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Computational Thinking Education

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ISBN: 9789811365287 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6528-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book offers a comprehensive guide, covering every important aspect of computational thinking education. It provides an in-depth discussion of computational thinking, including the notion of perceiving computational thinking practices as ways of mapping models from the abstraction of data and process structures to natural phenomena. Further, it explores how computational thinking education is implemented in different regions, and how computational thinking is being integrated into subject learning in K-12 education. In closing, it discusses computational thinking from the perspective of STEM education, the use of video games to teach computational thinking, and how computational thinking is helping to transform the quality of the workforce in the textile and apparel industry.

Sonic Skills

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ISBN: 9781137598295 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-59829-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:03

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It is common for us today to associate the practice of science primarily with the act of seeing—with staring at computer screens, analyzing graphs, and presenting images. We may notice that physicians use stethoscopes to listen for disease, that biologists tune into sound recordings to understand birds, or that engineers have created Geiger tellers warning us for radiation through sound. But in the sciences overall, we think, seeing is believing. This open access book explains why, indeed, listening for knowledge plays an ambiguous, if fascinating, role in the sciences. For what purposes have scientists, engineers and physicians listened to the objects of their interest? How did they listen exactly? And why has listening often been contested as a legitimate form of access to scientific knowledge? This concise monograph combines historical and ethnographic evidence about the practices of listening on shop floors, in laboratories, field stations, hospitals, and conference halls, between the 1920s and today. It shows how scientists have used sonic skills—skills required for making, recording, storing, retrieving, and listening to sound—in ensembles: sets of instruments and techniques for particular situations of knowledge making. Yet rather than pleading for the emancipation of hearing at the expense of seeing, this essay investigates when, how, and under which conditions the ear has contributed to science dynamics, either in tandem with or without the eye.

The Everyday Life of an Algorithm

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ISBN: 9783030005788 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00578-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Philosophy --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:13
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This open access book begins with an algorithm–a set of IF…THEN rules used in the development of a new, ethical, video surveillance architecture for transport hubs. Readers are invited to follow the algorithm over three years, charting its everyday life. Questions of ethics, transparency, accountability and market value must be grasped by the algorithm in a series of ever more demanding forms of experimentation. Here the algorithm must prove its ability to get a grip on everyday life if it is to become an ordinary feature of the settings where it is being put to work. Through investigating the everyday life of the algorithm, the book opens a conversation with existing social science research that tends to focus on the power and opacity of algorithms. In this book we have unique access to the algorithm’s design, development and testing, but can also bear witness to its fragility and dependency on others.

Künstliche Intelligenz

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ISBN: 9783662580424 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-58042-4 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Education --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
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Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Access-Publikation unter einer CC BY 4.0 Lizenz. Künstliche Intelligenz (KI) klingt in aktuellen Debatten oft abstrakt und alltagsfremd. Doch die meisten Internetnutzerinnern und -nutzer sind bereits täglich mit ihr konfrontiert – wenn auch unbewusst: sei es bei der Sprachsteuerung des Smartphones, bei Kaufempfehlungen im Online-Shop oder bei der Abfrage von auf Webseiten häufig gestellten Fragen (Frequently Asked Questions, FAQ). KI ist ein Teilaspekt der Digitalisierung, der als Schlagwort immer häufiger in den Medien auftaucht. Das aktuell große Interesse liegt darin begründet, dass es in den vergangenen Jahren verschiedene technologische Fortschritte gab, welche die Nutzung der KI nun auf andere Ebenen heben. Mit diesem Themenband des Instituts für Innovation und Technik (iit) „Künstliche Intelligenz“ erhalten Leserinnen und Leser einen schlaglichtartigen Einblick in die KI hinsichtlich ihrer Technologien, aktuellen und potenziellen Anwendungen sowie Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaft.

Survey-Welten

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Book Series: Soziologie der Konventionen ISBN: 9783658254377 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-25437-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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Die Open-Access-Studie nimmt eine plurale Perspektive auf Survey-Qualität ein und untersucht empirisch unterschiedliche Logiken der Survey-Produktion. Wie aufgezeigt wird, gehen die vier identifizierten Survey-Welten mit unterschiedlichen Koordinationsprozessen und Qualitätskonventionen einher. Survey-Qualität wird dabei auf einer pragmatischen Basis im Hinblick auf unterschiedliche Nutzungskontexte von statistischen Daten konzipiert. Durch die Verknüpfung der Qualitätsthematik mit der praktischen Organisation des Produktionsprozesses von surveybasierten Daten wird eine engere Verbindung zwischen den Arbeiten der normativen Survey-Methodologie und den Herausforderungen der empirischen Survey-Praxis angestrebt. Die Arbeit präsentiert die Pluralität der Praxisformen von Umfragen, sie identifiziert die Vielfalt der Qualitätskriterien und sie leistet eine konzeptionelle Grundlage für reflexives Survey-Management. Der Inhalt Perspektiven auf Survey-Qualität ● Die erweiterte Perspektive der Economie des conventions ● Methodologische Grundlegung und methodisches Vorgehen ● Die vier Survey-Welten im Überblick ● Survey-Projekte aus einer survey-weltlichen Perspektive ● Eine vertiefte survey-weltliche Perspektive auf Surveys ● Skizze einer Systematisierung von Relationen zwischen Regimen des Engagements und Rechtfertigungsordnungen Der Autor Dr. Raphael Vogel war bis Juni 2018 Mitarbeiter am Soziologischen Seminar der Universität Luzern.

Transmedial Narration

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ISBN: 9783030012946 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-01294-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:13
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This open access book is a methodical treatise on narration in different types of media. A theoretical rather than a historical study, Transmedial Narration is relevant for an understanding of narration in all times, including our own. By reconstructing the theoretical framework of transmedial narration, this book enables the inclusion of all kinds of communicative media forms on their own terms. The treatise is divided into three parts. Part I presents established and newly developed concepts that are vital for formulating a nuanced theoretical model of transmedial narration. Part II investigates the specific transmedial media characteristics that are most central for realizing narratives in a plenitude of different media types. Finally, Part III contains brief studies in which the narrative potentials of painting, instrumental music, mathematical equations, and guided tours are illuminated with the aid of the theoretical framework developed throughout the book. Suitable for advanced students and scholars, this book provides tools to disentangle the narrative potential of any form of communication.

Open and Distance Education in Asia, Africa and the Middle East

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Education ISBN: 9789811357879 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-5787-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book describes the history, structure and institutions of open and distance education in six countries: China, India, Russia, Turkey, South Africa and South Korea. It describes how open and distance education is evolving in a digital age to reflect the needs and circumstances of the national higher education systems in these countries. It also explores the similarities and differences between how their open and distance higher education systems are managed and structured. This book is the second in a series, following Open and Distance Education in Australia, Europe and the Americas (Springer 2018). Both books compare and draw conclusions about the nature of open and distance education in the context of various national higher education systems. In a digital era characterized by the growing use of online, open and distance education, this book will prove particularly valuable for policy-makers and senior administrators who want to learn about establishing or expanding open and distance education services. In addition, it offers a valuable reference guide for researchers, academics and students interested in understanding the different approaches to open and distance education.

Disrupting Finance

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783030023300 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02330-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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This open access Pivot demonstrates how a variety of technologies act as innovation catalysts within the banking and financial services sector. Traditional banks and financial services are under increasing competition from global IT companies such as Google, Apple, Amazon and PayPal whilst facing pressure from investors to reduce costs, increase agility and improve customer retention. Technologies such as blockchain, cloud computing, mobile technologies, big data analytics and social media therefore have perhaps more potential in this industry and area of business than any other. This book defines a fintech ecosystem for the 21st century, providing a state-of-the art review of current literature, suggesting avenues for new research and offering perspectives from business, technology and industry.

Collaborative Curriculum Design for Sustainable Innovation and Teacher Learning

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ISBN: 9783030200626 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20062-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08
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This open access book provides insight into what it takes to actively involve teachers in the curriculum design process. It examines different aspects of teacher involvement in collaborative curriculum design, with specific attention to its implications for sustainable curriculum innovation and teacher learning. Divided into six sections, the book starts out by introducing the notion of collaborative curriculum design and discusses its historical and theoretical foundations. It describes various approaches commonly adopted to actively involve teachers in the (co-)design of curriculum materials. Sections two and three provide examples of what key phases in the curriculum design process - such as needs analysis, design and development, and implementation - look like across various collaborative curriculum design projects. Section four reports on the impact of collaborative curriculum design on student learning, teacher practices, teacher professional growth, and institutional change. Building on the research evidence about the outcomes of collaborative curriculum design, section five focuses on sustainability, scaling-up and curriculum leadership issues, which are key to the continuation and further evolution of curriculum innovations. Future perspectives are addressed in section six with emphasis on the infrastructure of a sustainable curriculum innovation.

High Performance Computing

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Theoretical Computer Science and General Issues ISBN: 9783030343569 Year: Pages: 659 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34356-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:30:29
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This book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of 13 workshops held at the 34th International ISC High Performance 2019 Conference, in Frankfurt, Germany, in June 2019: HPC I/O in the Data Center (HPC-IODC), Workshop on Performance & Scalability of Storage Systems (WOPSSS), Workshop on Performance & Scalability of Storage Systems (WOPSSS), 13th Workshop on Virtualization in High-Performance Cloud Computing (VHPC '18), 3rd International Workshop on In Situ Visualization: Introduction and Applications, ExaComm: Fourth International Workshop on Communication Architectures for HPC, Big Data, Deep Learning and Clouds at Extreme Scale, International Workshop on OpenPOWER for HPC (IWOPH18), IXPUG Workshop: Many-core Computing on Intel, Processors: Applications, Performance and Best-Practice Solutions, Workshop on Sustainable Ultrascale Computing Systems, Approximate and Transprecision Computing on Emerging Technologies (ATCET), First Workshop on the Convergence of Large Scale Simulation and Artificial Intelligence, 3rd Workshop for Open Source Supercomputing (OpenSuCo), First Workshop on Interactive High-Performance Computing, Workshop on Performance Portable Programming Models for Accelerators (P^3MA). The 48 full papers included in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected. They cover all aspects of research, development, and application of large-scale, high performance experimental and commercial systems. Topics include HPC computer architecture and hardware; programming models, system software, and applications; solutions for heterogeneity, reliability, power efficiency of systems; virtualization and containerized environments; big data and cloud computing; and artificial intelligence.

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