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Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich im Mittelalter, Band 2

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ISBN: 9783706548311 Year: Pages: 442 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437197 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4189
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:33
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A remarkably high number of medieval sources on the history of Jews can be found in Austria. This huge amount of sources provides information on the economic, legal and personal situation of the Jews as well as on the interactions between Christians and Jews. Therefore, the Institute for Jewish History in Austria has engaged in preparatory work to publish this source material.In the course of the FWF project P 15638, the first volume of these sources (from the beginnings until 1338) was published by Eveline Brugger and Birgit Wiedl, and research for the second volume was begun. In the course of the follow-up project "Documents on Jewish History in Austria 1339-1365", this research was completed and the volume prepared for publication.Charters as well as historiographic and literary sources containing references to both Jews and Austria were collected and processed according to scientific criteria. This material includes a considerable number of texts which have not been published at all or treated with regard to the Jewish aspect yet. Research was carried out in archives both in Austria and abroad; furthermore, previously published material was also collected.The resulting manuscript consists of a chronological series of 682 document summaries. The apparatus includes information about the form the text was preserved in (original, copies), former publications in printing (full text or summaries) or online as well as the literature that is relevant to the respective document. Additionally, an extensive index as well as a scientific commentary were added to the relevant document to make the source texts accessible to the reader. Given the volume's topic, the Jews mentioned in the source text were the main focus of these commentaries.The sources which were collected and processed in preparation of the second volume cover a critical period of time for the Austrian Jews. It is of crucial importance that any comprehensive study of this period is based on the entirety of the source material, which is now readily available in the finished volume. Both the consequences of the Pulkau persecution of 1338, which wiped out a number of smaller Jewish settlements, and the impact which the plague had on the Austrian Jews are reflected in these sources. Besides, these sources allow a more detailed analysis of the policies which the dukes Albrecht II and Rudolf IV pursued towards the Jews, which in turn provides insights into the legal, social and economic situation of the Austrian Jews during this period.

Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte

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ISBN: 9783706549448 Year: Pages: 324 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437167 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4242
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:05
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European integration represents a historically unprecedented and new form of a continent's peaceful unification. Therefore, historiography needs innovative theoretical concepts to illustrate this process appropriately; at the present moment, however, integration history is only characterized by an extensive 'theoretical deficit'. The book project 'Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte. Zur Grundlegung der Geschichte der europäischen Integration als ein episodisches historiographisches Erzählen' critically adopts this opinion and illuminates the theoretical principles of integration historiography. A proposal regarding the theoretical principles of unification historiography is compiled from an interdisciplinary perspective. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative (Peter Pichler) understands the unification of Europe as a comprehensive cooperation and transformation process in which various historic strands (e.g. political, economic, cultural, social, legal, religious, etc.) interlink with each other. Therefore it would be most sensible to show their totality as an episodic historiographic network within the historiographic context. This theoretical proposal shall be provided for research as a new meta-perspective and methodical tool.In a first step, the hitherto existing research on integration history is critically reviewed. Furthermore, its discourse will be analysed. Particular attention is paid to include Eastern and Southern European as well as Turkish perspectives. Their synopsis shows the interplay between the Eastern and Southern European 'transition'-narrative and the Turkish perspective on the integration process as the driving force of the debate. Furthermore, 'post-modern' perspectives on integration history represent an important feature of the discourse's acceleration and renewal. The first step ends with the contributors being able to give a first innovative impulse to the discursive renewal of research concerning integration history; the neoterised term 'transnarrative competence' allows for correlation between 'transition'-narrative and Turkish perspectives on integration. In a second step, those theoretical features from recent developments in integration and historical theory are isolated that can contribute to a perspective renewal of research. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative proposes an interdisciplinary theory based on those elements of political, social, legal and cultural sciences. The analytical narrative mindset of each element is determined and thus reconstructed as one episodic plot line, one episode of European integration history. The net of episodes eventually constitutes the proposed theory of an episodic historiographic narrative. Thus, the concept of the episodic historiographic narrative does not only enable histrorians to overcome the deficit in the theory of integration historiography but also enters new academic ground by uniting interdisciplinary elements to an episodic network.

Chaostheorie und Literaturwissenschaft

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ISBN: 9783706545075 Year: Pages: 232 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437194 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3989
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:30
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This book presents the development and present status of adaptions of chaos theory for literary studies. Furthermore the integration of these methodological approaches into a discipline that is oriented towards cultural studies is demonstrated. The publication consists of four parts. The first part of the work deals with the issues created through questions posed by historical philosophy and historiography. It discusses how reflections on linear time, as well as on the description and explanation of sequences, circularity and synchronicities lead to an increased complexity in the semanticts of time in the notion of the objects analized. It also discusses the integration of discourses from other disciplines into literary history. It is demonstrated that both aspects - increased complexity and supplementary discourses - are highly influential in hermeneutical literary studies.The second part deals with changes in the notion of time in the modern and so-called post-modern era. It focuses especially on non-linearity, the increasing importance of historical time in the natural sciences and on the effect of this tendency on the analysis of highly complex structures outside of the natural sciences. In the third part of the publication concrete examples of the adaption of chaos theory for literary studies are examined - especially their epistemological interest, their position within the framework of the discipline and their interdisciplinary potential. This part elucidates the potential of focusing on the literary text and its particularities under the premises of chaos theory and how such an interdisciplinary approach helps to bridge the cap between the natural sciences and the humanities.In the final part of the publication the social and cultural relevance of historical knowledge as a frame of reference in times of increasing (temporal and social) complexity is examined. With reference to the explanatory power of hermeneutical procedures "chaostheoretical literary studies" are proposed as a working hypothesis. The approach is intended as a model which can be integrated into cultural analysis and not provides descriptions and explanations for highly complex literary texts, hypertexts and virtual realities, but also regards scientific and technical production and distribution of knowledge as an important part of culture and thus integrates it into its analysis.

Erzählen vom Leben im 20. Jahrhundert

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ISBN: 9783706552073 Year: Pages: 463 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_447553 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 65
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-01 07:26:04
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Biographic narratives are shaped by many factors. The shape old people finally select for the retrospective view of their lives, is for example influenced by the current narrative situation, by the individual's perception of the past, or by the patterns of reconstruction. Using the example of 67 biographical narratives, the graduate thesis “Telling about life in the 20th Century” demonstrates, how cultural influences shape the practice of memory, and how narrative traditions ultimately decide on the form of autobiographical representation.

Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich im Mittelalter, Band 1

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ISBN: 3706540185 Year: Pages: 450 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_442082 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3701
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:50:07
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The still existing source material on the history of the Jews in Austria in the Middle Ages is unique in Europe. The huge number of sources give information on the economic, legal, and personal situation of the Jews as well as on the relationship between Christians and Jews. Yet so far, the medieval sources of the history of the Jews throughout today's Austria had not been collected.In the course of the project "Summary and Comments on Documents concerning the History of the Jews in Austria in the Middle Ages" the first volume of this source material which reaches from the beginnings until 1338 has now been finished.According to the selection criteria which include a reference to Jews and Austria, documents as well as historiography and literary sources have been collected and processed according to scientific criteria; the material contains a number of texts which have not been published at all or treated with regard to the Jewish aspect yet. The publication consists of a chronological series of document summaries; additionally, by means of comments which are added to the relevant document as well as an extensive index, the source text has been made accessible to the reader. The vast majority of the collection consists of diplomas concerning economic topics, followed by privileges, legal charters, and mandates. Among the economic sources, promissory notes and documents concerning pledges or sales are the most frequent types which clearly illustrates how Jews were forced into the money business.Due to its unique topic, this collection includes not only diplomas, but other types of sources as well, such as historiographic and literary texts. Although belonging to another category of sources, they provide information which is essential for a complete overview over the history of Jews in medieval Austria.This volume is the basis for a publication series which for the first time makes the unique source material on the history of the Jews in Austria in the Middle Ages accessible in a compiled way .

Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich, Band 3: 1366-1386

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ISBN: 9783706553261 Year: Pages: 553 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574666 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 261
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:28
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The remarkably high number of medieval sources on the history of Austrian Jews allows for insights into the economic, legal, and social standing of the Jews as well as into how the Christian environment treated them. The sources published in this volume show the decline in the economic and legal position of the Jews; while they were largely safe from open persecution, they were subjected to more and more restrictions that aimed at mere financial exploitation. In addition to that, the sources provide insights into the everyday interaction of Jews with the Christian majority.

Unteilbar und untrennbar?

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ISBN: 9783706547642 Year: Pages: 402 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437169 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4131
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:07
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Focussing on the necessary renewal of the economic compromise of Cisleithania and Hungary in 1897, the beginning of the great "Crisis of the Dualism of the Habsburg Monarchy" will be examined. This work is based on the archives in Vienna and Budapest of the ministers of finances and the archives of the primeministers (ÖStA.., HHStA., MOL.) as well as the protocolls of both parliaments.In October 1895 the new prime minister of Cisleithania, Badeni, started the negotiations with Hungary for the renewal of the economic compromise. This new compromise should have been finished in 1896, one year earlier than necessary to be a signal of strength and unity inside and outside the monarchy. In August 1896 this plan of an early compromise had to be dropped due to early elections of the Hungarian parliament. In May 1897 the renewal of the compromise again had to be postponed for one year. Cisleithania and Hungary couldn't find an agreement about the partition of the common expense between them (quota). Only the old compromise of 1887 could be prolonged for 1898. This so called Ausgleichsprovisorium (provisional compromise) was approved by the Hungarian parliament very quickly. In Cisleithania however it was facing the obstruction of the German parties of the elected chamber of parliament. The Germans wanted to force the Government to revoke the so called Badenian languages decrees for Bohemia and Moravia. These set the Czech language beside German even in the inner administration of these "crown lands" (provinces). The German fight against the government was concentrated on the Ausgleichsprovisorium due to the fact, that this was the only law, the government couldn't issue by an emergency decree; the Hungarian law of the constitutional compromise of 1867 didn't accept emergency decrees instead of laws on common issues. With this obstruction the German parties risked continuation of custom's union with Hungary and placed its future completely in Hungarian hands; they set their national above their economic interests. In November 1897 Badeni had to be dismissed. The German obstruction had successfully prevented the provisional compromise; the legal base of 1867 of the economic union was cast aside. Only by independent Cisleithanian and Hungarian laws could the unity be saved. Instead of a sign of strength and health, Austria-Hungary demonstrated its weakness and its inner strife.

Die Freimaurer im Alten Preußen 1738–1806, Die Logen in Berlin

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ISBN: 9783706551991 Year: Pages: 1259 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_497779 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 93
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-20 11:01:10
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"The Lodges in Berlin" is the first part of the trilogy "The Freemasons in Old Prussia" (p.2 " The Lodges between the Middle Oder and the Lower Rhine", and p.3 "The Lodges in Pomerania, Prussia and Silesia", published in Innsbruck in 2007 and 2009 resp.). The Research based on the preserved data of the archives (Geheimes Staatsarchiv Preußischer Kulturbesitz, Berlin), on the masonic literature as well as on the literature about Prussia. The Focus lies on the 27 Berlin lodges with their entire Membership (§880 members) as well as their social structure as part of the cultural history of Prussia and the General history of Freemasonary.

Land der Verheißung – Ort der Zuflucht

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ISBN: 9783706554190 Year: Pages: 217 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620579 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 333
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:27
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The publication “Land of promise – place of refuge” addresses the emigration and flight of Austrian Jewish women and men to Palestine by embedding it in the history of the overall Palestine migration since the beginning of the 1920s. It focuses on the cooperation of the Jewish Community, the “Zentralstelle für jüdische Auswanderung” and the Palestine Office in Vienna, an institution, which barely has been researched so far. Furthermore the book deals with the policies and interests of the British mandatory power and the activities of the Jewish Agency and its associated institutions in Jerusalem.

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