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The Economy as a Complex Spatial System: Macro, Meso and Micro Perspectives

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Springer Proceedings in Complexity ISSN: 2213-8684 / 2213-8692 ISBN: 9783319656267 9783319656274 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-65627-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 16:21:26
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This collected volume represents the final outcome of the COST Action IS1104 “The EU in the new complex geography of economic systems: models, tools and policy evaluation”.Visualizing the EU as a complex and multi-layered network, the book is organized in three parts, each of them dealing with a different level of analysis: At the macro-level, Part I considers the interactions within large economic systems (regions or countries) involving trade, workers migration, and other factor movements. At the meso-level, Part II discusses interactions within specific but wide-ranging markets, with a focus on financial markets and banking systems. Lastly, at the micro-level, Part III explores the decision-making of single firms, especially in the context of location decisions.

Renewables for Energy Access and Sustainable Development in East Africa

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Energy ISBN: 9783030117351 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11735-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
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This short open access book investigates the role of renewable energy in East Africa to provide policy-relevant inputs for the achievement of a cost-effective electrification process in the region. For each country, the authors review the current situation in the domestic power sector, adopt a GIS-based approach to plot renewable energy resources potential, and review currently planned projects and projects under development, as well as the key domestic renewables regulations. Based on such information, least-cost 100% electrification scenarios by 2030 are then modelled and comparative results over the required capacity additions and investment are reported and discussed. The authors also inquire into some of the key technological, economic, policy, cooperation, and financing challenges to the development of a portfolio of renewables to promote energy access in a sustainable way, including a discussion of the challenges and opportunities that might stem from the interaction between local RE potential and natural gas resources currently under development in the region. To conclude, policy recommendations based on the book’s results and targeted at international cooperation and development institutions, local policymakers, and private stakeholders in the region are elaborated.

Spationomy

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ISBN: 9783030266264 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26626-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Mathematics --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This open access book is based on "Spationomy – Spatial Exploration of Economic Data", an interdisciplinary and international project in the frame of ERASMUS+ funded by the European Union. The project aims to exchange interdisciplinary knowledge in the fields of economics and geomatics. For the newly introduced courses, interdisciplinary learning materials have been developed by a team of lecturers from four different universities in three countries. In a first study block, students were taught methods from the two main research fields. Afterwards, the knowledge gained had to be applied in a project. For this international project, teams were formed, consisting of one student from each university participating in the project. The achieved results were presented in a summer school a few months later. At this event, more methodological knowledge was imparted to prepare students for a final simulation game about spatial and economic decision making. In a broader sense, the chapters will present the methodological background of the project, give case studies and show how visualisation and the simulation game works.

Sustainable Land Management in a European Context

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Book Series: Human-Environment Interactions ISBN: 9783030508418 Year: Pages: 347 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-50841-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Economics --- Geography --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:02:50
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This open access book presents and discusses current issues and innovative solution approaches for land management in a European context. Manifold sustainability issues are closely interconnected with land use practices. Throughout the world, we face increasing conflict over the use of land as well as competition for land. Drawing on experience in sustainable land management gained from seven years of the FONA programme (Research for Sustainable Development, conducted under the auspices of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research), the book stresses and highlights co-design processes within the “co-creation of knowledge”, involving collaboration in transdisciplinary research processes between academia and other stakeholders. The book begins with an overview of the current state of land use practices and the subsequent need to manage land resources more sustainably. New system solutions and governance approaches in sustainable land management are presented from a European perspective on land use. The volume also addresses how to use new modes of knowledge transfer between science and practice. New perspectives in sustainable land management and methods of combining knowledge and action are presented to a broad readership in land system sciences and environmental sciences, social sciences and geosciences.

New Metropolitan Perspectives

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Book Series: Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies ISBN: 9783030528690 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-52869-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:52
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​This open access book presents the outcomes of the symposium “NEW METROPOLITAN PERSPECTIVES,” held at Mediterranea University, Reggio Calabria, Italy on May 26–28, 2020. Addressing the challenge of Knowledge Dynamics and Innovation-driven Policies Towards Urban and Regional Transition, the book presents a multi-disciplinary debate on the new frontiers of strategic and spatial planning, economic programs and decision support tools in connection with urban–rural area networks and metropolitan centers. The respective papers focus on six major tracks: Innovation dynamics, smart cities and ICT; Urban regeneration, community-led practices and PPP; Local development, inland and urban areas in territorial cohesion strategies; Mobility, accessibility and infrastructures; Heritage, landscape and identity;and Risk management,environment and energy. The book also includes a Special Section on Rhegion United Nations 2020-2030. Given its scope, the book will benefit all researchers, practitioners and policymakers interested in issues concerning metropolitan and marginal areas.

Remote Sensing of Plant Biodiversity

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030331573 Year: Pages: 581 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33157-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Botany --- Ecology --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:39
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This Open Access volume aims to methodologically improve our understanding of biodiversity by linking disciplines that incorporate remote sensing, and uniting data and perspectives in the fields of biology, landscape ecology, and geography. The book provides a framework for how biodiversity can be detected and evaluated—focusing particularly on plants—using proximal and remotely sensed hyperspectral data and other tools such as LiDAR. The volume, whose chapters bring together a large cross-section of the biodiversity community engaged in these methods, attempts to establish a common language across disciplines for understanding and implementing remote sensing of biodiversity across scales. The first part of the book offers a potential basis for remote detection of biodiversity. An overview of the nature of biodiversity is described, along with ways for determining traits of plant biodiversity through spectral analyses across spatial scales and linking spectral data to the tree of life. The second part details what can be detected spectrally and remotely. Specific instrumentation and technologies are described, as well as the technical challenges of detection and data synthesis, collection and processing. The third part discusses spatial resolution and integration across scales and ends with a vision for developing a global biodiversity monitoring system. Topics include spectral and functional variation across habitats and biomes, biodiversity variables for global scale assessment, and the prospects and pitfalls in remote sensing of biodiversity at the global scale.

Governance of Arctic Shipping

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Springer Polar Sciences ISBN: 9783030449759 Year: Pages: 319 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44975-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geography --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:01:49
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This open access book is a result of the Dalhousie-led research project Safe Navigation and Environment Protection, supported by a grant from the Ocean Frontier Institute’s the Canada First Research Excellent Fund (CFREF). The book focuses on Arctic shipping and investigates how ocean change and anthropogenic impacts affect our understanding of risk, policy, management and regulation for safe navigation, environment protection, conflict management between ocean uses, and protection of Indigenous peoples’ interests. A rapidly changing Arctic as a result of climate change and ice loss is rendering the North more accessible, providing new opportunities while producing impacts on the Arctic. The book explores ideas for enhanced governance of Arctic shipping through risk-based planning, marine spatial planning and scaling up shipping standards for safety, environment protection and public health.

Foundations of Software Science and Computation Structures

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783030452315 Year: Pages: 644 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-45231-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Mathematics --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:23
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This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Foundations of Software Science and Computational Structures, FOSSACS 2020, which took place in Dublin, Ireland, in April 2020, and was held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2020. The 31 regular papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 98 submissions. The papers cover topics such as categorical models and logics; language theory, automata, and games; modal, spatial, and temporal logics; type theory and proof theory; concurrency theory and process calculi; rewriting theory; semantics of programming languages; program analysis, correctness, transformation, and verification; logics of programming; software specification and refinement; models of concurrent, reactive, stochastic, distributed, hybrid, and mobile systems; emerging models of computation; logical aspects of computational complexity; models of software security; and logical foundations of data bases.​

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