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Nils Petter Gleditsch: Pioneer in the Analysis of War and Peace

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs on Pioneers in Science and Practice ISSN: 2194-3125 ISBN: 9783319038193 9783319038209 Year: Volume: 29 Pages: 171 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03820-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-26 16:28:24
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This book presents Nils Petter Gleditsch, a staff member of the Peace Research Institute of Oslo (PRIO) since 1964, a former editor of the Journal for Peace Research (1983-2010), a former president of the International Studies Association (2008-2009) and the recipient of several academic awards as a pioneer in the scientific analysis of war and peace. This unique anthology covers major themes in his distinguished career as a peace researcher. An autobiographical, critical retrospective puts his work on conflict and peace into a broader context, while a comprehensive bibliography documents his publications over a period of nearly 50 years. Part II documents his wide-ranging contributions on globalization, democratization and liberal peace, on international espionage, environmental security, climate change and conflict and on the decline of war and more generally of violence as a tool in conflict.

Environmental Governance of the Baltic Sea

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Book Series: MARE Publication Series ISSN: 2212-6260 ISBN: 9783319270050 9783319270067 Year: Volume: 10 Pages: 253 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-27006-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:13:30
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This edited volume presents a comprehensive and coherent interdisciplinary analysis of challenges and possibilities for sustainable governance of the Baltic Sea ecosystem by combining knowledge and approaches from natural and social sciences. Focusing on the Ecosystem Approach to Management (EAM) and associated multi-level, multi-sector and multi-actor challenges, the book provides up-to-date descriptions and analyses of environmental governance structures and processes at the macro-regional Baltic Sea level. Organised in two parts, Part 1 presents in-depth case studies of environmental governance practices and challenges linked to five key environmental problems - eutrophication, chemical pollution, overfishing, oil discharges and invasive species. Part 2 analyses and compares governance challenges and opportunities across the five case studies, focusing on governance structures and EAM implementation, knowledge integration and science support, as well as stakeholder communication and participation. Based on these cross-case comparisons, this book also draws a set of general conclusions on possible ways of improving the governance of the Baltic Sea by promoting what are identified as vital functions of environmental governance: coordination, integration, interdisciplinarity, precaution, deliberation, communication and adaptability.

Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology

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ISBN: 9789400770607 9789400770614 Year: Pages: 389 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7061-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:17
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This book takes a new approach on understanding causes of extreme poverty and promising actions to address it. Its focus is on marginality being a root cause of poverty and deprivation. “Marginality” is the position of people on the edge, preventing their access to resources, freedom of choices, and the development of capabilities. The book is research based with original empirical analyses at local, national, and local scales; book contributors are leaders in their fields and have backgrounds in different disciplines. An important message of the book is that economic and ecological approaches and institutional innovations need to be integrated to overcome marginality. The book will be a valuable source for development scholars and students, actors that design public policies, and for social innovators in the private sector and non-governmental organizations.​

Integrating Immigrants in Europe: Research-Policy Dialogues

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319162553 9783319162560 Year: Pages: 343 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16256-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: History --- Migration --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 18:26:39
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This book explores how research and policymaking in the field of migrant integration have developed historically and how this interrelationship plays out in the strongly politicised climate of opinions on migration in Europe. It features interdisciplinary theoretical contributions as well as original empirical studies on research-policy dialogues at both the EU and country level.The chapters study not only how the dialogue between research and policy is structured (such as advisory bodies, research agencies, and ad-hoc committees), but also how these dialogues affect policymaking and the development of migrant integration research itself as well.The analysis reveals profound changes in the dialogue structures associated with the research-policy nexus in the domain of migrant integration. On the one hand, dialogue structures have become more ad-hoc, often established in response to distinct political events or to specific problems. On the other, politicisation has not thwarted all efforts to develop more institutionalised dialogue structures between producers and users of knowledge. In addition, research has contributed to policymaking in very different ways in various European countries.This edited volume is unique in this effort to reflect on the impact of research-policy dialogues both on the development of migrant integration policies as well as on migrant integration research. It will be of importance to scholars in this field as well as to policymakers and other stakeholders involved in migrant integration policymaking.

Poverty Reduction Policies and Practices in Developing Asia

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Book Series: Economic Studies in Inequality, Social Exclusion and Well-Being ISSN: 2364107X ISBN: 9789812874191 9789812874207 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-420-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-02 18:08:05
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This book looks at the major policy challenges facing developing Asia and how the region sustains rapid economic growth to reduce multidimensional poverty through socially inclusive and environmentally sustainable measures. Asia is facing many challenges arising from population growth, rapid urbanization, provision of services, climate change and the need to redress declining growth after the global financial crisis. This book examines poverty and related issues and aims to advance the development of new tools and measurement of multidimensional poverty and poverty reduction policy analysis. The book covers a wide range of issues, including determinants and causes of poverty and its changes; consequences and impacts of poverty on human capital formation, growth and consumption; assessment of poverty strategies and policies; the role of government, NGOs and other institutions in poverty reduction; rural-urban migration and poverty; vulnerability to poverty; breakdown of poverty into chronic and transitory components; and a comparative study on poverty issues in Asia and other regions. The book will appeal to all those interested in economic development, resources, policies and economic welfare and growth.

The Dynamics of Opportunity in America: Evidence and Perspectives

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ISBN: 9783319259895 9783319259918 Year: Pages: 489 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-25991-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 13:10:37
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Across the country, our children are beginning life from very different starting points. Some have aspirations and believe they can be achieved. For too many others, aspirations are tempered, if not dashed, by the sobering realities of everyday life. These different starting points place children on distinctly different trajectories of growth and development, ultimately leading to vastly different adult outcomes.

Managing Elevated Risk: Global Liquidity, Capital Flows, and Macroprudential Policy - An Asian Perspective

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ISBN: 9789812872838 9789812872845 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-284-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-02 18:00:07
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This book discusses the risks and opportunities that arise in Emerging Asia given the context of a new environment in global liquidity and capital flows. It elaborates on the need to ensure financial and overall economic stability in the region through improved financial regulation and other policy measures to minimize the emergent risks. "Managing Elevated Risk: Global Liquidity, Capital Flows, and Macroprudential Policy - An Asian Perspective" also explores the range of policy options that may be deployed to address the impact of global liquidity on domestic financial and socio-economic conditions including income inequality. The book is primarily aimed at policy makers, financial market regulators and supervisory agencies to help them improve national regulatory systems and to promote harmonization of national regulations and practices in line with global standards. Scholars and researchers will also gain important information and knowledge about the overall impacts of changing global liquidity from the book.

Social Innovations in the Urban Context

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Book Series: Nonprofit and Civil Society Studies ISSN: 15682579 ISBN: 9783319215501 9783319215518 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21551-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 17:21:34
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This book addresses the practice of social innovation, which is currently very much in the public eye. New ideas and approaches are needed to tackle the severe and wicked problems with which contemporary societies are struggling. Especially in times of economic crisis, social innovation is regarded as one of the crucial elements needed to move forward. Our knowledge of its dynamics has significantly progressed, thanks to an abundance of studies on social innovation both general and sector-specific. However, despite the valuable research conducted over the past years, the systematic analysis of social innovation is still contested and incomplete. The questions asked in the book will be the following:1. What is the nature of social innovations?2.What patterns can be identified in social innovations emerging at the local level?3.How is the emergence and spread of social innovations related to urban governance? More precisely, which conditions and arrangements facilitate and hinders social innovation?We explore these questions using different types of data and methods, and studying different contexts. In particular, we focus on innovations that aim at solving problems of the young unemployed, single parents and migrants. This analysis is based on original research carried out in the period 2010-2013 in the framework of a European project with a specific empirical research strategy. Research was carried out in 20 cities in 10 different European countries.

MARE-WINT: New Materials and Reliability in Offshore Wind Turbine Technology

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ISBN: 9783319390949 9783319390956 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39095-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Mechanical Engineering --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-13 19:40:29
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This book provides a holistic, interdisciplinary overview of offshore wind energy, and is a must-read for advanced researchers. Topics, from the design and analysis of future turbines, to the decommissioning of wind farms, are covered. The scope of the work ranges from analytical, numerical and experimental advancements in structural and fluid mechanics, to novel developments in risk, safety & reliability engineering for offshore wind.The core objective of the current work is to make offshore wind energy more competitive, by improving the reliability, and operations and maintenance (O&M) strategies of wind turbines. The research was carried out under the auspices of the EU-funded project, MARE-WINT. The project provided a unique opportunity for a group of researchers to work closely together, undergo multidisciplinary doctoral training, and conduct research in the area of offshore wind energy generation. Contributions from expert, external authors are also included, and the complete work seeks to bridge the gap between research and a rapidly-evolving industry.

Keywords

renewable --- green --- energy --- environment --- law --- policy

Aquaculture Perspective of Multi-Use Sites in the Open Ocean: The Untapped Potential for Marine Resources in the Anthropocene

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ISBN: 9783319511573 9783319511597 Year: Pages: 404 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51159-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 17:01:20
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This volume addresses the potential for combining large-scale marine aquaculture of macroalgae, molluscs, crustaceans, and finfish, with offshore structures, primarily those associated with energy production, such as wind turbines and oil-drilling platforms. The volume offers a comprehensive overview and includes chapters on policy, science, engineering, and economic aspects to make this concept a reality. The compilation of chapters authored by internationally recognized researchers across the globe addresses the theoretical and practical aspects of multi-use, and presents case studies of research, development, and demonstration-scale installations in the US and EU.

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