172077 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-17207-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Mathematics --- Music
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access book provides a concise explanation of the fundamentals and background of the surround sound recording and playback technology Ambisonics. It equips readers with the psychoacoustical, signal processing, acoustical, and mathematical knowledge needed to understand the inner workings of modern processing utilities, special equipment for recording, manipulation, and reproduction in the higher-order Ambisonic format. The book comes with various practical examples based on free software tools and open scientific data for reproducible research. The book’s introductory section offers a perspective on Ambisonics spanning from the origins of coincident recordings in the 1930s to the Ambisonic concepts of the 1970s, as well as classical ways of applying Ambisonics in first-order coincident sound scene recording and reproduction that have been practiced since the 1980s. As, from time to time, the underlying mathematics become quite involved, but should be comprehensive without sacrificing readability, the book includes an extensive mathematical appendix. The book offers readers a deeper understanding of Ambisonic technologies, and will especially benefit scientists, audio-system and audio-recording engineers. In the advanced sections of the book, fundamentals and modern techniques as higher-order Ambisonic decoding, 3D audio effects, and higher-order recording are explained. Those techniques are shown to be suitable to supply audience areas ranging from studio-sized to hundreds of listeners, or headphone-based playback, regardless whether it is live, interactive, or studio-produced 3D audio material.

Kommunikation und Bildverarbeitung in der Automation

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Book Series: Technologien für die intelligente Automation ISBN: 9783662598955 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-59895-5 Language: English|German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:06
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In diesem Open-Access-Tagungsband sind die besten Beiträge des 9. Jahreskolloquiums "Kommunikation in der Automation" (KommA 2018) und des 6. Jahreskolloquiums "Bildverarbeitung in der Automation" (BVAu 2018) enthalten. Die Kolloquien fanden am 20. und 21. November 2018 in der SmartFactoryOWL, einer gemeinsamen Einrichtung des Fraunhofer IOSB-INA und der Technischen Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe statt. Die vorgestellten neuesten Forschungsergebnisse auf den Gebieten der industriellen Kommunikationstechnik und Bildverarbeitung erweitern den aktuellen Stand der Forschung und Technik. Die in den Beiträgen enthaltenen anschaulichen Beispiele aus dem Bereich der Automation setzen die Ergebnisse in den direkten Anwendungsbezug.

Chapter Identifying, Classifying and Searching Graphic Symbols in the NOTAE System (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030399054 Year: Pages: 12 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-39905-4_12 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 786572
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-25 23:58:56
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The use of graphic symbols in documentary records from the 5th to the 9th century has so far received scant attention. What we mean by graphic symbols are graphic signs (including alphabetical ones) drawn as a visual unit in a written text and representing something other or something more than a word of that text. The Project NOTAE represents the first attempt to investigate these graphic entities as a historical phenomenon from Late Antiquity to early medieval Europe in any written sources containing texts generated for pragmatic purposes (contracts, petitions, official and private letters, lists etc.). Identifying and classifying graphic symbols on such documents is a task that requires experience and knowledge of the field, but software applications may come in help by learning to recognize symbols from previously annotated documents and suggesting experts potential symbols and likely classification in newly acquired documents to be validated, thus easing the task. This contribution introduces the NOTAE system that, in addition to the aforementioned task, provides non expert users with tools to explore the documents annotated by experts.

Multiple-Aspect Analysis of Semantic Trajectories

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783030380816 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38081-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
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This open access book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Workshop on Multiple-Aspect Analysis of Semantic Trajectories, MASTER 2019, held in conjunction with the 19th European Conference on Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD 2019, in Würzburg, Germany, in September 2019. The 8 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 12 submissions. They represent an interesting mix of techniques to solve recurrent as well as new problems in the semantic trajectory domain, such as data representation models, data management systems, machine learning approaches for anomaly detection, and common pathways identification.

Automated Machine Learning

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: The Springer Series on Challenges in Machine Learning ISBN: 9783030053185 Year: Pages: 219 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05318-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:04
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This open access book presents the first comprehensive overview of general methods in Automated Machine Learning (AutoML), collects descriptions of existing systems based on these methods, and discusses the first series of international challenges of AutoML systems. The recent success of commercial ML applications and the rapid growth of the field has created a high demand for off-the-shelf ML methods that can be used easily and without expert knowledge. However, many of the recent machine learning successes crucially rely on human experts, who manually select appropriate ML architectures (deep learning architectures or more traditional ML workflows) and their hyperparameters. To overcome this problem, the field of AutoML targets a progressive automation of machine learning, based on principles from optimization and machine learning itself. This book serves as a point of entry into this quickly-developing field for researchers and advanced students alike, as well as providing a reference for practitioners aiming to use AutoML in their work.

Ray Tracing Gems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781484244272 Year: Pages: 607 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4842-4427-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This book is a must-have for anyone serious about rendering in real time. With the announcement of new ray tracing APIs and hardware to support them, developers can easily create real-time applications with ray tracing as a core component. As ray tracing on the GPU becomes faster, it will play a more central role in real-time rendering. Ray Tracing Gems provides key building blocks for developers of games, architectural applications, visualizations, and more. Experts in rendering share their knowledge by explaining everything from nitty-gritty techniques that will improve any ray tracer to mastery of the new capabilities of current and future hardware. What you'll learn: The latest ray tracing techniques for developing real-time applications in multiple domains Guidance, advice, and best practices for rendering applications with Microsoft DirectX Raytracing (DXR) How to implement high-performance graphics for interactive visualizations, games, simulations, and more Who this book is for: Developers who are looking to leverage the latest APIs and GPU technology for real-time rendering and ray tracing Students looking to learn about best practices in these areas Enthusiasts who want to understand and experiment with their new GPUs

IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study 2018 Assessment Framework

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030193898 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19389-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08

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This open access book presents the assessment framework for IEA’s International Computer an Information Literacy Study (ICILS) 2018, which is designed to assess how well students are prepared for study, work and life in a digital world. The study measures international differences in students’ computer and information literacy (CIL): their ability to use computers to investigate, create, participate and communicate at home, at school, in the workplace and in the community. Participating countries also have an option for their students to complete an assessment of computational thinking (CT). The ICILS assessment framework articulates the basic structure of the study, providing a description of the field and the constructs to be measured. This book outlines the design and content of the measurement instruments, sets down the rationale for those designs, and describes how measures generated by those instruments relate to the constructs. Hypothesized relations between constructs provide the foundation for some of the analyses that follow. Above all, the framework links ICILS to other similar research, enabling the contents of this assessment framework to combine theory and practice in an explication of both the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of ICILS.

Language Technologies for the Challenges of the Digital Age: 27th International Conference, GSCL 2017, Berlin, Germany, September 13-14, 2017, Proceedings

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783319737058 9783319737065 Year: Volume: 10713 Pages: 310 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73706-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF)
Subject: Linguistics --- Education --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:25:05
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This open access volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 27th biennial conference of the German Society for Computational Linguistics and Language Technology, GSCL 2017, held in Berlin, Germany, in September 2017, which focused on language technologies for the digital age. The 16 full papers and 10 short papers included in the proceedings were carefully selected from 36 submissions. Topics covered include text processing of the German language, online media and online content, semantics and reasoning, sentiment analysis, and semantic web description languages.

Intelligent Human Computer Interaction: 9th International Conference, IHCI 2017, Evry, France, December 11-13, 2017, Proceedings

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783319720371 9783319720388 Year: Volume: 10688 Pages: 216 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72038-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Telecom SudParis
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 10:52:43
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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Intelligent Human Computer Interaction, IHCI 2017, held in Evry, France, in December 2017.The 15 papers presented together with three invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. The conference is forum for the presentation of technological advances and research results at the crossroads of human-computer interaction, artificial intelligence, signal processing and computer vision.

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